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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 21, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 42 _ THE IETH3KIDOE HERALD Wcdnoiday, June 21, 1972 Romans had it Rapid transit not a new concept By R. J. ANDERSON Canadian Tress Staff Writer Rapid transit means moving ji moss of humanity from one point to another in tlie short- est possible time at the least cost with the greatest conven- ience to users. It's not a 20th-century phe- nomenon. The Romans faced the problem and met it in. 312 B.C. with the 132-mile Appian Way that ran from Home to lower Italy. The Latin poet Statius called it the "queen of long-distance roads." It is not on record if anyone In the Ontario department of highways applied that de- scription to Highway 401 that runs across the province from Windsor to the Quebec border. When it was built in the 1950s, it was supposed to have solved of Toronto's rush- hour transportation problems. Crossing what then was the northern outskirts of the city, it now is almost in central city and has widened to 12 lanes from the original four. The expressway is only one facet of a complex rapid- transit transportation prob- lem. The HIT, planners now recognize, must encompass underground subways in the cities combined with express bus service on bus-only lanes and train service where prac- ticable. OTTAWA CAN'T HELP The seemingly insoluble problem: how to keep the one-passenger automobile our of the city. HTT, a Cross-Canada Sur vey by The Canadian Pres. shows, is being tackled ir many ways on various levels f government In every prov- nce, The problem is more ressing in some provinces han in others and is demand- ng in the big cities, sped 11- ally in Vancouver, Edmon- 011, Calgary, Winnipeg, To- oisto and Montreal. That throws the burden ipon municipalities. Short of unds, they turn more and uore to provincial govern- ments for assistance. The fed- eral government cannot assist municipalities directly but does so in sueh things as make-work projects that con- ribute to easing the financial oad. In British Columbia, the survey showed, no funds have icen budgeted by the province for HTT as such. Transit sys- tems in the two largest cities, Vancouver and Victoria, are run by a provincial corpora- tion at an annual deficit of about 5-1.5 million, halt ot which is picked up by the pro- vincial government. Coming up in the legislature this year is the Rapid Transit Subsidization Act. If passed, the government will pay half the operating deficit, includ- ing debt charges, of municipal rapid-transit not specified. COST ASTRONOMICAL B.C. has little in the way of expressway highway construe tion and the pressure of traf fie is felt particularly in popu bus Vancouver. Rush-lioui traffic often is jammed ove inadequate bridges crossini Burrard Inlet and there ari plans for highway expansio: and here local controvert comes into play. Should the inlet be bridge! r should a vehicular tunnel e built under it? On the rawing boards are plans for mproved bus service and, .ventually, a light rapid- ransit system of electrified cars operating on existing railway tracks in Vancouver. Alberta has not budgeted funds for rapid-transit systems as such. In the 1908- C9 fiscal year, it budgeted S1G million for expressway con- struction but only million was spent. Smaller amounts were allocated in subsequent years. The province's two largest cities, Edmonton and Calgary, lave discussed plans for sub- way systems but fiothing so far has been done. As else- where, the extremely high costs of subway construction have balked city planners. In Edmonton, a subway system by 1975 has been envisaged but the cost is estimated at more than million. Calgary has a plan for a part underground, part over- head system going from the southern edge of the city to the northwestern outskirts at a cost of million but EO far, it is only a plan. Rapid transit, in the sense of subways and miles of ex- pressways, is not a probleir in the wide-open spaces of Saskatchewan. Saskatoon has its Idlewild Freeway and Re- gina its Ring Road and there is no need so far of municipa' subways in either city. Trans portation improvements vvil come in faster bus service with rural travellers leavinj their cars on the perimeter o the cities and taking