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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 22, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta ART WILLIAMS TRAVEL Reminds you lo your return reservations on international 72 hours before departure CENTRE VILLAGE MALL PHONE 328-3201 The Lethbridge Herald SECOND SECTION Lethbridge, Alberta, Thursday, June 22, 1972 PAGES 15 TO NOW IN OUR NEW LOCATION CECIL OXENBURY DISPENSING OPTICIANS LTD. 101 PROFESSIONAL 8LDG. 740 4th AVE. S. PHONE 328-7121 "Do you Iiovo a jpore pair of glallM for hoirday Bioethics discussed at public forum by Drs. Miller and Suzuki If you held in your hands the complete formula for a substance which would almost instantly erradicate cancel- and heart disease from humanity, what would you do with it Now, if you knew that the substance could and certainly would also be used by political megalo- maniacs to control the human race through genetic and biological manipulation, what would you do? Would you rather face a world in which cancer and heart disease continued to be major killers, or a world without cancer and heart disease, but where the entire population was enslaved by one dictator, who exer- cised his authority through the same substance as had cured the cancer and heart disease? Suppose YOU have to make that decision right now. What will you do? Such a substance (or more likely, substances) could be- developed by scientists during the next few years been described as "magic self-replicating bullets." It is the two-edged dilemma of such bullets which was discussed at the public forum Wednesday evening by Dr. James R. Miller and Dr. David Suzuki, gene- ticists attending the 17th annual meeting of the Genet- ics Society of Canada. Entertainment "This was for entertain- Dr. David Suzuki said ot the public forum on genetics and society at the Yates Me- morial Centre Wednesday. About 500 people in the audi- ence were indeed entertained by Dr. Suzuki and Dr. James Miller. But they also went home thinking about the questions facing scientists and the rest of society concerning gene- tic research. Drs. Suzuki and Miller, both geneticists at the University of British Columbia, called for more communication from the scientists to the people, con- cerning implications of scienti- fic research. During the public question period, one member of the au- dience asked how the informa- tion could be put across to the layman, with his limited under- standing of science. Dr. Miller suggested starting with the education system, to teach children something about biology and genetics. "I don't know what they teach them be said. The children could learn much about the subjects by studying the bio- CLIFF BLACK, Certified Denial Mechanic BLACK DENTAL LAB Lower level MEDICAL DENTAL BLDG. PHONE 327-2822 IT'S NATIONAL ROSE WEEK! Special This Weekend! BEAUTIFUL ROSES 3 "I W FOR CASH AND CARRYI Call 327-5747 FRACHE'S FLOWER SHOP 322-6th Street S. LETHBRIDGE logical systems of their own bodies, he said. Another audience memb e r disagreed with Dr. Suzuki's statement that scientists "have become the high priests of soci- with billion a year to spend o n research. The aud- ience member, Dr. M. A. Khan, a scientist at the Lethbridge Research Station, said a lot of the money is well spent. Dr. Ruby Larson, cylogene- ticist at the Lethbridge Re- search Station, who introduced (he panel, said genetics is lha most glamorous science now, as physics was not long ago. "There was a fear of the im- plication of physics of techno- Dr. Larson said, "and there is still a fear" of gene- tics research. Another prominent Canadian geneticist, Dr. Margaret Thompson, said genetics is a "luxury." Infectious diseases and nutritional deficiencies are "probably beliind Dr. Thompson said. But we still have "diseases involving gene- tics." Dr. Thompson, chairman ot the public forum, is the senior staff geneticist ati the Toronto Hospital for Sick Children. The forum was co-sponsored by The Herald and the Uni- versity of Lethbridge. The panelists are in the city for the I7th annual meeting of the Genetics Society of Canada, which started Wednesday at the U of L. The three day conference has attracted more .than 200 geneticists from across Canada and the United States. GENETICS FORUM Dr. David Sjzuki (left) and Dr. James Miller geneticists at ihe University of Brilish Columbia, discussed various aspects af their science dur- ing a public