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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 19, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI UTHMIDGI HMALD 19, 1973 EDITORIALS Realists may force peace on world Important visit The Watergate hearings will prob- ably continue to hold the attention of a majority of people this week but a potentially much more important event is that of the visit of Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev to Washing- ton. This visit is much more than a social call; substantive agreements are likely to be reached that will affect the course of the world for some time to come. An indication of the serious nature of the visit is to be found in the preparation that has preceded it. Dr. Henry A. Kissinger, President Nixon's foreign affairs adviser, ear- lier visited the Soviet Union where he had four entire days of the un- divided time of Mr. Brezhnev and his foreign minister. Mr. Andrei Gromyko. A.S a consequence of such preparation the two heads of state can get right down to business. It is expected that agreements -will be reached on the sharing of scien- tific and technological information, on trade, and other matters. There could even be significant progress made toward arms limitations. In an article on this page William Saffire, who worked for President Nixon prior to recently becoming a New York Times commentator, explores some of the long-range pos- sibilities of agreements that will en- able the U.S.S.R. to benefit from U.S. technology. The result could be the diminution of differences be- tween communism and capitalism or it could equip the Communists to seek world dominance. Apparently Mr. Nixon is going to gamble on the first alternative. This represents a nearly incredible change in Mr. Nixon but it accords better with the realities of the world today than would a rigid anti-Corn- mumst stance The fact is that for all the trouble he is in over the Watergate mess Mr. Nixon hoTds a better hand than Mr. Brezhnev and both of them know it. Parting gesture? The latest Vietnam communique could be the parting gesture of the Americans; their lengthy and disas- trous involvement in the tangled af- fairs of Indochina could come to an end. But that will depend largely on President Richard Nixon and he re- mains inscrutable on this and many other issues. On the surface, the communique reveals little more than that all sides are still willing to reaffirm on paper their January agreement to a cease- fire and commitment to political con- ciliation in Indochina. Henry A. Kis- singer, President Nixon's foreign af- fairs adviser and negotiator, has con- ceded that the 14-pomt document provides only "fresh hope" that a "new spirit" may emerge to achieve what the original ceasefire agreement in January failed to do. Unless there were secret agree- ments the hope of a new spirit pre- vailing appears slender. All indica- tions are that North Vietnam re- mains aggressive and that the Thieu government in South Vietnam con- tinues to be opposed to giving the Vietcong much of a voice in the government. That spells continued struggle. Nothing new seems to have emer- ged regarding Cambodia. The new document says merely that article 20 of the original agreement, dialing with Laos and Cambodia, "shall be scrupulously implemented." that article calls for the end of all "mili- tary activity without deadlines having been set. The Americans have been bombing Cambodia with the inten- tion of forcing a ceasefire agreement there but it hasn't worked and won't work now that the U.S. Con- gress has indicated its clear intention to cut off the funds for the bombing. The smartest thing Mr. Nixon could do would be to voluntarily end the bombing and in due time abandon Indochina to its fate If the Viet- namese signatories fail to evince a new spirit, that should be the excuse needed for the abandonment. How- ever, it is merely speculation to sug- gest the communique might be a part- ing gesture. The American invest- ment in trying to prevent a Commun- ist takeover has been too great to permit abandonment with equani- mity no matter how hopeless the sit- uation may seem. Clearer direction needed It is easy to miss two important features while visiting Fort Macleod unless visitors are alerted to the ex- hibits just beyond the east gate of the fort. The small, unpretentious sign above the narrow exit leading to the law office of the late Sir Frederick Haultain and the adjoin- ing hand-painted teepees, hangs in a rather inconspicious, easily-miss- ed corner. Fort-goers, noting the lettered identification, who peer through the gate to view Haultain's office see only an expansive lawn. It requires a concentrated gaze or actually stepping through the gate to bring the office and teepees into view. The law office is of particular in- terest to visitors (especially west- erners) as it was on this particular site Sir Frederick Haultain, elected premier of the Northwest Territor- ies (then Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba) in 1897 commenced his law practice at Fort Macleod as early as 1884. A continuous record- ing gives his history. Artifacts in- clude his office and home furnish- ings. The teepees are replicas of those of the Plains Indians. Visitors entering the fort enclos- ure are immediately impressed with the Kanouse building, housing arti- facts used by early area pioneers, around which the replica of the fort was erected; the various turn-of-the- century types of transport housed in the vehicle shed, the Northwest Mounted Police museum with its relics of early Indian culture