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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 21, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 38 THE IE1HSRIDGI HERALD Wedrmdoy, June 11, I97J France faces diplomatic row over N-tests London Observer Service PAK1S The latest series' o[ French nuclear lests, which is scheduled to begin at any mo- ment, will signal the end of the assiduous courtship o f South America which France FIRS boon conducting for almost JO years. Defence Minister Michel made France's inten- tions public last week when he announced Dial the tests will go ahead in (lie Pacific Ocean off Tahiti regardless of threats o{ diplomatic reprisals or trade boycotts. Debre's statement followed a warning by Peru's Prime Mini- ster and Defence minister Gen- eral Ernesto Montague San- chez that diplomatic relations would be broken off if Franco exploded another nuclear de- vice in the Pacific. The French have long been aware of the Peruvian position. Last sum- mer they interrupted testing at Mururoa Atoll immediately after an identical threat from Lima. Peru argued that, although its shores are almost miles from the French test site, scientists had proved that crops and pastures in the Andes had been contaminated by fall- out from atomic blasts at Mur- uroa. REPUDIATE AUGIJMENTS The French repudiated these arguments. But after a warning telegram from Peru's Presi- dent, General Juan Velasco Al- varado, President Pompidou called off the tests at the end of August. France tried to save face by claiming that the first explosions had been so success- ful that further tests were un- necessary. In fact, French atomic scien- tists only managed to explode a one megaton miniaturized prisoners Antiquated system could mean trouble bomb bclore the tesls were halted. They did not have lime lo test the bomb in the one-to- two megaton range vv h i c h France requires in order to boost the fire power of its nuclear submarine fleet and its land-based intermediate range ballistic missiles by 1970. Debre vigorously supported t h e arguments Francois Maurin, By LOUISE COOK LONDON (AP) Martin Wright leaned back in his chair, took a sip of tea and mused: "The potential is there, but so far, there haven't been the pro- vocations." Wright is director of tile How- ard League for Penal Reform and he referred to the potential for trouble in British prisons. A recent report on the work of the prison department showed there were prisoners hi the 111 jails and juvenile deten- tion centres or borstals in Eng- land and drop from the 1970 figure, but still large enougli lo cause overcrowding. widespread A spokesman for the home of- fice, which supervises the pris- ons, estimated that p oners are housed in IDth century buildings and M.OOO prisoners share cells originally drcigned for single occupancy. Them are a few ultra-modern prisons which resemble an in- dustrial development more than a jail; about 10 per cent of the convicts are housed in "open prisons" with virtually no bar- rier to escape; guards carry no weapons. ATMOSPHERE IMPORTANT One of the showpieces of the British prison system is Coldin- gley. Opened in 1969, the prison is designed to test the hypothe- sis "that lor a certain type of prisoner, the most important part of his training is to learn to work in an efficient, well-man- aged industrial organization, to have to work under supervision and against the clock in achieving economic levels of output and quality, to earn more or less money according to how hard he works and his own abilities will allow. A prison official explained that, insofar as was possible Coldingley was designed to re- semble the outside world: con- Brando unlikely Russian hero By DEV MURARKA London Observer Service The Soviet union is acquiring a new American hero Marlon Brando. What appeals to Soviet ideologues in Brando is not his personal philosophy as a pro- gressive, which they admit is more akin to Zen-Buddliism than to Marxism. It lies instead In the condemnation of Ameri- can society which Brando voices. For this reason one of Brando's latest films, The God- father, has been praised lavish- ly here and Brando's own ap- proach to the story, about the Mafia, noted with approval. He is quoted as saying: "Be- cause the Mafia patterned it- self so closely and dealt in a hard-nosed way with money it prospered. The Mafia is 60 Brando is furth- er quoted as saying that in the story, when the Mafia decided to shoot somebody, they al ways told him it was just busi- ness nothing personal. And these words brought to his mind McNacnara and Rusk. Had the story been written later the Pope Paul marks 9th anniversary VATICAN CITY (API TM week Pope Paul completes nin years of a troubled papacy. H has stood firm on issues faith, birth control and priestl celibacy despite challenges to papal authority wliich have brought him to tears many times. Close associates have said the Pope is so deeply affected by the revolt in the ranks of lay- men and prelates that he would like to leave