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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 22, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Landmark agreement reduces risk of nuclear holocaust WASHINGTON (AP) The leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union pledged in a landmark agreement today to regulate their relations in a way to reduce the risk of nu- clear war. U.S. President Nixon and So- viet Communist leader Brezh- nev reached the accord in the fifth day of their summit talks and prepared to sign it at the White House before heading on to California where they will conclude their meetings Sun- day. In addition to its application to U.S.-Soviet relations, the agreement applies also in the relations of either party with other countries. In this wav, al- though technically bilateral, the agreement has multilateral im- plications. The two leaders declared in the agreement that they are "conscious that nuclear war would have devastating con- sequences for mankind" and said they want "to bring about conditions in which the danger of an outbreak of nuclear war anywhere in the world would be reduced and ultimately elimi- nated." They pledped their countries to "act in such a way as to pre- vent the development of situ- ations capable of causing a dan- gerous exacerbation of their re- lations, as to avoid military confrontations, and as to ex- clude the outbreak of nuclear war between them and between either of the parties and other countries." WON'T USE FORCE Nix-on and Brezhnev also agreed that their countries "will refrain from the threat or the use of force against the other party, against the allies of the other party and against other countries, in circum- stances which may endanger in- ternational peace and security." At a news conference prior to the formal signing, presidential skirted questions on whether this clause would forbid U.S. bombing of Cambodia or would have prevented the Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia. Kissinger noted, however, that U.S. air strikes against in- surgent forces in Cambodia were under way at the time the agreement was being negotiated and that the bombing "was not raised as applying to that par- ticular situation." When a reporter asked the forestall any Soviet action against China, Kissinger re- sponded that the accord was "not conceived as protection for any country" but added it would "have the practical con- sequence of applying to the situ- ation you described." U.S. allies in Europe have ex- pressed reservations in the past about any agreements which would restrict their use of America n-supplied nuclear weapons in the event of a mas- sive, conventional Soviet attack. Kissinger said "several NATO allies were closely consulted" during negotiations of agreement and cited a clause which states that the accord does not impair "the obligations undertaken by either party to- wards its allies or other coun- tries in treaties, agreements and other appropriate docu- ments." If the agreement fails, Kissin- ger said, "existing obligations will be maintained" by the United States. The Lethbridge Herald VOL. LXVI No. 163 LETHBR1DGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, JUNE 22, 1973 PRICE: TEN CENT? TWO SECTIONS 28 PAGES Death penalty ban proposed West premiers fdead on policy By HENRY HEALD Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Western premiers are "dead If they think the federal government is not serious about a new national policy that will give a better deal to the West, Justice Minister Otto Lang said Thursday. Mr. Lang defended the Liberal government's view that the aim of the conference was long-range and national and should not try to deal with specific short- term problems of the Western provinces. Mr. Lang, one of only seven Liberals elected among the 68 MPs representing the four Western prov- inces, has been given the job of co-ordinating the Con- ference on Western Economic Opportunities scheduled to take place in Calgary on July 24-26. He was inter- viewed Thursday. Opposition MPs in the Commons this week blast- ed Mr. Lang for lecturing Western premiers in ad- vance and warning them that the conference would bog down if the premiers demanded immediate solu- tions to their problems. In a weekend speech in Winnipeg, Mr. Lang re- ferred to the premiers as having "tunnel vision" and of building up short-term policies for "their provincial kingdoms." _ Mr. Lang said the West was unhappy with the existing national policy and the government is pre- pared to examine it. That policy, he said, dates back to the days of Canada's first prime minister, Sir John A. Macdonald. He accused Westerners of "sloganeering" when they talk about equalized freight rates He said it was a complex problem that had to be considered in all its aspects. Branch rail line abandonments were another exam- ple of misunderstanding. Air. Lang said. The rail lines have already been abandoned by the Westerners them- selves except in the case of grain. He said the Canada Grains Council had done ex- haustive studies on alternative train transportation systems and the money saved would be used in