Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 18, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THI liTHBRIDGE HttAtD Monday, Junt 18, 1973 Possessions don't determine wealth The new West The 14 western MPs who recently voted against the principles of bi- lingualism in the public service ao not represent the West. They speak onJy for a minority who have not seen the light. Most people in the West probably support the bilingualism policy. Their spokesman is not John Diefenbaker but Doug Roche, Conservative mem- ber for Edrnonton-Strathcona. In the recent debate he said, "The new West and let this be heard clearly across the land supports the Offi- cial Languages Act of 1969. Perhaps it was hard at first to swallow, be- cause of our affinity with so many languages other than French, but the new West knows that it was a federal partnership of English and French which created Canada, and we re- spect the principle that the future of one Canada, depends on the main- tenance of that partnership of equal- ity." Not long ago, when separatism was a stronger force m Quebec than it appears to be today, the need for making the vital institutions of this country more satisfactory to French- speaking Canadians was that of hold- ing the country together. Today the mood is not so much one of desper- ation as of appreciation of the posi- tion of the other major segment of the Canadian nation. In the West where English is over- whelmingly dominant and where French is outranked by such langu- ages as Ukrainian and German the importance of French is not readily recognized. Yet on a national basis French is spoken by 25.7 per cent of the people second to English which is spoken bv 67 per cent, and ahead of Italian which rates third at 2.2 per cent. It might make sense to be indif- ferent to the btudy of French in western Canada if people intended to remain all their days in the West and not ever get involved in cultural, commercial and governmental af- fairs outside Gopher Hollow. But the chances of young people coming into contact with French-speaking Cana- dians through travel or participation in some sphere of activity with a na- tional dimension become greater all the time. Not being able to under- stand French could prove to be both an impoverishment and an embarr- assment. Secretary ot State Hugh Faulkner's urging to beef up French language training should be heeded. Too many people in prison The extensive coverage of the Drum- heller penitentiary by Herald report- er Warren Caragata m last week's Chinook will surprise some readers who have listened only to critics of recent attempts to update the penal system in Canada. It should help to counteract the pressure to retreat to some kind of Neanderthal treatment of violators of the law. Public opinion is not always a good guide; it is often too little informed. Unfortunately it counts with politicians. In this matter oi penal reform there could easily be a mis- taken yielding to cries to get tough, even though there is almost unani- mous agreement among experts in the field that another direction has to be taken. Regrettably, there is substance to the complaint of both prisoners and prison officials that the news media carries a large share of the respon- sibility for encouraging an anti-re- form attitude. The publicity given to dramatic failures does distort the pic- ture. Yet covering success stones which usually evolve rather than happen as is the case with prison breaks, poses some problem for new handlers. Not only that, there is the difficulL and delicate problem of preserving the prn acy of the persons who want to be unhampered by their past. While the news gatherers may thus be somewhat hindered m presenting the whole picture, editorial comment can perhaps redress the balance. The Herald, among other newspapers, has consistently supported penal re- form editorially. The view expressed by the Drumheller staff (views which, incidentally, are shared to some ex- tent by the staff at the Lethbndge Correctional Institution) are heartily endorsed. It is especially important to under- line the opinion'that too many people are being sent to ]ail m Canada. Only the dangerous should be incar- cerated: there are better approaches to take with most offenders. Cutting down on the prison population not only makes economic sense, it is hu- mane Waste of money is bad; waste of human beings is worse. ERIC NICOL Career opportunities A small but enterprising political party based on Canada's beautiful west coast has an opening for a YOUNG, DYNAMIC per- son (man or woman) as leader of The Movement. This exceptional opportunity for the Right Individual has been made possible by the retirement of the former head of the Party and prime minister of Canada's number One province for 20 years (name available on DUTIES: To promote and oversee the correction of political environmental breakdown to the province, with particular emphasis on eliminating pink tide in the Victoria area. The applicant must show willingness expand energy and determination m eradi- cating the outbreak of waffle in B.C. This irvolves recovery of rights and property improperly taken from people who support The Movement and given to people who do not support The Movement, and