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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 23, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Friday, Juno 23, 1972 Maurice Western Rocking the boat The McGovern juggernaut rolls on. The win in the New York primaries puts him in a commanding position as the Democratic presidential nom- inee, probably on the first ballot, when the convention is held in Miami next month. One of McGovern's opponents for the nomination, Sen. Edmund Muskie has said that "America wants change; it will rock the boat to get it." McGovern has taken the words from Mr. Muskie's mouth and ad- vocated changes that, if taken ser- iously, would not only rock the boat. They would capsize it. One his sug- gestions for instance, is or more properly was that every man, wo- man and child should be given a thousand dollars a year in lieu of the present welfare program. about 205 billion dollars a far out sum even for the American economy. Mr. McGovern has since decided that it's a bit too much, and has ac- cordingly reduced the handout to something less. Even so, it's a radi- cal program and one which ought to evoke nostalgia in residents of Alber- ta during the early Social Credit S25 a month era. Mr. McGovern has drawn his sup- port from a section of the American public who see in him the opportunity for the big change, a reversal of the present American route, the "sys- tem" in which they feel locked in. Having gotten himself into the top contender's opposition by showing, in a very general way, what he is for and what he is against, lie is going to have to face specifics, the hows, the whys and the wherefores. Until now, he has shown little ability to spell these out either to the critics in his own party or in the opposition. McGovern has so far by-passed criticism of his casual approach by indicating that he is an accommoda- ting politician, willing to listen and to learn. But in doing so he has given the impression that he really doesn't quite know what he thinks, that his ideas are chimerical and impractical. He and his supporters will have to work out of this bind when the plat- form hearings at the convention take place. As McGovern well knows, his vic- tory in the primaries does not mean that he has the support ot all Demo- crats. His banquet, even with a wide choice of entrees, may be too rich for the digestion of the middle of the readers in the party who could then decide that Richard Nixon, with all his faults, is a safer bet to guide the nation for another four years. The new library Hie new library will cost more than had been expected, more than had been budgeted, but City Council has gone along with the increase. For that it should be commended. The plans call for a highly func- tional building, one that will have a host of uses, one that will provide ex- cellent service, and at the same time one that will be attractive, that will enhance the civic-centre com- plex. In other words it promises to give good value for the money. Good value is becoming harder and harder to find these days. Public dollars loosely or irresponsibly spent cannot be excused. Spending a million dollars for a million library facility is vastly preferable to spending half a million on one worth only The library board seems to have .acted with discretion, wisdom and imagination, and City Council did right in backing the board. Volunteers for clean-up There should be no delay in get- ting Henderson Lake cleaned up. In fact, a clean-up is overdue. The abundance of weeds and slime on the lake is a real embar- rassment to one of the city's beauty spots. The appearance of Lethbridge Centennial project, the Japanese Garden, along the west shore of the lake, has become not only unsightly, but there is general deterioration of the land and water features. Modern technology is such that clean-up can take place with rela- tive ease and little cost. What about some volunteers to clean up along the shoreline and the lake bottom adjacent to the shore- line? The tourist season is just getting under way and Henderson Lake Park is promoted as one of our real beauty spots. The lake-shore is not up to standard. Mother, 1 hate school! By Eva Brewstcr H OW many parents must have beard the perennial, heartfelt moan of a teen- age child: "Mum, Dad, I hale school. I can't Bland It much longer. I am not going back after the holidays." When my own daughter had reached that stage, I was lucky: there is a precedent I remembered only loo well, saving me from the pitfalls of fruitless arguments, recrim- inations, or dictatorial demands. At her age, I had felt exactly the same) aversion to the discipline and restrictions of school life and, like her, informed my mother of my intention to leave. "Have you decided what you Ttould like to do when you finish with school, was my mother's response. I had never given it a thought but, rather than create the impression of immalurily, I said the first thing that entered my mind: "I want to be a dressmaker." My mother did not give the slightest hint of disappointment in my choice. All she said was: "You are not old enough to leave school for another nine months. How would you like to make a dress during your next holidays? If, by the time you have finished it, you still feel interested in a sewing career, we will put your name down for a good dressmaking class or fashion school and tell your principal that you are going to leave at the end of the year." She was as good as her word, produced attractive material, a teen-age pattern and, for a solid three weeks of school holidays, I was busily engaged in the making of my dress. I cut out, pinned, tacked, and tried it on. Untacked and re-pinned, sewed and took