Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 19, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
WARMER HIGH FORECAST SATURDAY 85 VOL. LXIII No. 159 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, JUNE 19, 1970 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 22 OTTAWA (CP) A royal commission proposed and the federal government im- mediately rejected ille- gal possession of any drug be subject to no more than a fine. The interim report of the LeDain commission, tabled in the Commons by Health Minis- ter John Munro, proposed the easing of penalties on drugs ranging from marijuana and LSD right up to the opiates like heroin. Mr. Munro said the govern- ment would wait for the com- mission's final report before making all-encompassing changes. Meanwhile, it planned to con- sider asking Parliament to transfer marijuana from the harsh penalties of the Narcotic Control Act to the Food and Drugs Act and provide fines for first and subsequent offences rather than prison terms. Mr. Munro said many of the tilings recommended are al- ready being clone. On other rec- ommendations, the government would take a public stand later. One of the five royal commis- sioners, Professor Marie A. Bertrand, disagreed with her colleagues. She would make possession of marijuana no off- ence at all. It was the only point of disagreement mentioned in the report. In the Commons, Opposition Leader Stanfield agreed with the government that marijuana should not be legalized but that the penalty should be lighter. He expressed disappointment that there was no immediate statement on proposals for re- search and education, which were prominent features of the report. The report says marijuana is universally agreed not to be a narcotic and sliould not' be classed legally with the opiate narcotics. It accepts the Cana- dian Medical Association suggestion that marijuana be controlled in the same way as LSD under the Food and Drugs Act, instead of the Narcotic Control Act. The report says the commis- sion "is of the opinion that no one should be liable to imprison- ment for simple possession of a psychotropic drug for non-medi- cal purposes." It defines psychotropic drugs as those which "alter sensation, mood, consciousness or ofer psychological o r behavioral function." The key recommendation: The commission is headed by Dean Gerald LeDain of Osgoode Hail law school, York Univer- sity, Toronto. Its other mem- bers Ere Prof. Bertrand, Ian L. Campbell, dean of arts and sci- ence, Sir George Williams Uni- versity, Montreal; Dr. Heinz L e h 'm a n n, eminent Montreal psychiatrist; and J. Peter Stein, American-bom Vancouver soci- ologist. It was appointed in May last year. Besides proposing lighter legal measures against the indi- vidual for possession, the com- missions says the person who passes a marijuana cigarette to a friend without being paid for it should no longer risk being convicted of drug trafficking. Under the Food and Drugs Act trafficking could mean seven years in prison. The Narcotic Control Act maximum for traf- fickng or possession for traf- ficking is life imprisonment. The 625-p age, green-bound volume makes a variety of sweeping proposals for re- search, treatment, education of the public, especially the 5'oung, and control. It has harsh com- ments about the KCM P. At one point, the report says the commission was unable to find the documented evidence and the study which the RC.NIP claimed supported their position about the progression of drag users from soft to "hard" drugs. The RCMP witnesses had maintained that exposure to and involvement in a drug sub-cul- ture encourages experimenta- tion with drugs and a search tor new and more potent drug expe- riences. Am o n g recommendations about poiico activity, the report says the RCA1P should abstain from using entrapment or physi- cal violence in drug cases and try (o influence other police forces (o the same. It says it did not verify complaints about uti'.e of these methods. In proposing extensive public Information and education about drug misuse, the commission says can no longer rely on the appeal to a sense of moral- ity." "We believe that (he purpose of education must be to provide the basis for informed and wise personal choice." (Highlights of Report On Page iects Druj OTTAWA (CP) The LeDain commission recom- mendation that possession of drugs, whether mari- juana, LSD, melhedrine or heroin, be punished by no more than a fine was immediately rejected by the government today. Health Minister John Munro, tabling the report in the Commons, said the government doesn't believe "all- encompassing changes" are justified now. The final report of the LeDain commission would be awaited with interest, he said. Mr. Munro said tile government, as the commis- sion recommends, will recommend to Parliament that marijuana be transferred from the Narcotics