return ot tbose rights and property to the legal own- ers, upon presentation of identification. EDUCATION. Grade 10 or better is pre- ferable. But opportunity is open to any bright young person who has demonstrated his ability as a messiah. Language requirements: The candi3ate must be able to speak English, with Anglo- Saxon gestures. Persons with a tendency towards bilingualism need not apply, un- less their second language is that of com- municating directly with God. PERSONALITY: The applicant must have an outgoing personality at least as far as the Rockies. A broad and engaging smile is an absolute requisite. (Accompany letter of application with recent dental x-ray and 3 by 10 glossy photo of full front- al exposure of public parts.) The candidate must be a good mixer, particularly with U.S. bankers, but should not smoke, drink, swear or play around with women. To simplify documentation, Xerox your halo. EXPERIENCE: Some previous experi- ence in politics is desireabk, but not es- sential. Preference may be given to the candidate who has been in the hardware business long enough to have become a millionaire. The successful applicant will have it least five years' experience in walking on water. (Walking on water east of bridge is not admissable unless accompan- ied by an affidavit.) Since the position invohes the handling of large sums of money without appear- ing to do so, some theatrical background in sleight-of-hand and conjuring while tell- ing funny stories will improve fee candi- date's chances of success. SALARY: The successful applicant will be expected to pay his own salary, com- mensurate with training and experience, until such time as he is elected prime minister, whereupon he is paid as much as the traffic will bear. Because of the exceptional character of The Movement the successful candidate will, however, receive his main reward in Hea- ven, plus administrative allowances and relocation assistance if needed. Apply in confidence to. Social Credit League of British Colum- bia c o The Horde House Victoria, B C. Impressing the family By Dong Walker Seeing me busy In our yard every- thing we do at our place is visible to the community because of the lack of a fence neighbor Sherry Clark hollered at me to knock it off or I'd be getting the rest of the fellows into trouble. The fact was that I was iust getting my- self out of trouble I have to putter around our domain occasionally as defence against the charge thai all I do is play golf and lay around with a book propped up in front of me. Nobody in our family seems to think I justify my existence unless I'm slaving away moving dirt or keeping the hay cut. Even my literary output is discounted by Paul he --tivs I just copy things out of other papers. By Brace Hutchison, Herald special commentator Despite their many troubles, the people of the United States have always comforted them- selves with the assurance that they were, and would forever remain, the richest people in the world. Now even this old as- sumption is no longer safe. It is questioned, for example, by Henry C. Wallich, the dis- tinguished economic analyst of Newsweek. Only five years ago, he says, the per capita Ameri- can income exceeded that of any other nation by at least a third. But after the various dol- lar devaluations the inter- national gap has been almost, closed. "Sweden, Switzerland, Germany essentially are on a level with the U.S.; France, Holland, Japan and others soon will be." (The others presum- ably include Canadd, although Mr. Wallich does not mention it.) Figures of real income, or purchasing power, in different countries are so complex that no two economists will agree on them but do they matter? In the short run, perhaps, they do not. The average American will never see the figures or under- stand their effect on his daily habits. As Mr. Wallich puts it, "how well a family lives depends much more on where it stands in the income scale of ifs coun- try than on where the country stands in the international rank- ing. A successful man in a rela- tively poor country b'ves better than a less successful one in the richest country in the world.' Small puddles make frogs look big. Whether Mr. Wallich's figures ate accurate or not, the United States obviously is less rich to- day than it supposed yesterday. How could it be otherwise when it has rapidly depleted its raw resources and, with a rapidly- increasing population, must soon feed millions of new stom- achs, house millions of new families, heat the houses and put two cars in millions of new garages? Of course it is poorer, in long-term wealth, as dis- tinguished from short-term con- sumer goods, than it was a few years ago, of which an oil short- age and a devalued currency are the first but not the last re- minders. Even so, do these things mat- ter? Mr. Wallich thinks they do for several reasons that strike me as the least important. When, he says, the American people realize that some foreign living standards are higher than their own they will try, vainly, to keep up with the Joneses abroad. "Our inability to keep will express itself in all and, as things are going, may up kinds of straits and penuries We will demand wage increases bigger than productivity gains permit and