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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 17, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Watergate: two years old and still going strong )N (AP) Police Sgt. Paul Leeper drew his WASHINGTON (AP) Police Sgt. Paul Leeper drew his gun and jumped on to a desk in Democratic national committee There were five men standing in front of a desk with their hands either raised above their heads or at least shoulder-high wearing blue surgical lOVGS "We ordered them out from behind the desk and lined them up alone the wall facing the wall, hands on the wall, feet spread apart and at that time I informed them who we were, they were under arrest for burglary and advised them of their rights. It was a heady time for Richard Nixon, relaxing that week- end in Key Biscayne, Fla Earlier that year he had made his trip to China and he had every reason to be confident that the following November he would win a second four years in the presidency Former attorney-general John Mitchell had taken command of the president's re-election campaign and was in Los Angeles The campaign treasury was overflowing. The Democrats seemed certain to nominate Senator George McGovern of South Dakota, whom both Nixon and Mitchell were convinced would be their easiest opponent. That is, unless McGovern proved a stalking horse for Senator Edward Kennedy, the Democrat they feared most Not even the break-in at Democratic party headquarters ruffled the outward calm of the Nixon campaign "A third-rate burglary" not worth commenting on, said presidential press secretary Ronald Ziegler Secrets revealed But as time passed that calm facade would crack, widen and reveal far more of the secrets of the Nixon administration than the burglars had succeeded in disclosing about the Democrats June 17, 1972, would become the most easily remembered date of Richard Nixon's by the first anni- versary of the break-in, no one was calling it a third-rate bur- glary. Senator Sam Ervin (Dem NC was starring on daytime television as chairman of the Senate Watergate committee hearings Archibald Cox was the special Watergate prosecutor. And most of the men who had held the real power during the first Nixon administration had resigned Most of them, like H. R Haldeman, John Ehrlichman and former attorney-general Richard Klemdienst resigned. But one, former White House counsel John Dean, was fired Dean had a story to tell. Eight days after that first anni- versary, he settled into the Watergate committee spotlight and related his belief that one of those who had conspired to cover up that involvement of Nixon campaign officials in the Watergate break-in was the president himself But how to prove whether Dean's story was true or false' The president declined invitations from Ervm and Cox to tell his side of the story. Testimony from Nixon loyalists conflicted with Dean's The Lethbndge Herald VOL LXVII LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, MONDAY, JUNE 17, 1974 10 Cents 24 Pages Tells of tapes And then Alexander Butterfield told the Watergate com- mittee of the existence of the White House taping system. Thus began the battle of subpoenas. It quickly became clear that Cox, a former solicitor-general and legal scholar, represented the chief threat to the president's determination to guard the confidentiality of his discussion with aides Fmaily on Oct after Cox had obtained two cojirt rul- ings upholding his right to subpoena presidential tapes. Nixon fired the special prosecutor. Within days White House aides conceded they misjudged the possible public reaction. Thousands of telegrams poured into Washington demanding the impeachment of the president. Three days after the firing, Nixon agreed to turn over the subpoenaed tapes. But the impeachment process had begun. It was spurred on by the disclosure that two of the subpoenaed conversations did not exist and that a third was marred by an ISVz-minute erasure that had wiped out the only discussion of Watergate. A new special prosecutor. Leon Jaworski. took over. In March 1974 grand juries returned the major Watergate in- dictments. Facing criminal charges were those same familiar names Haldeman, Erlichman, Mitchell and former White House special counsel Charles Colson. With all his one-time closest advisers under indictment, the president suddenly appeared vulnerable. Files demanded The House of Representatives judiciary committee joined the special prosecutor in demanding access to White House files. After a period of co-operation, the president drew the line. He had turned over the material needed for the full story of Wa- tergate. He would turn over no more But Jaworski and Representative Peter Rodmo (Dem N chairman of the judiciary committee, didn't let up in their de- mands. In a dramatic bid to quiet their demands. Nixon