the cares of his of- fice. But he feels kings can ab- dicate but Popes cannot. Nine years ago Wednesday, the Pope was elected. A few years later, he started referring in speeches to the "immense of being the spiritual leader of fiOO million Roman Catholics in a fast- changing world. Last April he told a group of nuns in audi- ence: "It would be beautiful lo he able to shake off the burden of the Church and say I do not want it." He will be 75 Sept. 26. That is an at which he expects all ether prelates to resign. But the Vatican has repeatedly depict the pontiff planned to step cown from his papal throne. Despite nine trips to six conti na.Us, thousands of audiences and the pressure of ceaseless responsibility, his health is hold ing up. ames might have been Nixon, aird and Kissinger. Soviet critics are hailing rando's 25-year career as a truggle against the standardi- ation of the commercial cine- although they concede that Jrando has taken part in many 1ms wliich are artistically not ound. But this they explain by aying that early in his career e signed contracts which he egretted later. The point is made that Bran- lo has survived his defiance of he Hollywood system. Others gave in or perished. The uicide of Marilyn Monroe is as an example. One of the films of Brando much lauded here is Burn, di- rected by the 'Italian Gillo Pon- ecorvo. The story deals with he anti colonial struggle against the Portuguese in Afri- ca during the 19th century, and 3rando plays the role of Sir iVilliam Walker, a British in- dustrialist, "an agent of the British monopolies." Sir Wili- am appears at the outset as a progressive who helps the Afri- can rebels to overthrow the colonial regime, and leaves af- ter establishing a new regime of British puppets. Many years later he returns, but this time as an opponent of the freedom fighters, and is killed by the rebels. Sir William had failed lo grasp the change which had come over Africa, and the film is in keeping with Marxist theory that while the capitalists fight among themselves for supremacy, they are united when a threat to their joint position emerges. IGNORED The Russians are claiming hat the film was ignored in the Vest Ixjcause of political preju- dice, but that it has been enor- mously successful in Africa. And it Is for his later roles in such films of protest and accu- victs work a 40-hour week in contrast to the 28-hour average at most other prisons; they are paid in cash, not credit; they can, within certain limits, be "hired" and "fired" from any particular job within the prison; the products of the prison indus- try are marketed in direct com petition with civilian businesses The prison does not coddle its convicts. "Outside the fence it' a hard, wicked said the official, and the prison tries to imitate that world as much as possible. The men are allowed a cer- lain say in Iheir they also must accept, responsibility for their decisions. At present, Coldingley has 222 prisoners. The total capacity is 296. Men from the region are sent to the prison when there are job vacancies, providing they meet certain criteria. They must be over 21, they must have between nine mouths and three years lelt of their sen- tence to serve, they must be physically and mentally able to work a 40-hour week and they must have the potential to de- velop work habits. The atmosphere is that of a factory. There are no uniformed officers, only civilian foremen. But there are uniformed officers patrolling outside with guard dogs. Coldingley is a training prison, one to which sentenced prisoners are transferred after initial assessment in a local prison. Training prisons usually pro- vide more in the way of indus- try, education and rehabilitation for convicts, but only about half the prisoners ever get to these facilities. For the other convicts, the time in prison means at leasl H and probably 16 hours spent in cells some 12 feet long, nine feet wide and eight feet high. There are no toilets in the cells, only chamber pots. Both reformers like the How- of General commander of France's strategic forces, that the tests must be resumed tills year. But President Pomp- idou and other ministers were reluctant to offend Peru which, ever since General de Gaulle's triumphal tour in has been regarded here as the spring board for a French commercial and cultural invas- ion of Lalin America. Peru was the first South American country to buy France's prized fighter bom- ber, the Mirage, five years ago. Soon Brazil, Argentina, Colombia and Ecuador follow- ed suil. France has also been selling helicopters and other military equipment to Peru and its neighbors. These commercia coups created intense annoy ance in the United States which has always looked or Soulh America as an inviol able market for its own arms. French finance Minister Va lery Giscard d'Estaing wa particularly anxious not to up set the South Americans b holding new atomic tests. UNPROFITABLE After attending France' mammoth trade fair s.t Sa Paolo, where the Concorde wa put on show, he