inflationary pres- sures will mount. We shall try to raise our standards of con- sumption by cutting down our saving, making growth even slower. We shall resist tax in- creases more tenaciously and so starve the public sector of the funds it needs to deal with poverty, with the environment, education and defence. Our in- ternational role will decline." To be sure, Mr. Wallich adds, the United States could remain the most powerful nation in the world without being the richest, since power depends on a na- tion's total, not per capita, wealth, and its use. Russia, with a relatively low-living standard, is the second power "Poor chap, wiped out defrosted." Russia dealing to cut out China By Dev Murarkn. London Observer commentator MOSCOW As Soviet econ- o m i c ties with the United States, the West European countries and Japan grow, Rus- sian commentators are begin- ning to exult in the relative iso- lation of China. It is certainly something of a triumph of So- viet diplomacy, especially ec- onomic diplomacy, that talk of the dazzling prospect of the Chinese market opening up has become very subdued in inter- national financial circles. The major capitalist countries are turning towards the Soviet Un- ion for making investrnenits, for supplies of industrial raw materials and for selling ma- chinery on a large scale. What happened? According to Soviet commentators the an- swer is very simple. The hoped- for China market was a mar- ket that never was. Of course, they say, the estimates were always far too exaggerated. Thus, after the certainty of diplomatic relations with China, the Japanese press ar- gued that it would open such a big market for Japan that the whole country would have to go on overtime. Even French For- eign Minister Maurice Schu- mann spoke of hopes for sensa- tional orders in the near fu- ture. Neither of these hopes has been fulfilled. This is because a Soviet com- mentator recently argued m the pages of New Times, the growth of China's imports is directly impeded by the limit- ed and unstable basis of its ex- ports, which must be used to help to pay for them. He main- tained that nearly 70 per cent of these consist of agricultural produce. Since the Chinese are not either making or planning big investments in agriculture there is no possibility of any startling growth in export per- formance in the immediate fu- ture and this ensures that China will be able to impoit only on a limited scale. Similarly, say ire Russians, fhe possibility of an increase in industrial exports is also lim- ited. Though the Chinese have launched a crash program for increasing the output of miner- als and are also trying to revive handicrafts, there is an acute power shortage which hampers such growth. The Chinese have not managed to attract any substantial investment in pow- er production, which requires not only investment but time to develop As for the handicrafts, cannot expand very fast and their economic importance is limited anyway. These Soviet arguments ap- pear indirectlv to justify the re- cent economic policies adopted fay Moscow. The Soviet Union is succeeding in attracting large-scale investment for the exploitation of its natural and mineral resources. Substantial investments in agriculture have produced results, even though the achievement in this field remains insecure as the failure of crops last year demonstrat- ed. So the arguments have not only condemned China but also justified Soviet policies which the Chinese claim to reject. Simultaneously, Soviet com- mentators manage to criticize the Western countries for their attitude to China. Calling them Mao Tsetung's new capitalist "friends" they allege that the Mao group and these "friends" have entered into a strange politico-economic relationship. Mr. A. Pamor argues in New Times that the main consider- ation of the capitalist countries is not profit but a desire to harness China to the imperial- ist system and harden Peking's hostility to the Soviet Union. Such commentators appear to be unaware that precisely the same arguments can be used by the Chinese against Soviet contracts to sell the United States oil and gas in return for capital investment. The nub of the matter is that Moscow is afraid that such ec- onomic contacts between Pe- king and the capitalist coun- tries will help China's military build-up, which at present is almost exclusively directed against the Soviet Union. Pa- mor claims, for instance, that between 1966 and 1970 the cap- italist States sold China goods worth million. Of this, million, or roughly 60 per cent, was accounted for by goods intended for military pur- poses. Moreover, he claims, even in the sixties China was able to buy vital materials for its war machine, like the sec- ond hydrogen bomb plant m Paotow, in the Western coun- tries by setting up intermediary companies. Soviet commentat- ors insist that this was done with the knowledge and consent of Western governments while they pretended to maintain an embargo on trade with China. But Moscow believes that the Western ties will help China only to a limited extent unless the policies of Mao are funda- mentally changed. If this does not happen, say the Russians, China will remain an underde- veloped, largely agrarian coun- try, with