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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 25, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Thursday, June 25, 1970 Gerald Leach Powellism Is Ugly In The Shadow Of World Starvation Asians living in England are un- easy about their future. What does the election of frankly racist Enoch Powell with a doubled majority mean, and will there be pressure to send them back where they came from? For many of them this means a return to Kenya where they are more unpopular than they are in Wolverhampton. Kenya has adopted a no-compromise Africa for Africans policy and Asians, whether born in Africa or not, are being subjected to an employment squeeze that makes it almost impossible for them to earn a living, particularly if they are among those who chose to 'retain British passports at the time of in- dependence. On further analysis the situation may not be quite as bad as it at first seemed. While no one can dis- guise the fact that .Mr. Powell's re- election in was won on the racist issue, there are several other constituencies with a large number of Asian residents where Labor members were re-elected, in spile of the Tory trend. In these Mid- land constituencies, candidates did not hammer home the racial issue, and it appeared to have little effect on the outcome. The Conservative pre-election mani- festo promises that the Asian resi- dents of England would be allowed to have their families join them and there is no reason to believe that Mr. Heath will back down on this pledge, Powell or no Powell. The ugly phenomenon of Powellism must not be allowed to direct Tory policy. One hopes that one of the first decisions of the new government will be to take measures which will miti- gate the apprehension of British resi- dents of any color who fear that they may not receive full justice under the law. 1M-IE HAGUE It isn't easy to contemplate a picture of the human race plunging into an unprecedented dark age of massive famine, poverty, illiter- acy, unemployment and violent social unrest. Yet unless dras- tic measures are lakcn imme- diately to stem the population flood, increase food production and provide jobs for the swell- ing hordes of the world's poor, the plunge is bound to and probably sooner than later. This is the awful message hanging over the mammoth Second World Food Congress which opened here last week and continues until June 30 And every one of the odd dele- gates, of every conceivable race and color, including virtually all the world's top planners, ap- pears to realize it. In fact they could hardly think otherwise. For this Con- gress probably the largest and almost certainly the most determined meeting ever held on world development has been called to consider an as- tonishing, mind stunning docu- ment and turn its recommen- dations into hard policies and action. Called the Indicative W o rid Plan for Agricultural Develop- ment the document is no less than-a total strategy for world development from now until 1985. It didn't begin like that. Conceived by the First World Food Congress in 19611, it was supposed to be a relative- ly simple survey of the gaps and needs in food production to avert the alarming prospect of a continually widening gap be- tween food and human num- bers. But as the planners got going they realized that the real cri- iiv "y planning agencies achieve. and if one doesn't share the planners' basic optimism that the targets can be and several delegates here cer- tainly don't hen the pros- pects for the world arc decided- ly bleak. eral of (he Food and Agricul- tural Organization. Yet this optimism certainly isn't shared by everyone. Sev- eral people have been mutter- ing darkly that 'the IWP's faith in the Green Revolution is so sis went much deeper. And so, after six years and million worth of effort, the food plan turned into the most ambitious presumptuous world plan ever devised. In a nutshell, it sets out growth targets right across the world that must he achieved if catastrophe is to be prevented. Its implications are staggering, One basic assumption of the much pie-in-the-sky. Although plan is that whatever the fam- the high yield wheats have so Wanted: A New Ataturk One of the two or three remaining democracies between Italy and In- dia is in trouble. Persistent rumors talk of threats of a military coup in Turkey, the easternmost member of the Atlantic Alliance. Ever since a massive demonstration on June 16 protesting a government Labor'bill, Istanbul and its neighboring prov- ince have been under martial law. Turkish Prime Minister Suleyin a n Demirel says he doesn't like martial law any more than the agitators do, but he was obliged to proclaim it to preserve order. The Labor bill actually promised some reforms, but one controversial clause gave the Leftists the excuse they sought to show their opposition to the government and their unhappi- ness about the poor state of econo- mic and social progress in the coun- try. Inflation, a serious balance of payments deficit, generally bad con- ditions plus political friction in gov- ernment circles, have taken a heavy toll. The rioting, added to persistent rumors that activists would attempt an overthrow, tipped the Prime Min- ister's hand. He called in the army though probably as a last resort. The army has always played a ma- jor role in Turkish politics, and its in- fluence is not likely to diminish now. There seems to be no sign that a military coup is planned, according to correspondents. But if there were would they be likely to know? The unpleasant facts are there. Two army officers were arrested last month on charges of inciting revolution the country is in a political turmoil, its If C1'y under martial law, and the Prime minister