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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 18, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD-Tuawlay, Jurw Inflation cure Inflation is said to be one of the key issues in this federal election Some campaigners say the government has caused it and therefore it can be cured by government a new government, that is Curiously every country in the free world is plagued by inflation, most of them worse than Canada And every government is blamed for it International commerce being as interwoven as it is (the Arab countries demanding and getting much more for their oil, for instance, has hit all consumer prices whatever one country does or neglects to do affects all countries So to promise the Canadian voters that freezing wages and prices for a few weeks will cure this country's inflation is irresponsibly misleading in the extreme So is any other such simplistic proposal That is not to say that Canada's or any other government can and should do nothing To the extent that a government contributes to inflated demand it Contributes to inflation What the people tend to overlook is that inflation results mainly from their own inflated demands They forget that if consumption exceeds production, or if demand exceeds supply, prices are bound to go up Canadians, and free people everywhere, have fallen into the trap of hoping to consume more without producing more If governments have contributed to their delusion, then governments are at fault But inflation is caused by the people, and only the people can cure it, by demanding less and by supplying more It is a bit ironic that at the very time governments are being so severely criticized for inflation, the best minds in the United States say the inflationary upsurge has peaked The steady price rise will now slow down With some important exceptions, most of the commodity prices that make up the cost of living will now slacken off Why9 In part because high prices have reduced demand and supplies have improved In other words the inexorable "law of supply and demand" is still at work, and no government and no politician can prevail against it Inflation is bad It hurts many innocent people But as long as society is more interested in consumption than in production, it is inevitable The cure lies with the people, not with the politicians Local campaigns The federal election is only three weeks away, and except for the national leaders one would hardly know the campaign was on Perhaps it is because of the season, perhaps the short time since the last election, perhaps the depletion of party treasuries, but in most parts of Canada the local campaigning has been keyed very low That is certainly so in the Lethbridge constituency The individual candidate, his personality, ability and program, counts most heavily in municipal elections Provmcially the voter decides more on the basis of party leadership and policy, and federally the merits of the candidate count least of all Although the local candidates' names are the only ones on the ballot, the voter tends to ignore them and to vote for the one with the national leader or national affiliation he likes best Still every successful politician stresses the importance of organization Its chief value is probably in getting out the full vote potential, not in converting anyone People vote with their hearts, their emotions, and whoever can excite them can win their support THE CASSEROLE In unaccustomed harmony the head of a labor organization, the president of a farm union and the general manager of a supermarket chain all declared recently that price controls on food just won t work Perhaps so but there are qiute a few consumers who figure the present arrangement isn t so hot either A marvellous new self-firing anti-missle gun has been invented It s radar controlled and fully automatic, and its extremely high rate of fire will enable it to plaster anything hostile that comes within radar range It seems to have a pretty all-inclusive notion of what's hostile, though During recent trials, it blazed away at everything in range including passing friendly ships and a nearbv island Automatically, too A gadget like that will certainly make fleet exercises interesting, won't it9 Remember Bikini? No. no not that kind of bikini This is the Pacific island called Bikini, the one that was so much in the news back in 1949, when it was being used as a test site for atomic bombs It was in the news despatches again the other day, with the announcement that residents evacuated 25 years ago will not be returning just yet They were supposed to go back May 15, but can't get the compensation they want from the U S government To some people, becoming a household word just isn't enough Remember when Canadian chartered banks were busy persuading Parliament to remove the 6 per cent limit on loan interest9 One of their favorite arguments was if they were permitted to charge commensurate interest on nsky deals, they could reduce the rate on really goood loans Today, with rare exceptions they're asking between 13V4 per cent and 13V2 per cent on all new consumer loans There are no reports on how much below 6 per cent they're charging on "really good loans Recent advertising by the Worker's Compensation Board should demonstrate that anything can be advertised, even accidents It's doubtful, however, that they'll become really popular ERIC NICOL Giving Mister can you spare a quarter for a cup of "How do I know you won t spend it on a nuclear Yes. it does structural damage to our faith in human nature when a country like India accepts from us hundreds of millions in foreign aid. then suddenly explodes an expensive bomb A bomb that we don't have ourselves India has joined the exclusive Nuclear Club while Canada stands outside, nose pressed against the window, thinking sour thoughts about sweet chanty Only a few months ago that nice little old ladv Mrs Gandhi, was in Ottawa making Parliament and the rest of Canada feel good all over because we were shipping No 2 Grade succor to India's hungry millions Well, it isn't the first time somebody has tried to help an old lady cross the street, only to get whapped with a handbag But Canadians have never had such a megatomc reminder that few things in this world are more dangerous than a generous impulse While it would be unfortunate if the detonation of India's atom bomb destroyed our concern for the starving children of Asia it may be useful in shaking us awake to the fact that the only way a person can be sure that he has got the cup of milk a day into the little