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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 20, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Scilurdpy, Juno 20, 1970 liruce Hutchison On Being Paid For Not Working The major provisions of the new unemployment i n s u r a n c e White Paper are (1) greatly increased bene- fits, both in more dollars and in fewer disqualifications; (2) greatly extend- ing the number of Canadians cover- ed; and (3) the government paying the shot when unemployment rises above 4 per cent (as it is now.) The new program, which apparent- ly does not yet have the status of government policy but which the gov- ernment is advancing for public dis- cussion and hopefully public approv- al, has several points in its' favor, several against. The benefits ought to be in- creased. As the cost of living keeps going up, the scale of payments es- tablished years ago is more and more inadequate. And it is in keeping with the stead- ily broader concept of social respon- sibility that fewer and fewer ques- tions be asked when a person be- comes unemployed. Pregnancy, for instance, as a cause of unemploy- ment, used to disqualify the woman concerned. That will be changed. The concept of a guaranteed annual in- come, whereby every person and family would get a minimum income from the state whether he was able or willing to work or not, is likely to be publicly accepted and implement- ed in the next few years The extend- ed benefits in the White Paper are in line with that. Bringing a million or so additional people into the scheme, people who by the nature of their trade or em- ployment are hardly likely ever to collect from the fund, pushes the whole scheme farther away from one of insurance to one of welfare. Virtu- ally all employed people will pay into the fund, so it becomes a tax, not an insurance premium. But that, too, is part of today's trend. Finally, all this ties in with the government's anti-inflation program. What wiU happen to the unem- ployed? They must live. It is now proposed that they live a little better, and the government will contribute more out of taxes to support them. Where will the money come from? Hopefully not through government deficits, for these are highly infla- tionary and would defeat the prime government purpose. So the White Paper proposals are only palliative. The citizen is forced back to such basic axioms as these: That the people's standard of living is based on goods and services produced, not on dollar figures on a pay cheque or a coffee can. That the people as a whole are better off only when they produce more. That greater productivity, through improved methods or skills and new technologies, (and these are heavily dependent on new. capital) offer the main hope of higher living standards. That anything that discourages or interferes with the production of goods and services, such as strikes and lockouts, slowdowns, unproduc- tive or unnecessary jobs, monopolis- tic market-rigging, confiscatory taxa- tion, all of these contribute to infla- tion which contributes to unemploy- ment. And then the people turn to fighting over figures what figure should be put down for overtime, what for bank interest, what for in- come taxes, what for a can of apple juice, and all of this solves nothing. Dying Towns Throughout North America the dy- ing town is a phenomenon that re- quires much more attention than it has received to date. This is not to say that people especially those in the dying towns are unaware of the problem. But if anything is done about it, the probability is that it will be an attempt to pump a little life into the town that merely prolongs the agony of dying. There are dying towns even now that are investing money in side- walks, paved streets, sewer systems and community complexes in the hope that these things will reverse the de- cline. But in all likelihood they will not succeed in arresting the dying process for how long. While the improvements make liv- ing more pleasant for those who stay in the communities until death comes, it is questionable if this is a wise use of public funds. The money might better be spent in relocating people in other centres that are likely to survive. Enough studies have now been made to suggest which towns can reasonably expect to have a fu- ture. Many towns throughout North Am- erica were established on the basis of convenience to markets by horse. The automobile long ago made the location of some towns obsolete and they have survived largely for rea- sons of sentiment and lethargy. Municipal administrators in Banff were recently urged to consider the possibility of planning the death of some communities. Mr. Roy Erick- son, deputy director of planning and research for the Provincial Planning Board, admitted that the concept would be politically distasteful but should be pursued nonetheless. The planning of the demise of some towns along with the strength- ening of other towns could have ben- eficial effects for provinces and coun- tries. It might do a great deal to slow down the flight to the major centres which have been growing too rapidly and creating huge prob- lems. Improvement in the quality of living could very well be a result of over-all planning on the life and death of communities Weekend Meditation Jesus And The Adultress are few more typical or drama- tic stories of Jesus than that of the eighth chapter of the Gospel According to John where the Scribes and Pharisees bring to him a woman "taken in asking him for judgment. The law of Moses said that such a woman was to be stoned. "What do you It is curious that they did not bring the man in the case. Such a man was to be strangled. It is very hard for our easy going age to understand such severity, but for the Jews of Jesus' time