apart sleeves, bodice and skirt, tried it on again and again until I was satisfieal that it was a perfect fit and looked smaH enough to be seen in. It was finished at last and, having care- fully pressed out the minutest crease, I proudly presented the dress to my mother. It had taken up most of my holidays at the expense and sacrifice of many a sunny day, games and fun. But I did not dare admit, even to myself, that I was heartily sick of the sight of sewing machine, scis- OFY to stay but image and future foggy O' sors, pins and needles and, for once, not sorry that school started the next day. My molher genuinely admired my effort from every angle but, in the end, she turned it inside out. Regretfully she pointed out that it fell shorl of a professional job) because the hems and seams were not neat enough. Patiently she showed me how to tidy them up with bias binding or hem- stilching. Seams and hems were never fin- ished. Voluntarily, I stayed on at school and have never ceased to be grateful for the lesson, nor have I ever regretted the addi- tional years of Latin and Modern Lan- guages, History, Science and other subjects I once considered so useless and time- wasting. In Edmonton, a few years ago, busy cut- ting out a new summer-dress for my then clothes-conscious young daughter, I risked her what she would like to do when she left school. She watched my effort critical- ly, hesitated a momenl and said, not with- out doubt: "A sewing career, pe-haps? That would make me independent finan- cially and I could run up a dress for cus- tomers at my convenience, any time I feel like it. What a lovely change that would be from that dreary school." She jumped at my suggestion to give it a trial during the summer holidays. Life had come full circle and given me a chance to save my child from a possible life-time of regretting wasted opportunities. There was just one snag: I had lo harden my heart sufficiently, when the sunshine tempted even me to laze away the hours, to ignore her horse neighing in the field for her company and the chance of a carefree gallop over green fields, hills and woods. I had to (ell her friends, calling for her to come out, that she was glued to the sewing machine. However, togelher we went through the ordeal and, needless to say, she loo pre- ferred to stay at school in Ihe end. Per- haps, having gone through that long, hot summer, I have repayed a debt to a mother, wiser than I, who must have suf- fered the same agonies without the know- ledge of a precedent. Alivays on the job By Doug Walker jyjY associate, Margaret Luckhurst, jok- work I would accomplish through the af- ingly said one day that she thought it tcrnoon. would be fun to leave a copy of Playboy Swiharl-' on my desk some noon and see how much It." >TTAWA According to Gerard Pelletier, as re- ported by Canadian Press, the Opportunllies for Youth pro- gram is "here to at least for the "foreseeable future." It must accordingly, be justified not as a response to a tem- porary situation but as a pro- gram with a continuing claim on the national treasury. In other comments, Mr. Pelle- tier described OYP as "basi- cally a program for students on holiday." Its purpose is to pro- vide "socially useful jobs" for students on vacation and it is not primarily aimed at boost- ing the Canadian economy. There is certainly a good deal of confusion about this and much of it originates in the of- fice ot the secretary of state. For Mr. Pelletier has frequent- ly defended OYP in terms of job Creation. The very latest re- lease from his office states: "Opportunities for Y o u t h, which has a budget of mil- lion, is part of an million federal government package 'Summer to cre- ate useful employment for young Canadians during Ihe summer. After a reference to 'Summer '721 programs involving other departments, the announcement continues: "Meanwhile Ihe gov- ernment's Local fnltialive Pro- gram, wliich was slailed last year following the success of the Opportunities for Youth Program, has been extended into the summer months to pro- vide further funds for a wide range of projects in communi- ties across Canada and to cre- ate opportunities for non-stu- dents and disadvantaged groups. We are, then, to regard OYP as a job program, a counter- part of LIP. It is natural to assume that the government hopes through job creation to boost the economy; in fact, John Turner has insisted from the outset that the provision of Jobs is the primary concern. But Mr. Pelletier does not wish the program to be considered in that light. The point may be that the so- cially useful does not necessar- ily do much to stimulate the economy. In the latest release, there is a breakdown of pro- jects by various categories which' supports this. Thus 18 per cent are cultural, eight per cent environmental and so on. Most of them presumably are worthy; if the far out ones which have attracted adverse criticism were representative, there would be a greater out- cry than the intermittent pro- tests with which Mr. Pelletier has had to contend. It is Important, however, that we should have some basis for evaluation. Is OYP to be ac- cepted or rejected as part of the government's program for pro- viding jobs and stimulating the economy or is the test to be so- cial, as Mr. Pelletier seems to be suggesting more and more? For example, he thought out loud last Wednesday about a year-round opportunilies pro- gram enabling drop-outs, per- sons presently discontented with their role as sludents, to "do something meaningful." Unless governments are clear as to their purposes, we may experience a politics of drift. That is to say, we may find that governments, merely by adding one confused program lo another, have become