belly is to take the bottle personally to the American village and pour the dam stuff down the kid's throat Even then we are likely to be stoned by the locals for molesting a child out of season Canadians living at some distance from the scene of benefaction are deluded that the goodies are going where intended I, for instance, was a believer till I visited Beirut and was biHeted bv a Canadian officer of Ottawa Nato meet to issue new charter By Paul Whitelaw, Herald Washington commentator WASHINGTON-For all his success in dealing with tradi- tional enemies of the United States, Henry Kissinger's record in directing his coun- try's relations with her allies of the Atlantic alliance has been marked by setbacks, disappointments and mutual antagonism The Nato ministerial meeting this week in Ottawa, which the US secretary of state will attend should signal a new era of better relations between the United States and Europe The meeting will almost certainly be highlighted by the issuance of a new "declara- tion of principles for NATA, coinciding with the 25th anniversary of the alliance The document will mark the end of more than a year of bitter squabbling across the Atlantic touched off by Dr Kissinger in April, 1973, when he called for a "new Atlantic charter The declaration will be con- fined to questions of mutual defence, and will not deal with the issue of economic and political relations between the U S and Europe which have shaken the foundation of NATO But, the acceptance of the along with a successful round of discussions among the foreign ministers in Ottawa this week go a long way toward clearing away the air of recr- imination that reached its peak during the Middle East war ana tne subsequent Arab oil embargo Such a development is es- sential if the U.S. and Europe are to build on the base of the declaration and proceed to the next and more difficult step agreement on guidelines for economic and political co- operation By itself, a NATO declaration of principles governing mutual defence or a separate charter of economic and political co-operation will be of little longterm value One will be only as effective as the other a fact demonstrated by the Middle East war While no NATO country was, of course, directly attacked, the interests of the Soviet Union and the United States were intimately aligned with those of the opposing Arab and Israel armies Not only did the fight- ing last October have the potential of escalating into a direct confrontation between the two nuclear super powers, but also of drastically increasing Soviet influence in the Mediterranean Either development would radically affect the military and economic security of Western Europe The Middle East war and the oil embargo showed however how unprepared NATA is to react with any degree of co-operative longterm self-interest to such a crisis How much was learned by the allies from the lessons provided by the Arabs may become clear when the declaration of principles is made public at the Ottawa meeting At a state de- partment briefing last Friday a top U S official told reporters that agreement on declaration would be finalized over the weekend However, some diplomats here believed that an accord will not be final until further consultations in Ottawa The problem holding up the approval was apparently the failure of the United States and France to agree on how closely the allies should consult It was precisely this touchy issue winch was the cause of bitter accusations on both sides of the Atlantic when the U S initiated a military alert duung the Middle East war Diplomats said the U S wants language in the NATA declaration that would provide for as broad a scope as possible for areas of consultation, including matters not directly related to NATA. such as the Arab- Israeli fighting The French were said to want a strict and limited interpretation of the consultative role Nevertheless, a French government spokesman in Pans said this weekend that his country will agree to a declaration A decision is expected in Ot- tawa on whether the document will be formally signed during the June 26 summit meeting in Brussels of NATA heads of gov- ernment and foreign ministers President Nixon plans to stop in Brussels for a day on his way to Moscow to brief allied leaders on American foreign policy developments Mr Nixon is expected to use the occasion of the Brussels meeting to make a major speech on U S relations with Europe and its NATA allies The speech could mark at least a symbolic rec- onciliation between the US and Europe after the harsh exchanges of last winter But no one in Wash- ington is underestimating the difficulty of working out guidelines for relations between the U S and common market countries When Dr Kissinger issued his call for a "new Atlantic charter" nearly 15 months ago he envisaged a comprehensive document reflecting the changed political, economic and military relationship of the United States, the European well as Japan But led by the French, the Europeans that Washington wanted to trade off assurances of military protection for economic and trade concessions There was also considerable apprehension in Ottawa over Dr Kissinger's proposal A sweeping military and economic agreement could have left Canada out in the cold As a member of NATA Canada would have been affected by a "new Atlantic charter But there was no indication from Washington that its special economic relationship with the European Common Market, the United States and Japan would have been taken into account in any economic charter that included Canada becuse of its NATA status Canadian diplomats here have been breathing more easily since the U S abandoned its hopes for a single charter and accepted the European proposal that military and economic re- lations be dealt with separately While a declaration of NATA principles will be issued in Ottawa this week, a similar economic and political charter is not immediately foreseeable According to the senior state department official who briefed reporters Friday, the Ij S and common market have decided to proceed on a more pragmatic course, consulting on economic and political issues as they arise without bothering about a specific declaration Under pressure from the common market countries, the U S last year abandoned its desire for a single charter in favor of two separate declarations In March, however Washington scuttled efforts to write an economic charter and cancelled a planned trip to Brussels in April bv President Nixon Compared to the dramatic diplomatic exploits of Henry Kissinger in the Middle East, his visit to