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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - June 22, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 ~- THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD - Monday, June 22, 1970 Walter Schwars Israeli Views Of Jordan's Troubles The Indians Are Moving Following soon after the momentous Red Paper confrontation with the federal government, the annual meeting of the Alberta Indian Association last week was further vivid demonstration that the Indians are rapidly assuming full responsibility for their own affairs and, more important, their own destiny. Canada's Indian policy, for nearly a hundred years, was one of strict paternalism. The Indians were too subdued to ask. They were always told. Now they are doing the telling, and the authorities are listening. When the White Paper on new Indian policy was introduced many months ago, The Herald objected that in one last grand effort to set the Indian free, the government was repeating the same old mistake of making this final decision for them and not letting them make it themselves. Now all that is changed The government, on the one hand, has convinced the Indians it doesn't want to force anything upon them, and they, on the other, have shown that they are ready, willing and able to manage their own future. They will make many mistakes. It is up to the non - Indian community not to condemn them for their mistakes. Certainly the whites have done little but mismanage Indian affairs. Whether the Indians do better or worse is not so important as their right and duty to take charge themselves. Brand New Ball Game What role will China play in international politics of the 1970s? Writing in Current Scene, a Hong Kong publication devoted to discussions on developments in Red China. A. Doak Barnett, one of the greatest living authorities on Chinese affairs, says that he believes that China's foreign policy will become more "flexible." Although the mass of the people still pay lip service to Mao and his ideal of the Chinese-led world Utopia, Mr. Barnett believes that the leaders in Peking are in a state of indecision because of the lingering effects of the Cultural Revolution which Mao himself let loose. In place of the old bureaucracy, there is a new one, now engaged in trying to define a whole new set of policies. He continues, "Even though Mao's brooding presence is still there and he is able to inject himself into the situation when he wants to, he does not have real control over the situation in China; and the leadership, I would say, is basically a coalition-al type of leadership in which people representing interests of very conflicting sorts are somehow trying to get along, somehow trying to run the country, somehow trying to evolve new policies." The new directions are certain to be more pragmatic than the romantic idealist Mao would condone. Already signs of China's willing- ness to take a cautious step at some kind of political settlement with the West, are beginning to show up. (There is of course, no indication whatever of accommodation with the U.S.S.R.). She has re-opened a number of her embassies abroad, and has consented to talk about establishing diplomatic relations with both Canada and Italy. The talks with U.S. diplomats in Warsaw have been re-opened, and although they have been interrupted since the U.S. entry into Cambodia, they have not yet been broken off. These and other events are tenuous but hopeful signs that the men at the helm in Peking have come to realize that Mao's idealistic view of communism is a chimera and that if China is to survive and prosper she must move out of her present restricted orbit. It's going to be a brand new ball game. No longer will it be a monolithic Sino-Soviet bloc on one side, against a U.S. team depending on replacements from Japan. "All four of the major powers involved in the region - the U.S., Soviet Union, China and Japan," says Mr. Barnett, "are going to play significant roles, influential roles. Ail of them, including Japan, I would say, are going to play fairly independent and autonomous roles." Art Buchwald WASHINGTON - At the very moment that President Nixon sent a fact-finding commission to Vietnam and Cambodia, to report on the progress in the war over there, President Thieu sent a fact-finding commission to the United States to find out what was going on here. This commission headed by President Thieu's dearest friend, Senator Daw Key, has just returned to Saigon to give President Thieu a very optimistic picture of what is going on in the United States at the present time. The commission said it was impressed with the fighting ability of the National Guard who had routed the students this spring and indicated that "Americanization" is moving faster than anyone had expected. Senator Daw Key said "Predictions that President Nixon's government would topple in a few months have been proved false. Morale among the construction workers has never been higher, and some administration officials predict the students will be driven out of their university sanctuaries before the end of the rainy season. Senator Daw Key