ways to directly compensate the farmer by means of belter roads and infrastructure for a better developed West. million ivreck Air Canada DC-8 jet was being serviced when it exploded. National parole board overhaul recommended OTTAWA (CP) National parole board reorganization, in- cluding a decentralized system of local and regional boards, is recommended in the prison study conducted after last year's Kingston penitentiary riots. The report was tabled in the Commons today by Solicitor- General Warren Allmand. The Kingston riots left two prisoners dead, 12 injured. It was scheduled to be vacated when the riots started. Justice James K. Hugessen of the Quebec Superior Court headed the four-member study group which recommends repl- acing the nine-member parole board with five regional boards plus local boards closer to fed- eral and provincial prison in- stitutions. Criteria for granting parole, the conditions and safeguards should be spelled out in federal legislation, the report says. The study was ordered in June, 1972, by former Solicitor- General Jean-Pierre Goyer. The report was made last Nov. 30 but was not made public then. Judge Hugessen served as chairman of the group com- prising James A. Phelps, direc- tor of the Matsqui Institution at Abbotsford, B.C., J. Irvin Waller, a University of Toronto criminology professor, and Richard G. Gervais, a Montreal political scientist. They interviewed provincial and federal prison officials, prisoners and former prisoners, after-care agencies and prison authorities in the United States and Britain. Their 58 recommendations in- fluenced Mr. Allmand's June 1 decision to tighten up paroles, replacing unsupervised tem- porary absences for federal prisoners with supervised day parole. Legislation creating 10 additional national parole board members also has been in- troduced as a result of the re- port. Plane blast probed TORONTO (CP) An SB-mil- lion Air Canada DC-8 jetliner exploded and was destroyed Thursday evening, minutes be- fore 120 passengers were to board it for a flight to Zurich and Vienna. Tuo ground crew workers were injured in the explosion as the airplane was being refuelled and a hospital official said they were "both obviously badly burned, but they'll be all right." A hospital nursing supervisor said the men, employees of Air Canada and Consolidated Fuel Co., had burns over 25 and 30 per cent of their bodies. An Air Canada spokesman said 11 members of the flight crew were in the plane at the time but got out, safely. Cause of the explosion was not known and an investigation is being carried out by Air Can- ada and transport department officials. The incident "totally dis- rupted" the airports Terminal 2 which houses Air Canada flight operations. Police and airline investiga- tors ruled out any possibility of sabotage but offered no ex- planations for the explosion. Gov't introduces tougher election expenses bill Inside 'Avon Classified 24-28 Comics 22 Comment 4 District 3, 5 Family 20, 21 Joan Waterfield 13 Local News 37, 18 Markets 23 Sports 14, 15 Entertainment 13 Travel n TV 7-10, 12 Workshop 16 LOW TONIGHT 55; HIGH SAT., 80; SUNNY. OTTAWA The gov- ernment moved Friday to con- trol election campaign ex- penses, introducing a bill which Liberal House Leader Allan MacEachen said will remove the possibility of an election being won by the candidate with the most money to spend. It's a much tougher bill than the one which died with the last Parliament. It would impose strict limits on amounts spent by candidates and parties and would require German states in UN UNITED NATIONS (Reuter) The Security Council agreed unanimously today to the ad- mission of the two German states to the United Nations at the General Assembly session which opens Sept. 18. They will become the 133rd and 134th members of the world body. Both West German Chancellor Willy Brandt and East German Premier Willie Stoph will come to New York in September to address the General Assembly after formal admission. public disclosure of the names of donors contributing more than to a party or candi- date. It also shortens the time pe- riod for campaign advertising and removes restrictions on broadcast commentaries during the final hours of a campaign. If the bill is passed, said Mr. MacEachen in a Commons statement, it will mean "one of the most democratic and open electoral systems in the world." Spending by national parties would be limited to an equiva- lent of 30 cents for each eligible voter in every riding the party is offering a candidate. Max- imum penalty for over-spending is Individual candidates would be permitted to spend the equivalent of for each of the and hoard About town r1 ARDENING e n t h u s last Steve Swedish figuring that since it now takes him seven bottles of beer to mow his lawn instead of five, his yard must have grown Bonnie Laque burning the end of her nose with a curl- ing iron while curling her sister Andricenne'i hair. first eligible voters in their ridings, 50 cents for each of the next voters and 25 cents for each additional voter. MUST USE AGENT The bill would make it an of- fence to contribute to a political party or candidate except