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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 24, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Wednesday, 14, 1970 THE tt-THBRIDGr HIRAID 5 Charles Foley Deceptive Ca m On Campus B ERKELEY To all ap- pearances, at least, univer- sity life at Berkeley, California is its quiet, busy self again, after a period of riot and re- pression. Students by the thous- and troop happily to their class- rooms, listen to lectures, join in discussions, work long and late. Beaming professors survey their docile charges. What the outsider might not guess, however, is that a large part of the student body has left the straight and narrow Bruce Hutchison academic path. The stud e n t s have put aside their books to join sympathetic teachers in a "crash course" of opposition politics. Aft pupils are produc- ing anti war posters for ship- ment all over the country. Psy- chology students are working up their debating powers to carry the message from town to town. Legal eaglets are be- ing briefed on ways of keeping on the safe side of the law. This new wave of non-violent activity was launched by Berk- eley's r'adical science professor, Sheldon Wolin. He told clwering students in the. open- air theatre that normal activ- ities must now be curtailed "so that our knowledge, skills, man- power and facilities can be used against the war and against the structures in society that facili- tate the war." The campus, said Dr. Wolin, must be "reconsti- tuted" to these ends. After the turmoil which fol- lowed the Cambodian invasion and Kent State College shoot- ings, most of the academic com- munity felt relieved that a peaceful way of protest had been found. An official memor- andum allowed instructors to cancel conventional classes when they saw danger to them- selves or their pupils. Students were peiinitted to cut classes if attendance might expose them to risk of reprisals. Final- ly, the academic senate, the uni- versity's highest faculty body, agreed to relax grading proce- Mr. Snifkin Pleads Guilty ACCORDING to the news- papers (said ray neigh- bor, Horace the pro- fessional hairdressers of To- ronto are protesting against the mm professionals and, even worse, the namel ess housewives who do the job too cheaply. It's about time. If competition in the hail-dressing business reduces prices the next tiling you know the same thing will happen in other pro- fessions and soon the nation's living standard will collapse. Once competition raises its ugly head free enterprise is finished. Already I can tell you in con- fidence (Mr. Snifkin added, swearing me to secrecy) that Mrs. Snudd, the widow living next door to me, dresses her own hair, after pulling down the blinds and locking the doors, of course. The police haven't found out yet but. I un- covered the damning evidence myself. A hair curler accident- ly dropped out of the bath- room window. But I won't inform on Mrs. Snudd. She means no harm. It's just her ignorance, poor soul. They didn't teach her eco- nomics at school or she'd understand that saving money is the surest way to increase unemployment and bring on a depression. There's something very wrong with ouij education system. If the evil were confined to hairdressing I dare say the rich Canadian economy could stand it. But amateurism is spreading into much more vital areas and threatens to destroy the Just Society be- fore ffudeau can get it start- ed. Take our old friend Dudley Dollop. You tlu'nk you know him, but wait till I tell you the truth. Now there's. a man with a university degree, a lawyer, a prominent citizen. He can't plead ignorance but I happen to know that Dollop is an amateur plumber. "Yes sir, I've seen him with my own eyes changing a wash- er on a tap in his basement rather than call a skilled pro- fessional at the mere cost of or so. What would he say if an amateur tried to practise law? He'd put the fellow in jail. "Yet there's good old Dol- lop, the friend of everyone, cold bloodedly snatching the bread away from the mouths of the poor and sabotaging the system that makes him pros- perous. And then, if you please, he works sevefal nights a week for some charity or other. That man has no morals. A whited sepulchre of hypocrisy. The whole thing is getting out of hand. No profession or trade is safe from malprac- tice. Without menti o n i n g names, I know a fellow who considers himself a practical electrician, though he's only a surgeon at the hospital, and he actually changes Iiis light fuses when they blow out, with his own clumsy hands. I'm tempt- ed to tip off the Mounties but it's not necessary. He'll elec- trocute himself one of these days, and serve him right. And another fellow not far from here, an auditor in the income tax department, builds all kinds of things in his spare time furniture, dog kennels, even a summer cottage. What does he care about the profes- sional carpenters? What do the income tax men care about anybody? They've no hearts, only computers ticking in their chests. This man, if you'll believe it, is paid by a Canadian govern- ment dedicated to the proposi- tion that no price shall ever be cut and no income ever re- duced, except by taxes. Wait till Benson hears about him. Never mind, the government will catch up with all these rascals in time, even me. Can- didly, I'm not quite innocent, either, but don't tell anyone. My only excuse is that I didn't realize what I was doing till I read about some new legisla- tion in Parliament that puts the marketing of all farm prod- ucts in the hands of govern- ment boards, as I understand it. This law is long overdue but it's going to hit me hard, and a lot of other chiselling food producers. Why, only yester- day I planted 20 rows of vege- tables and enough potatoes to feed all my worthless relatives next winter, never thinking what it meant to the farmers of Canada. Now that I under- stand the government's far- seeing policy, I feel like rip- ping up the garden and cover- ing it with blacktop, but I guess I'll resist the temptation after all. I'm a weak man when you get right down to it. Anyhow, for us gardeners the days of anarchy are num- bered. 