limited foreign trade potential, for a long time to come. Letter Time to ask why be the first later on. H political and military power does not necessarily require a high living standard it certainly requires a people's will power, an agreed purpose, a common aim. Mr. Wallich (and many foreigners) doubt that the American people still possess, as they once possessed, tnese vital assets. No one can be sure about this, however, because such intangibles are not reck- oned in mathematics, econom- ics or politics. Nevertheless, they will be more decisive fa the end than the so-called living standard, the value of the dollar or any other tangible. The ultimate question, In short, is the contents of the American mind, not the public treasury or the raw resources. No one yet knows these deeper contents, though some pretty deep explorations are under way in a mysterious test area known as Watergate. If no one can tell what the ex- plorers will find, anyone can see that the United States al- ready is m its most wrenching crisis since the Civil War for reasons that economists like Mr. Wallich seldom explain. A crisis of this depth, let us remember, does not stop con- veniently at the 49th parallel of latitude or on the shoreline of two oceans. It spreads every- where, for both economic and non-economic reasons. While it may be patched up with finan- cial sticking plaster, or dis- guised by an inflated currency, it will not be solved until the American people come to terms again, not merely with their physical means, but also with their common purpose and the central aim of their society. The same is true of all so- cieties, not least of the Cana- dian. Anyhow, the grand American reassessment, now in its pre- liminary stage after two cen- turies of experience, is strictly the American people's business, not ours in Canada or else- where, but no foreign people can escape the final result, for better or worse. Watching events across the border, we should not look mainly to the economists and politicians but to the philoso- phers, if any of that old breed survives. One of them, Emerson or Thoreau as I seem to recall, observed long ago the most relevant and neglected fact in all the current any man's wealth must be reck- oned as much by his appetite as by his supply: that he can be rich and content with a moder- ate supply, if his appetite is moderate, or poor and dis- contented with a million dollars if his appetite is never satis- fied; that this happiness de- pends on his state of mind, not his bank account. The great mistake of Ameri- can society, and increasingly o? Canadian society as well, Is to forget that final fact of human life and, trying to keep up with the Joneses at home and abroad, to lose the only race that matters. These are philosophical con- cerns and. as such, do not inter- est the politician or the econo- mist because they make no votes and add nothing visible to the gross national product. But in the end they will decide ev- erything. For too many years I have stood and listened to critical comments made by the audi- ence during the interval of a symphony concert. Now all and sundry appear to be up in arms because someone has had the courage not only to commit these comments to paper but had the audacity to make them public. It appears that while it is alright to make such re- marks privately it is not the tlnng to say them publicly. I believe this kind of thinking could be called hypocrasy. That the remarks were acid and cause for discomfort can- not be denied, but neither can their validity. As to the argu- ment that these people are am- atuers, they are also supposed- ly sane, rational, adult, human beings who make the decision rightly or wrongly to ap- pear in public. There are also other amateur groups who per- form in Lethbridge who turn out a polished and profession- al performance. These perform- ances could be compared to many professional performanc- es I have seen. The decline in attendance for the symphony concerts in itself is indicative of the standard of perform- ance. Of course, the argument of the performers receiving no payment will be put forward and this again cannot be dis- puted; but let us remember that the public pay for their seats whether the participants receive payment or not and therefore the public is right to demand a performance of some standing. In conclusion the excuse that a group is amateur has too long been used. The fact the symphony concert is not as popular as it should be speaks for itself. I feel it is about time the question "why" was asked and something done to rectify these matters. The alternative is that the symphony concert will disappear for want of sup- port and I truly do not want that to happen. 1972 by NEA, Inc. CAROL BATE "Will everyone kindly get a hold of himself? This is a dincton' meeting, not on 'encounter group'." The Lethbrid0e Herald _____ 8W 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second CIlM Mall Registration No 0012 mbtr Tht Canadian Frist and the Canadian Dally Ntwtpapir AlMctaflon and Audit Bureau of CLIO w MOWERS, Editor and Publiuw THOMAS H. ADAMS, Gtntral Managtr POM PILLIKa WILLIAM MAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKIft MwrtttMg Maixaar Pagt MttAU) IMVifi 1ME SOUTH"