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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 22, 1908, Lethbridge, Alberta LlTHlft ALTA JU.M8J4, IHi. PROF. CAMPBELL'S ADDRESS ON SCIENTIFIC FARMING Finding that the Council Chamber was too small for the crowd that1 was interested in soil culture, it was decided to move to Oliver's Hall which was weU filled. T. D. 11. Henderson, provincial weed inspector occupied the chuir and iu a fow remarks introduced Prof. H. W. Campbell, of Lincoln, :.SYeb., the well-known expert on dry farming or as he prefers to call it, scientific ag- riculture. lie said that he had studied soil culture for twenty-live years but as yet did not know all about it. Tiie full yield possible has not yet been attained. Farmers object to his system, some say it is too expensive, souie say it is not practicable on a large farm, others that it will not work in dry countries. The speaker then brielly related how he hud come to work out his system, it took ten years of experimenting the idea he has since worked out. FOR FARMERS There arc three points every farmer should keep in mind. Never when ground is either wet or dry but should not be plowed below five in- ches. If grain is too thick it should harrowed to thin it. Many a has been ruiaed by be- ing sowed too thick. The size of the head is longer where the grain is thinner. Speaking of stool ing, Mr. Campbell said that he was boosting in Card- ston of a kernel with 102 stools when a uian told .him of a kernel he had with 142 stools. The stooling is the result of cultivation, principal- ly the formation of nitrates. The numerous roots being in too much moisture for the single stalk and they keep increasing until there are enough stalks to take all the mois- turo. Asked whether take the plaice his system would of irrigation, Mr. Campbell said that if irrigating far- mers adopted "his system, they could get better crops with the use of a small amount of water. In a dry country the every-other-yoar system should be followed. While carrying the water is necessary, there is some- thing accomplished by the combiua- when its moist. This may seem hard j tion of air and water, that cannot at first but when tried it is found be done while a crop is being raised. quite easy. 2. The under portion of the furrow must be fine and firm. 3. the surface must always be kept loose to prevent the evaporation and Tot in the air for air is us important as water. Relating an experiment in Nebraska he advised that the ground be double-disked after the the loosening of the ground drew tho moisture from the subsoil and made it moist for plowing. The allowing Dwelling upon the subsoiling theory which was brought out strongly after the failure of 1894, but proved a fail ure, it is all nonsense to say that the soil below the .roots has to be loosened to allow the roots to go down. If there is moisture there, the roots will go down, Asked whether he would advise the farmers of Southern Alberta to alter nate their crops, the speaker said it is difficult to say as in this place the it ta too a doubld mi of roots grows, making the growth slow, Harrowing in the fall is dangerous as the air is cooler and the avapora- tion less. After the ground 1s disced follow- ing the harvester, it should be plough j ed, packed, and harrowed. A gocnl crop may come without tho intf but it is safe except under ideal conditions. The ploughing must be deep to bring the stubble. Following with the pucker, the soil cun be made solid The deeper the fino firm soil can be made the better, it increase the moisture holding capacity. The pack er cannot pack the soil below seven inches. Speaking generally of farming in tins semi-arid district, Mr. Campbell said that .soon it will be that the choice of farms will in the semi- iirid district as a man cuh farm with certainty when he has not got too much moisture to contend with. It is remarkable what can be done in this iKslt when it is gone at right principles. lie spoke of the greatly changed conditions in fanning between his fa- ther's day and now. Now, public sentiment is leading to the farm. Farmers havu homes as fully modem as any in the city. The young people are not going to the city ns they used to. "I look to the time when the yield of the soil will be three times what it is now." Ths crop makes business, it is the basis of prosperity all over the country. Do Hike Pastry? If so, our Royal Patent Flour Will interest you Royal Patent Pastry Flour It will gave you 25 per ceat in lard bills. The flour is cheaper than ordinary hard wheat flour. Made from the blending of soft and hard wheats. Your Grocer has it now I [Ism Milling ft Elevator Co, Ltd, Rarmood Magrath Lethbridge Color, Flavor, Fragrance are the strong points of M---u Kfin Market Place tn kave to MM or it mtfUcc it k tMt CtlsflM If wait MM tfcfe 25e MC iMcriiMU tor SI WANTED HEN WITH BUOOD. Apply Herald Oflico. 1G2-0 WANTED A clover man to do collecting and write advertisements. Must have ref- erences. Apply to Manager Hudson ay Co. 1C2-G AsMuKJFACTUUOONTHE GARDENS IN INDIA. WANTED A capable general servant. Apply to Mrs. Frank Colpman. 