'By next spring the gov- ernment's inspectors will be watching, counting the cab- bages, taking the fingerprints on the potatoes, sniffing the onions and measuring the grapes for alcohol content with a breathalyzer, in the in- terests of temperance, to make sure that amateur w i n e- makers like me don't compete mtli the state monopoly. Well. I won't try to make any defence. I'll just tell the judge I'm guilty, guilty as hell, guilty of the high crime of pro- duction and, worse, competi- tion that destroys the entire economic system. Guilty, my lord, and I throw myself on the mercy of the court. So saying, Mr. Snifkin threw himself on one of my deck chairs and accepted some non- competitive stimulant, gener- ously provided by the govern- ment of British Columbia at a bargain price, if you leave out the taxes. (Herald Special Service) Prices Effective Thurs., Fri., Sot., June 25, 26, 27. CHUCK ROASTS Red er Blue Brand Beaf.............. Ib, W Chuck Steaks Brand Beer.......ib. 59c Chuckwagon Steaks .b.89c Round Steak Brand 89c Round Steak Roasts ,b.85e Minced Beef Applewood or Swift's Premium, QOr Bacon PkB. BVC Bologna Grade 'A' CHICKEN THIGHS BREASTS DRUMSTICKS Bathroom Tissue Cashmere, White or Pink 8 roll pack Kraft Cheese 890 Old 16-oz. pkg. Luncheon Meat Prem O 12-oi. lint fc for Malkins 14-oi. tins for Molkins ,14-oz. tins for 4 Malkins...... 12-oz. tins for CROSS RIB ROASTS ,179 CREAM CORN c ASST'D. PEAS W.K. CORN CHICKEN Cake Mixes 2 Jellied.........6-01. tins for Scott Towel Holders.....: 59c nn I9-oz. pkgs. J for I .UU Fresh Produce Values I C AvIlCd Califv Canada No. 1 Red Cardinal Grapes..................................ib.49c Celery Hearts AM FOOD MARKET Canada No. 1 each Green Onions or Radishes Head Lettuce Cina bunch da i 708 3rd Avenue South GROCERIES 327-5434, 327-5431 MEATS 327-181? OPEN THURSDAY TIU 9 P.M. PHONE AND SAVE FREE DEUVERY dures for students who had been busy on war protest ac- tivities. The watchword was "flexibil- ity." As one staff cynic put it, "We've agreed to give lire rad- icals a passing grade if they'll stay out of our hair. That means they won't suffer delay in grad- uation. Then comes the long summer vacation, with family trips to Paris or hitch-hiking to Alaska. Students have always done their crusading in college time, not their own." Others defend "reconstitu- tion" in the light of mod e r n needs. Among them is Dr. Wal- ter Knight, Dean of tlie College of Letters and Science with 14.- 000 pupils. "Even physics can't be physics as it used to he says. "It's got to be physics built into the new society, taught in a framework that is moral and relevant to the world today." An attempt to stem the tide has been made by the univer- sity President, Dr. Charles Hitch, with a letter to faculty members warning them against mixing politics with teaching. "University resources and fa- cilities must not be diverted to partisan he'urges. "Aca- demic credit should not be giv- en for inappropriate work or course material denied to stu- dents who want and need it." Dr. Hitch's request for a re- port on the "restructuring" of various courses under Profes- sor Wolin's concept is unlikely to yield much enlightenment. Berkeley alone offers some 000 different courses, so Uiat it will be difficult to get an idea of what the changes involve un- til the summer break begins. When the new term begins it will be harder than ever to force students back into the tra- ditional mould. Nor is Dr. Hitch the type of administrator who would wish to do so. He tries to allow for every point of view. he says, "may and do maka mistakes as we have done. But this is a generation that cares and cares very deeply the future of its nation, its world and its fellow men." Others at B e r k e 1 y, while sj'mpathetic to youthful ideal- ism, fear that once politics en- ters the classroom under tlie guise of "modified the university is doomed. "This is the most serious challenge to academic freedom the univer- sity has says philosophy professor John Searle, a noted leader of the free speech move- ment which erupted here five years ago. "Will the people who control our funds be will- ing to support higher education when it has been turned into a political Tlie answer to this question comes from California's legisla- tors and it is an angry "No One senator said flatly that giv- ing credits for war protest ac- tivities proves that the real re- sponsibility for campus turmoil lies much more with the fa- culty than the students. "In oth- er words, parrJe i p a t e in a tlvrow a few rocks, break some windows, burn some banks, and collect credits for these activities towards a bachelor's degree." He demand- ed summary dismissal of any faculty member who becomes involved, "directly or indirect- ly" in campus disturbances. Tiie State Assem- bly wound up a vengeful ses- sion by abolishing the subsidy enjoyed by the academ- ic senate, thus calling a halt to its activities. It also struck at the entire teaching community by depriving it of