Control Act to the Food and Drugs Act. Marijuana possession would become an offence sub- ject to a graduated system of fines rather than a jail term. Professor Disagrees One of the five commissioners, Professor Marie A. Bertrand, says in disagreement with the majority re- port that possession of marijuana shouldn't be an offence. Mr. Munro said government action to other Le- Dain report proposals will be announced. He added that before the report was received, many of its pro- posals, particularly on research and Information, were being undertaken. "It is recognized that the non-iradical use of drugs is a serious1 problem which effects many Cana- dian families now and could affect the health and wel- fare of future he said. He hoped the re- port would stimulate a constructive discussion of the drug issue. Opposition Leader Bobert Stanfield said he agrees with the government that "marijuana ought not to be legalized but that the penalty ought to be lightened." He also agreed that penalties for the use and sale of other drugs should not be changed until more in- formation on their effects is known. Urges Research But Mr. Stanfield said the government should lead a national program of research and education on drug use in co-operation with the provinces. The report's recommendation for an independent research foundation was also a "sensible he said. Mr. Stanfield said his party recognizes the grow- ing use of dangerous drugs such as LSD, heroin and amphetamines, which are "destructive of individuals and institutions." Tlie Opposition leader said tile government "must do everything to stop trafficking." Existing laws on the importation, trafficking and manufacture of such drugs must be enforced, he said. But the government should consider, in assessing penalties, distinguishing between trafficking done for profit and that done without personal gam. Mr. Stanfield said he hoped the report would lead to a "vigorous discussion" of the issue and that the government would proceed promptly to implement a research and education program. David Orlikow North) said he is not surprised the government was "reluctant" to table the LeDain report as it seemed to criticize the way law enforcement agencies deal with the problem, of drugs. He described Mr. Munro's statement in the House as lukewarm. Mr. Orlikow praised the commission proposal that marijuana possession should be punishable only as a summary conviction with a maximum fine of ?100. The distinction between possession of marijuana and other drugs such as LSD was also a good idea. He supported the commission recommendations to- improved drug education programs and flexible treat- ment clinics. Promises Talks Later during the question period, Jlr. Munro as- sured Mr. Stanfield that the report, will he discussed with provincial health ministers and probably with other provincial ministers. Justice Minister John Turn- er said tiro subject likely will arise when he meets provincial attorneys general in Halifax next month. Mr. Miuiro also said he would consider referring the report to the Commons health committee so MPs can study it and hear representations. Replying to Mr. Stnnficld, the health minister said the federal government would be prepared to co-oper- ate with Ihe provinces in research and educational programs related to drugs. r 4 4- .LONDON (CP) Edward Heath faces no shortage of tal- ent for forging a Conservative British cabinet. He is surrounded by an expe- rienced group of Commoners, several of whom have served in previous Conservative adminis- trations and others w'no have served in Britain's traditional opposition "shadow cabinet." A sure bet for the job of for- eign and Commonwealth secre- tary is 66-year-old Sir Alec Douglas-Home, 1963-64 prime minister, 1960-63 foreign secre- tary and in recent years chief Tory spokesman on foreign af- fairs. Iain Macleod, 56, the party's: spokesman on finance, appears ticketed for the pest of chancel- lor of the exchequer. He is a former health minister and labor minister. Reginald Maudling, deputy leader of the party, was chan- cellor of the exchequer in the last Conservative government but there was speculation that he would get something like the ever-all -co-ordinating role he has in the shadow cabinet with the title of first secretary and deputy prime minister. Conservative Chairman An- thony Barber, a former health minister, could get the same portfolio in a Heath govern- ment. Another leading Tory figure, Quinton Hogg, is reported possi- bly headed for the House of Lords as lord chancellor, a high-ranking cabinet post which involves selection and supervi- sion of tlie judiciary.as well as presiding over the Lords. Another former minister, Geoffrey Rippon was expected to be defence secretary after holding that shadow assignment for years. At least one woman in a Tory cabinet would likely be Mar- garet