told President Thieu that he could now see the light at the end of the tunnel and he saw no reason why the United States could not do all of the fighting in its own country by 1972. While the commission said it was heartened by what it saw, it warned that President Nixon faced many difficulties. "Inflation," said Senator Daw Key, "is one of the United States' major problems and could be a big setback to pacification in the major cities. "Electrical blackouts and brownouts are predicted for the summer, which could have a very serious effect on the natives who are dependent on air conditioning for survival." "Attempts to curb polluted waters or hold back smoke have not gone as well as ad- visers would have hoped, and the infiltration of poisons' in the air has reached new unacceptable levels." The Daw Key Commission also said that it was concerned with the unemployment rate in the countryside which reached a new high and has been making the natives restless. "While the commission did not see President Nixon personally, it was given a tour of the newspaper plants and TV networks that were still left partially standing after Vice - President Spiro Agnew's heavy attacks on them. The commission members were shown captured enemy editorials proving that the notorious First Armored Eastern Establishment Press Division intended to attack the Nixon government and bring it down. Had Vice - President Agnew not launched a counter-attack when he did, Agnew spokesmen said, Washington would now be in the hands of Walter Cronkite and Her-block." On his arrival at the airport in Saigon, Senator Daw Key told newspapermen that the United States needed more time to solve its problems and lie did not expect to see any miraculous changes overnight. "These people need our help and understanding," Senator Daw Key said. "They have made great strides in the past few years. It is a start, but they have a long way to go. Their roads are clogged, their trains don't work, their telephones breuk down and their stock market is falling. Yet this is no reason to lose faith in them. They have proved that they have the capability and the will to leam, and it is our job not to despair because of the setbacks they have been having delivering mail in the cities and in the countryside. "The American," said Senator Daw Key, "is the equal of any peasant, if you just give him the good old Southeast Asian know-how." (Toronto Telegram News Service> Watch Your Words By Doug Walker 17THEL Dunn's Church women's group had its annual barbecue in Marg Look's back yard this year. Bob and Jack were there because husbands were included in this event. I was there also and so was Don Bessie. The barbecue conflicted with a golf date Don and I had but we magnanimously waived the golf. My effort to be sociable was given a severe .setback by tlx; minister's wife, Peggy Jones. She singled me out as if I was soma loathesorr.e thing skimmed off Henderson Lake or dragged in from the garbage do-posit in the lane and told the assemblage not to say anything in my In olden days a fellow could become a pariah for collecting taxes for the enemy or for having leprosy. All I did to get dispatched to limbo was start tilling the empty spaces on the cdito.-ial page with humble reportage: �JERUSALEM - If King Hussein should step down in favor of a Palestinian regime in Jordan, some Israeli leaders and officials would be glad, others sorry. That mere are two views is reflected by the deliberate absence of official comment here on events in Amman. Israel's military policy-based on calculated restraint to avoid squeezing Jordan too hard - reflects the traditional view that any alternative to Hussein is likely to be worse. But there is also a "new wave" school which looks to a Palestinian regime in Amman as a way to peace. The old view is still held by most Arab affairs experts, who consider that in a real showdown Hussein could still win, and that in the meantime he still restrains guerrilla activities. It is shared by the Prime Minister, Mrs. Golda Meir, who has not apparently moved far on the issue since she asked some months ago: "Who are the Palestinians?" In practice, the Israeli policy of continued military restraint was dramatically illustrated two weeks ago when Israeli planes avoided hitting Jordan's Ghor irrigation canal in spite of such provocations as the shelling of Tiberias and the rocketing of civilians in Beysan, and in spite of repeated warnings to Jordan that the safety of the canal depended on the state of the borders. The canal has just been rebuilt after having been twice destroyed by the Israelis. General Dayan, the Defence Minister, said on television recently that he thought Hussein's latest concessions to the guerillas amounted to "capitulation". But he did not consider that this invited any active Israeli reaction. On the contrary, he said, the prospect of intensified guerrilla activity was another reason for Israel to stay where it is. The "new wave" school consists largely of Israeli "doves" inside Mrs. Meir's Labor Party and is championed by Mr. Abba Eban, the foreign minister. It argues that in the area of the former British mandate there