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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 24, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Solurdoy, Jun. 24, 1972 THE LfTHBRIDGE HERALD 5 Book Reviews Collection of Eskimo prints with text "Eskimo Prluls" by James Houston (Longman Canada Limited, 112 pages, softback, TJSKIMO sculpture and prints have become Hie rage all over North America, and have taken on in Europe too, since exhibitions have been held in London, Paris and Zurich. The success is due not only to the extraordinary expertise of the Eskimos themselves, but to the assistance and dedication of their helpmeet, James Houston. Houston, a painter himself, first went to the Arctic ir 1948 in search of inspiration for his own work. He became intrigued with the native carving and sculpture and brought back samples of it to Montreal. The Canadian Handicraft guild Ehired hi; excitement and in- terest, and in 1931 it appointed him Us representative in West Baffin Island. By 1953 Mr. Houston was .given a federal government job on the island as civil administrator of the territory. In his foreword to this delight- ful collection of prints and text, Charles Gimpel, who arranged the recent exliibitions of Eskimo work abroad, says that "the right man was in the right place at the right time. An ar- tist with the knowledge of the technical problems involved, he perceived the merit and the spontaneity of the Eskimo art, yet had the wisdom and re- straint not to interfere, but merely to guide and foster." Mr. Houston's text which ac- companies the plates in this book is superbly simple a brief, yet strangely moving ac- count of how print making was started, of the excitement of the people In this new form of expression, and how, step by painful step, it developed into a major source of income as well as an absorbing occupation. It is to Mr. Houston's everlasting credit that he discovered and promoted this talent of the peo- ple of the Canadian Arctic a gilt of expression hitherto un- recognized by either themselves or so called civilized people. Houston tells how he first rec- ognized the potential of the stencil as practised by the Kingnimuit people. He was on a visit to a remote camp where he stayed in a native snow- house. The wife had used scraps of caribou to cut out figures il- lustrating a story for her chil- dren. She had wet the backs and pasted them on the icy wall of the igloo where they froze solidly in place. He observed the holes in the hide from which she had cut the figures and an idea was bom in his fertile mind. Stencils! It took several years of ex- periment in various media be- fore materials were found suit- able for use in that bitter cli- mate to make enough prints and stencils for exhibition a frustrating but exciting time for both Houston and his Eski- mo friends. "In Cape he says "the skin stencil slowly evolved into a paper stencil. This change occurred because wa did not wish to use valuable sealskins for stencils. As in most Arctic events, the change developed in its own way, based on Eskimo ingenuity and the materials at hand." The strug- gle was slow, painful and awk- ward but in the end triumph- antly successful. Houston's interest and per- sonal involvement was unremit- ting. When he had accumulated leave from his administrative duties he used it to visit Japan where he studied print making methods. On his return he brought back suggestions which would aid in developing tech- niques suitable to the Aictic cli- mate and the materials avail- able. This led to all kinds of experimentation and innovation a fascinating struggle of a primitive gifted people to over- come the difficulties of their en- vironment and semi-nomadic way of life. Now the print makers have formed co-opera- tives, and with the help of In- terested organizations and in- dividuals, their work has "caught on" in many parts of the world. Eskimo printmakers are now using their own de- signs for making hand blocked fabrics. But James Houston warns that the current changes in the Arctic world are not very likely to improve their art. He ends his short text on a note of uncertainty. "The prints and carvings of the Eskimos are readily understood and ac- cepted by adults, children, ar- tisls and art critics. Eskimo art has the ability to speak to us across great gulls of time and space. It seems inconceiv- able that its impetus will disap- pear with the coming of formal- ized education." This could he a word of ad- vice to collectors. Prices for genuine Eskimo sculpture and prints seem high now, but they are almost certain to go high- er. JANE HUCKVALE Spirit Bird Spirit Bird, a stone cut by Eskimo arlist Angotigulu, is o double image which reveals the true bird and its innua or spirit. Reproduced from the book Eskimo Prints by Jamej Houston, Claims Canadian history distorted "Towards the discovery of Canada" by Donald Creighlon (Macmillan of Canada Ltd., 315 pages, paper, cloth JN THIS FIRST published collection of essays, Uni- versity of Toronto historian Donald Creighlon alleges that the public has been fed a dis- tortion in which the Liberals are the good guys and Great Britain, Sir John A. Macdonald and proponents of a strong fed- eral government, are the vil- lains. He charges that the "Liberal Interpretation of history" has discredited or ignored Canada's first prime minister and the in- tention embodied in the coun- try's founding charter, the Brit- ish North America Act of 1867. For blowing the whistle on what he says amounts to a re- write of history almost as bla- tant as that done by the Rus- sian Communists, Professor Three collections of recipes "James Beard's