159 0 HOUSEKEEPER WANTED Housekeeper wanted for small fam- ily. Apply to Postoffice Box 218, Leth bridge, Alta. 161 1 Coal, Ice and PRAYING Western TrAAftfer Co. LONGBROS.Proprietors Office opposite Balmoral TELEPHONE 63 WANTED A pattern maker wanted. Apply to Lethbridge Iron Works Co., Ltd. 57 6 of weeds to grow and be ploughed seeding and harvest come together. under is a serious mistake as the weeds give oft moisture from the soil. SUMMER TILLING With summer tilling we begin early in the spring, plow up the ground to receive the rain which soaks 'in. When the soil is kept moist, the rain fall soaks in more readily. After each ruin, the ground should be harrowed. The fall plowing should be followed lie did not know where the people here would a summer tilled piece of old land. He believed they could reach 100 bushels of wheat to the acre. Seasons come and go in rcgu hir rotation in the dry belt. There had been dry times here and they may come again. After years of rainfall in Texas and other states, they fire now having it very dry. Bv using his system, there never -.vas a by the packer or straight disc and failure as they had always got from then the harrow. Cultivate the soil as soon as it shows signs of dryness. Keep it up until time of seeding whe- ther in spring or fall. Get as good a growth as possible so as to get tho ground covered. If the soil is kept firm and fine the results will fol- low year after year. The surface must be kept loose, the minute a hard crust forms the farm- er is up against It. The soil needs air. cyan as much -water. It 'used to be that when the crop did not look well more water was put on until it was ruined. Mr. Campbell To prove this forty to sixty-nine bushels to acre. There is a great saving of seed in using the summer tilling, twenty pounds of seed being sufficient. By alternating the seasons, there is a saving of labor and seed, while "the crop is more than twice as great, be- ing not only greater yield but abso- lutely safe. If crop is ruined every year, it is a gamble as the soil is not in shape to gnarantce a crop. L Regarding discing and harvesting. Mr. Campbell said that men should get on. ground as soon as possible RELATED THE RESULTS) of hts investigation of the formation of crusts in the soil shutting the air out from the roots while plenty of water was there. The formation of the crust caused the trees and grain to wither and turn yellow while when the crust was broken the leaves re- sumed a fine healthy color. A man. had disced a part of his farm early in the spring but quit be- fore he completed it. The rest of tho cultivation was done alike. The disc- ed portion yielded 28 to the acre while the other part because of dry weather yielded 5 bushels, the :same the rest of the community. Another farmer had gone over his with the harrows three times nfter the time farmers usually quit. It .was an exceedingly dry year but he got 65 bushels to an acre while the surrounding farmers got nothing: ANSWERING QUESTIONS Calling for questions to explain difficulties those present may have had, Mr. Campbell gave many satisfactory answers. One man ask- ed what would be done if the crust in the ground formed after the grain five or six inches high. The xvith double discing and follow it with harrow after until the seed is in. If It is a very heavy rain so as to pack the soil close, the disc harrow should .be put on again. If the weeds get ahead of one, it is necessary to disc again as the woeds play the mischief. They must kill ed even if by shallow plowing. A rnan should study land so as to know in the fall whether he should crop in next year. Jt is often pro- fitable to grow two crops in three years. When should the breaking be done? He once thought that June was the best, but since he saw the results of rolling the breaking he has concluded that it makes very little difference when it is done. It is best to do it when the soil is moist. The rolling tucas the sod down flat keeping out the air which keeps the vegetation from rolling. Then the harrow can be used to fill up the crevices and form the-loose surface. Tho roller is a profitable implement, Break two or three inches deep, follow with roll- er, .keep harrowing, plow about July 1, .tvro or three inches deeper, follow with packer. On the question of the growing of trees, Mr. Campbell, said it was tho STAY IN THE CATTLE BUSINESS (Continued from Previous Page.) you do not want. This is in the in- terest of the cattle trade, that the country is quarantined. Supposing our mangy cattle should go over to Britain and slip through the rigid inspection at Winnipeg or Montreal. The chances are we would be kept out of allowing our cattle in those markets entirely, the same as it is with the cattle in the Argentine Republic. It is a valuable trade and one that is going to grow as the country gets broken up and more far- mers come in, and I feel that the number of cattle sent out from this province will be trebled. They will be better quality, and more money coming into the country. It is the interests of cattle men that the Gov- ernment is trying to protect in having and enforcing these see that the