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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 21, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE UTHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, June 21, 1973 UHTOItlUS Will the SOS be heeded in time? Spare us the hokum, please There are shortages of gasoline and fuel oil in several parts of the U.S. Oil companies insist these are due to circumstances they could neither anticipate nor control; others claim the shortages are due to either very bad management or outright manipu- lation by the oil companies. Whoever is right, the U.S. needs more oil. Eighty per cent of the world's ouY including most of that imported by the U.S., comes from the Middle East, where it is produced by the 11 nations that make up the Organi- zation of Petroleum Exporting Coun- tries For all practical pur- poses, then, world crude oil prices are set through negotiations involving OPEC, which has just obtained a 11.9 per cent increase to offset the recent devaluation of the U.S. dollar. There have been predictions of higher prices for oil products all over North Ameiica ever since the first signs of shortages were noted. In Can- ada, authorities insist there need be no fear of a shortage, but neverthe- less the federal government is re- stricting oil exports. An official of a major oil company, perhaps the largest that does business in Canada, spoke recently in support of his company's contention that a higher price for Canadian oil is jus- tified, but that restrictions on export- ing it are not. He based his position very substantially on the principle that "Canadians are entitled to a fair market price for their as he phrased it. One wonders which Canadians he is talking about? Just who, in this country, will benefit from this "fair market price" i.e., a higher price than at present for Canadian oil? And more important, who is going to pay the higher price? As to who will benefit from higher prices and the removal of export re- strictions, it is hard to see how any- one will profit more than the oil com- panies themselves and the people who own them. Canadians? A few, per- haps. But according to published fig- ures on foreign investment in Can- ada, well over 90 per cent of the "Ca- nadian" oil industry is owned by non- Canadians. If there is some doubt about which Canadians will profit from higher oil prices, there is none about which Canadians will pay them. Not just the car, truck and tractor owners who buy gasoline and diesel fuel, not just the people who heat their homes with fuel oil or other petroleum products, not just those who use electricity from oil-fired thermal generating plants, but every single Canadian who buys anything or has it delivered that is produced by an oil-using com- pany. And that doesn't leave out very many. In short, the statement "Canadians are entitled to a fair market price for their oil" is sheer chicanery, a mere- tricious phrase with all the ear-marks of deceitful advertising, the sort for which some business firms are being prosecuted, and deserve to be- It is probably on the cards that the price of oil products will rise, though it is a pretty dubious proposi- tion that the cost of oil in the ground under Western Canada must auto- matically rise every time the sheiks and shahs of OPEC manage to ex- tract more dollars from the U.S. But surely that's enough. If Canadians must pay more for the oil that is supposed to be their own, so be it; they can be spared the insult of this kind of justification. Unsublime to ridiculous The safety razor people have de- monstrated once again that there need be no end to the exercise of ingenuity, either in the solving of technical problems or in marketing. After having finally produced a shaving device they said was noth- ing less than the ultimate in effi- ciency and comfort, and having ex- hausted their not inconsiderable store of superlatives in so describing it, one might have thought they would rest on their laurels, content that in this imperfect world there was at least one shining example of manu- factured perfection. But no; rather than being the end, this was just another challenge. And soon there was the double blade. The second blade snicks off those wily little whiskers that snap back after being shortened by the first one. Silly, eh? But wait! That's merely a single-double blade. Now, Phillip Morris Inc., which owns a razor company or two, is launching the Personna Double II, A double-double blade, which it will spend several million dollars to promote as "the first cartridge (sic) shaving system with twin blades on two sides." The first, please note; it won't be the last. It is characteristic of the way in which business is conducted nowadays that once a product comes on the market, unless it is an abso- lute bust, it will very shortly have numerous imitators. But that's not all, by any means. This may be "the first with twin blades on two but nothing has been said about there being three sids, or even four. And if there is a case sorry if a case can be made for double blades, then why not triple, quadriple or any other number? With money enough for promotion, there's no good reason why the shavers of the world cannot look forward to Triple III, or Quad IV, the Double Quad, the Triple Quad, the Super-Triple Quad, and then the Quint series, an endless line of "improvements" until, one must assume, shaving will be done with an implement having rows and rows of blades, called the Multi-Super-Infin- ite Ultimate Eternal Omega or