American Cookbook" by James Beard (Little, Brown and Company (Canada) Limited, 8ST "Collins Family Cookery" by Elizabeth Craig (Collins, 960 "The Hundred Menu Chic- ken Cookbook" (Grosset and Dunlap, S7.M, 153 pages, dis- tributed by GcorgR J. Mc- Lcoil TVEW collections of recipes always seem to find a ready market among novica cooks as well as those who en- joy experimenting with more exotic food preparation. Of the three new recipe books which have been received recently, one stands out far ahead of the others. James Beard's huge cookbook is fabulous! I happen- ed to want a recipe for a friu't punch and was disappointed that none was included but I'm sure everything else one might want could be found within the B87 pages. There are many practical ideas such as how to Revolutionary lead "Bakunin on A n a r chy" edited by Sam Dolgolf (AI- frcil A. Knopf, S11.95, distri- buted hy Random House of WESTERNERS rarely recog- nize Russia and its people for what they were and indeed still are a vast reservoir of human resources e q u ailing anything, anywhere, any tune. Bakunin, a Russian of rich birth, lived a titan among fel- low titans in revolutionary so- cial philosophy of the last cen- tury. Alive between 1814 and 1876, he rubbed shoulders with Marx, Blanqui, Kr opt kin, Proudhon and others. He saw inside prisons in many lands including his own. His mission was to preach revolution and ha was a revolutionary missioner. During his lifetime he fought bitterly, at times almost child- isliiy, with Marx and others. But his ideas and ideals on the social revolution ran more deeply than those of Marx who concentrated on the workers of a staU> whom he termed the proletariat. Bakunin saw the revolution's soul at a deeper level In what was termed the lumpen proletariat, or the simple peasants, riff raff and general dregs of humanity. He placed his faith not in the pro- letariat, but in the lumpen- proletariat. Much of what he said about international com- munism came true and is still emerging as he predicted. In reading this volume, edited by Sam Dolgoff, one gets a glimpse of the inner glow which fired 19th century Eu- rope, and men like Bakunin. Some pieces selected add up to heavy work in political science and philosophy. But for the ordinary reader the very discovery of this giant and the things he said for the then and now world sparks one with an unusual excitement. It creates an appetite for more about the man who was more the politi- cal father of our century than perhaps any other person. This is a book well worth the reading. The secrets of the fu- ture are locked fa the past for discovery in the present. Ba- kunin unlocks many secrets for those who read him. LOUIS BURKE boil and bake a potato and how to cook cabbage as well as more complicated recipes for gourmet cookery. Each section has a delightful introduction which alone makes the book worth its price. Though not of loose-leaf construction, the book opens flat for consultation while baking and brewing. This book would be an ideal gilt for a bride and groom. Elizabeth Craig's book, Col- lins Family Cookery, is also a large book containing over recipes. It is a reprint of a 1957 edition so may already be fam- iliar to some cooks, particular- ly those from Britain. It is very "English" in its termino- logy (the stove is the "pancakes arc made on a "girdle" and ingredients are mixed in a and some of (lie recipes (bubble and squeak, Berkshire roly poly, potted hare and Lancashire pie) will stir the heart of any- one from England. There are also recipes for haggis, Irish stew and Welsh rarebit so any Britisher might feel at homo with the book. In addition, there are recipes from many other parts of the world. I even found one for "prairie flap- jacks" but was disappointed to find it is a sweet square using rolled oats and brown sugar! The third one, The Hundred Menu Chicken Cookbook, con- tains over 100 easy-to-follow recipes with menus from more than 20 countries. Most are pre- pared in casserole fashion geared for 'company' enter- taining (and for turning off sus- picious Included are sal- ad recipes and a guide to 39 cheeses from 8 countries. It's an attractive book but if you are choosing a first or basic cookbook you can find a better buy for ELSPETH WALKER Creighton says he has been branded a Conservative party supporter and even a Commun- ist. In calm and convincing prose through these 18 essays written between 1933 and 1971, he ar- gues that, the Canadian nation is threatened from without by American continentalism and from within by provincialism, particuiarily from French- Canadian nationalists. Canada was never intended to be a bicultural nation, he writes. The two-nation theory was never accepted in western Canada, and apart from some minor considerations, was nev- er intended to go beyond the borders of Quebec. In the rush to sever ties with Britain, Canadians have fallen into a more dangerous depen- dence on the United States, he says. Canadians in the years after confederation accepted the "frontier Professor Creighton writes. "Canadian historians and social scientists, like the Canadian journalists and politicians, sought instinc- tively to depress the impor- tance of Europe as the source of Western civilization and to exalt the creaitve power of North America." Sir John A. Macdonald, who saw the dangers of American imperialism, was ridiculed. "Almost nothing has been done to examine, correct or justify the traditional picture of Macdonald the picture, half legend and folklore, of the easy- going, pleasure-loving and none too scrupulous opportunist who survived a half-century of poli- tical conflict by means of a du- bious