cattle are kept well and clean. I do not know of any branch of agriculture where you do not have some pest. I do not think it pays a farmer to keep cattle unless he can keep them clean and well. Cost and trouble is something in keeping them that way, but I do not believe it pays to keep cattle unless they are clean. For small bunches, it is some- times allowed to hand dip them with sulphur and linseed oil." In closing his remarks, Mr. Ander- son said that he wanted to impress on his hearers the profits to be derived from the raising of cattle when pre- pcrly looked after, and also the ben- clits that would accrue to the rancher or farmer by giving their earnest sup- port to any movement of the Govern- ment toward improving the standard RAM LAL'S PURE TEA It's RICH, CLEAR COLOR, fresh FRAGRANCE and DE- LICIOUS FLAVOR have made it hosts of friends. Are YOU one yet? FOR SALE A gramaphone, and worth of records, for cash. Ap- ply Box B., Herald Office. 58 6 IT IS PURE! Lai's Tea Is sold only in Lethbridge by THE BENTLEY CO. LTD. Lethbridge Auction Mart On Sale at the Mart a quantity of SECOND-HMD BOOKS Good class literature at knock out prices They are selling rapidly All the besLauthors Waddington Gibbon 410 ROUND STREET TELEPHONE 261 WILD WEST SHOW or stock produced in the province. The meeting was reported in short- hand for Kerr's Land Doin's by J. A. Harris and the Herald is grateful to that source for the report. STRONG TORONTO COMMITTEE Toronto, June influential committee was organized here today to raise funds towards the Quebec battlefields purchase. Mayor Oliver is chairman and the committee in- cludes Sir William Meredith, Sir Win Mulock, Senator Jaffray, Senator Cox Senator Kerr, Senator Mclvin Jones G. T. Blackstock, President Falconer D. D Mann, D.R. Wilkie, Duncan Coulson and local members of Parlia- ment and the Legislature. told him to harrow it right over the grain. The grain will stand a. good deal of harrowing without be- ing uprooted if soil is tnoist although the extreme top is dry. The ground should be harrowed after each rain. The grain will not cover up in rowing if ground is in shape. The same kind of harrow is used with a slight back slant. The secret o' success in growing any crop lies in the physical condi- tion of the soil when you put in your crop. The soil must be mrfcr- nealh and loose on top. Plowing should be seven inches if a good packer can be xiscd, if not, it easiest crop to grow. Plough deep, Make holes big enough to take the roots. Keep the roots moist by keeping in a sloppy mud until they are planted. Work dirt in around the roots with fingers, pack in more dirt and pack with feet. Fill up hole Keep tho mulch around the trees as fine as for grain. The tivpth of seeding is important. Winter wheat .should be seeded just on the solid soil below the mulch. If L. M Birrtsttr and Solicitor Office adjoinint Union Bank Three genuinely wild horses are among the several hundred equities of the 101 Ranch Wild West Show, which will visit this city for two per- ormances on July 2. They were im- ported from Russia. "Unsuccessful efforts to tame them were 'conducted all last at llliss, Okla., head- quarters of the 101 Ranch. There are. to be sure the so-callec wild horses of the Americas, but thej are the descendants of. aorses that the Spaniards brought to the West ern World some centuries ago. Mos naturalists believed that true wile horses with an unbroken line of an- cestry were extim-t until two years ago, when a Russian explorer discov- ered horses in tho Desert, to thc- west of Mongolia. A herd of fifty of the animals were taken to Russia, where by methods comparative an- atomy it was proved that a valid and distince species of the genus horse had been found. Place Your Orders for DRAYIHG RIFLE FOR SALE I will sell at a bargain any of the following: Parker hammerless shot- gun and case, perfect 70 calibre Winchester rifle, made for big game, good condition, uses steel jacket rifle- calibre Winches- ter automatic rifle (self per feet automatic pis- tol, 11 shot, hardest shooting pistol made. J. B. K., Herald. 161 0 SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING REG- ULATIONS Coal mining rights of the Dominion in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, the Yukon Territory, the North-West- Territories and British Coluurmk, may be leased for a term ol twenty-one years at ail annual rental of (1 an acre Not more than acres will be leased to one applicant. Application for a lease must be made to the Agent or Bub-Agent ol the district in which the rights ap- plied for are situated. In surveyed territory the laud uiust be described by sections, or le gai subdivisions of sections, and ia uusurveyed territory the tract appli- ed for shall be staked out. Each application must be accom- panied by a fee of which will refunded if the rights applied for are not available but not otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the mer- chantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton. Every oJ coal mining which are not being operated shall furnish the district Agent of Domin- ion Lands with a sworn statement to PARTNERS WANTED An experienced surveyor and farm er wants to sell practical fanners part that effect at least once in each year. The lease will include' the coal mining rights only, but the lesee may. be permitted to purchase whatever iii available surface rights may be con- of select tract wheat land owned by i..