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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 21, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 3ft THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, Juno 21, 1973 Prince Igor f tas lasno Prince ib A oJLx Pure vodka. "Without aJ ILkcr of or color or scert. A prince o: 2 otlki. e the France en er tonight. Full of Canadiana This is the gallery in the home of Bill and Jane Long- e'en of Arva, Onf. The home Is a replica of an 18th- century tavern. The house is full of Canadiana pine and pewter. EXTERIOR ALKYD FLAT PAINT EXTER GLOSS PAtIT LATEX BEAUTIFY.. PROTECT. SAVE NOW ON POPULAR PRICED BAPCO EXTERIOR FINISHES! INTERIOR B I LfiiifiitX NEW LATEX WOOD STAINS GAL. REG. 12 NOW ONLY SEM! TRANSPARENT AND SOLID COLOR PLASTIC DROP SHEETS Use for groundsheef, dust cover, painters floor cover, food wrapper. 8'x12' light gauge. A, Regular 49c 0 SPECIAL JL for x 60 YARD MASKING TAPE Regular 98c SPECIAL, PER ROLL 6 FOOT ALUMINUM STEP LADDER Regular 65 SPECIAL 3-INCH FLAGGED NYLON PAINT BRUSH Good quality. Regular SPECIAL JUST SAY "CHARGE OPEN A CONVENIENT HOYT CHARGE ACCOUNT OR USE YOUR CHARGE CARD. OPEN Till 9 P.M. THURSDAY AND FRIDAY NIGHTSI i.19 DOWNTOWN 606-608 3rd Ave. 5 Phone 327-5767 NORTH-LETHBRIDGE 324-13th St. N, Phone 328-4441 Kerosene discoverer founded the oldest museum in Canada By FRED H. PHILLIPS SAINT JOHN, N B. (CP) The man who gave the world kerosene began life as a med- ical doctor, made the first ge- ological survey of New Bruns- wick and founded the oldest museum in Canada. Dr. Abraham Gesner was born at Cormvallis, N.S., in 1797 and seemed possessed from birth with a divine cu- riosity about the world around him. He went to London to study medicine and practised in Nova Scotia for a time but soon came to Saint John. Already interested in natu- ral history and the earth sci- ences, he was appointed New Brunswick's first provincial geologist in 1838, with head- quarters in Saint John. He brought his private geo- logical collection and added more. Moose, deer, caribou and smaller mammals were collected and prepared for display, as well as birds rep- resentative of the Bay of Fundy shore and the upland regions of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Dr. Gesner's museum was ready for the public in 1842. He first rented rooms, then moved into the new Mschan- ics Institute. A request for a grant from the New Bruns- wick legislature was turned down but he carried on. SOUGHT DONATIONS He advertised for "works of art, ancient books and papers, models, inventions, domestic manufactures and curiosities of all kinds Sources of some of the present museum's artifacts from Polynesia and the Far East are revealed in his of- fer: "Masters and super- cargoes of vessels who mass donations will be entitled to free admission and they are respectfully requested to aid in this useful and interesting work." When the provincial govern- ment refused to support fur- ther geological work, Dr. Ges- ner sold his collections and returned to Nova Scotia in 1343. The exhibits remained at the Mechanics Institute un- til 1899 when they were ac- quired by the Natural History Society of New Brunswick, which operated the Natural History Museum until the present New Brunswick Mu- seum absorbed it in 1934. During his survey work, Dr. Gesner had rediscovered de- posits in Albert County in New Brunswick known as Al- bertite. Having previously ex- tracted a lighting oil froln coal, he determined that Al- bertite was a better source of the distillate but his efforts to exploit the discovery were blocked by a court action by coal mining interests. MOVES TO NEW YORK Moving to New York, Dr. Gesner patented his process for extracting kerosene oil and assigned the patents to the Asphalt Mining and Kero- sene Gas Co. of Wilhamsburg, N.Y. He also experimented with electricity, invented an as- phalt paving process .pressed briquettes from coal dust, worked out a process for de- odorizing petroleum oils, dis- covered one of the first wood preservatives, made a fertili- zer from fish, fish offal, sea- weed and shellfish and ex- tracted oils and gelatins from these sources. His efforts were widely rec- ognized with honors and awards but he received financial reward. Abraham Gesner died to Halifax on April 29, 1864, at the age of 67, and was buried in Camp Hill Cemetery. For many years the grave was unmarked and the mia all but forgotten. A suitable monument was raised in 1933, partly through the interest of Imperial Oil Ltd. Meanwhile the New Bruns- wick Museum, by tracing its origin back to Dr. Gesner's modest exhibition of 1842, counts its present age as 131 years. Fred H. Phillips is on staff of New Brunswick Provincial Ar- chives At Fredericton. China issues new call for language revision By JONATHAN SHARP PEKING (Reuter) China has revived the controversial and complex issue of reform- ing the Chinese language and has issued a fresh call for the eventual widespread in- troduction of the Western al- phabet in China. The issue was raised by the Guangming Daily Journal, concentrating on cultural and intellectual affairs, in a col- umn which had not appeared since the cultural revolution, entitled Written Language Re- form. The newspaper, v.hicb de- Indian woman, 98. going to school By WILLIAM B. HEATH LIMA, Peru (AP) the military government announced