forum at the Yates Memorial Centre. The forum, which was part of the 17th annual meeting of the Genetics Society of Canada, was attended by more than 500 people, including (centre of photo) Dr. and Mrs. A. E. Palmer of Lethbridge. Dr. Palmer is an internationally known plant research and irrigation scientist. Kerber Photo James Miller: ARTISTIC PICTURE FRAMING ARTISTS' SUPPLIES ,flQT GAUERV 710 S AVE S M LETHBftlDCE-AtTA 1 o 8-TRACK TAPE SALE MUSICLAND PRESENTS Columbia Records of Canada ltd. 8-TRACK AND CASSETTE TAPES IN CONCERT................Jani, Joplin ME AND JULIE BY THE SCHOOtYARD faut simon BIG SUR One Hand Clapping D AND B TOGETHER Delaney and Bonnie We Allo Stock COLUMBIA CLASSICAL TAPES BEETHOVEN RIMSKY KORSAKOV TCHAIKOVSKY RAVEL MOZART BIZET WAGONER CHOPIN BACH SPECIAL TAPE (With exchange of your old tape 8 track) 5 Cor. 3rd Ave. and T3th ST. S. PHONE 327-1056 Jf P The unanticipated result, not the intentional misuse, of scien- tific research is the real fear of scientists, Dr. James MiUer said Wednesday. During a public forum on the Impact of Genetics on Society at the Yates Memorial Centre, Dr. Miller gave several examp- les of the unexpected results of applying scientific research to back up his statement. Dr. Miller, head of the medi- cal genetics division of the Uni- versity of British Columbia, said women treated with, a cer- tain drug 20 years ago for a condition during pregnancy causing abortion, have now de- veloped a rare, fatal malig- nancy an unanticipated re- sult of scientific research. Methadpne, as a treatment for heroin addiction, is not completely understood and may in fact contribute to the prob- lem rather than solve it, Dr. Miller said. An application of genetics re- search, on a disease involving an inborn error of metabolism which caused menial retarda- tion, meant a control for the disease but produced 'deleteri- ous side effects" the off- spring of the treated female patients are mentally retarded. With these cases in mind, Dr. Miller projected the use of other techniques, with direct reference to human reproduc- tion, and the possible moral consequences. It will be possible soon t o know the condition of a fetus regarding sex and physical well-being. The application of such knowledge, to save a nor- mal fetus which was thought to be abnormal, brings up the question of abortion based on only minor defects, Dr. Miller said. Who would decide the severity of the defect? It could also be possible to abort either a male or female fetus, depending on the num- ber of males or females desired, he said. SMI LEY'S PLUMBING BASEMENT BATHROOMS REMODELLING Phone 328-2176 The implications en society of such research must be dealt with by scientists, Dr. Miller said, but scientists are divided, with some believing science should be kept "pure" and others facing the application of science to other fields. One positive application ol genetics in another field is (he use of systems to control pesti- cides, Dr. Sliller said. A potential misuse is in mod- ern warfare, with the delibcr. ate use of genetic knowledge to kill specific individuals. "Dif- ferent populations throughout the world have different gene patterns. An inhibitor could be developed to which a specific gene could be most suscepti- he said. Dr. MiUer said researchers have the "obligation to publi- cize the societal implications of their research." College board meets closed Future meetings of the Leth- bridge Community Coll ege Board of Governors will be closed to the news media and public, LCC President Dr. C. D. Stewart announced today. In a letter to members of lha local media, Dr. Stewart said since most items are being dealt with in closed session, there is lillle point in news re- porters attending the open meeting. "The items dealt with openlj are little more than a news- man's waste of said Dr, Stewart. _ Items concerning personali- ties, property and finance are always dealt with in closed ses sion. INCORPORATION The community of Lethbridgo was incorporated as a town in 1891 and as a city as soon as the province of Alberta was created in 1906. ANTIQUE AND BY-GONE AUCTION SALE AT THE AUCTION BARN SAT., JUNE 24th -10 A.M. Items on display Fri., June 23-7-10 p.m. 2508 2 Avenue N. Lethbridge Phone 327-1222 Additional collectable items will be received up until ictle time. iw- THIS a Genetics stories by Richard Burke Herald Staff Writer PhD dropouts More and more scientisls will