Ottawa may seem unusualh calm But here in Washington, the discussions the US secretary of state will have with his NATO colleagues are seen as an important step in repairing the cracked Atlantic relationship Immigration still a federal responsibility By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator UNESCO who was engaged in the totally frustrating task of making sure that the relief supplies allotted to the Arab refugees actually reached the wretched No matter how ingenious the system of distribution, the supplies more often than not ended up in the custody of some sharp character wearing dark glasses whose hungry baby was the black market The dismal truth of the matter is that hungry babies don't have quite so high a priority in their own lands as we have been led to believe by that foolish heart of ours, big as aii outdoors Anybody can make a hungry baby, but a nuclear weapon has class Pakistan will want one the bomb, that is now. as will Nigeria, Biafra and the rest of the nations who know a status symbol when they hear one The question is Will this affect the form of application to Canada for foreign May there not be a tendency for the indigent but loaded simply to come over and take what they want9 It is one thing to receive a request for help from a poor nation pointing to an empty gram warehouse, and quite another when it points to a silo full of ICBM India has marvelously brought into focus the blurred distinction between the have and the have-not nations Canada is one of the nuclearly disadvantaged It would be nice to think that India will show her gratitude for our assistance in the past, by sending us some of her surplus atomic bombs, but it is probably unwise to count on it The Nuclear Club is not noted for its donations to needy arsenals Clearly the time has come for us to re think the benignity of its being more blessed to give than to receive OTTAWA Robert Andras has now confirmed what an unnamed official of the immigration department observed recently with accuracy but, apparently. without authorization "There is no way con- stitutionally we would or could turn over the power of veto on immigration to any province in Canada because immigration is clearly a federal responsibility This is not one of those whistle stop announcements to which the public has latterly become accustomed Nor will it come as news to a fascinated department because it is established policy and was spelled out by the Minister in May in a confidential letter to Jean Bienvenue. the Quebec Minister of Immigration It is not difficult to under- stand Quebec's interest in the matter It is natural that the Government in Quebec City should feel a special sense of responsibility for the survival of the French language and culture In arguing Uie case for federalism, Mr Bourassa maintains that 'cultural sovereignty" is a compatible objective and asserts that the province ought to posses'; the full of powers necessary for its realization The difficulty is that the French of old France have demonstrated over a very long period a great reluctance to leave home It was once hoped that more vigorous Quebec ef- forts in the immigration field would overcome the difficulty There was also a theorv "that the imbalance could be redressed by attracting immigrants from other Latin states who would then adhere by choice to the French cultural group But the hopes and theories have produced disappointments The statistics continue to be -disturbing and Uie behaviour if the immigrants (notably the Italians) has frustrated the Quebec Government and produced unpleasant political controversies It is clear that the provinces do have certain rights in the immigration field Article 95 of the constitution provides for concurrent powers There is however an important proviso, "anv law of the Legislature of a Province relative to Immigration shall have effect in and for the Province as long and as far onlv as it is not repugnant to any Act of the Parliament of Canada Mr Bienvenue is apparently persuaded that, since this is a matter of special concern onl> to his province, a Quebec veto ought not to be considered re- pugnant either by Ottawa or b> other provinces. Nevertheless, Inert certainly is an obligation on the federal Government to defend the powers assigned to it by the constitution until that constitution is changed through agreement and proper procedures. The federal powers in this case are not in doubt, they have been exercised since Confederation, often in dramatic fashion It is interesting that the direct challenges did not come from Quebec but from British Columbia, which had not heard of cultural sovereignty but did on occasion become verv emotional about Asiatic "cheap labor" In 1884 Uie Conservative Government dis- allowed a B C Act to prevent the immigration of Chinese In 1885, it struck down another such Act The last case recorded was in 1922 disallowance being followed by submission of the legislation to the Supreme Court which upheld federal authority Thus the constitutional posi- tion could not be more clear What makes the constitutional difficulty insurmountable, however, is an underlying practical difficulty It would doubtless be possible to prevent immigrants unwanted by Quebec, from en- tering the province at Montreal But how can they be prevented from going to Montreal once they have entered at Toronto17 This would be possible only if we are prepared to restrict freedom of movement in Can- ada But freedom of movement is one of the characteristics of the Canadian common market which we have been building for a It is taken for granted in many government policies implemented without challenge, for example, the manpower mobility policies of the department presided over by Mr Andras It is interesting that this was recognized as far back as 1885 when the Conservative Government, in its second act of disallowance, condemned the B C measure as an interference with the power of Parliament to regulate trade and commerce Anv attempt to police a provincial border against the movement of citizens or landed immigrants would certainly provoke a public outer} It is impossible to believe that it would be tolerated by any federal government The Lethbridge Herald 5W 7th SI S Letbbridge Wborta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors and PubWhers Second Class Mail Regulation No 0012 ClEO MOWERS Editor and Puolisner DON M PILLING Managing Editor DONALD H DORAV General Manager ROY F MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS X WALKER Ednonai Page Editor ROBERT M FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH' ;