something of the sort, and that looks like a potato-masher or a small base ball bat. And anyone who thinks the suckers won't buy and use it just doesn't un- derstand modern merchandising. The casserole Those lingering doubts about the nostal- gia fad being "for real" must have been dispelled when Mart Kenney and his West- ern Gentlemen, whose theme-song "The West, a nest, and you'' haunted the air- waves before and during the Second World War, appeared in person all 10 of them at the Crystal Ballroom in Vancouver last weekend. Every so often Israeli Premier Golda Meir comes out with a sharp observation that reaches the rest of the world. Her latest comment on bureaucracy is memor- able. It is "A bureaucrat is like a nail with no head. You stick him in somewhere, and then there's no way to pull him out." men. That's true, but it should be kspt very quiet or it ruins the whole racket." A lovely cartoon appeared the other day in The Hamilton Spectator (who got it from the Sun It dspicts two young men, decked out in clothing that subtley but umistakably suggests univer- sity, and probably the Ivy League. One is saying to the other "I'm reading philos- ophy, on the basis that it will help me to accept not being able to get a job when I've graduated." In the continuing battle of the sexes, Miss Anita Loos must have scored a point or two with her comment "The people I'm furious with are the women's liberationists. They keep getting up on soapboxes and proclaiming that women are brighter than After taking a whole day to completely reverse herself on the matter of retirement from the movie business, actress Brigitte Bardot is quoted "You know I change my mind like changing a shirt. Maybe tomor- row I'll decide to go into a convent." That's quite a mixture of metaphors. To some, the experience of seeing this fam- ous beauty change her shirt might approach the sublime; the idea of the fabulous BB in a nunnery is clearly ridiculous. He should be so lucky By Dong Walker The minister of McKillop United Church, Blake Anderson, has an engaging way of acknowledging a tendency to forgetfulnesa he invites the people in the congregation to make additional announcements or offer corrections during that part of the service which used to be graced with the designa- tion, The Intimations. On the Sunday before Father's Day Blake had made a couple of references to it being that important occasion so when the opportunity came Phil Blakeley spoke up and asked if the minister was sure it was THE day. When Blake admitted un- certainly Phil asked if he had received any gifts. said Blake and with that the case was closed but finished with. After the service Joyce Anderson con- fessed that sli3 had confused Blake by be- ing confused herself about the day. said Joyce, "he was not telling the tru'Ji when he said he didn't get anything he got a kiss." By Brace Whltestone, syndicated commentator The current and emerging economic situation continues to cause deep concern. We are in the midst of a period of econo- mic expansion that cannot be sustained for long. Late this 'year, or no later than early 1974, the real rate of economic growth may be only a small fraction of the current rate and a complete lack of real growth cannot be entirely ruled out. This volatility in the be- havior of our economy will re- sult largely from the imperfec- tions in governmental stabil- ization policies. Since the trough In economic acitivity in 1970, several sectors have undergone significant growth. Housing activity has surged in spectacular fashion with new housing completions more than 30 per cent above the peak rates in mid-1969. In- dustrial production has climbed more than 10 per cent in the past 18 months and retail sales have been booming. These accomplishments, however, must also be judged on the basis of the they incurred. An enormously stimulative monetary expan- sion has been necessary to fire up the economic boom. This "A simple case of excessively high bank rate, mortgage rate, cost of living and blood pressure On the Hill By Joe Clark, MP for Rocky Mountain The so-called "Capital Pun- ishment Bill" has moved one step further in Parliament. By a vote of 138-114, the House of Commons passed the Bill on second reading. It is not law yet. Indeed, there is every chance it will never be law. Parliament deals with bills in stages. The first stage or first a bill and is virtually automatic. The second stage or second read- ing is a vote on the principle of the bill. If a bill gets through this stage, it goes "into where it can be amended. This bill is "in committee" now. I was one of three Alberta MPs who voted to put it there. (The others were Jed Baldwin of Peace River and Doug Roche of Edmonton Strath- The bill and amend- ments to it must come to another vote, after the discus- sions "in Only if it passes that vote, can it be- come law. So far, there is no indication when that vote will come, although it will probably be after summer. I supported the Bill on sec- ond reading for one reason: to get it amended. Although the replies to my questionnaire sent out to con- stituents showed the majority in favor of capital punishment, almost half of the replies show- ed support for some alternative to the death penalty, i.e. some lengthy fixed term of imprison- ment. As it stands now, the bill pro- vides a death penally for two types of murder only the murder of a policeman or of a a prison guard. That is the same law we have now. In practice, that law has not been enforced. People have been convicted of the murder