a pay in- crease which had been voted for all state employees. Regardless of these sanctions, dissident students and profes- sors have been flying in droves to Washington to lobby Con- gressmen against the Indochina war. Now they are streaming back, ready to work on a pro- gram of "political action and educational reform" through- out the summer. For once, the crusade is to survive the long- ueurs of July. Tax resistance to military budgets is being organized. De- fence industries in California at'e to be tarassed. Peace can- didates are to be supported. Washington is being bombard- ed through the mails. "Right now, letters to Nixon are not being counted they're being weighed. Therefore: what you write is not important. One clear sentence opposing the president's policy is all that's needed. Write on heavy paper and write often." Violence on campus is to be put aside while this drive to work "within the system" is tried out. first objective is (lie severance of Uic university ties with the defence depart- ment, wlu'ch is said to contri- bute several million dollars yearly for research. If this fails "there will be calls for a state- wide strike which may be ta- ken up by hundreds of like- minded campuses across the country. (Written for The. Herald and The Observer, London) MjVflJ} Canada's Floating Dollar From The Wall Street that Canada is letting its dollar find its own level in world exchange markets, predictions of chaos arc coming from many quarters, including the U.S. To the extent that such forecasts have any basis, they reflect on the existing mone- tary system, not the Canadian action. Canada was simply being realistic. Under the present fixed rate setup the Canadian dollar was undervalued. As a result there was' a heavy inflow of foreign currency, chiefly U.S. dollars. According to Finance Minister Edgar J. Benson, official reserves rose by more than billion in the past five mmtlis, even excluding allocation of Special Draw i n g Rights from tile International Monet a r y Fund. The rise in reserves was accelerat- ing, and Canada was beginning to run short of cash to cover the inflow. The U.S. Treasury, whose own dollar has not enjoyed excess demand in a long time, was magnanimous enough to say that it recognized "the circumstances that moti- vated this action." It went on to remark, that it "welcomes the intention of Canada to remain in close consultation with the In- ternational Monetary Fund with a view to returning to normal practices at the ear- liest practicable date." In recent years, unfortunately, "normal practices" have included the substitution of exchange rigidity for true stability. Due largely to inflationary policies of national governments, the actual values of various currencies have from time to time diverged widely from their "official" levels. Unlike Canada, though, most nations have been in no rush to return to reality. One reason is that, in most cases, the out-of- line currencies have been overvalued, not undervalued as in the case of Canada. The fixed rate system has helped make it almost a matter of national pride to hold currencies at their stated value. In the effort to preserve rigidity, nation after nation has gone in for trade and ex- change restrictions of varied types. Such restrictions directly contradict the free-ex- change principles on the IMF supposedly founded. In addition, they sel- dom work: the nation involved usually has to bow to reality eventually anyway. It's more than a litllc ironic llwt the critics are so fearful of the troubles Can- ada's action may cause other nations. Thn immediate burden, after all, falls on Can- ada itself. Its exports will become more expensive and thus may well decline, while its imports will become cheaper. The pros- pect surely is that Canada's excess of ex- ports over imports will siirink substantial- ly. Canada's move naturally will call atten- tion to other currencies, and speculators may decide that some of tiicm really aren't worth as much as the nations say they are. But the resulting chaos, if any, should be blamed on the fixed-rate system, along with the internal financial policies of tile countries involved. Sooner or later all nations are simply going to have lo choose; they can't have fixed rates and still pursue whatever fi- nancial policy they please. That was more or less tlie course the Kennedy and John- son Administrations followed through most of the 1960s: Inflating domest i c a 11 y and fighting a growing foreign war. Tire inflation is still very much around, and so are Hie big U.S. balance of pay- ments deficits. So, too, are the variety of controls on investment, the devices that were supposed to cure the trouble and by now are probably making it worse. The U.S. is at least trying to check tlie inflation and liquidate tte costly Vietnam venture, and Canada's move should under- line the urgency of both. It also should stimulate further work on already existing plans to make exchange rates at least some- what more flexible. This nation and otters, In sum, have no reason to castigate the Canadians. What they do have is fresh reason to reflect on themselves. The Master's Voice BRITISH Columbia has become, for the lime being, the focus1 of Canada's na- tion-wide industrial unrest. In provincial politics the New Democratic Party has become, despite its new leader's painful embarrassment, UK ally and spokesman of the labor unions that nmv threaten to paralyse the provincial economy. These fully disclosed at the recent NDP convention in Ciiilliwack, did not escape the watchful eye of Premier