begin dropping out of scientific research, Dr. David Suzuki pre- dicts. An Increasing disenchant- ment with science and scien- tist'; and the possible misdir- ection of scientific knowledge will contribute to the dropout rate, Dr. Suzuki said at a pub- lic forum Wednesday. The possible use of viruses in biological warfare, the danger fanatical attempts to use genetics to design a new world and the question of mental pa- tient sterilization illustrate the potential misuse of research. But where do geneticists stand on these issues? Dr. Suz- uki asked. He said scientists are not asking or answering moral questions about the possible uses of their work. However, the use is the "problem of gov- ernments, not of Dr. Suzuki said, quoting the father of the atom bomb. He has little faith in govern- ments, however, as he agrees with the statement "the United States could easily become a duplicate of Nazi and refers to the "Fascist ram- bb'ngs of (Vancouver Mayor) Tom Campbell about long-hair- ed youths." TRAIN TRACK Mayor Magrath Drive, named after the city's first mayor, is the original right-of-way for the Alberta Railway and Irrigation Company between Lethbridge and Fort Macleod. David Suzuki: Scientists have an obligation to translate all their works to the pubb'c and be responsible to the people, Dr. David Suzuki said Wednesday. Addressing 500 people at the Yates Memorial Centre. Dr. Suzuki said the biggest reason for potential misuse of knowl- edge is tliat knowledge is "bu- ried in scientific journals" and is not presented to the general public for scrutiny. Dr. Suzuki, renowned Cana- dian geneticist from the Uni- versity of British Columbia, made his power-to-the-peoplo pitcli at a public forum, part of the 17th1 annual meeting of the Genetics Society of Canada. During his presentation, Ge- netics, Elilism and the Apoc- alypse, Dr. Suzuki took verbal swipes at university and scien- tific administrators "who have become impediments to the very people they are set up to serve." The cause is a "crisis of elit- ism, built up by highly-trained he said. The police, armies, political Institutions, business and advertising are all characterized by. a "change in commitment between serving society and channelling the growth of power." "Scientists are no different as a being highly conser- vative and lacking imagination and the courage to speak out critically against the hierarchy, he said. Young scientists must work within very narrow frame- works of constriction, and old scientists "increasingly lose touch" with news ideas from OLYMPIC STAIN INTERIOR and EXTERIOR WOOD FINISHES FERGUSON PAINT ITD. 318 7th St. S. Ph. 328-4595 Max Factor Innovation LASH-MAKER "The Finf Comb-On Wonder Working Comb Separates- Curls, Colors, AIJ ot once. Waterproof Formula Fast drying. Never smcors or smudges- Lashes longer, thicker, fullerl Available in block, brownish block, plain burgundy, navy blue, Midnight green and brown. NOW ONLY McCREADY-BAINES PHARMACY ITD. Gf 414 3rd Ave. S. Phone 327-3555 Also operating WATERTON PHARMACY LTD. in Walftrton National Park within their disciplines, he said. Those new ideas and dis- coveries, in genetics, are com- ing at such a fast pace, that practical applications of re- search are being tried with few guidelines for their use, he said. That is a prime consideration in Dr. Suzuki's call for commu- nication to the people of scien- tists' findings. Because communication of scientific data to the layman is difficult, Dr. Suzuki has sug- gested a "selective service" be instituted in Canada. The Suzuki Selective Service would see names of Ca- nadians of all ages and types drawn from a hat. Those peo- ple would sit on various boards, as laymen, to help make deci- sions on such things as the di- rection ol scientific investiga Hon and the use of accumu- lated knowledge. McGRAW-EDISON ELECTRIC TEA KETTLE Fully automatic T year guarantee has oulslandlng styling and features one-piece moulded handle end spout. SPECIAL, THIS WEEK ONiY....... Call Housewares 327-5767 DOWNTOWN COMPUTER ACCOUNTING AND MANAGEMENT LTD. Data Processing Services 507 CANADA TRUST BUILDING TELEPHONE 328-7883 Makes a nice day nicer! THIS WEEK'S FEATURE SALAD SALE BUY ONE SAIAD 16 fl. oi. AT THE REGULAR PRICE GET ANOTHER SALAD 16 li 01. Of YOUR CHOICE FREE! OFFER GOOD TILL JUNE 25th FOOD and PASTRY SHOP 2021 3rd AVE. S- PHONE 328-8161 1701 M.M. 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