-.. sidcred necessary for the working of the mine at the rate of an acre. For full information application should be made to the Secretary of him in choicest part of Great Fertile Belt of Central Alberta. Open lands; deep rich soil; good fresh water. Good terms to the right parties. Apply at once to Geo. De Lury, Hotel Dallas. 58 C FOR SALE A four roomed house and two lots, in North Ward, on McKay street, water and sewer being put in, close to school. Part cash, balance easy terms. Apply McKnight Bros., North Ward. 159 6 .WITH. JUS. FRAME Satisfaction Guaranteed PHONE 289 WANTED DAY WORK washing or cleaning by respectable woman. Adress Mrs. K., Post Office, Lethbridge. 1GO-6 ihe Department cf the Interior, Ot tnwa, or any Agent or Sub-Agent ol Dominion Lands. W. W. CORY, Deputy Minister of the Interior. publication of. ihis advertisement will not be paid for. w FOR QUICK SALE acres of selected land east of Stirling on the new-survey line of C. P. R., Weyburn branch, at a snap price, if sold at once. Apply Owners Box J., Herald. 1G02 I GET YOUR NO TRACE OF LITTLE GIRL Winnipeg, Man., June to onight no trace of the missing little girle Olive Dcwpra but a bunch of lowers found yesterday afternoon was secured by some searchers. AT I GERMAN'S I LOST One black marc and one black geld ing, reached manes, branded quarter circle G on'left thigh. Suitable reward for return or information leading to recovery. Jessup Hopkins' Camp, at No. 3. 160 G TENDERS WANTED t SEALED TENDERS will be receiv- ed until Tuesday noon, June 30, 1903. for the purchase and removal of the present Presbyterian church. Highest or any tender not necessarily accept- ed. For all particulars apply to A. B. Stafford, Lcthbridge. 153 10 'W CHINA CABINETS One of the most artistic M well M useful tniclei of Household Furaiiure. We them in golden oak, and early Eng- lish finish. If the suit you the prices snrcly will. WEK CAB OHMS LOOK AT THE LABEL and be sure you drink only those! beverages bottled by the Lehtbridge Brewing and Malting Co., Ltd. This name on a battle is a gilt edge guar- antee that the contents are absolutely The Miller Brothers secured pos- session of three of ihese brutes, sev- eral were bought by the Duke of Bed- ford and taken to England, and the an; bt-inir kept for exper- imental purposes in Russia. Attempts to subdue the wild natures of the beasts have failed in all three conn- tries. They will no' submit to man. They Imte and arc afraid of him and can not be rendered serviceable. After long daily struggles with the horses in the stout corrals of their ranch, the Millers pave up in despair, and added them tn the complement of wicked-eyed prairie "bucking" horses which went out with the show. Limb nnd evon are at stako for the rider 1-3 they I City of Lethbridge at the office of the City Engineer until 12 o'clock noon Tuesday, June 23rd, 1903, for the construction oi approximately 000 snnnrf yawte at Cement Sidewalks and Lineal feet of curb and gutter. A certified cheque for the sum of FIXTURES, SHADES, TELEPHONES, MOTORS, Etc. McKenzie Roy ELECTRICIANS Repairs Promptly Attended (o Phone 204 NicHt 229 one thousand five hundred dollars payable to the Secretary- Treasurer of the City of Lcthbrdge must accompany each proposal as a guarantee that the successful bidder will within six days after awarding [of the wcrl: enter into a contract with I the City. Satisfactory- bonds will be required for the faithful execution of the con- tract. 1 Plans and specifications may be seen at the office of City Engineer. No hid necessarily accepted. C. M. ARNOLD, City Engineer, j ill. T..__ (YtV. IftAO I and owned solely hy him, not 'osa than eighty (80) aciea in extent, in the vicinity of his homestead. Joint ownership of land will not meet thia requirement. (3) If the father (or mother, if the father is deceased) of a homeateader has permanent residence on farming land owned solely by him, not less than eighty acres in extent, in the vicinity of the homestead, or up- on a homestead entered for by him in the Ticinity, such homesteader may perform his own residence duties by living with ihe father (or (-1) The. term "vicinity" in the two proceeding paragraphs is defined aa meaning not more than nine miles in a direct line, exclusive of tue width' of road alloxvanccs crossed in the measurement. (5) A homesteader intending to perform his residence duties in ac- cordance with the above while living with parents or on farming land own- ed by himself must notify the Agent for the district of such intention. Six months' notice in writing must be given to the Commissioner of Do- minion Lands at Ottawa, of intention to apply for patent. W. GORY. Deputy of the Minister of the Interior. publication of this advertisement wil) not be paid for. First-class Cafe IN TUBER UTEl DIKING Short Order Between Meals CARROLL DOYLE ;