a program to wipe out illiteracy m Peru, Timetea Ramos de Guzman decided it was time to "learn to sign my name and find out what's going on in the world." So at age 98, Mrs. Guzman, an Inca Indian, is going to school. She is one of the 50 women who have signed up for classes three times a week m the city hall at Rlmac, a working-class suburb of Lima. "We have before us a giant says Gen. Alfredo Car- pio, minister of education. "In spite of efforts made in the past, a large sector of the popu- lation remains illiterate, pre- dominantly peasants who speak vernacular languages." These include many of the poverty-stricken Indian inhabit- ants of Peru's heavily populated Andean Mountain area, where Quechua, the ancient language of the Incas, often is learned be- fore Spanish. Illiteracy also is high in the sparsely populated jungle that makes up the east- ern half of the country. Aside from her age, Mrs. Guz- man is typical of many Peru- vian illiterates, an increasing number of whom migrate to Lima each year in search of jobs and often wind up in the slums circling the city. SYSTEM 'DEFORMED' Officials say they are encour- aged by the response of the thousands of poor who trek to the classrooms in a soon-to-be expanded literacy program. The government says millions of poor are products of a "de- formed" education system that served only the wealthy class The ministry of education es- timates there are about four million illiterates among Peru's 14 million people. The more massive literacy program, Operation Integral Literacy, starts in June The government hopes the program will wipe out illiteracy by 1980. The expanded program, called ALFIN, is not just an ef- fort to teach illiterates to read and write "but will be an at- tempt to make them aware of the historical-social situation in which they says its direc- tor, Alfonso Lizarzaburu. Leaders of the nationalistic, ]eft-of-centre military govern- ment say they want to mould a new capitalist nor will in- clude the large mass of peas- ants who they contend have been ignored or expolited. voted the whole of its back page to this subject, said there are three main fields where reform is needed. These were the sim- plification of Chinese charac- some ClTlnese ad- mit can be as bewilderingly complex for them as for for- popularization of a common dialect throughout China, and the introduction of a phonetic alphabet. Nona of these suggested re- forms is new. As the paper said. Premier Chou En-lai called for their adoption as lerg ago as 195S and fT.e whole question had been re- viewed by Chinese language experts earlier GIVEN FRESH BOOST But the fact that he issue has been given fresh airing is clear evidence that new offi- cial impetus has been given to implementation of reforms. The Guangming daily said the first problem, that of sim- plifying Chinese characters, is "the urgent demand of the broad masses at present." Since the Communist takeo- ver in 1949, more than characters have been sim- plified, usually by reducing the number of pen strokes it takes to write them. The paper said many other characters have become sim- plified in common usage, and it now is necessary to collect and standardize these new and unofficial shortened forms. It added it is also desirable tc cut down the total number cf Chinese according to some estimates exceeds wseding out those which merely dupli- cate others in meaning and pronunciation On the second question, Che Guangming daily said it is an important strategic task "to spread the uss throughout China of a common spoken dialect." This would be the northern Chinese dialect which in China is known as "pu-tung- hua" and in the west as man- darin. The newspaper said there is a huge diversity of spoken dialects in China, which sometimes made oral commu- nications between two Chinese from different parts of country impossible. Citizens of Peking freely ad- mit they often cannot con- verse with natives of Kwang- tung province in southern China. However the two dia- lects have basically similar grammar and the written lan- guage is common to both. The paper said introduction of a Western phonetic alpha- bet must go hand In band with popularization of a com- mon dialect sines it would be useless to have a phonetic al- pnabet if differences in pro- nouncing the Chinese alphabet persisted. THEATRE GETS GRANT LONDON, Ont. (CP) Gallery Theatre in London has received a Local In- itiative Program grant. Marga- ret Watkins, the gallery's pub- licity director, said the grant will finance about 50 per cent of the cost of the school work, and in addition, "it will probably let us do about three productions this fall We'll have to go on from there POLARIZED LENSES POLARIZED LENSES com- pletely eliminate annoying glare from water high- ways and beaches. And now you can hava them in your own pre- scription' Drive more safe- ly See more clearly Fram- ed in our zmgy new plat- ters, squares, ovals or octagons. Order them todayl OPTICAL PRESCRIPTION CO. 2501 15th AVE. Builder: GERSTENBUHLER CONSTRUCTION OPEN: 2 P.M. TO 9 P.M. FRIDAY AND SATURDAY, JUNE 22 AND 23 MONDAY THRU SATURDAY, JUNE 25 TO 30 Presented by PERKINSON ENTERPRISES (FORMERLY EL RANCHO REALTY) 520 6th St. S. Phone 329-0015, 329-0016 SALES CONSULTANTS: KEITH AIKEN, JACK THOMPSON, W. R. PERKINSON, F.R.I.; tAVERNE ACHISON, ESTHER HEPPLER, ERIKA GERSTENBUHLER, LLOYD KNIGHT ;