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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 23, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDG! HERAID Salurdoy, Junt 23, 1973 MHTOIIIAIS Signing could mock western ministers Another blow to SEATO The SouU: East Asia Treaty Or- ganization has suffered another blow. Last fall, Pakistan gave notice it was withdrawing from the organiz- ation. Then New Zealand intimated it would steadily reduce its participa- ion. Now France has advised that it is cutting off its annual contribu- tion of million to the group's budget. SEATO was formed m 1956 as a defence organization for Southeast Asian countries against Communist aggression. It has never really been a convincing organization because its members could not agree collec- tively to use military force. Now that the crumbling has start- ed it is apt to accelerate. There has been considerable criticism of the or- ganization in recent years on the grounds that its concept is out- moded. The fact that SEATO'S efforts have largely been channeled into economic and social programs suggests that a' reorganization is called for under a different set of purposes. The promotion of develop- ment and stability is perhaps the best way to achieve security any- way. Institutions and organizations tend to cling to life even as living or- ganisms. The people who constitute the secretariat and the delegates who represent the participating countries in setting policy for SEATO will doubtless resist disband- ment, or any change at all. So the organization may linger on until another of the substantial contribu- tors to the budget opts out. Fathers Day: the price 11 has been estimated Father's Day- sales which increase by about 10 per cent every year came to one and one half billion dollars this year. Men's sportswear sales jump by 100 per cent every June; men's fur- nishings 55 per cent, cameras 42 per cent, sporting goods 41 per cent, lug- gage 40 per cent, and reclining chairs 20 per cent. Those figures are accord- ing to the Father's Day Council Inc., a retail sales promotion group which includes in its report the statement "The emotion of Father's Day has overpowering impact for about two weeks every June." This is certainly a far cry from what Mrs. June Bruce Dodd had in mind back in 1910, when she first broached the idea of Father's Day in recognition of her father William Smart, a widower who raised six motherless children on his own. Mrs. Dodd's idea of setting aside one day to call attention to a father's special place in the home was quick- ly backed by the Spokane Ministers' Alliance and the local YMCA, who sponsored the first Father's Day. It was only 11 years later that Presi- dent Calvin Coolidge proclaimed a national observance, which gradually spread across the border into Can- ada. But honoring "dear old charming idea that it was, has fallen victim increasingly over the past half- century to just the same over-com- mercialism that detracts so much from the true meaning of Christ- mas. Smothering in garbage Nearly half the cities in the Uni- ted States are expected to run out of places to dump their garbage within five years. The big cities in Canada may soon be smothering in their trash, too. According to a major study pro- duced by the National League of Cities and the U.S. Conference of Mayors, action is urgently needed on tfae federal level to save the cities from strangulation. Solid wastes are the big problem. Annually the cities in the U.S. ac- cumulate a trash heap of 250 million tons consisting of 28 billion bottles, 48 billion cans, four million tons of plastic, 30 million tons of paper, 100 million tires, and three million junk cars. The stuff just piles up. Phenomenal growth in packaging In recent years is a major factor in the creation of the garbage crisis. Ninety per cent of all pack- aging is tossed on the trash heap. During the inquiry into the price of foodstuffs in Canada a spirited de- Weekend Meditation fence of packaging was presented to the committee and the people of Canada. It was argued that packag- ing does not greatly increase the cost of food the cus- tomers want attractive merchandis- ing. Some skepticism is surely permis- sible about that argument. How is it determined that people want fancy packaging when so little unpackaged material is available? But even if people do want wasteful packaging, that is not necessarily the ultimate consideration. Saving cities from smothering in garbage ought to take precedence. Governments, reluctant to act when it might mean the elimination of some jobs, seem destined to be forced to impose curbs on packag- ing. As deplorable as North Ameri- can wastefulness is, it can be lived with until supplies run out. Mounds of garbage crowding in on human habitation is a different and more desperate thing. A man to be avoided Everyone is familiar with the saying "making mountains out of molehills." It is much worse to make molehills out of moun- tains. It is said of a certain man that it is impossible to be with him without feeling smaller. He has a knack of trivializing everything, of making big things seem un- important and lovely things common. With him all life flattens and becomes ugly. A debunking biographical school of writ- ers long popular are those who delight in showing that great men had feet of clay. What they cannot prove