series of compromises, appeasements and reconcilia- tions." Professor Creighton feels there is much more to Mac- donald than that and has set about correcting the picture. "Macdonald was a Conserva- tive; and throughout Canadian historiography there is easily discernible a stiff strain of Liberalism with a capital L." Pointing to the pioneer prime minister, he writes "He had been heard to say that the maintenance of a separate poli- tical existence in a continent dominated by the United States was the most difficult task con- fronting the Canadian nation." Professor Creighton feels that message is applicable today. GREG McINTYRE Updating Carroll "Through the Broken Mir- ror With Alice" by Slaia Wojciechowska (Longman) Canada Ltd., 125 pages, 'pHROUGH the Broken Mir- ror with Alice is a borrow- ed absurdity. Maia Wojcie- chowska lakes Lewis Carroll's Through the Looking-Glass chess playing episodes and plops them into twentieth-cen- tury Harlerr.. The main character, Alice (who spends a weird Sunday afternoon wandering through a strange fantasy world. All the people she meets turn into one of Carroll's fi- gures the librarian to Hie White Queen, the history teach- er to the Black Queen, and Ihs principal and school psychia- trist into Tweedledum and Tweedledee. Carroll's satire is reinterpret- ed through the eyes of a young black girl, apparently in an at- tempt to make the Carroll story more understandable to today's youngsters. It docs make the story more contem- porary but I doubt that either Focus on the University By MICHAEL SUTHERLAND O. 0. '72-2 BN three short months the university will be in the midst of its finest days, the 00'72 ceremonies set for September 22. 23 and 24. Although several comments have been made here previously about ths events, it is appropriate at this time to make a progress report of sorts. There has indeed been a great deal of activity. As it now stands the 00'72 ceremonies will occur during three days in September. However, and I suggest, as anticipated, many groups within the university are plan- ning activities during the week prior to September 22 that will doubtless produce a very interesting and complete week-long series of activities in what may evolve to be a "University To begin with, the music department has announced (hat the first in the 1972-73 con- cert series presentations will be a chamber music recital to be held Wednesday, Sep- tember 20. Indications are that several other departments and organizations with- in the community have similar plans to ef- fectively complement the actual ceremon- ies' program, providing a full-range of ac- tivities intended for the people of tliis com- munity, all taking place at the start of the university's first semester in full operation on the new campus. Speaking of the new campus, the com- mittee in question will hold its regular meeting next Tuesday in the physical ed- ucation complex. As many people know this impressive structure represents the com- pletion of Phase I of development of the new campus and it is being completed on schedule just prior to the commencement of summer session activities. Certainly the meeting of the 00'72 Committee on the premises is one symbolic way of officially initiating its use by the univeristy. Official Opening '72 Ceremonies will be- gin officially at a special convocation Fri- day, September 22 at which the univer- sity's second president Dr. William E. Beckel will he officially installed and hon- orary degrees will be conferred upon Mr. Roloff Eeny, Dr. Claude Bissell, Senator Carroll's or Mrs. Wojciechow- ska's book will thrill many youngsters. The book's a mite obtuse, but if you grant Mrs. Wojdechow- ska that one step into fantasy it's great fun and further- more, it bears a message. JUDI WALKER Books in brief "How to Talk to Birds and other uncommon ways of enjoying nature the year round" Richard C. Davids (Alfred A. Knopf, 242 T.igcs, distributed hy Ran- dom House of Canada Lim- ANYONE with an interest in nature would enjoy this book. Anecdotes and informa- tion on birds, moths, toads, swamps, wolves and garden plants alternate in a rambling style suitable to a long nature hike which this book virtually is. Sixteen pages of photo- graphs are included. DOUG WALKER Ernest Manning and Chief Judge L. S. Turcolte, the distinguished former chancel- lor of the university. A major public event that evening will feature a dance-music function displaying the talents of a top local group (yet to be named) and the outstanding Canadian re- cording and rock group Chilliwack. The Friday affair is intended for all ages with an emphasis towards young people, In rec- ognition of their importance to the Univer- sity and the community generally. Saturday's events will include a special feature presentation by Dr. Bissell, former president ot the University of Toronto and currently university professor at that insti- tution. The highlight of the day will certainly be the actual ofxming ceremonies to be carried out by liie premier of the province of Alberta, Mr Peter Loughecd. Mr. Lough- ced has also accepted an invitation from, the committee to be the featured speaker at the public banquet Saturday evening. On Sunday the open house events will really get underway although certainly the facilities and special displays will be in ev- idence before the weekend and open to the public at all times. Without elaboration here, suffice it to say people visiting the campus for the many events on Sunday be- tween noon and 6 p.m. will be as busy as they choose to be, with something for ev- eryone in the family. Obviously the schedule for 00'72 is be- coming very complex and it will be the