adultery was one of the heinous sins. It would be well for society if some of their moral indignation could be recovered. It was not moral indignation that induced them to bring the woman to Jesus, how- ever, but quite a different emotion. They were out to trap Jesus. He was already suspect of either being a Samaritan or having a strong Samaritan bias and being no true Jew. If he said she should not be stoned, he would reject the Mosaic law and show himself indulgent of this sinner. He was accused of being too frequently in their company. If he said to stone her, he was equally caught by his reply. Capital punishment had been reserved by the Ro- mans as tiieir own particular prerogative. Only a Roman court could put anyone to death. If he said to stone her, he would also sacrifice his reputation as a merciful man. Tlie dilemma in which Jesus was put by this situation must have been carefully thought out and, if you ponder it, the trap seemed to be a fatal one. He could no more answer yes or no to it than he could answer yes or no to the question, "Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar or If Jesus said yes. he would have offended Jewish patriotism. Had he .said no. he would have had a troop cf Roman soldiers at his door in ten rr.imilos. The reply in that case, as in this, was absolutely bril- liant. The story says that Jesus wrote on the. ground. Now the Greek word means "to write so he may have been ac- cusing them of their sins. The Armenian translation of tire New Testament adopts this idea, writing it into the text. It may have been a delaying action, to give him time to think. Or it may have been an ef- fort to make them think, to make them ashamed' of what they were doing, as ha was ashamed of them. To use a poor wom- an to trap hin: was a despicable thing to do. In the case of the tribute money, it is said, "Jesus perceived their wickedness." He saw their wickedness here too and made them sec it. He made them see something else. Jesus said that a man who looked on a woman lustfully had already committed adultery. Had they then no lustful desire? Were they pure in heart, or was their hatred of her an expression of their own frus- trated desire to commit the sin? He pierced their cruelty and tiieir lust until smitten by shame, they stole away silent- Jesus looked on a sinner with compas- sion. This comes out clearly in the of the Prodigal Son, where the father saw him as coming back from the dead and tha Elder Brother envied his indulgence and hated him for it. It is strarge that the best of men should have been the most forgiving, that sinners should be so un- charitable to a fellow sinner. Jesus left no doubt that she was a sinner and he did not condone UM sin. ''Go, and sin no he told her. But his aim was res- toration and redemption. It has not always been so uilh the church. Look at the frightful record of the church in sup- porting capital punishment, for example. Often men of tho church have been hard, vindictive, and merely punitive ill their purpo.vo. It. is a pity that there was not someone with the genius of Jesus to moko them see their own dark hearts. Prayer: Give me a clean heart, a pure heart, an honest heart, 0 God, a heart like that of Jesus Christ. Big Brother Striding Over The Horizon "PROM the corner of Quad- ra Street and Beck w it h Avenue, in the municipality of Saanich, ri.C., a man with nor- mal vision can sec a long way Ihis summer. He can see. straight into the future o[ the human species. In fact, he can see Big Brother already striding over the horizon, 14 years before George Orwell ex- pected him. To be sure, the well-planned tragedy at the corner of Quadra and Beckwith will be little not- ed nor long remembered by a nation accustomed to tragedies and idiocies of all sorts on a Isrger scale. The nation is in- volved all the same. It, top, will soon feel the tramp cf Big Brother's spiked boots upon its land and liberty. !n this tiny but classic case the Saanich land was set asido by the municipal government (one of the best in Canada) for permanent residential purposes. Under such a safe guarantee some people of modest means and rustic instincts built homes and gardens tnere and thought that their savings and privacy were safe. A pathetic illusion. When the mighty B.C. Hydro, an agent of the British Colum- bia government, tried to install a "service centre" in this green and pleasant region, to spoil it and devalue all the surround- ing acreage, the municipal gov- ernment promptly quashed the scheme. Another pathetic illu- sion. By the backdoor, by secret land purchase and its own subtle methods, Hydro under- took to veto the decision of the local authorities and is going ahead, under tire law, with its perfectly legal crime. This means, among oUier things, that no land or home in Brit- ish Columbia is safe, if Hydro wants it, and no municipality can protect its own citizens, whatever the local laws say. If these problems were con- fined to Saanich, British Co- lumbia or Canada as a whole they might not be very impor- tant. They are important be- cause they represent the com- mon problem of our species which, clamoring for freedom, is busily imprisoning itself. No Canadian, I suppose, is more concerned with '.he deep- ening imprisonment than Pi- erre Trudeau but even he can- not escape it. The prime minis- ter is never tired of preaching what he calls, in a wonderful irony, the ideal of democratic "participation." Everybody is to participate in the great de- cisions of the state. No one is to be left cut. No man or spar- row falls to the ground without the government of Canada not- ing the victim and weeping for him. We are all participants nowadays, all equals of the prime minister with only one exception, the ordinary citi- zen. For observe what happens