Thatcher, a 45-year-old lawyer who has been education spokesman and was a parlia- mentary secretary in 1961-64. Ulster Voters Re-Elect Devlin LONDON (CP) Bernadette Devlin, fiery 23-year-old cham- pion of Northern Ireland's Reman Catholic minority and youngest member of Parlia- ment, was re-elected with an in- creased majority in Thursday's British general election. She stood for re-election in Mid-Ulster on the Independent Unity ticket. ,v', Edward Heath's Smile Of Victory Inflation, Higher Taxes rarning Helped By LOUIS NEVIN An AP Ne'ws Analysis LONDON (AP) Harold Wilson let wages rise and put Britain's trading ledgers in the black for the first time in seven years. But more British voters were worried by Ed- ward Heath's warnings of in- flation, higher taxes and un- employment and apparently have elected a Conservative government. Wilson 's low-key, don't rock-lhe-bsat campaign and the opinion polls predicting L a b o r 's re-election lulled Labor voters into compla- cency, and they stayed away from the polls in droves. Heath, grinning broadly at hecklers, went on plugging away at his theme: A Labor victory would mean high prices, higher taxes, more un- employment, perhaps even another devaluation of the pound. He made no bones about it. His campaign was aimed at the housewife, the member of Election In Nutshell LONDON (CP) Returns from 625 of 630 constituencies in the British general election showed the following party standing at p.m. EOT: 1070 Last 'Conservatives 328 263 Labor 287 347 Liberals 4 13 Others 5 6 Speaker 1 1 Unreported 5 Totals 630 630 PARTY VOTE British party vote (percent- ages bracketed) in 625 of 630 seats: Conservatives (46.4) Labor (43.0) Liberals (7.4) Others (3.2) Total Stock Market Speculators in Fortunes On Election the family roost aware of tile rising cost of living. A considerable part of the Conservative success in the British election Thursday was due to the change Heath worked in himself during the campaign. Obviously ill at ease and un- comfortable amid the rough and tumble of the hustings, he leaned to lift a pint of beer with the w'orkers, to kiss ba- bies and even to give t-he im- pression of enjoying it. After early press criticism of his stiff manner, he ditched his set speeches and began to ad lib. His nervousness with hecklers disappeared, and the new Heath picked up new friends and fresh support. He abandoned the closed in- vitation-only party rallies and, taking his cue from the early days of Wilson's campaign, went in for walk-arounds, shaking hands and exchang- ing a few words with anybody in sight. Labor's cccksureness and complacency, coupled with Heath's willingness to change and his refusal to give in to adversity appears to have been the reasons for the Con- servatives' startling upset. LONDON (Reuters) Exu- berant London stock market dealers staged a celebration today with the news that an election "victory for tlie Conservative party seemed- im- minent. An instant boom from the time the exchange opened gave share prices their largest one- day lift in recent memory push- ing The Financial Times index up 23.8 points to 353.4. As overnight results showed the Conservatives likely to oust Prime Minister Wilson's Labor party from power, speculators who went ir.to the stock ex- change Thursday with buying orders made fortunes. Britain's biggest industrial company, Imperial Chemical Industries, saw its shares jump more than four shillings, adding to the company's over-all market value. The pound and government securities joined in the big up- ward surge. First quotations lifted tlie pnmd to just under its official parity value cf U.S. Then it settled down temporarily at for a gain of 15 lj points, one of the best ever. By neon British lime, the pound crept up to just over its official U.S. parity rate (o stand at Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN YEAR OLD Marie Whitehpad invent- ing a new delicious cake recipe, baking for a friend, and calling it simply and ap- propriately an Invent i o n Cake Scouts at Coal- J'.uret edging out their parents 7-1 in a fastball lilt and the parents immediately asking for a grudge match Saturday Keith Hand receiving with dubious honor the golf award as the World's Greatest Slicer. LONDON (CP) Edward Heath's Conservatives attained an outright majority in the Commons today, completing one of the most stunning political upsets in modern British his- tory. The underdog at long odds be- fore Thursday's general elec- tion, Heath ousted Prime Minis- ter Wilson and his Labor gov- ernment, ending 5'i years of Labor rule. Heath, who stuck to bread- and-butter issues in his cam- paign and promised to lower taxes, led the Tories back to power for the first time since Gains Mandate LONDON (CP) Edward Heath received a mandate from the Queen today to form a new Conservative government. Heath's trip to Buckingham Palace capped a stunning elec- tion upset over Harold Wilson's Labor party in Thursday's gen- eral election. 