is room for two nations- a Jewish and an Arab-but not for three. The "doves" began by championing a separate Palestinian State on the West Bank, but this idea lost favor when Palestinian leaders failed to support it. Mr. Eban publicly launched his plan last month. Broadcasting in Arabic on Israel's 22nd anniversary, he appealed to Palestinians to seek a new bargain with Israel, in which, "the original area of the Holy Land will be divided into two sovereign States, in time of peace." Eban reminded journalists that the majority of Jordanians were Palestinians, adding that he had "never met an Arab who thinks the River Jordan is a dividing line between two nations." As foreign minister, Eban is careful not to write King Hussein off; he insists that it will be up to the Palestinians to choose their flag and their lenders. But there seems little doubt that the new partition of the "Holy Land" between Palestinians and Israelis would leave no room for Hussein. Could such a bargain be struck? Officials less sanguine than Mr. Eban were reflecting that part of the struggle in Jordan was that between Al Fatah guerrillas led by Yasser Arafat - the potential partner in the bargain - and the extreme leftist Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine led by George Habash. If Arafat came to power, would continued pressure from the Popular Front not turn him into a new kind of Hussein? For the moment, several days of unaccustomed calm on the Jordanian frontier have been Israel's immediate bonus from events in Amman-which most Israelis have enjoyed aa the best news for years. Looking further ahead, officials reflected that the survival of a Hussein even weaker than before today seemed the likeliest outcome of the crisis. That, no doubt, is why General Dayan has not joined in the rejoicing, lie knows better than most that a weak neighbor can be more dangerous for Israel than a strong one. (Written for The Herald ond The Observer, London) Roland Huntford 'Honest Broker' To Visit Moscow And Washington "HELSINKI - The Finnish " President, Dr. Urho Kek-konen, is to visit the Soviet Union and the United States in quick succession next month. He goes to Moscow on July 16 for four days and to Washington July 23. Both visits are official, and it is not beyond the bounds of possibility that the president will be acting as some kind of honest broker, certainly with the encouragement of the Kremlin, and possibly that of the Wlute House as well. The business that President Kekkonen almost certainly has uppermost in his mind is the European Security Conference which Finland has proposed to establish a detente in Europe, and bring about a solution to the German question. When the conference was first proposed, some 18 months ago, it was coldly received in most of the Western capitals, because Finns were believed to be acting on a Russian suggestion. Even if this is so, some of the original opposit i o n seems now to have been tempered. The recent NATO meeting in Rome suggested a movement towards negotiation with the Warsaw Pact in order to relax European tension. Furthermore, the Russians have all but abandoned their earlier stipulation that the United States should be excluded from such a conference, with only European Powers being admitted. It is possible that the Russians now want to convince the U.S. of a new - found willingness to establish some kind of working agreement in Europe, and that a conference would be the best way to do so. And although both Washington and Moscow obviously possess all New Twist To Old Tale From The Ottawa Journal A GROWING phenomenon in North American society Ls the new wave of man dropping out of the modern world, expressing lack of faith in technology and a yearning to get back to nature. The New York Times reports that Joe Ryan, who six years ago quit his job as a chemical engineer making aerosol cans in Boston, is typical of the breed: "He sank his savings into 53 'farmed-out' acres near Franklin, Nil. that had been abandoned since the lilL'tis. Now lie lives in a big crate-shaped wood house he built himself, subsisting on the roots and vegetables his spent land brings forth. Only half a mile away, a textile plant pours its wastes into the rushing spring waters of the Merrimack River, but Joe Ryan refuses to despoil the river or the land ... Ho is a man who will pollute no more." Society has always had its Joe Ryans. fed up with the nil-race of the cities and seokirg a more enjoyable life in the quiet and beauty of the fields and woods. That new word "ecology" has merely given his kind a new peg to hang their hats on. They can now say they are dropping out of the fight not because they're not fighters, but because of a concern for the environment. It's difficult to fault a man escaping the rush and smog and the crowded loneliness of the city, particularly if it can be done with a deep and honest belief that his action is for the good of both himself and mankind. Alas for brave hope, on finding how difficult can be the life of a poor mixed farmer, m any will come back to our mad mad w o r 1 d. But that doesn't prove they didn't have the right idea. So They Say Taking