when a real decision lias to be made. The government tells Parliament on a certain day that the dollar will not be un- pegged and next week unpegs it, changing the value of ev- ery private bank account. No one who understands interna- tional finance can complain on that score but no one outside the sealed cabinet chamber par- ticipated in the decision which apparently was wise. Thus it will be with most big decisions because, in our com- plex and galloping age, the public cannot understand the details of its vital business and must leave it to experts. Let the reader who doubts that fact ask himself whether he under- stands the money mechanism, for example. If so, he knows more than a majority of Par- liament and cabinet, and that seems improbable. The process of centralized de- cision, by a tew men at the top, does not end there and is not restricted to arcane matters like money. Even the govern- ment cannot always understand what it is doing through its vast and sprawling apparatus. With all his private brain trust and intelligence ganglia, Mr. Trudeau can never be sure that some agency or official of the far flung bureaucracy is not doing in some local area precisely the opposite of what "Extinction? That means the inability to adjust to man's the government desires; just as Premier W. A. C. Bennett, the ablest administrator in British Columbia's history, doubtless never heard of what his Hydro is doing at Quadra and Beck- with. Yet we still comfort ourselves with the lollipop of "Participa- a very old idea with a new synthetic flavor, while re- mote and superior authorities, usually nameless and almost always honest, govern the par- ticipant as they think best for him. Against this spreading power a revolution of sorts is under way but it also leads to the same result, if it leads any- where. The rebels cf youth are de- termined to cliange our present North American society or de- stroy it altogether and usher in the. long sought day of Indivi- dual freedom. For two reasons they will fail. In the first place (to use those convenient, misleading labels) the New Left, if it goes far enough, will be crushed by the Old Right, which happens, for the moment, to hold the bal- ance of social power. Or, in the second place, if the accepted measurement cf power turns out to bo wrong under test and the revolution succeeds, it Kill necessarily reduce individual freedom. It cannot do anything else, even if it devises the perfect social system, because that sys- tem must he enforced from above by a few men who alone know w h a t is good for the emancipated masses. Every sudden revolution, as distin- guished from the slower meth- of of peaceful evolution, has so ended, from Napoleon's whiff of grape shot to Stalin's slave camps. We can hardly expect, how- ever, that things will go this way in the North America of our time. A loosely joined, flexible, pragmatic society can stand a lot of strain and nun without breaking down. Left- wards or Rightwards. Somehow it will probably continue to stagger down the middle, changing its direction now and then, as required, just on the edge of disaster. But the dilemma of the indi- vidual remains and deepens. Today, at Quadra and Beck- with, he finds his property threatened with devaluation, his home with the contrived ugli- ness of the state, Tomorrow, or the day after, at the pace we are going now, he and every- body else will find that for all practical purposes he is not even a name any more, only a number in some computer bank far outside Saanich, in New York or the Pentagon. Perhaps we should change the pace and direction before it's too late. (Herald Special Service) Maurice Western Easy To Find Common Ground With Yugoslavs The Solitudes of this coast are those of nature and not of language barriers. Communications sel- dom difficult since English is widely and apparently well taught in the schools a'nd its use is naturally encouraged by the outward looking tourist industry. But there is another factor which makes it easy for a Ca- nadian to find common ground with Yugoslavs. Differ as the systems may, the practical problems that have to be tack- led are astonishingly similar. Any Yugoslav will converse for hours about inflation, regional disparities, UK war on pov- erty, difficult racial problems (the pollution and specialty of the older gener- ation the driving habits of the young. Even the framework is sur- prisingly similar since fed- eralism in Yugoslavia is not a facade, as it is in Russia. Where are investment funds to go; to reinforce economic suc- cess in Dalmatia or, in accord- ance with some equalization formula, to ensure fair shares for Coast and Karsl, for Slo- venian roads and Macedonian industry? Such problems a Ca- nadian will instinctively under- stand, whatever difficulties he may have with the refinements of overall Yugoslav economic theory. How do you provide employ- ment in Cctinje which lies cradled in a rocky wasle that would deter even a hungry goat? The Yugoslavs have put a refrigerator factory there. While this is not quite as un- likely as it seems, one sus- pects that it was originally lo- cated there more for social then for strictly economic rea- .sors. It hos occnsionnlly suggested that Mr. JIarcli.ind's department does similar tilings for similar reasons. On? may surmise that a good deal of heart searching preceded the great push on the Adriatic. Fortunately, four republics front on the riviera. By far the largest part is Croa- tian, Herzegovina possess i n g only a tiny window of a few kilometres. But in the north the Slovenes possess a sub- stantial interest and in the south the Montenegrins profit from the most spectacular of all the rivieras; an asset they certainly need in view of the desolate character of much of their mountain homeland. There