and interesting dioramas, the chapel, medical-dental building, blacksmith shop and Fort Whoop-up cannon all located within the fort square- But because the law office and teepees are sited outside the wall viewers, en- grossed with the past, could easily miss them. Even the visitor's bro- chure doesn't help to alert peo- ple. With the law office listed as No. 7 and the Indian teepees, No. 14 the visitor doesn't realize these two ex- hibits can be viewed in sequence. The erection of an eye-catching "Don't miss it" directional sign, the widening of the present east gate or better still, the inclusion of a sec- ond north-east gate between the mu- seum and the look-out post (offering a direct view of the law office and the teepees) would be sure to alert visitors to these two prime exhibits. Visiting the fort is a once-in-a-life- time experience for thousands of vis- itors. To miss any important fea- tures would be a pity. The casserole In addition to all the sensationalism the recent sex scandal, the British press has made some sober comments on the matter. One tnoughtful observation that ap- peared in The Spectator read "The trouble with sensations like the Lambton affair is that they draw attention away from the main area of corruption which is where money and politics deliberately meet, not where sex and politics accidentally coin- cide." The Ontario provincial government has a scheme for replacing various municipal and other councils with a different form of re- gional government. Not all present coun- cillors like UK idea As one of them was heard to observe, there should be some way they can staj in office "to get back the money we spent to get elected That's the democratic way, all right. Towards the end of May various provin- cial ministers of telephones, communica- tions or whatever their provinces call them, met in Calgary to discuss federal minister Gerard Pelletier's "green paper" on com- munications. With those people, and that topic, isn't it a bit ironic that the proceed- ings were held m secret? The message of the 1973 Alberta licence plates is getting around. Mr. Jim Flaherty of Great Falls, "Mr. addressed an envelope to the editor of The Heiald 4 Lethbudge Heiald, Lethbridge, Wild Rose Country." arrived without delay. By William Safire, New York Times commentator WASHINGTON Leonid II- yich Biezhnev's meeting with President Nixon has not been widely heralded. Normally a meeting of that diplomatic magnitude would receive much advance attention and analysis. Now, what with wage-price moves and Kissinger-Tho meet- ings and Senate Watergate hearings, the American attitude toward the Soviet leader seems to be "Make yourself at home, we're a little busy at the mo- ment." Yet the Brezhnev visit is far more than a ceremonial return call after last year's Moscow summit. Sen. Henry Jackson, for one, hopes the meeting will be merely cosmetic; he is fear- ful that substantive matters will be discussed and agree- ments may be reached during "a risky time for bargaining." But the president is not about to halt the momentum of de- tente because the Senate is mining the harbors of the White House. What will come out of this visit? A group of agreements will be signed agriculture, transportation, oceanography, culture, taxes, maybe a pleas- ant surprise on scientific co-op- eration that have been marching toward conclusion for a year. There will be no "cen- as at the Moscow summit no strategic arms limitation signing, reversing the dangerous trend of a genera- tion but S.A.L.T. will cer- tainly be a topic of their talks, and the two men at the top may resolve some impasses that trouble the negotiators of SA.L.T. II. Strolling down the beach at San Clemente, they" are bound to discuss how and when U.S. and Soviet troops should be withdrawn from Western Eur- ope. Neither will make commit- ments, but there will undoubt- edly be some probing of posi- tions on what must be the next great step away from world war. The focus of public attention will be on trade; that's where the action is today, and that's where the paradox can be found. American conservatives, who used to be leery of doing busi- ness with the Communists, are now in the forefront of com- merical activism led by busi- nessmen who salivate at new markets and new sources of raw materials. American liberals, who used to be anxious to increase con- tact with the Soviet Union, are now looking dubious about do- ing business. "Would it be wonders economics Prof. Gregory Grossman in the New Republic, "For us to assume the role of the Soviet Union's The reason for reversal of ideological roles is partly pol- itical; some of Nixon's foes do not want his domestic troubles obscured by dramatic suc- cesses in building a structure of peace. But more of the flip- flop's reason is economic, since conservative businessmen are partial to, and Liberals suspi- cious of, "big deals." Big economic dealing, such another way out, of course, would be to adopt a monarchy, proclaim Nixon king as financing energy-production technology in the Sovet Union in return for long-term avail- ability to the U.S. of natural gas, builds connective tissue be- tween societies. Does this mean we would be building a depend- ency on the Soviet Union for natural gas? Perhaps. But we would also be building a Soviet dependency on our hard-cur- rency income, which would make them less inclined to waste their resources on SS-9 missiles. In terms of short term tac- tics, the Soviet desperation for grain, and need for technology to improve industrial productiv- ity, make it possible for us to extract diplomatic and