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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 19, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 24 LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, June 19, 1974 T; 7. SHETLAND Approximate oil exploration zones Ocean REPUBLIC OF IEELAND Soviet presence, terrorist attacks feared British review North Sea security DON'T BE SQUEEZED FOR TIME! CITY TAXES ARE NOW DUE City Property Taxes are now due and must be paid by p.m. FRIDAY, JUNE 28th or a penalty of 1 per month (July to 2% for November and 2% for De- cember will be assessed on all overdue taxes. It is to your advantage to take care of your taxes now! CITY OF LETHBRIDGE By RICHARD BURT Christian Science Monitor LONDON, England British military planners are taking a hard look at the defence problems presented by the development of the North Sea gas and oil fields. Until recently, the only military service actively engaged in examining the security aspects of offshore oil development was the United States navy, and this concern was focussed primarily on the navigation hazards posed by the erection of deepwater exploration and pumping rigs. For a variety of reasons, however, strategists in Britain have begun to study the difficulties involved in providing for the defence of Britain's burgeoning offshore petroleum industry from external attack. Britain's oil fields in the North Sea now stretch almost continuously round the coast of Scotland "into the Celtic Sea off the coast of Wales. Twenty-five drilling rigs are in place along the British edge of the continental shelf, and another 15 will be erected by the end of the year. In addition. 23 production platforms currently are pumping gas to the mainland. According to military analysts, these facilities will soon become primary targets for a wide range of conventional and unconventional military attacks. More than billion has been invested in the fields and many billions are expected to follow. For this reason alone, both industry and government officials have called for more extensive security precautions. Of greater concern to strategists is the fact that by the late 1970's. the fields are expected to furnish more than 80 per cent of Britain's fuel needs, as well as a large proportion of the requirements of the remainder of Western Europe. The threat to Britain's offshore oil industry is thought to possess two dimensions. The most obvious is the gradual, but steady expansion of a Soviet naval presence in the oil-rich region. This expansion not only makes the offshore facilities especially vulnerable in time of war, but it is seen as providing the Soviet Union with potential political clout in regional disputes arising over resource claims. A more unconventional threat is posed by terrorist groups, such as the Irish Republican Army or Arab commandos, who could easily sabotage vulnerable equipment, especially pipeline junction points on the coast. In an attempt to counter these possibilities, defence minister Roy Mason has asked the government's defence and scientific advisory council to investigate the options available to the government military services by beefing up their capabilities in the North Sea. Although the council is not due to issue its report until early next year, the services already are requesting new weapons and expanded force levels to meet the task. The Royal Navy is outfitting a small fleet of patrol boats which will continuously operate in the region and also is discussing a new craft especially designed to protect offshore rigs. The Royal Air Force's responsibility for providing for air defence of the region is complicated by the fact that it lacks sufficient aircraft to maintain standing patrols in the area. Thus, defense officials are pushing for increasing Britain's nine-squadron fighter force and the replacement of older maritime reconnaissance planes with the new Nimrod surveillance aircraft. Another possibility under consideration is the installation of early-warning radar on. the offshore platforms and the deployment of Harrier short-take-off fighters and armed helicopters on oil rigs for use as air and surface ship interceptors. These plans must, however, win the approval of the Labor government, which is carrying out a major review of British defence spending in order to make substantial reductions in the defence budget. Defence ministry officials do not believe these cuts will affect the North Sea defence effort. They