of po- licemen and prison guards, but no one has been executed. If this bill had been defeated on second reading, we would have gone back to the law passed in 1961. The law provided a death penalty for more types of mur- der it was not restricted to the murder of policemen and prison guards. But the 1961 law has exactly the same weakness this Bill has. It doesn't get enforced. Since time began, the cabinet (or its equivalent) has always had the power to spare the con- victed murderer. That power is called "the prerogative of It means that the final decision, in every execution, rests with the cabinet. Mr. Diefenbaker has said that, when he was prime min- ister, one of the most difficult So They Say The world's resources may be finite, but the creativity of man's mind is infinite. Clifton R. Wharton Jr., president of Michigan State University. decisions he faced was the de- cision whether or not to hang another human. Almost every cabinet minister would say the same thing. Probably each of us would, if we had the respon- sibility to execute or spare an- other human. Precisely because that deci- sion is so difficult, cabinets have chosen not to hang people, even if the law says they can. That is one reason why we have to find a different pen- alty a penalty that can be applied. The other reason is that stud- ies show that the threat of ex- ecution does not stop murder- ers from murdering. Most of us might find that hard to believe. But then, most of us are not likely to commit murder any- way. And careful studies of peo- ple who have committed mur- der or who might indi- cate that they would probably kill anyway, whatever the pen- alty. Some MPs believe that soci- ety has no right to take a life. I disagree. Sometimes society must execute, to protect itself. But, in my view, society should execute only when execution serves a purpose which nothing else can serve. Capital punishment fails on two counts. First, it doesn't stop murderers from murder- ing; all it does is put them away. Second, there are other ways to put murderers away. With the bill "in have a chance to introduce amendments which will provide other penalties penalties which might work as a deter- rent and will "put murderers away" without requiring the cabinet to kill them. One pos- sible amendment would be for a long fixed term. That has been proposed by some MPs, and is supported by several others. It would be one way to get a law that works better than either the present bill of the 1961 law, both of which have the fatal failing that they are not enforced. 'Crazy Capers' Letters Theatre not essential I was amazed to read in the June 18 edition of The Herald that University of Lethbridge president Dr. William Beckel is seeking aldermanic support for a million theatre com- plex on the university cam- pus. In his letter to Lethbridge council, Dr. Beckel is report- ed to have pledged two thirds of the cost from the University of Lethbridge (in reality, its share of a tri-university But hasn't the University of Lethbridge already spent its share of this fund? Further, as recently confirm- ed by Advanced Education Min- ister James Foster, the Univer- sity of Lethbridge faces a ser- ious shortage of students a situation so serious, all Alber- ta taxpayers will see their dol- lars being spent on a per student bursary to attract youngsters to the Lethbridge campus. If the enrolment situa- tion is as bad as Mr. Foster (and U of L administrators) claim, how can the University of Lethbridge afford almost million for its share of the com- plex, to accommodate students not yet registered? Dr. Beckel has been told, by Advanced Education Minister Foster, that no new construc- tion will be allowed on campus until student enrolment in- creases and until the univer- sity can show community use of such facilities. The U of L president's letter to council clearly negates full community use of the theatre complex. For million, Dr. Beckel v.ishes to construct a complex designed almost exclusively for his institution. He says com- munity usa "might" be made of the project "where an intimate theatre with a small audience is desirable." Does he consider that space for a "small audience" the best his institution can provide for community involvement? If it's a small audience for theatre" that is de- sired, (he downtown Yates Me- morial Centre, or any of the city's cinema theatres (on a rental basis) can more than fiil the need. And that won't involve a million expenditure. ONE PUZZLED TAXPAYER, Lethbridge. Serious matter How human can these things get. It's go( a screw loose Mrs. J. Daryl Sturrock has been screaming sour grapes ever since she failed to be elected to the board of direct- ors of the Lethbridge Friend- ship Centre over a year ago. Her latest attack has been on the article I submitted concern- ing the purpose of a Friend- ship Centre as outlined in the constitution. She claims I was incorrect. While working at the Centre I was very careful with funds yet she states there is no pro- gram offered which warrants the spending of funds allocated for it. I don't think she has seen the books for months, didn't attend the annual meet- ing and hasn't been present at a board meeting for more than six months. She claims that the president, board members and volunteers at the Centre are always Blackfoot. Anyone attending the annual meeting is eligible to run for office and stands an equal chance of being elected providing he is really interest- ed in the job. When the board and president were elected this year a Native