they slyly suggest. A magazine article did that some time ago with William Ewart Gladstone, one of history's most noble-minded statesmen and a deeply religious man and humanitarian. There are, unhappily, people who deface and defame until they "leave not even Lancelot brave nor Galahad dean." A fa- mous biographer wrote of that heroic soul, Florence Nightingale, and made her ap- pear a most, unpleasant person, though thousands thanked God for "The Lady with founder of modem nursing and heroine of the common soldier, who transformed from a nobody into an im- portant person. Alexander Pope wrote of a sorry kind of person all too numerous who "Damn with faint praise, assent with civil leer, and without sneering teach the rest to sneer; Willing to wound, and yet afraid to strike, just hint a fault, and hesitate, dis- like." On the other hand few things pay great- er dividends than a positive approach to people. To approach human beings with a generous eye, a kindly, appreciative spirit and a desire to seek the best in them, brings out the best in you. Frederick D. Maurice, a most saintly man, said of him- self, "Looking in other people for the faults, which I had a secret consciousness were in myself, has more hindered my progress in love and gentleness than all things else." When you become spiteful and critical, life turns sour. Men have two sides usually. Thomas Carlyle said of Charles Lamb, ''A more pitiful, rickety, gasping, staggering, stam- mering Tomfool I do not know." But Henry Hazlitt who knew him better said of Lamb, "The most delightful, the most provoking, the most witty and sensible of men." The worst thing a man can have in his life is a secret knowledge of his own self- ishness and meanness. He loses self-re- spect. ATI old Greek proverb says, "You will never get a crab to walk sfraight Dr. Torrey was amazed at the way Dwight L. Moody always underestimated himself and overestimated others. He tried to put others into the foreground and him- self in the background. It was not false humility. He really believed that the others were abler and better. And so men around him grew, aware of his faith in them. It is a great gift to be able to encourage others. PRAYER: O God, help me to build someone up every day. By Dave Humphreys, Herald London commentator HELSINKI The Finnish government obligingly furnished correspondents covering prepa- rations for a European security conference with a little green loose-leaf binder. It told the for- eigner everything he needed to know from a charge of 13 cents a word to transmit re- ports to Canada to "places you may recommended sau- nas and swimming pools for ex- ample. What it didn't and couldn't tell, because even the diplomats were not sure, was how to deci- pher the mass of verbiage that kept leaking from the closed meetings. Judging by the preparations and the 30-page document is- sued at their dose, the 34 na- tions of Europe with Canada and the U.S. run a risk of trapping themselves in high- sounding phrases. To even the k e e n 1 y-interested newspaper reader they might also look Eke meaningless phrases. However, to the learned diplo- mats who labored for five months over the 30 pages each phrase is open to 34 inter- pretations. In some cases unani- mous agreement on certain phrases was only reached be- cause a doubtful representative could issue his interpretation. Where does this leave the reader puzzled by the line the Soviet Union's men were so keen on, about "the spiritual enrichment of the human per- sonality" The preparatory talks them- selves may have established a verbal framework for more "fruitful as Cana- dian Ambassador E. A. Cote said, when committees of diplo- mats go to work soon in Gen- eva. They may also lead to dan- gerous misunderstandings. Mopping his brow as he sped away from the consultations the last time, one diplo- mat said the battle of words was over and, he thought, won. He meant the first round was over because the battle had only just been ioined. Sometimes diplomats appear positively to delight in their own jargon. If you had been at the Helsinki consultations for two days and had not heard the term "baskets' used in the sense of "headings" you were indeed square. One diplomat would turn to another, "he doesn't know what baskets are." When defined with due diplo- matic relish it turned out that "baskets' were what every of- fice has in the sense of "in bas- ket' and "out basket', used here in the metaphorical sense to separate agenda items into appropriate groupings. Thus a diplomat specializing in "questions relating to secur- ity in was a "basket- one man' because that hap- pened to be his grouping. There was also a large basket for eco- nomics, science, technology and the environment, all in one. A third ended up as "co-operation in humanitarian and other fields" because the Soviet men successfully opposed Western efforts to put the term "human a debasement of the title. After considerable debate it was de- cided to establish a fourth bas- ket which came out simply as Before the fanfare, due to take place here July 3, it might be as well to ask what future there is in this basket diplo- macy. The real questions now are, who will define terms and when? Basket one, for instance, con- tains some ringing draft declar- ations inserted mainly by the determined peace-loving Rus- sians. They include: "Sovereign equality, respect