reported las September that it would be un rofitable to antagonize such remising customers for the ranco British airliner as eru and its neighbors. However, since last year iere has been a change of cart both in Paris and Lima, 'he French are reluctant to rant hefty industrial loans 'hich Pent Is seeking. Peru ow seems to be lurning to the Jnited States for help. Australian and New Zealand ransport workers are already blacking" French sliips and ircraft and have halted sliip- nents of fresh fruit and meat o Tahiti. A 40-foot ketch named jreenpeace III, which is crew- by a Canadian, an Austral- an and an Englishman, is sail- tig inlo the explosion area in an attempt to prevent the tests. Jacques de Beauinarchais, he new French Ambassador to Britain, says "Our position is quite clear. Northing will stop is holding these tests. Natural- y, we cannot slop anybody 'rom breaking off diplomatic with us. We are deter- mined to go ahead." But, despite their determina- tion, the French are extremely sensitive to the world wide campaign against their nuclear program. Canadian writ er Ben Metcalf, director of the "Greenpeace" move men against atomic tests, arrivec in Paris earlier this month he was Irailed by policcme from Orly Airport to a bridg over the Hiver Seine in th centre of Paris. Metcalf, wh was carrying a petition addres sed to President Pompidou, wa arrested on the spot, detainee for several hours and then de ported to Italy. JUST TIRED yearling moose swam ashore near Manuels on Conception Bay 14 miles west of St. John's, Nflcl. and lay exhausted for several hours. The bay is about 15 miles wide at Manuels. Wildlife officials later tranqtxlized the 450-pound cow and moved her by truck to a wooded area where she was turned loose. OUR FINEST TIRES! sation that Brando is singled out for praise. Soviet critics are coking forward to his new film The Last Tango In Paris and to a film with the British direc- Peler Walkins, which will deal with the tragic fale of the ard League's Wright and the government agree conditions must be unproved. The prison department has embarked on a rebuilding pro- gram in which prisoners them- selves are being trained to do the construction work. The rebuilding program will involve 85 of the 111 prisons in England and Wales and prisoners. The major problem is adapting the old buildings to modern penal techniques. The home office spokesman said most of the institutions were built In the days when im- prisonment meant being locked in solitary confinement. When techniques changed and prison- ers were allowed out of their cells to mingle wilh each other, escapes became easy. Lions install chiefs COUTTS (HNS) Following a dinner served in the CouUs Civic Centre the new officers for the 1972-73 term were in- FLYTE TRftC blaekwcill E78-14 (735x14) THIS WEEK ONLY PRICES INCLUDE AIL FREIGHT CHARGES blackball I WackwoH F78-14 (775x14) G78-14 (325x14) G7S-1S (825x15) WhitewaHs only 1.43 more Tn the followrng sizes. 1 G78-14 (825x14) G78-15 (825x15) (775x15) I 'Available in whifewalls only. BELTED TIRE COR MOTOR TUNE-UP 99 6 CYU CARS CARS 2 TON JACK STAND stalled by the incoming Dis- trict Governor 37C, Ken Gil- bert. President Harold Ander- son, llilk River; 1st vice-presi- dent Nick Lippa, Coutts; 2nd QUAKER STATE SUPER BLEND .58 famous Quaker Slate oil weather molar oil. Limit 5. OIL SPOUT NOW ONLY .42 Model CO-15 Indians in America. Russians vice-president Carl Jansky, are told that he also wants to make a film about the fale of the Amazon Indians at the hands of the "guardians of civ- ilization" in Latin America. Brando is hailed as an acliv- 1st in the causes in which he believes. He is reported to have said that unless the inter-con- nected problems of pollution, over-population and aggression are solved, mankind will per- ish, and (he claim that he reg- ularly gives 12 per cent of his film royalties to promote the welfare of the Indian, Negro and Mexican communities the United Slates is quoted with approval. Ferdig, Mont.; 3rd vice-presi- dent Dallas Dunk, Sunburst, Mont.: secretary Carl Jan- sky; treasurer Aimee Cro- teau, Milk River; Lion Tamer Cliff Larson, Coutis: Tail Twister Chuck Mielki, Sun- First year directors are dene Cody, Milk River, Gus Coolidge, Sunburst; Second year directors are Lloyd F.vers, Coutts, Don Mc- Kee, Oilmont, Mont. Immediate past president is J. J. Grant, Coutts. Gus Coolidge was presented his Zone Chairman pin by Dis- trict Governor Ken Gilbert. ORLON PILE SEAT COVERS ,88 SOLID COLORS Available m fronf, rear, or bucket seals. Choice of 5 solid colors. FRAM AIR FILTERS 96 2 MOST CANADIAN-US. CASS ,FRAM oir fillers meet oil n cw car wa rra n ry requirement.___________ ALL SIZES, ONE LOW PRICE! Full I2-volt buttery wilh over 4 yearc of dependable start- ing power GUARANTEED! Adjustment, if needed, pro- rated on rnonlhs used, based on current selling prices. Famous Ranger compact wilh exclusive fine tuning in burglar alarm system. Modern styling. Mode! RR-45. 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