ex- pensively engaged in areas wliich many of their own sup- porters would not regard as their proper fields. It has long been considered a responsibil- ity of government to provide jobs through appropriate polit- ics, taxing us for this purpose. Mr. Pelletier appears ready enough to accept a further responsibility; namely that of taxing us in order that gov- ernment may serve our leisure. Is there a consensus that this is the proper role of govern- ment and specifically of the na- tional government in Ottawa? BEITS WORLD BOTOEP'WATER unuovEo gOTTLEPAIIU "CoiM Tte -tawwoy' proUm tttms la fce Wftt than, Perhaps (here is although It may be doubted that taxpayers have been adequately can- vassed on the point. But thcro are at least two hard facia which would presumably have a good deal of weight with many reasons. The first is that we are already heavily taxed; a situation directly related to the enormous expansion of gov- ernment in the past decade. Secondly, tax money which goes lor one purpose cannot go for another. What is available ought surely to go for the most urgent purposes. For Mr. Turner, the first concern is jobs and, wilh the resources avail- able to government, it has not yet been possible to create, or to enable the private sector to create, enough jobs. To demonstrate that Mr. Pel- Ictier's million is dedicated to socially desirable activities is not enough (and to dismiss critics as being anti-youth is to beg the important What needs to be shown is that the million is justified in terms of our present situation and Mr. Turner's most urgent concern. This surely is the issue hut it 's not being faced and little dis- cussed. There is a sort ol blan- ket justification. For people worrying about unemployment, OYP is cited as one of the an- swers; according lo the latest calculation, it represents summer jobs. For those not ov- erly impressed wilh its employ- ment value, it is socially useful and not to be considered pri- marily as a means of boosting the economy. This is murky argument. We ought to be clear about a pro- gram which is apparently ac- quiring the quality ot perman- ence. For years we had a fam- ily allowance program in which the Economic Council, when it attempted an evaluation, could find no purpose whatever. We also have Information Canada, currently being defended !n terms of microscopic good works. Is OYP to be the same or will it find belated justifica- tion when the government, hav- ing long since accepted the pro- gram, gets around to accepting its awesome and hitherto unsus- pected responsibility for our lei- sure hours? (Herald Ottawa bureau) Joyce Egghitou U.N. gets cash warning from Washington jyTEW YORK The United Nations, which is often so broke that it has to borrow from itself to meet its monthly pay- roll, has been warned that it.? biggest benefactors the Uni- ted States, wants to cut its con- tributions. Not only does the U.S. seek a reduction in its assessment to- wards the UN's regular budget, it has also laid down a stringent new policy aimed at cutting contributions towards many of the UN's specialized agencies whose costs have doubled in the last 10 years. Until Communist China was admitted to the UN last autumn, continued American generosity lo the world organi. Letters to the editor zation seemed secure. The U.S. has always led the list of con- tributors and was usually one of the first to pitch in for emer- gency funds, and to help make up deficits such as the UN's peace-keeping debts which Russia and France had refused to pay. Now, for the first time, the U.S. is beginning to carp at the amount it has to pay in and at the way the UN spends its funds. American government sources here have been openly claiming that the UN wastes money, has too many people on its payroll and needs to stream- line its organization. Some of the charges have al- ready been made by UN ad- mmislrators themselves, but coming from the UN's most de- pendable supporter they have done nothing to help staff mo- rale. This has been at a low ebb for some time, parity be- cause Secretary General Kurt Waldheim has enforced a six- month wage freeze and there are already rumors ot drastic staff cuts. Even at the best of times it is hard for the UN to keep up with iLs budget. Member-na- tions are assessed on the basis of their per capita income, growth potential and national wealth and reassessed as their circumstances change. In the early days of the UN the U.S. was the only really solvent member-nation, and It was as- sessed 38 per cent of the total budget. Now the figure Is 31.5 per cent and the Nixon admin- istralion wants this reduced to 25 per cent. It feels that the West era European countries and Japan, which are consider- ably better off than when the UN was founded, should take a bigger share of the burden. The proposed reduction would make very little difference to the huge American nalional budget. But it has already had a strong psychological effect upon many small nations who feel that if a country as rich as the is paying too much, so are they. A long backlog of debt (most- Encourage our cyclists to ride safely Accidents Involving bicycles are on the increase, to the con- cern of governments in Canada. Their concern has gone so far as a statement I hat bicycles should perhaps be banned from Ihe roads. The logic of this es- capes me. Cycling is an en- joyable healthful exercise. In case it has escaped the govern- ment's attention, in view of the present obsession with the en- vironment, bicycles do not pol- lute the atmosphere. The auto- mobile is the killer and pol- luter. Why not ban it from the roads? In those European countries where cycling is relatively popular, cyclists are required to, and do, observe Ihe same