are some doubts even now. One can hear Croats worrying aloud about develop- ment going wild and spoiling the natural beauty of the coast. They sound exactly like Arthur Laing defending our wilder- ness parks. Again there are those who fear that the new Adriatic affluence (for many have made money in paradise) will create social strains in a country of egalitarian ideals. What answer is there for the very thoughtful lady troubled by the impact of all this com- mercialization on a people with the friendliness and openness of an essentially simple so- ciety? All that can be said, presumably, is that the dread- ed change has not happened yet. If there are friendl i e r people than the South Slavs (one could write endlessly about I have yet to meet As for wild development, it is reassuring that the south Adriatic agre c m e n t with the international development bank contains restrict ions specifically intended to deter spoliation through indiscrim- inate building. When it comes to the ex- change of ideas, the tourist people of Yugoslavia arc par- ticularly stimulating because, almost by definition, they are avant garde liberalizers, in- novators and modernizcrs with the enthusiasm that comes of undoubted success. On the new issues rising to challenge all societies, they are on the side of the ar.gcls. They arc foes of pollution; they are for more national parks (more to for better highway's and the improvements of stand- ards. The most imaginative sug- gestion I heard was voiced in Cavtat, a small resort south of Dubrovnik. Beneath the waters of the bay, victim of an earthquake a millenium ago, is Epidaurus-, the first Greek colony on this coast. A tourist man, having read of the international effort of Abu Simbel, propounded to me an inspiring, although distressing- ly misty, scheme for creating a Yugoslav pompeii. Its prac- ticability may be in question and it appeared a new thought to his superiors but, in these days who knows? In the matter of standards, the tourist people, it seems to me, have an excellent case for their remarkable enterprise on the Adriatic. Their activity must have osmotic effects on tha Balkan and often backward hinterland. Where anc lent ways prevail, the initial prob- lem is to create a demand for improvements. (Om- Indian problem has comparable ele- Visitors in vast numbers are not content to spend all their time in coastal hotels despite amenities and modern plumb- ing. Competing tourist agen- cies arc understandably eager to show them the interior where Turkish monuments, not infrequently, arc superior to Turkish plumbing. So the amenities have to be carried back where they are bound to excite the calculating interest of people hitherto content with more traditional Balkan ar- rangements. The story of mod- ernization has not been so dif- ferent in Canada. In addition, there are areas of Yugoslavia, as of this coun- try, which have ro endowment of industiy 'attracting re- sources and could offer only a meagre life to the people cling- ing to them. But a new road to a beauty spot in a region such as the Lika can start a stream of tourists scattering dollars for native crafts and creating economic activity where little before existed. The.west and north of Can- ada, as we are accustomed to say, is "young man's coun- try." Among the young people of Yugoslavia one can sense nowadays the same sort of ex- hilaration (almost at times of wonder) that produced that phrase. It may be a bit diffi- cult for people at a distance to appreciate this because we tend to measure other lands by our own standards of for- mal democracy. But never in this part of the world was there a generation which saw such opportunities opening be- fore it; a wide choice of occu- pations, the opportunity to buy automobiles (many elders wish they freedom to travel abroad'. Their future depends, of course, on their ability to stick together. It is doubtless for this reason that many people, non-Communists quite as much as Communists, worry about what will happen when Mar- shal Tito is gone from the lead- ership. Perhaps the best as- surance is that they have now more to lose from disunity than ever in the past. One of our guides had a for- mula, eloquent if not entirely accurate, which, in summing things up, brought to mind some of our own contempor- ary problems. It ran like this: "Yugoslavia is a country of seven frontiers, six republics, five languages, four religions, three nationalities, two alpha- bets and one sim the pres- ervation of national unity." An eminently sensible objec- tive. (Herald Special Service) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1320 Two died in a race riot in Chicago today after sev- eral whites tried to break up a parade of the Order of Ethiopia. 1830 The United Fanners of Alberta, under the gmdance of Hon. J. E. Brownlee en- tered its third term of office in Alberta today. 1910 Joe Louis won the heavyweight boxing crown after blasting Chilean Arturo Godoy in a 15-round bout last night. 1950 The bodies of five miners trapped one weej? ago in a flooded tunnel at Ca'domin have still not been located. The five were believed drowned. I960 John Kelly, father of Princess Grace of Monaco died in Philadelphia today. Kelly, 70, had been ill for a long period of time. The Lethbtidge Herald 504 7th 51. S., Letnbridge, Alberta LETHBRJDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Number 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and tlic Crnadian Daily Newspajw Publishers' Associatioa and th9 Audit Bureau of circulations CLEO W. MOWEHS, Eiliior nnd Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM RAY Managing Editor Associate Editor HflY F. MILES DOUGLAS K WALKFJ AJvcriismc Manacer Editorial PiRB Editor '7HE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;