W. A. C. Ben- nett, who, with more-than enough troubles of his own, said the official opposition was "playing up tie old class struggle, which shows that the party is completely out of date." Whether out of date or not in British Columbia, the NDP is deeply worried by the public belief that it lias made itself simply a labor organ. This belief was suf- ficient to give the aged Bennett govern- ment an overwhelming electoral victory last year. Apparently David Barrett, the young social worker who won the party leadership without a contest, learned some- tiling from a shattering experience. He im- mediately tried to change the party image but failed, because tile image is accurate. Mr. Barrett's first move was to read a formal statement, signed by UK 12 NDP members of tlie legislature and asserting Uiat they put the "public interest" above those of any special group like the labor unions. This declaration of independence angered some of the union leaders at the party convention who seemed to regard it as a stab in the back. In the end, however, the breach was papered over with a reso- lution reaffirming the "strong ties between the party and the labor movement." Much more significant was an assurance of "solidarity" with a striking tug-boat union whose chief negotiator bad been sen- tenced to jaii for contempt of a court order against illegal picketing. The convention also recorded itself as "deploring the use of the courts against the working people of the province." Mr. Barrett asked the fed- eral government to parole the prisoner and said the courts "must be in a terrible quandary" when unfair provincial labor From The Winnipeg Free Press laws force them to Jail citizens for legiti- mate activities. Such punishment, he add- ed, damages respect for justice and "that is dangerous." After ail the argument at the convention, there was little left of the NDP legislators' protestation of impartiality. In the present state of deepening industrial warfare the unions find the party solidly behind them, even where some of their members defy court orders. Instead of erasing the imags which defeated the party last year, as Mr. Barrett Imped, the convention has succeed- ed effectively In re-emphasizing it. These matters1 would not concern the na- tion much if they were confined to British Columbia. But the true position of the NDP is obvious in all provinces. The original Co-operative Commonwealth Federation began on the Prairies as a broad party of soda! reform, based mainly on rural votes during the great depression of the 1930s1. With genuine grievances to present, and able leaders like J. S. Woods- worth and M. J. Coldwell to advocate its policies, it had profound effects on Canadian politics and wide respect even from its op- ponents. When, against the advice of its wiser veterans, it affiliated itself with the labor unions and changed its name to suit them, it made itself the political arm of a single power-grouping. It established it- self, in fact, as the recognized Canadian labor party, based mainly on urban votes and representing the organized unions rath- er than the unorganized public. Certainly the NDP had every right to make that choice. But there is a price lo pay for it. As the last British Columbia election demonstrated, the price is high, and undoubtedly if there were another election today in a distracted province the price would be sUll iiighcr. Even though local NDP victories are sometimes narrow- ly won, as in Manitoba, a free Canadian society of many different groups, interests, classes and regions will not commit its future to a party which, for all its pretences to the contrary, speaks for only one of Pearson's Warning On UN Future From The Montreal Star COME fifteen years ago Lester Pearson, 13 as Canada's foreign minister, became one of the "three wise men" of NATO, along with the foreign ministers of Norway and Italy. The trio produced a report that courageously called for less emphasis on defence and more awareness of the need to think of Europe in terms of political and economic co-operation. The report was ap- plauded as the salvation of the Atlantic Alliance and then was promptly shelved, the three wise men going then- own ways while NATO continued as primarily a military force. Only too clearly, such short- coming is still apparent today. Mr. Pearson again called for a "grand assize" of about three this time to recommend changes in the United Nations structure. Opening a con- ference in New York on human survival, Mr. Pearson declared that the United Nations, which is celebrating its 25th anni- versary this year, will not be around for the 50th unless member countries engage in a stnrager commitment to make it more effective. The areas lie would like to see approached by a contemporary trio would include not only immediate and practical application of UN security plemented, if necessary, by an international police force but the vaguer and yet. alarming challenge of environmental pollu- tion. These are lofty ambitions. But because they are lofty it does not mean tlrey must be dismissed out of hand or after courteous applause in the fashion of NATO members of the mid-1950s. Mr. Pearson's utterances of tire past have, never been marked by excessive gloom. But this time lie does issue a pained warning that the UN will suffer the fate of the League of Nations if it continues its role of "drowning in its words and suffocat- ing in its own documents." Three wise iron may not be able to get tire 126 member slalcs of the United Nations to give up selfish or parocliial impulses, but it is worth a try. ;