1964. And he ended Wilson's dreams of becoming the first prime minister to win three elections in a row. It was the most startling over- throw since Labor's Clement At- tlee forced out Winston Church- ill in 1945, and made Heath, 53, the first bachelor prime minis- ter to occupy 10 Downing Street since Lord Balfour was elected in 1902. The Tories won their 316th a majority in tlie 630- seat after noon. Labor at that point had 278 seats. The final majority of the To- ries was expected to be around 30 seats. Heath confounded both the opinion pollsters and the odds- makers who had installed Wil- son, winner in 1964 and 1966, as odds-on favorite. Experts com- pared Heath's victory with that of United States President Harry Truman against all ex- pectations 22 years ago. The government-switching milestone of 316 seats came some 14 hours after the close of polls Thursday night in the elec- tion called confidently by Wilson May 18. And it came after a resumed daytime count sent scores of Labor seats and some Liberal constituencies tumbling into the Conservative basket. The BBC's computer analysis was predicting a Tory majority over Labor of 40 seats which could mean an over-all majority of about 34 as the 13-member Liberal representation was slashed heavily. Labor held a 65-seat majority before dissolution May 29. MIXISTEHS DEFEATED Though Wilson won re-eleclion comfortably, Labor's upper ech- elons tcok a beating, with the least two government ministers losing their scats to Conserva- tives. Jennie Lee, minister in charge of tlie arts, fell in an upset Tory win in Cannock. and David Ennals, another junior minister for health, also was knocked out. Wilson told BBC television: "The figures speak for them- selves." Of Heath, he said: "Tlie ob- vious thing for the Opposition to do was to exploit the rising cost of living. He made a big issue of this and was sufficiently suc- cessful to disguise from people the fact that his policies would make prices rise still worse." The London stock market had an immediate boom today at the prospect of a Tory victory. Prices took their biggest one- day jump in many years. Heath and Wilson were re-e- lected by increased margins but Jeremy Thorpe, the Liberal leader, barely made it by a margin of 369 votes. An old Labor stalwart, former foreign secretary George Brown, was defeated. When the counting of Thurs- day's vote stopped for the night, the 418 ridings counted lined up this way: Labor 226, a net loss of 42; Conservatives 188, a net gain of 48: Liberals 2, a net loss of 3; others 1, a net loss of 3; and tha non-voting Speaker, Dr. Horace King, who retained his seat. POLLS WERE WRONG The sharp suing to the Con- servatives confounded the pub- lie opinion but one had showed Heath and his1 forces tailing badly. The lone poll to pick fee Con- servatives was Opinion Re- search by a margin of one per cent. "Not since Mr. Truman's sur- prise victory over Gov. Dewey (in 1948) for the American pres- idency has there been such a turn-up for tlie electoral said The Daily Telegraph. "Never have so many polls been so wrong about an election result." Heath fought his campaign largely on domestic issues, promising to curb rising prices, cut taxes and combat inflation by reducing government spend- ing. The opinion polls and the bookies apparently provided Heath with a major weapon- Labor complacency. Labor voters by (lie thousands were lulled by the polls and the prohibitive 10-to-i odds favoring the 54-year-old Wilson as a shoo-in. They neglected the polls to bask in the country's hot June sun. The voter turnout was in the neighborhood of 69 per cent when 75 or 80 per cent was expected. RECORD 83.9 PER CENT In tlie 1M> election, which Labor wen by a landslide ma- jority of nearly 100 seals, 75.8 per cent of the electorate voted. Tiie post-war record is 83.9 per cent in 1950. One major foreign policy change appears in prospect. The Conservatives pledged to re- verse the Labor government's decision to pull back British troops from the Persian Gulf and Southeast Asia before the end of next year. Heath gained national promin- ence leading Britain's first un- successful attempt to join the European Common Market, and as prime minister one of his first tasks will be to preside over the next attempt to get in, in talks opening June 30. A sharp reversal in the opin- ion polls moving Labor ahead of the Conservatives and Britain's first favorable trade balances in seven years led Wilson to sched- ule (lie balloting nine months before his government's five- year term expired. He picked tha I55fh anniver- sary of the Battle of Waterloo for election day and waged a campaign strongly reminiscent cf the Conservatives' "don't change never had it so good" in the days of Harold MacmillaD.