for the rights inherent in sover- eignty; "Respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, in- cluding the freedom of thought, conscience, religion or belief; "Equal rights and determina- tion of peoples." If these are to apply to the peoples of Russia, Czech- oslovakia, Hungary and the other participating Eastern countries they will constitute a historic break from recent his- tory. This is the section of the se- curity and co-operation confer- ence most favored by the So- viets and allies. Even now when the evidence suggests months of wrangling for real progress, they are pressing for a short declaratory conference and are theatening to stall off the par- allel talks on arms reductions until the declaration is made. Can Western foreign minis- ters sign their names to prin- ciples, applying as they would to the Communist countries, without making a mockery of themselves? Take the section opposed most strenuously by the Rus- sians. It is the humanitarian basket which contains a man- date for a diplomatic committee to "prepare proposals to facil- itate freer movement and con- tacts, individually or collec- tively, privately or offidally, among persons, institutions and organizations of the participat- ing states." If words mean what they say, this mandate would require the committee to suggest ways of making it easier for East Ger- mans to visit Canada and Cana- dians to visit Hungary. For in- stance the East Germans could issue passports and exit visas and the Hungarians could issue entry visas. But will they? Since only the Poles and Hun- garians can travel at all freely now, most diplomats believe there is nowhere to go but up and take heart in getting their Communist brethren to agree to list the subject on the agenda. Yet unless the diplomats break through a definition bar- rier, words may well be left meaning one thing in Western countries, quite another in East- ern Europe. Moscow and the Eastern regimes will reap any advantages that may arise. IF Labedz in Encounter, the monthly magazine published in London. A visiting professor at Stanford University, Dr. La- bedz's books are, Solzhenitzen, A Documentary Record, and Revisionism. He calls phrases like "freer movement of people and ideas" a creeping form of Newspeak: "More and more such Orwel- lianisms are being introduced into everyday language, con- 'Good afternoon, this is your captain who is satisfied at this time with his hours of work, wages, using e issues ara y I ftt I 4H. mt> M ?f _L _L W I r" p W I I VVH'III I f nf bilingualism classifications and the cut and color of his uniform Letters to the editor Conservation is the public's responsibility As a fisheries technician working in the Kananaskis Val- ey, I have met a number of thoughtful people who suggest- ed that we, the general public, are the worst offenders contrib- uting to the decline of recrea- tional opportunity, particular- ly hunting and fishing, in the Kananaskis Valley. They main- tain that the present policy of allowing unrestricted access to virtually every drainage basin bordering the Kananaskis Road is largely responsible for de- clining game harvests and the deterioration of sport fishing and aestlBtics in that area. Personal observation and re- search has convinced me of the alidity of their stand. Not only does unrestricted vehicular ac- cess contribute directly to ex- ceedingly heavy hunting and angling pressure but it also cre- ates related problems such as grassy meadows torn up by four-wheel drive trucks. Time after time I have seen other- wise pristine mountain meadows crossed with a multitude of deeply-rutted tire tracks, with new ones created every time vehicles detour a mudhole af- ter a rainfall. All too often, these trails lead to an aban- doned campsite littered with garbage. Interestingly enough, most jeep and A. T. V. owners tak- ing their vehicles into these areas will admit, when inter- viewed, that they would prefer to see them closed to motorized traffic. Many of them have old- er relatives or friends who re- member the forest reserves when vehicle access was re- stricted to main roads, and when hunting and angling meant willingness to walk a short distance from the main road. I realize that such travel re- strictions would bring cries of "discrimination" from some people, but if the situation is viewed honestly the discrimina- tion is there now in favor of those able to afford the not inconsiderable sum represented by even a trail bike. Many trail bike owners have told me they would be glad to put away their bikes if it were not for others on similar machines. Lest I be accused of short- sightedness and self-interest, let me hasten to add that I am fully aware of the rapidly in- creasing demand for outdoor recreation in wilderness areas such as the Kananaskis Valley. I realize that these areas be- long to all citizens of Alberta and must be available for the use of all; however, I would ur- gently call for intelligent use, before that possibility is a thing of the past. I would suggest the following policy of recreational land use in the east slope: First and foremost, the en- largement and improvement of present campgrounds, and per- haps the construction of ad- ditional ones along the Kanan- askis corridor, to accommodate the forseeable increase in traf- fice along that artery; The construction of strategi- cally planned