political concessions, such as more free- dom to emigrate for Soviet citizens, particularly persecut- ed Jews. Nixon will not sud- denly forget how to play high- stakes poker because of the racket in his back yard. In terms of grand strategy, both sides are certain they are gaining the historic advantage. The Soviets see these years as a time for milking the West, gaining the technology and the financing to enable them to dominate the world a genera- tion hence. As Brezhnev ex- horts, Nixon-style in his new book: "Comrades, we are not building a land of idlers where rivers flow with milk and honey, but the most org_anized and most industrious society in human history." The Americans see these years as a time for modifying (some would say subverting) Communism, turning Marx- ism's economic determinism back on ilsslf by steadily in- creasing Sonet responsiveness to market demands, helping ac- celerate the trend toward capit- alism. Neither side admits to such gutsy long- range goals, of course we like to communi- cate in the soothing rhetoric of co-operation. But because our dealings are rooted in self-in- terest, there is at least a chance that the realists rather than the idealists will force peace down the throat of the world. I was tempted to offer a toast to Brezhnev's visit, using the vodka that the Soviets present- ed to the Americans who ac- companied the president to Moscow last year; unfortunate- ly, the top of the decanter was defective and all the vodka evaporated. Press on with the big deals, but watch those guys. Monetary policies haven't licked inflation By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA The latest intel- ligence from the price front suggests that the government is faring badly in its attempt to find an adequate answer to in- flation in monetary policy. While John Turner did at- tempt to ease price pressures by tariff and other changes, it is apparent from the June re- port of Statistics Canada that any gams have been swept away by the general inflation- ary surge. The blame cannot now be placed exclusively on food, for "other items" were equally conspicuous in the May advance. As compared with May 1972, the "all items in- dex" is up by 7.3 per cent, a truly formidable figure by Ca- nadian standards. The monetary policy now in effect is not easy to understand and the government has made little effort to explain it. For many years we have been told that it is not possible to divide monetary policy, devising one rate Appropriate to slow growth areas and another suitable for inflation furnaces like Toronto. Bank experts have dealt with the difficulties in great de- tail The basic problem is, how- ever, that money tends, like water, to find its own level Subsidized rates of interest are, of course, another matter. They are simply a means of calling the general taxpayer to the aid of this or that meritor- ious group. But the government is now using different language. On Monday, answering a question bv Robert Stanfield about the increase in the bank rate and the reaction of the commer- cial banks, the prime minister spoke of the "dual bank rate" which, he observed, had been operating for only a month or Latei in reply to David Lew- is, he said' "By having a dual system of nnme rates, one for big business and one for small business or for areas in the country of slow growth, we are convinced that the banking sys- tem will do its best not to re- strict funds to small businesses and to the areas of slow growth." Mr Turner also used the ex- pression "dual rate" during a recent exchange. This apparently has reference to the minister's recent appeal lo the commercial banks and to certain advertisements which have been appearing in the newspapers. Mr. Turner is not the first minister of finance to employ moral persuasion; ref- erences to earlier efforts (and the difficulties involved) may be found in reports of the Bank of Canada reviewing experience in tight money years. The bank advertisements, Letter to the editor however, say nothing about a dual rate. One, reproducing a letter from the Royal Bank to its branch managers, speaks of the importance of the independ- ent businessman and the need for "vigorous growth in this section of the economy." The key paragraph reads: "There- fore I would like to stress that Cutting doivn on noise With the advent of school holidays and the doubtful bene- fits of daylight saving time, we who live on the "through" streets and avenues, and who prefer to go to sleep before midnight, are now beginning to experience the slumber-shatter- ing noise of cars and motor- bikes whose youthful owners enjoy the freedom of the more- or-less "open roads." It is impossible for the police force to catch and check these offenders unless they happen to be on the spot at the time. It is equally impossible for the householder to dash out in his night-attire to get the name and licence numbar which is necessary to lodge a formal complaint. We hear a lot of talk about pollution of various kinds. I be- heve that the noise pollution is a major drawback of urban living, but I submit that this need not be so, if there could be enforcement of existing laws. When the safety-check program is re-instated (which we Hope will be or when the pol- lution emission tests are being mads, why could not the noise level of all vehicles operating under usual conditions be checked along with everything else? Where permissible levels are exceeded, the owner could be required to have the neces- sary changes made before be- ing allowed to obtain the safety sticker. We know that motor buffs and cycle riders feel that