is no Kemal Ala- Freedom Or Fear News 'stories telling of the arrest and confinement of Soviet dissidents scientists, historians, newspaper editors, playwrights and others, who for the want of any other term, are classed as "intellectuals" _ are growing more frequent every day The latest to suffer the heavy hand of so-called Russian justice is a youth- ful historian, Andrei Amalrik, whose book called "Will the U.S.S.R. Survive Until was widely read by the underground in the Soviet Union and caused a good deal of comment in the West. The manuscript had been smuggled out of Russia for publica- tion abroad. Intellectual repression and denial of freedom of dissent has character- ized life in the Soviet Union for fifty years and more. Stalinist terrorism almost eliminated criticism of any Kind. But nowadays an underground press continues to publish its protest pamphlets, and to circulate them clandestinely. News leaks out with surprising regularity. The CBC for instance, recently broadcast a tape recording, made in a Soviet prison by one of the best known Russian wnters, telling of Ms grim life in the Siberian boondocks. Soviet leaders are up against a thorny problem in dealing with dis- sent. If they carry repressive measures too far, they risk massive resistance, an opposition that might prove surprisingly successful. Proli- ferating news leaks indicate that at least some members of the KGB or secret police, must be sympathetic collaborators. A Radio Liberty re- search paper remarks that "the dis- integration of a political system, par- ticularly of a dictatorial system which depends so vitally on the loyal- ty of its officials and on their fear often starts with progressive leak- ages of secrets." But the Russian leaders are also uncomfortably aware that if they al- low more freedom of dissent, 'they risk the very survival of the regime They are in a prickly dilemma. As Koscoe Drummond points out in the Christian Science Monitor, "the Com- munists are showing anew that they have nothing to fear but freedom itself." Maurice Western 'A Funny Thing Happened...' Teaching Hard Facts Of Life From Tlie Regina Leader-Post JYJANY people are expressing anriety these days over the behavior of young the campuses, in the streets, in unruly crowds in urban areas, in schools and colleges and even in the homes. Some have blamed the permissive so- ciety, shrugging the matter off as the re- sponsibility of parents. William Glasser, a Los Angeles psychia- trist, had an interesting point of view the other day in an interview with US News and World Report. He said the alarming rise in youthful deliquency, violence and drug use is not a moral but a failure crisis. These young people the ones who run away, use drugs, engage in violence and sexual promiscuity are failing in im- portant areas in their lives, said Glasser He said one of these important areas is classroom achievement and one of the rea- sons for failure is that too much of the educational system is based on rote learn- ing with no relevance to the youngsters' experience, interest and needs." Bright students, or those with solid back- grounds at home, can survive this process But for over 5fi per cent of the children who have trouble memorizing, school is a failure. If they are not lucky enough to have a strong feeling of intrinsic self-worth gained at home, Ihcy give up. While this seems a good argument, theoretically at least. Dr. (Master is over- looKing the fact (hat education lias always contained its modicum of memorization away back to the times of the Greeks. Without memorization, or a certain amount of it, how are facts to be learned? One English philosopher said the value of history is that the events, their causes and effects, should be related to events of the present and possible events of the future. Yet this high concept of history implies the knowledge of historical fact which can only be assimilated by memorization. Similarly, the educated person is one aware of the world in which he lives, ac- cording to a noted French educator. But the awareness of the world in which we live can only be possible with the assimi- lation of a great deal of knowledge about the world the races, the nations, the geographical regions, tiidr natural re- sources and manufactures and all the rest. It seems that for education a solid foun- dation of successful memorization is im- plicit and theorizing by educators or psychiatrists can get around this. The spadework for a good knowledge of past and present and inductive reasoning about the future, is based on the develop- ment of nicmnrizatiun. Without develop- ment, of course, memorization docs not mean much. For some this is more difficult than for others. What the educators should point out is that getting an education is hard work on the part of those being educated. Nothing worthwhile, however, comes easily. This is a fact of life that should be taught to young people Iron: an early ago. If this is rioiin there might he fewer drop- outs and fewer who seek escape in crime, drugs, violence and promiscuity. .QTTAWA: On the morrow of the great British victory over the pollsters, soothsayers and electronic gadgeteers, there is again talk of banning politi- cal pulse taking during elec- tion periods. Before endorsing an action which would deprive all these specialists of their livelihood and drive them, destitute, on to the labor market, we would do well to consider the possible de- fences which appear to be open to them in the present distress- ing case. (None of these apply t0 the CBC which was obviously cov- ering some other election, pos- sibly in Poland, of which we shall hear in due First, there is the standard explanation. Briefly stated, a funny thing happened on the way to the polls. This