hiking trails for the use of these unwilling or unable to undergo the exertion of wilderness hiking; Finally, and most emphatical- ly, restrict motorized traffic to the main Kananaskis Road and those roads leading to camp- grounds. Unless these or similar mea- sures are implemented I am convinced that abuses directly attributable to an often care- less, mobile public will continue to increase and the quality of recreation in the Kananaskis cannot help but deteriorate. Blairmore JIM WIEBE Not a water saver Assistance offered We wish thank the Lelbbndge Herald for their re- cent editorial "Clean-Up Need- It is our sincere hope that the residents of Hardieville will take up this challenge and de- cide to transform their hamlet from a "neglected, rundown look badly in need of a face lifting" (Lethbndge Herald) to an attractive, neat and well- kept community. Come on, residents of Hardie- ville, what do you think about some action? If you are Interested why don't you phone Barons-Eureka Preventive Social Services at 345-3388 and we will be happy to co-ordinate and assist in any way possible. BARONS-EUREKA PREVENTIVE SOCIAL An expert who has, uh, look- ed deeply into the situation has some sobering news for those thousands perhaps millions? of people who are keeping bricks in their bathrooms in the mistaken notion that they are helping the cause of conserva- tion. Placing a brick into a toilet tank to save water is not only but "is a pure case of environmental emotion- states Fred E. Schmuck, chairman of the board of the Association of In- dustry Manufacturers (Plumb- He is also president of Fluidmas- ter, Inc a company that makes some of the mechanism that shares the space with the bricks. Schmuck's blast is inspired by the news that the City Coun- cil of Concord, Calif., is con- sidering purchasing and dis- tributing bricks. Last December, Cherry Hill, N.J., actually did purchase bncks in the hope of saving 34 million gallons of water annual- ly. Theoretically, a brick should save a volume of water equal to its displacement. But in the actual operation of a tank, ex- plains Schmuck, the stopper re- seats and stops the flushing ac- tian with two to three inches of water remaining. This water will keep a hori- zontally placed brick continu- ously submerged and will cov- er over 30 per cent of a ver- tically placed brick. In order to displace water which actually flushes, any object placed in the tank must be over the mini- mum drainage level. Thus a horizontal brick does no good at all and the savings from a vertical brick are very minimal Much better than a brick, says Schmuck, is a tall, weight- ed plastic bottle standing in the tank. Better still is lowering the upper water level an inch or two by bending the float ball downward or by installing an adjustable ballcock. Lowering the water level by two inches, which does not ad- versely affect flushing, results in over five times the water savings than from a standing brick over 20 gallons a day for an average family. This, notes Schmuck, will Just about counter the water wasted by a leaky faucet or by running the dishwasher with only half a load. political perceptions are creat- ing an atmosphere where de- tente can come to signify the acceptance of the proposition that the 'free flow of ideas' is not really incompatible the intensification of Soviet internal censorship and its expansion abroad." Most of Dr. Labedz's artide is a documentation, Eastern country by country, of official statements and actions since the talk of detente became fash- ionable, effectively showing that the principles now reposing in basket one have not been up- permost in the Eastern leaders' domestic policies. Perhaps that's what the Pol- ish commentator meant when he wrote (in a translation dis- tributed here) that all taking part should understand that Eu- ropean security "may be achieved only on the basis of: multilateral recognition of the territorial and political realitiei that have become stabilized ia Europe since the end of the Sec- ond World War." Prof. Adam Bromke of Carle- ton University wrote of the Rus- sians' dilemma in The World Today, publication of the Royal Institute of International Af- fairs, London. Their dilemma is over the future of Eastern Eu- rope whose control remains as their paramount policy. Prof. Bromke wrote, "They would like to isolate social ferment in Eastern Europe and their sup- pression of it by force, from the progress toward a European de- tente." Should the conclusions of Dr. Lapedz and Prof. Bromke prove correct, those ringing declara- tions of principles might come in handy. But the committee is charged not only with reaffir- ming them but also with adding whatever clarifications and ad- ditions may be necessary. Let's hope the diplomats clar- ify and add, even at the risk of abandoning the contract before signing on the dotted line. The Lefltbridge Herald _____ 9M Ttt St. S., LrtMxttge, Alberta HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and -1964, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN tend Clan Mad Registration No. 0012 The Canadian Preat and the Canadian Dally Newtpaatr Am' Association ami the Audit Bureau of CLEO W MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, etnwal Manager DON PILLINO WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKO tttlng Managar Paga Editor THC HEBALO SMVES THE SOUTH" ;