note the strong emphasis that Mr. Mason and other government ministers in parliamentary debate gave to the defence of the British homeland, and predict that defence cuts will be made primarily in military deployments in the Mediterranean and the Far East. If major reductions are ordered for British bases in Singapore, Malta, and Cyprus, then the service may be free to go ahead with their plans for the North Sea. However, the Wilson government is under strong pressure from the Nixon administration to maintain a global military posture, particularly naval deployments in the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean. Later this month, Mr. Mason will travel to Washington to discuss the government's defence review with secretary of defence James R. Schlesinger, and experts here believe that Mr. Schlesinger will strongly counsel against British cuts in the Middle East. Until this issue is resolved, plans for the defence ot North Sea oil remain uncertain. Divers recover ancient tramp vessel from sea By STEVEN V. ROBERTS New York Times Service KYRENIA, Cyprus About years ago, a tramp merchant ship set off on a journey through the eastern Mediterranean, stopping at such islands as Samos, Kos and Rhodes, trading in oil and wine, millstones and almonds. Less than two miles outside this port on the north coast of Cyprus, the ship sank in 100 feet of water, probably while trying to ride out a storm. A bit off schedule, the old tramp has finally made it to Yrenia. Unearthed from the sea floor by a team of archaeologists, she is the oldest vessel ever recovered from underwater, and the se- cond oldest known to survive from antiquity, according to Michael L. Katsev, the direc- tor of the excavation. The older one is a Nile River boat. After seven years of work, this ''time capsule." as Katsev calls it. is going on public display soon, with air- conditioning to preserve the wood. The setting will be the former barracks room of a Crusaders' castle that has guarded the entrance to his lovely harbor since A.D. 1200. The work-eaten, weather- beaten skeleton still bears the mark of a skilled and dedicated craftsman. "He built it to last." said the archaeologist, gazing up at the wide-bottomed hull, curving gracefully, almost languidly, toward the barrel-vaulted ceiling of the castle. "He built it with his name on it. He was saying, this is my work, and I'm proud of it." The resurrection of this "giant jigsaw puzzle" began in 1965. when a local sponge diver noticed a large cache of amphorae embedded in the bottom. Katsev. a doctoral candidate at the University of Pennsylvania, and his wife. Susan, a sculptor and draft- sman, met on an earlier un- derwater excavation in Turkey. They came to Cyprus in 1967 looking for a promising wreck, and were told about the vases. Extensive surveys convinc- ed the Katsevs that the find was worth pursuing, and they went back to the United States to raise money and recruit a team The total cost of about has been borne main- ly by the National Geographic Society, the national endow- ment for the humanities, the Cyprus Mines Corporation and the Cook Foundation. The best to you from Palm. Ice Cream. PHLM PALM LORIES LIMITED Prices Effective to Saturday Closing, June 22nd, 1974 We Reserve The Right To Limit Quantities REYNOLDS ALUMINUM FOIL WRAP LOBLAW TOMATO KETCHUP 32 fl. oz. bottle THRIF-TEE MIXED NUTS RALSTON PURINA CAT FOOD 13oz. net wt. tin Sea-nip Dinner. 18 oz. net wt. pkg. BURNS 15fl. oz. tin STEWS KRAFT CHEESE WHIZ 2-lb. net wt. jar YORK FROZEN 6 fl. oz. tin ORANGE JUICE WEST MARGARINE 3-1 b. net wt. pkg. 499 459 Government Inspected Canada Grade M "Utility" Frozen YOUNG TURKEYS BBQ Size. 6 to 14 Ib............................... Ib. WE REGRET ALL MEAT SPECIALS ARE SUBJECT TO "WHILE SUPPLY LASTS" BECAUSE OF MEAT PACKERS DISPUTE Government Inspected Beef Sausage Bulk Store Wrapped Ib....... An Economical Blend of Choice Beef Trimmings and Vegetable Protein Nutriburger GOVERNMENT INSPECTED SCHNEIDERS GOVERNMENT INSPECTED SCHNEIDERS WIENERS HAM STEAKS 7Q Skinless. 4 Varieties. Ib............... Boneless. 6 oz. net wt. pkg.......... Skinless. 4 Varieties. Ib. GOVERNMENT INSPECTED SCHNEIDERS SAUSAGE Pure Pork. Ib................ Serve with Ice Cream Cantaloupes Boneless. 6 oz. net wt. pkg FAMILY PACK FAMILY PACK PORK LOIN CHOPS 95 3i99 0 0 o Alpine Club r I 28 fl. oz. bottle Pride of Arabia Instant Coffee 10 oz. net wt. jar Canada No. 1 Grade Canada No. 1 Grade PEACHES TOMATOES III III ;