account- ing had its trial, and not alto- gether fortunate, run in 1948 when everyone, with tile excep- tion of the voters, was appall- ed and taken aback by the un- couth behavior of Harry Tru- man. Since then it has been elaborated to such a degree that it is beyond comprehen- sion and can thus be readily employed to smother critics and other impudent persons. The funny thing, as it invari- able turns out, was clearly vis- ible to the poll lakers but the clouds parted only at the last moment when it was too late to offer guidance to the public. Dates, technical difficulties and belated trends are important to the standard defence. So is the permissible margin of error. The mere fact that a cerlain Labor win becomes a Conser- vative victory is of trifling sig- nificance when all such factors arc considered retroactively and given fhsir just mathematical evaluation. It would, however, be quite wrong lo suppose that this de- fence, impressive but a little tiresome from frequent repeti- tion, is Ihe only one that can be offered in the present case. Consider (his possible alter- native. The trouble is not with I he pollsters (perish Ihe thought) but originates in Ihn fiimlRinen'al backwardness of the British people. This ia IJio age of new politics. Ask any avant-garde thinker. It is the era of opinion science, electronic divination and McLuhanism. Glamor has replaced issues and the med- ium is the message. The duty of the voter has accordingly changed; it is now, through his political behavior on polling day, to give formal ratification to conclusions already reached on his behalf by those who have read his mind. Unhappily none of this has got through to the locals at the haunch of venison and other centres at which island destin- ies are somehow decided. The British, who invented political Various other defences sug- gest themselves. For example, Perfidious Albion. It is in vari- ably assumed by polltakers and their camp followers that per- sons interviewed tell the truth about their voting intentions. But there are those who resent prying into matters which, they have considered private. In ad- dition, much has been written about the collapse of moral standards and about the lawless typical population growths of 2.5 to 3 per cent a year in near- ly all developing countries will hardly be affected Sy 1985 (or 2000 AD for that The baby boom of the last two dec- ades is just starling to turn into an unprecedented boom of par- ents whom no force on earth can prevent from rem-oducing _ themselves. As a result, by 1985 there will be million people to feed in the developing world, or million more than in 1965 Can the food be found? To answer this question, the planners took i.ic remarkable step of suppos- ing that it won't be rumbling bellies or crippling protein mal- nutrition that will set the de- mand for food, but hard cash People will buy only the food they can afford, but as incomes rise slowly they will not only buy more food but want to buv better food. So the planners had to ask what economic growth rates are probable in the devetopin" world. The feasible though optimistic answer they came up with is between 4.9 and 5.9 per cent each year from 1962" to 1935, or about one point up on what past trends would give if continued. Juggling with these figures, the planners conclude that by 1985 the total demand for feed in the developing world will have risen by nearly 150 per cent an annual increase of 3.9 per cent. Since food production has been rising by 2.8 per cent in developing countries, this may not seem like an over-ambitious target. But the planners reck- on that it can only be done either by importing vast amounts of food from the rich countries million worth or 13 times more than in 1962) or doubling the production of home grown staple grains, such as wheat and rice, along with massive rises in meat pro- duction. Since the first alterna- tive seems like mere wishful thinking most rich countries are cutting back on basic food production to stabilize the ball is in the developing world's court. One great hope here it is the spearhead of the whole plan is the "Green Revolu- tion" of high yielding wheat and rice strains. The plan pro- poses that by 1985 one third cf the world's total cereal area will be growing the new strains compared with about 5 per cent today. The second of the plan's spearheads is a vast, highly complex scheme to boost pro- tein production by intensive rearing of pigs and though not cattle because time is too short and they grow too slowly. Factory produced pro- tein supplements are another recent breakthrough which many delegates here think will play a crucial role, with huge tonnages involved. Add in schemes far prevent- ing waste up to 80 per cent British, it is well known, have a perverted sense of humor and may he fully capable of leading democracy, still entertain the earnest students up the garden crude notion that they should patl1- Are we then to punish the vir- tuous nose counter for the vine make then- own judgments on issues as they see them. This makes them incapable of pro- gress. They ignore science (un- like writers who show a decent respect for revealed mathema- concentrate on their football pages; and in the end go uninstructed and unrecon- structed to the polling booths. Jt would be absurd to blame the poll takers who took their samples, made their projections and performed their gyrations with due diligence when the fault is clearly to be ascribed to the primitive behavior of un- heeding voters. 