repressive measures against a social movement is like a kite against the wind; the stronger the wind, the higher the kite. - Maclohn C. Me;;s, president tf the University of Minnesota, to President Nixon on campus unrest. the direct channels they need, from the hot line onwards, yet there may be circumstances in which an inlermedi a r y would be desirable. This is particularly so, when, as in the present case, both of the principals fear that to take the initiative would involve loss of face. Whatever the possibilities of President Kekkonen's twin visits, the fact that he has been asked officially to the White House suggests that he has been recognized by the Americans as a potentially useful go-between. It was not always so, and the new development suggests a certain maturing in the attitude of the State Department towards Finland. For years after President Kekkonen came to power in 1956, he was thought to be unreliable because of his frequent visits to the Soviet Union. He has been there at least once a year, usually in a private capacity, and next month's journey is his sixteenth in that direction. On the other hand, his visit to Washington will only be his second, the last taking place in 1961. The obvious interpretation to the United States was that Finland, although claiming to be neutral, was moving close to the Russian camp. In 1966, admission of Communists into the Cabinet and the formation of a "popular front" government seemed only to confirm this interpretation. The Slate Department now, however, appears to have modified its views. The president's travels eastwards, and the introduction of Communists into the Cabinet are now seen as necessary measures to acquire Russian confidence. It is one of the facts of life that Finland is exposed to Soviet pressure, and that her security depends on making her neutrality credible in Moscow, and avoiding the antagonism of the Kremlin leaders. And if the president has put such store by personal con-tacts. it is based on an interpretation of Russian attitudes vindicated by experience. At heart, the Soviet leaders are interested in men, not policies and (on this interpretation) they will only show confidence in personalities they trust. What they most fear is a weak leader (presumably since Russian history demonstrates the dire consequences), and conversely they respect a strong man, whatever his ideology. And President Kekkonen has apparently convinced them on that score. He belongs to the Centre or Farmers' Party, and he has a genuine desire to secure Finland's position among the ranks of the European neutral countries. And so the United States now regards Finland as an acceptable neutral, with Presi dent Kekkonen a respectable neutral statesman. It is an interesting sidelight on Scandinavian - American relations, but while President Kekkonen has been asked to visit Washington officially, another neutral politician, the Swedish Prime Minister, Mr. Olof Palme, w a s snubbed by the White House when he was recently in the United States on a private visit. President Kekkonen's journey was announced on the same day that Mr. Palme left New York to return to Sweden and diplomats have not failed to interpret this as a demonstration of the degree of trust put by the United States on Sweden and Finland. But Mr. Palme remains an unrepentant critic of the United States in Indochina where President Kekkonen acts as if he subscribed to the more orthodox interpretation of neutrality. This implies that since being neutral means avoiding diplomatic and military conflict, morally it is indefensible to take sides. If Mr. Palme's visit to Washington has been seen as the action of a little boy cocking a snook at one of his ciders, al least President Kekkonen's forthcoming journey is accepted as' a serious diplomatic mission. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD TTIKOUGII THE IIERALP 1920 - Increased pensions to returned soldiers and their families will raise the country's annual pensions bill from $25,000,000 to $33,000,000. 1930 - The New York stock market, tumbled to now lows today alter three weeks of severe selling. 1910-It was announced by the National Broad casting Company early this morning that France has officially signed an armistic with Germany. The armistice will not take ef- fect until six hours after Italy signs with France. 1950 - Citizenship Minister Harris announced today that the amendments to the Indian Act are being withdrawn for the present in order that the various Indian organizations have more time to study the amendments. i960-There was an increase of 1,090 marriages during the past year. The number of births rcse to 41,482 from 37,-941 and deaths increased to 12,-202 from 11,401 in Canada. The Letlibridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 - 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration Number 0012 Member ol Tho Canadian I'rcss and the. Canadian Daily N'eu'spi|Mf Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS 11. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor BUY I' MILLS DOUGLAS K WALKEi Advcrlisinc Manaser Editorial Pate Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;