through a registered agent. Parties and candidates would be required to submit a com- plete audited statement of all revenues and expenditures to the chief electoral officer. The statement, to be made available to the public, would include the name of every donor giving more than Two file holdings statements EDMONTON (CP) With nine days left before the dead- line, only two of the 22 Alberta cabinet ministers had filed statements of their land hold- ings and other business inter- ests. Premier Peter Lougheed or- dered all his ministers May 9 to make such disclosures to as- sure public knowledge of any interests a minister might have which could conflict with his government decisions. The deadline for the state- ments to be filed with the clerk of the legislative assembly is July 1. Once filed, they are open for public inspection. The only ministers who have filed their statements by Thurs- day were Municipal Affairs Minister Dave Russell and La- bor Minister Bert Hohol. Both statements showed few or no property holdings or other busi- ness interests, outside of per- sonal residences. By IAN HUNTER Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA The minority Liberal government changed its position on capital punishment Thursday, proposing the total abolition of the death penalty. Solicitor General Warren AJJmand, in a surprise move, recommended to a House of Commons commit- tee that the capital punishment bill now before parlia- ment be amended to remove the death penalty for all crimes without any time limitation. The bill as originally pre- sented would amend the Crimi- nal Code to extend for another five years the trial period for abolition of the death penalty for all crimes but the murder of policemen and prison guards. Allmand's amendments to re- move the exception to abolition and the five-year time limit was coupled with other changes to extend the time which convicted murderers must spend in prison before being eligible for parole. Most committee members Thursday appeared to support the new total abolitionist stance of the government, but two On- tario Conservatives criticized the move. "What tins means is that the bill is being completely scrapped and we are now being asked to deal with total aboli- tion." said Tom Cossitt (PC- "I must say the suggested amendments leave me a little bit remarked Allan A. Lawrence (PC North- umberland "There was no hint in the House that the government had anything like this in mind." Lawrence suggested that the solicitor general's proposals were out of order since they de- viated from the principle of the bill to extend the partial ban trial period. "I suspect the government is trying to do in committee some- thing it didn't have the courage to do in the he charged. He accused the gov- ernment Of trying to bring in to- tal abolition "through the back door." Allmand acknowledged that the proposed amendments, will have to be moved formally by a member of the committee giving clause-by- clause consideration to the capi- tal punishment bill, were pre- pared to meet some of the con- cerns expressed by MP's during debate in the House earlier. He was referring to the argu- ment against continuing partial abolition of the death penalty, raised frequently during debate, that murderers sentenced to life imprisonment are able to get out on parole too easily. This was the reason why the total abolition proposals were being coupled with measures to ensure that convicted murder- ers would have to serve more of their sentences before being let out on the street again, he said. Oil policy set out WASHINGTON (CP) Thn cnod shape. Everything's OK." They splashed down right on target, miles from the Ti- conderoga. Thirty-nine minutes later, still inside the Apollo, they were on the carrier's deck. Doctors, not knowing how they might react to earth's gravity after their long weigh- tless exposure, were prepared to lift them out on litters. But, after consultation with doctors, Kerwin, a physician, said they could walk to the medical trailer where they be- gan six hours of extensive med- ical debriefing. EMERGE SMILING They emerged smiling from the hatch as ship's band struck up Anchors Aweigh for the all-navy space crew. Conrad walked with hesitant steps at first but gradually picked up steam as he reached the medical lab door. Kerwin was slightly stooped and both he and Weitz were somewhat unsteady in their steps. Doctors assisted both Kcnvin and Weitz by holding onto one arm of each. Experts immediately began removing thousand of feet of film and tape and equipment from medical, earth resources and astronomy experiments that may tell man much about bis earth, his sun and his physi- cal How well Conrad, Kerwin and Weitz fared in the weightless world will play a major role in determining whether man can function efficiently in future long-duration flights. The first of the two 56-day Skylab mis- sions is scheduled for launch July 27. Hundreds of white-clad sailors on deck and television viewers around the world once again had a ringside seat to a U.S. man-in-space landing as the Apollo craft floated down through low-hanging clouds, dangling under three huge or- ;