'Crazy Capers' r 11 t r V.UIL spirit abroad in the land. The ot aU fruit and Vegetables grown in Latin America rot be- tween field and market, while 20 per cent of the world's cer- eals are eaten by one gets a quite new, remark- able optimism that famine won't be a problem. We do not face the slide into widespread famine feared by many agricul- tural planners and demograph- ers over the past a key paper to the Food Congress says. "The position is critical, but not hopeless." echoed Dr. A. H. Boerma, Director Gen- 'the washing-up until I get back, I 'lite- to watch you.doing it. Df the voter? Alternatively, downcast diag- nosticians might make some- thing of the well known under- dog obsession of the British people. The medium performed, projecting glamor from land's end lo John O'Groates. Com- mentators, overwhelmed by all the portents of Conservative doom unerringly identified by scientific radars, wept buckets of crocodile tears for the un- fortunate Edward Heath. It was simply too much for Ihe Brit- ish voter. His intention was clear, open, published but his resolution wavered over the last half pint; he succumbed at the last moment to human frailty and out of sheer compassion elcctej. Edward. persons of doubtful character might suggest another explana- tion, which is not however to be recommended to the Gaiiup folk and others facing the grim prospect of life on the streets. There was once a famous pet- ition addressed to Parliament by three tailors of Tooley Street. It began: "we, the people of England In it possible, in an age illu- minated by pseudo science, that all tlie research was in vain because the statistical sages took the wrong samples from the wrong tailors on the wrong Tooley Street? Or did I hey forget the tailors entirely and consult each ether which would satisfactorily account for everything? (Herald Ollnwii Bureau) far lived up to their promise, experience with the new rices have been little short of disas- trous. Highly susceptible to dis- ease and pests, they are more difficult to process and don't taste so good. There are also mind boggling problems in providing enough water and fer- tilizers for the proposed expan- sion which, the critics say, the IWP just hasn't considered deep- ly enough. The technolog i c a I spearhead might turn into a very blunt weapon when one considers the massive changes of attitude and economic invest- ments needed. But the most dramatic and terrifying part of the master plan and the dark thread that is running through every word spoken here is not the question of finding enough food for the swelling population but finding enough jobs. Already there is serious un- employment or underemploy- ment in the rural areas of all developing countries. By 1985 this will have reached alarming dimensions. Nearly half the ad- ditional million people ex- pected by 1985 in the develop- ing world will be crowded onto the farms with little extra work- to do, while the other half, streaming into the cities in search of higher living stan- dards, just won't find jobs un- less economic growth rates rise unimaginably sharply. In Latin America, the Con- gress was told, the average eco- nomic growth rate of 5.2 per cent must reach a minimum of eight per cent a year by 1980 if the unemployment problem is to be solve d. Among other things, this will mean doubling exports in the decade a tar- get that can never be achieved unless the rich countries make drastic changes in their pres- ent trade patterns. Faced with this kind of thing, even the normally optimistic authors of the plan are reduced to near despair by the prob- lems involved. At this early stage of the Con- gress it is too soon to predict what new ideas are going to emerge. But already it is quite clear that the delegates from the developing world are losing patience with the all talk-no- action responses of the rich countries on whom rightly they lay blame for their trou- bles. There has been some very tough talk indeed against the selfish, myopic concern of the rich nations (mainly in N o r th America and Europe) with add- ing to their, own already abun- dant affluence with little heed for' the global picture. In reply, the delegates from the rich rich countries are only able to say: "Yes, we but it'j not us you have to convince. It's our governments and public." In this context, brave plans to set up supra national agencies with full powers to dictate to the rich third of the and several key speakers have made such proposals sound well intentioned but doomed to failure. The idea that dras- tic changes in attitude must come may be slowly catching hold in the northern hemisphere but as the ghastly statistics have been driven into our heads here only those with undying optimism can have believed that it would catch on in time. "Somehow, we've got 'B engi- neer a one black del- egate told me, "and looking at you white countries, I just don't believe we can." (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD TIIKOUGH THE HERALD 1S20 The number of illicit stills in Canada has jumped from 191 to 985 in hro years since the prohibition act came into effect. 1930-300 jobless Communists rioted with police outside of Winnipeg's city hall yesterday after the Mayor, Ralph Webb refused the unemployed work- ers a hearing. IS Reftik Saydan lold the Turkish Parliament tonight that Turkey is not plan- ning to enter the war but Is "alertly continuing defence pre- parations." 1950 The French National Assembly today ousted Pre- mier Georges Bidault and liis middle-of-the-road cabinet. The official motion of confidence was 352 to 230 against the gov- ernment. 1MO Premier E. C Man- ning has protested a decision that the U.S. Federal Power Commission undertake diiect regulation of natural gas prices in Alberta The LethbrwUje Herald d Publisher, Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN CI.HO W. MOWKHS. Editor and Publisher THOMAS II. ADAMS, General M.ln.iccr WILI.IAM HAY nov' MILES uuua JSiii "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;