the bus downtown. In Manitoba, the only thing esembling an expressway is he Disraeli Freeway, built bout 10 years ago, to link Vinnipeg with suburbs east of he Red River. Public transit n Winnipeg is by bus, with h e provincial government licking up the tab for the sys- em's annual hail in 1071. A stuify in 1908 on Greater Winnipeg's transit needs to 1991 saw the need for an ex- penditure of about 5750 million >ver 20 years for construction ot A 5.4-mile subway, 20 miles of expressways and a 37-mile suburban bellway around the city. So far, it is only a study. In Ontario, with' a dense population and large cities, Ihe emphasis is on all-around rapid transit, subways, ex- pressways, rail commuter service and fast bus service. As of this year, the provincial government pays 75 per cent ot the cost of municipal trans- portation studies, looking to future development. And Ontario is the province where controversy between advocates of more subways- keeping automobiles off the more express- more automo- biles to the cities' downtown the fiercest. Hundreds of millions of dol lars has been spent by the province in expressway con struction throughout the prov ince and more has been spen by municipalities such as To- ronto on city called by detractors the "con Crete jungle." No end to tin dispute is in sight. The provincial goyernmen has contributed hevaily to To onlo's underground transpor- alion system Ihrougli subsi- ies for capital construction nd to operating deficits. Fig- res are hard to come by as or the purpose. Toronto right now is extend-. ng its Yonge St. subway sys- em to the suhurbs, at a cost of many millions, and the To- ronto Transit Commission says it cannot finance any more. It looks to the city and >rovince to finance expansion. Ontario's GO Government of nuter service, from Pickering on the eastern outskirts of To- rrato to Oakville in the west, landles passengers a Hay with the government pick- ing up the annual deficit of nearly million. Also part of GO arc bus services north to Barrio which handle about passengers a day. GO Transit, serving To- ronto, is the only commuter service of its kind in the coun- try. Outside of Toronto as, for instance, in Ottawa, transpor- tation is bus-oriented. But in most centres, planning for rapid-transit service in the form of underground systems is well to the fore. The Quebec government designates grants to munici- palities and they are free to use these for public transit or In Montreal, the Montreal other needs. Urban Community Transport Commission is building a 28- mile; usteusion to the existing IR-mile underground subway system. Tlu's is expected to cost million, financed by the city and possibly In part by the province. _ SIMPSONS-SEARS Summer PROCOLHARUM Records Personal Shopping Only! Limited Quantities Thouiandi of major label stereo albums at one low, low price! Your Choice 99 each BOBBY VINTON Columbia Records ROBERTA FLACK Kinney Records Here are but- a few of the great artists you'll find in this selection. ELTON JOHN MCA Records NEIL YOUNG Kinney Records KMERiCA AMERICA Kinney Records Pacific Gas Electric Brass Ring Frank Sinatra Nashville Brass Flip Wilson Drclls Sammy Davis Stonewall Jackson David Clayton Thomas Neon Philharmonic Curtis Mayfield Ray Anthony Who Ray Price Hank Williams Procol Harum Humble Pie Andy Williams America Records Nancy Wilson Robert Flack Neil Young Jeff Beck Trini Lopez Flaming Ember War Buoys Melanie Donny Osmond Bobby Vinton 5th Dimension Waikikis Jack Jones Cufflinks Steel River Gordon Lightfoot Shocking Blue Turtles JAMES LAST Polydor Records HUMBLE PIE Records ELTON JOHN United Artist: ALICE COOPER" GRAHAM NASH Kinney Record, DAVID CROSBY Kinney Records EVENT ENDS SAT.! P.M. DONNY OSMOND Polydor Records JUST HANGIN' AROUND A human fly? No, it's escape artist Elusive Toddini hang- ing from tlie West Island bridge at Ontario Place in Toronto as spectators walch from land, bridges and pontoon boats. A participant in Magic Day, Toddini, suspended by a rope, escaped from a double straighljacket in one "I'll run right over 'em" Gaglardi issues learning Quality Costs No More at Simpsons-Sears STORE HOURS: Open Daily 9 o.m. 1o p.m. Thursday and Friday 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. Centre Village Telephone 328-9231 By HENNIS BELL VANCOUVER