in- tention of the publicity committee and for that matter all other committees to make certain every southern Albertan is aware of the various events. Effort at informing the public will in fact extend beyond the boundaries of this re- gion but naturally we are most concerned that the people of southern Alberta have the opportunity to be involved in this very significant event at their university. Persons or groups with questions or sug- gestions relevant to official opening '72 are invited to contact Information services at the university. A glorious event! By Joe Balla JF our city fathers of today could only realize the pomp and ceremony that went into the official opening of the city's comfort station in Gait Gardens, the jeer- ing and cat calls would cease forthwith. It was officially opened not long after the Second World War by none other than Mr. Canada himself Canada's Centen- nial commissioner, Mr. John Fisher. How you officially open a comfort sta- tion in a public park in the heart of a city remains as much a mystery today as it did the day it was opened. Nevertheless, the Gait Gardens comfort station was the city's pride and joy of the day, and everyone was asked to turn out for the gala opening. The Mayor J. A. Jardine was official guide for Mr. Fisher and his entourage. Whether Mr. Fisher had to go to a com- fort station or not, was not the point. He went regardless. After the opening, a sizeable number of residents and visitors spent considerable time ducking in and out of the comfort sta- tion, to inspect it. Of course, if you were in a hurry, it meant getting someone to hold your position In line while you visited one of the nearby taverns. Some left their positions several times before they got as far as the interior ot the structure. And, many had to eventually give up anyway because overusage during the course of the day had resulted in a breakdown of some of the facilities. Mr. Fisher was just gaining prominence as a CBC commentator and salesman of Canada at the time of the opening. Cham- bers of Commerce everywhere felt that if their city could receive just one mention from Mi'. Fisher on his program, they had it made. Everyone who was a 'who's who' In Leth- bridge was out for the opening that day. Several of the top chiefs of the Blood In- dian tribe were also on hand for the occa- sion, and it was there that Mr. Fisher met members of the Kainai. He later became a Blood chief himself. The Fisher group was wined and dined and there was great celebration in Leth- bridge's newest achievement. Even today Gait Gardens comfort station holds a unique distinction: the best celebrated official opening in Canada! The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY Gaglardi, God and greed REHABILITATION Minister Gaglardi of B.C. is quoted as saying that God gave man greed and selfishness to motivate him toward competitiveness. This naturally brought a standing ovation from his au- dience, the Purchasing Management Asso- ciation. Mr. Gaglardi may be a reliable spokesman for the government, hut scarce- ly for God even if he is a Pentecostal pastor. More reliable is Proverbs (1.19) which says that greed takes away a man's life. The Psalmist prays that his heart will be turned toward God and not to convetous- ness He states that "the wicked man m his greed gives wickedness his blessing." (10.3) Jesus said, "Beware! Be on your guard against greed of every kind." (New English Bible, Luke 11.15) Isaiah contemptuously refers to "greedy dogs." "Greed makes an idol of says St. Paul. "Fornication and indecency of any land, or ruthless greed, must not be so much as mentioned among you, as befits the people of God." (Epbesians v.3) St. Peter says of false prophets that "in their greed for money they will trade on your credulity with sheer fabrications" (2 Peter, 2.3) Psychiatrist Erich Fromm says greed drives society mad and is the major evil of our time. Spinoza, the Jewish philosoph- er, maintains that "greediness, ambition, and so forth are forms of insanity." The saints of the Middle Ages regarded greed as one of the seven deadly sins. What a strange inversion of ethics that now makes it one of the seven virtues! Even Bertrand Russell, a rxm religious man, regarded greed as a thoroughly bad exhibition of man's will-to-power. Thomas Aquinas thought of greed as salt water, consumption making one thirstier. Sim- ilarly Kahlil Gibran warns of "the thirst that is unquestionable." Dante places the greedy wretches in (he fifth terrace of Purgatory along with Judas. Selfishness is a dreadful evil and sick- ness, making life a hell on earth. Ibsen builds his tragic plays about selfishness and tells how it drives men mad. The Friends of God had a saying, "Nothing burns in hell but. self-will." Mental health comes from love and creativity, from giv- ing and making. Man's only meaning in life is devotion to his God and society. When Jesus said, "It is more blessed to give than to he was not being merely Idealistic and religious, but speak- ing sound common sense, psychologically true. The ancient Hebrew commandmenl, "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul and with all thy strength and thy neighbor as thyself" is basic to the good life. True, as Gaglardi doubtless would point out, modern society rejects this, but the fact that the majority are caught in some mental pathology does not make them right. The fact that hordes of advertisers rise up to call Gaglardi blessed does not make him right. He is dead wrong. Crimes against property increase spectacularly. Wars multiply. The cause is greed. Greed and selfishness are evil and self-destructive and nothing can make them riant ;