man, not a Blackfoot, was elected and a Native woman, also not a Blackfoot, declined an office due to other commitments. Mrs. Sturrock's claim that the Centre is registered as the Na- tive Friendship Society of Southern Alberta is true; how- ever, the public should know that we were unable to attract Native people to the Centre until we commenced calling it the Lethbridge Friendship Centre, as people were under the mis- taken impression that it was just for natives. We agree with her claim that friendship can- not be confined to the hours between nine and five but we do not have the funds or the staff to run the Centre for 24 hours a day. This would be ideal but is not possible at pres- ent. I am a Penobscot Indian, not a Blackfoot, continuing to work as a volunteer on a part- time basis, and have never found any problem working at the Centre. The only problem arising at the Centre was the loss of it's home and the subse- quent reduction in staff due to financial reasons. SHERLEEN HUNTER Lethbridge. has resulted hi far larger Inputs of new money into the banking system than in earlier years, when less stimulative govern- mental policies were utilized. In addition, the rate of infla- tion during the past two years has been very high for the early years in a period of economic recovery. While much atten- tion has been focused on the rapidly rising prices of farm products, prices of wholesale industrial commodities have also increased. During the first two years of previous econo- mic expansions, both food and industrial prices were usually extremely stable; the exact converse prevails today. Now we are in the midst of an inflationary spiral which, threatens to get out of hand. If additional excesses are to be avoided, checking inflation becomes our first priority. This will become more difficult the longer it is postponed. For ex- ample, the increase in the infla- tionary rate in the last few months will surely complicate the task cf attaining reasonable wage settlements in the months ahead. Price stability now would have gone a long way to assume that inflation had been checked and that moderate wage increases, therefore, were warranted. It now too late to reverse monetary policy without exper- iencing dislocations. The disci- plining of an economic boom must begin before overheating becomes obvious; it should take place with a very early recog- nition of the likelihood of rapid inflation. The time lag between the implementation of govern- mental policies and their im- pact on the economy requires reversal of policies before they are obviously needed. Business trends are frequent- ly only recognized after the initial signs tend to be exam- ined skeptically. By the time there is complete awareness granted to the current cycle, it is too late to shift to a less stimulative government pol- icy, -with disruptions that lead to a general recession. The Bank of Canada will have to assume a large share of the burden of checking infla- tion. This will be a difficult task because major sectors do not wish to moderate their de- mands and yet they all are con- tributing to current-inflationary pressures. These demands will strain the demands for credit, which monetary policy will have to curb by slowing the availability of new funds. There will be a rising demand for funds for several reasons. The most basic force for credit ori- ginates from the vast pool of liquidity already created. Par- adoxical as it may seem, li- quidity creates illiquidity be- cause it fuels inflation and, therefore, the nseds-demands for money multiply. Second, mortgage borrowers will re- quire a near record volume of new credit despite an expected slowing of housing activity later this year. Third, banks already pressed for funds will force bor- rowers out of the banking sys- tem and this will require addi- tional debt financing. Finally, however, business external financing needs will increase as inventory building continues and as capital ex- penditure outlays gather mo- mentum and entail financing. The economic slowdown com- ing later this year should be neither deep nor prolonged if our government can utilize sta- bilization policies to check in- flation. If monetary restraint is to be effective an appreciable amount of money must be de- nied to borrowers. On the other hand, if monetary restraint is not allowed to proceed, it would be inviting inflationary excesses that inevitably would be fol- lowed by a sharp economic con- traction. Some claim "gradu- alism" can work. However, this has never worked as more se- vere measures are required to counteract the liquidity creat- ed earlier. If we pursue policies that will encourage a strong economy without inflation, our period of correction should be no more severe than other post-war re- cessions. If we fail to correct inflationary excesses now, a much more severe economic contraction will be inevitable. The "SOS" signals to our fi- nancial policy managers can be clearly read now. We have to hope that appropriate action will be forthcoming without any further delay. The Lethbridge Herald _____ 5W 7th St S., LetnbrMge, Alberta UTHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published IMS.lflM, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Cfaat Mill Ragbtratton He. Mil Manibar af Canadian Praia tnd ttw Canadian Dally Nawtpapw PvMMian' Aawclatton and tha Audit Buraau of CLEO W MOWERS, Editor and PuMhhar THOMAS H. ADAMS, Managtr DON PILLIW WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER iMHf Editorial Paga 1W HtftALD mVU 1ME SOUTHV ;