they should have the freedom to en- joy their vehicles, just as peo- ple who own motor-boats pect to be able to we them in various lakes. With this in mmd, I would like to suggest that when the "speed-skating oval" is constructed us part of our big "aporto complei" for the Games, some thought should be given to a summer- time conversion to accommo- date motor-bikes. The stock-car people already have a place to zoom around, but maybe some- thing else could be supplied for them, too, in the interests of protecting the hearing of those people who live close to the Ex- hibition grounds. Now is the time, when money is available, and plans are being prepared, to look after these additional needs. When one has bean awaken- ed from a sound sleep by the roar of a motor bike, which then adds insult to injury by cii cling the block several times, or zooming back and forth along the street, gearing up and gear- ing down, back-firing and screeching around corners, one feels more like reaching for the old "scatter-gun" and loading it with rock salt, than being "understanding" about the situ- ation. In fact, after only a short exposure to this type of pollu- tion, one wishes it were possible to make the punishment fit the crime and subject the thought- less miscreant to an extended dose of his own noise. Seriously speaking though, I think something should be done, and could be done, if enough people became concerned enough about this whole busi- ness of unnecessary noise. Re- search and experiments have already proved the harmful ef- fects of noise on the nervtus system and on the ability to hear. What is going to be dene about noise pollution right here in Lethbridge, by the various department and agencies which have the power to make our city a more peaceful place in which to live? MRS. N. E. KLOPPENBORG Ltthbridge Royal Bank policy is to give special consideration to appli- cations for loans from inde- pendent businessmen. To make this happen, I" am asking you to use your maximum energy and imagination to develop such applications. If we are able to help smaller, independent busi- nessmen, then, in the long run we will be helping ourselves and Canada." The sentiment is admirable. But there is nothing in the let- ter to suggest that "special con- sideration" includes special rates. Banks, like other busi- nesses, seek the best return on investment. They will not se- cure this by loaning funds at reduced rates when the amount available to be loaned is limit- ed by the policy now in effect. As Mr. Trudeau said on Mon- day: "This is like other medi- cine, Mr. Speaker, in that if the bank rate had not been rais- ed then probably the increase in bank loans would have been even greater." In other words, the price of money bars the weaker borrow- ers; if they cannot afford a given rate, it is difficult to see how they will be helped much by imaginative applications. Thus the "dual rate" of parli- amentary exchanges seems to be the now officially approved description of a policy which has yet to be shown to have very much substance. It is the government's mis- fortune that this happened at the very time when Mr. Bas- ford's housing legislation was before the House. The propos- als themselves are not very controversial; in fact there seems to be general agreement that they are marginally help- ful; and with the acceptance by the minister of vanous Con- servative amendments, they passed without difficulty. The trouble is that they are marginal and will accomplish little for the benefit of the great majority of people seeking to purchase homes with their own resources. They should be of as- sistance to municipalities in clearing out slums and meet- ing the needs of those who need subsidized shelter. But for the unsubsidized, private citi- zen aspiring to home owner- ship, the prospects remain as bleak as ever. The hard fact is that things have worsened this spring. Ac- cording to Statistics Canada, the housing index advanced .8 per cent in May because of In- creases of 7 per cent and 1.1 per cent in the shelter and household operation compon- ents respectively. Within shel- ter, the home ownership ele- ment moved up one ,per cent, mainly because of increases in the indexes for new houses, homeowner repairs and mort- gage interest. Now mortgage interest is ris- ing again. In general, it will be little affected by the Basford measure, which does not deal with the Bank Act or other fi- nancial legislation. (The ac- cepted Eldon Woolliams' amendments will mean that, in respect to certain programs CMHC wiU be limited to a rate exceeding by not more than one half of one per cent at which money is obtained from the finance department.) So the dream house, for which a young couple may have been saving, will become more dreamlike as we move farther into the year of the great inflation. Mr. Basford per- sists in saying: "In so far as I and the government are con- cerned, it is the social right of Canadians to have decent hous- ing at a price they can afford." At the prices now prevailing, how are most of them to ex- ercise that The Utftbridge Herald SM 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LCTHBRIDGE HERALD LTD., Proprietors and Publisbwt Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Stcond Man Registration No 0012 at The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper PvMWtarr Association and Audit Bureau of Circulation CLEO W MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS M. ADAMS, General Manager MN PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor MILES OOUCLA4 K. WALKBH henagar Bdttorlal HGtUUD ISC SOUTtfV ;