traffic rules as everyone else other types of road accidents. What Is needed in my opin- ion is public education and the provision of special bicycle lanes. Cycling in our cities, for people of all ages, should be actively ENCOURAGED, not DISCOURAGED, by the author- ities. This policy might even help fight heart disease. The Deplores KKK in Alberta This is the first time ever attempted to write con- cerning public affairs, but the public introduction to Albertans to the KKK was in my estima- tion an insult to the intelligence of Ihe people of Lcthbridgo and the public in general. The KKK who work behind a hooded shroud, whose passport is a burning cross, and whose pro- duct is fear and suspicion of your neighbors, has no place in and Ihe members of the gov- ernment thinking about to ex- tend a public welcome to such a secret association who are at the very bottom of the totem pole. JAMES CUMMINS Lethbridge Editor's Note: There was no such lfpuhlic welcome'' by the premier or anyone else in authority. Perhaps the writer has In mind the recent incor- phenomenon of businessmen and others cycling to work is not unknown in the countries mentioned above. Anyone interested in health ajid the environment might find a useful outlet for their energies in a "BACK THE BI- CYCLE" campaign. ANDREA ASHTON Burdett Looking Through The Herald 1522 The raise in crude prices in the States and the ly Russian and French) has al- ready put the UN finances in such a state that in order to pay the UN's employees in New York, in Ge- neva and other overseas posts) the Secretary-General often has to borrow from UN emergency funds which he has no business tapping at all. Much of the borrowing hap- pens because countries are months sometimes years late paying their assessments. The Nixon administration's disenchantment wilh the UN stems from Ihe defeat of its campaign last autumn tp main- tain the membership of Taiwan There were imme- diate Congressional demands for a reduction in U.S. support for the UN, and these have now become the basis for official policy. A State Department mem- orandum, recently issued lo the U.S. Mission to the UN, advises that some of the UN's pro- grammes should oe abolished, its management improved, and that as new member-nations are admitted Hie assessments of older members conic) be re- duced despite. Ihe fact that the UN's expenses are con- tinually soaring. ( for The Herald ami Tile Observer in London) backward 1342 Increased taxation from 10 lo 15 per cent went on all parlor car seats and sleep- depletion of the large stocks of ing car transport at ion Monday gasoline accumulated during morning wilh a minimum of 35 the so on. Also, motorists are aware of, and pay attention to, the cyclists on the roads. As a result, although accidents in- volving cyclists do occur, they are not common in relation to Good slogan Public be This has long been the policy of the local businessmen and ald- erman, however, we must con- gratulate Steve Kotch on his courage in making it public. If the trend continues, we may be able to eliminate secret ses- sions of our council completely. Wouldn't It make an excellent slogan for a "new look" bus- line. Or an election campaign? "Honesty in government" at last! JAMES C. PICKLES. Lethbridge. Ku Klux Klan is the first time it has been personified. What in the world was the premier not be refused. In a free so- ciety anyone is free to advocate the restriction of anyone else's freedom. Silent spring may come I enjoyed your coverage of Mr. Hart's fox hunt, especially the picture by Mr. Paul Ander- son in the Lethbridge Herald of the young foxes being dug out of their den and killed. For anyone who might ques- tion this action on humani- tarian or ecological grounds, let me outline a few facts: 1) Foxes are killers. They kill chickens and young pheasants; they also kill about a thousand gophers for every chicken or young pheasant and tens of thousands of mice. 2) Mr. Hart probably reliei may on chickens for his livelihood since he went to such trouble and expense to conduct this fox hunt. A few chickens can mean the difference between profit and loss in even a large cattle raising operalion. 3) Gophers and field mice can be controlled by poisons; the hawks, owls and oHier birds who get destroyed In the pro- cess arc of little consequence. To men like Mr. Hart, I say keep up the good work: man can control nature. may yet achieve a "silent spring." GORDON TIMPSON. Claresholm. the winter are given as reasons for the jump in gas prices today. The advance is a cent and a half a gallon. Gaso- line formerly costing 50 cents a gallon will now cost 51.5 cents. 1932 Citizens of Calgary rejected the Fourth Street Sub- way yesterday more forcefully than in 1914 and on a larger vote. The bylaw for was defealed by a vole of 918 for, againsl, cents on the latter. 1352 Over thirteen million pounds of commercial mustard seed have been exported from Southern Alberta points over the last 12 jnontlis. 1902 A desperate, eleventh- hour attempt to solve the med- ical care crisis in Saskatch- ewan flopped early today. As a result, the citizens of the province may find them- selves in a situation without precedent in North America. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD f.O. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 "W.Ef.'.K0' ThS CanidUn Ihe Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Assoclallon Ihe Audit Bureau cl Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and PuNi'her THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Edi'w Associate Edilor .R0y, f. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advmlslng Manager Editorial Page Edilor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;