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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 25, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 20 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, June 25, 1973 West Berlin: 25 years after air blockade Beer saves his life David Riviera, small figure at fop of left photo, waves knife, top right, and is final- ly grabbed by a policeman, bottom right, who offered him a beer after the 20-year-old Riviera threatened to make suicide leap from a midtown six-story building in New York City. SERVICE STATION HOURS: Open daily from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Thurs. and Fri. until 9 p.m. 2nd Ave. and 13th St. N. Phone 328-923. By WILLIAM L. RYAN AP Special Correspondent Twenty-five years ago, the Western Allies decided to risk major war to save West Berlin from Stalin. Today West Berlin drifts in the backwash of iv-aceful coex- city deep within Communist territory, busy and prosperous but unsure of its fu- ture. On June 24. 1948, American and British planes mounted a massive rescue operation to save it from Stalin's grasp. Today, West Berliners watch a detente that has the president of the United States playing host in Washington to the leader of the Kremlin. They talk of such things as trade, peaceful relations and central Europe's future. West Berlin, 110 miles inside the Communist German Demo- cratic Republic, staggered from the Second World War into the vortex of global cold war. It built a flourishing and attract- ive beacon to the deprived people of the East. Can it now survive peaceful coexistence? The city's troubles grew out of an Allied blunder and Stalin's appetite for expanding Soviet influence. The line marking the Soviet occupation zone of Germany be- came the ideological frontier of communism. At only one point in West Berlin, was there an Allied presence. Agreements on zones of occu pation had left Berlin in the So- viet zone, to be treated as "Greater jointly ad ministered by the British French, Russians and Ameri cans, each with its own occupa tion sector. But the West blun dered by failing to ensure ac cess across the Soviet zone Soon the Russians claimed a right to admit or block traffic at will. June 24, the pretext of protesting monetary reforms in the Western zones, Stalin clamped down a land blockade soon to be extended to water- ways. June began a his- toric airlift. For 11 months an air bridge ferried food, medi- cine, clothing, fuel, industrial raw materials--aU that two mil- lion West Berliners needed for survival. At times planes roared in and touched down al the rate of one a minute. If One of those planes hac been shot down, it could have meant war. But the Russians would not make that mistake at a time when the U.S. had a mo- nopoly of atomic bomibs. May 12, terms of a four-power agreement, Stalin abandoned his gamble. But it had seemed clear that Moscow, appetite unappeased by domination of Eastern Eu- Tax relief in Montana HELENA, Mont. (AP) An official of the state budget bur- eau said about 8 of every 10 Montanans who pay property taxes can expect lower levies in the future as a result of a new method of financing public education. Mike Billings said that the more populated counties in Montana will get the tax relief, and property levies in the cities are expected to drop 10 to 15 mills. The changes are due to a law adopted by the last Mon- tana legislature which was aimed at equalizing the pro- perty tax load in the state. INewsboxes banned in Montreal MONTREAL (CP) treal city council gave final ap- proval today to a bylaw ban- ning newspaper vending boxes on private land adjoining city streets. The bylaw replaces one an- nulled in April by Quebec Su- perior Court. The Gazette sought the an- nulment, charging the old by- law discriminatory. Newspaper boxes had been used by The Gazette for 30 years before the bylaw went into effect in October, 1971. The city said at the Superior Court hearings last year that the bytes took business away from stores and city-licensed newspaper kiosks, were un- sightly and hindered snow re- moval. The previous bylaw banned newspaper vending boxes any- where but in non-residential zone interiors. GETS AWARD BRASILIA Emilio G. Medici awarded a medal to postman Euclides Jose Marjques for "50 years of public service without a serious error." rope, was reaching hungrily westward. By so doing, Moscow set a lot of things in motion. Shortly after the blockade the Allies permitted establishment of the Federal Republic. Mean- while, the blockade also had spurred formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. REVOLT IN EAST For their part, the Commu- nists set up their own East Ger- man state. And in June, 1953, three months after Stalin died, pent- up popular rage exploded in spontaneous revolt, finally rushed by Soviet tanks and troops. Crisis ebbed and flowed there- after. It reached one high in No- vember, 1958, when Nikita Khrushchev, describing West Berlin as "a bone in the throat" of communism, gave the Allies an ultimatum to get out. He backed down four months later, but a much more dangerous crisis was to coma. August, Commu- nists suddenly began building "the a huge and ugly concrete and barbed-wire bar- rier between East and West Berlin. Its object was to lock East Germans in. Three mii- lions had fled West, seeking freer air. The East regime was being bled of needed skills. The United States continued to insist on its right to access to the entire city. Tension rose daily, and for 24 terrifying hours one October day, Soviet and American tanks were snout-to-snout across Check- point Charlie. At last the Soviet tanks slowly backed away and rumbled off. The world drew a breath of re- After Khrushchev's fall in 1964, his successors seemed to want to lessen the dangers at that flashpoint. As Leonid Brezhnev became more and more fascinated by the eco- nomic possibilities in relaxed tensions, Berlin's crack-of-doom atmosphere waned perceptibly. This process was speeded after Social Democrat Willy Brandt became chancellor. Brandt fashioned his Eastern policy, to suggest peaceful rela- tions with the whole Soviet or- bit. Moscow responded with re- markable alacrity. By 1970 Brandt's regime had signed goodwill treaties with So- viet Union and Poland. In 1971, the four occupation powers reached agreement on Berlin, providing, among other things, unimpeded traffic on all access routes. The reality of the wall had made it clear there could be no more West German illusions about unification in free elec- tions. For as far ahead as any dared look, there would be two separate German states. So in 1972, accepting that reality, Bonn reached a basic treaty agreement with East Germany that will make both members of the United Nations in Septem- ber. Ends Saturday, June 30 LuxeCabretta Leather with Blue Fox! The demand for fine leather continues, and coats such as These... hand-crafted from the finest quality Cabretta leather available... are getting to be as precious as egret feathers! Now is an ideal time to look them over and size up for yourself their quality, fashion and value. Great from early fall to late spring because the opulent natural blue fox collars are detachable for trans-season wear. Lined with quilted rayon. Top stylings as shown and similar in missy knee-lengths. Leather-clean. Brown, navy, purple, camelot alabaster (It. grey) or red. Misses'sizes 10 to 20. Note: All sizes not avail- able in all styles, colors. Ladies'coats. 1 ASK OUR STAFF ABOUT A COAT LAYAWAY PLAN STORE HOURS: daily a.m. to p.m. Thuri. and Fri. a.m. to 9 p.m. Village Mall. Phone 328-9231 ;