re- leased edited transcripts of 44 presidential conversations, giv- ing them not only to Jaworski and Rodino but to the general public However, the transcripts gave a picture of a president who had sought to "keep the lid on the bottle." to contain the Wa- tergate investigations. His position on the payment of hush money proved ambiguous. He often came across as a bitter and cynical man who yearned for a chance to retaliate against political opponents But had the president broken the law? Had he done anything might be considered grounds for impeachment? On the second anniversary, those were unanswered ques- tions. And because they were unanswered, they overshadowed all the other questions of guilt or innocence that would be de- cided in the courts. But there was one certainly. John Dean was a poor prophet when he told the president Feb. 28. 1973. that the Watergate break-in would end up "in the funny pages of the history books." Lock-out men work elsewhere Checking filing papers All major parties had filed nomination papers for the July 8 federal election in the Lethbridge and Medicine Hat constituencies before the 3 p.m. deadline today. No surprise candidates had appeared at press time. The four have already filed in the giant Rocky Mountain constituency where nominations closed a week ago. Nominated in Lethbridge were: Bessie Annand New Democrats; Sven Ericksen Liberals; Ken Hurlburt Progressive Conservatives; Vern Young Social Credit. In Medicine Hat. Ed Ens Social Credit; Bert Hargrave Pro- gressive Conservatives; Lauranne Hemmmgway New Democrats; Olson Liberals. Above Lethbridge returning officer Edwin Davidson checks Mrs. Annand's papers this morning. Nixon includes Israel in nuclear aid deals AMMAN. Jordan (AP) The United States promised Israel today the same help in developing nuclear power that it plans to give Egypt and reaffirmed its commitment to long-term arms shipments to the Jewish state. President Nixon made the announcement in a joint communique with Israeli Premier Yitzhak Rabin in Inquiry nears end WASHINGTON the tightest security he has encountered in any Arab country Armor-plated Land Rovers with .50-calibre machine-guns guarded the airport as Presi- dent and Mrs. Nixon stepped off the presidential aircraft to greetings from King Hussein and Queen Alia Jordanian tanks and heavy machine-guns were in emplacements on hills overlooking the airport. About 400 of the Americans who live in Jordan were 'in a special airport balcony put up by the Jordanian government for the Nixon visit. No more than 1.000 Jorda- nians and Palestinians, who comprise more than half the population, waited outside se- curity cordons for a glimpse of the two heads of state.. Crowds along the motorcade route into Amman were sparse, with security men outnumbering spectators in many places Some spectators cheered, but the reception was much milder than that accorded Nixon in the other Arab stops on his tour Jordan is the first stop of the Nixon tour that the president was without State Secretary Henry Kissinger, who left Jerusalem for Ottawa and a ministerial conference of NATO just before the presidential jet took off. Nixon and Rabin said their two governments "will nego- tiate an agreement on co- operation in the field of nuclear energy, technology and the supply of fuel Seen and heard About town Weekend camper Lynda Ficiur prodding a friendly- skunk toward a neighboring trailer Rodger Livingston kicking himself for missing his first trip in six months to the Elks quarter jar. and also missing a jackpot PM unveils transit scheme By RIC SWIHART Herald Staff Writer Meat packing plant employees, locked out of twc major slaughter houses in Lethbndge over a wage dispute, are working in other processing plants in Alberta The Herald confirmed this morning rumors that local employees have sought employment at other plants until the wage dispute is settled between members of the Canadian Food and Allied Workers union and Swift Canadian Company Ltd.. Canada Packers Ltd and Burns Foods Ltd About 2.500 Alberta employees were locked out by the three major packing plant operators June 5 A representative of a packing plant in Lethbndge said this morning he knew some workers had gone to other processors but he didn't know how many. A meat industry official, who asked not to be identified, said 25 Lethbridge meat packing employees are now working at the new Lakeside Packers Ltd. at Brooks Several others are working at XL Feeders in Calgary He said the Lethbridge workers has enabled the Brooks plant to work an evening shift, doubling the daily production from the plant to 450 carcasses daily The official said all the workers had made arrangements for accommodation on their own They are now living in various hotels and motels in the Brooks district But Bert Heerze. president of the Canada Packers unit of Local 740 of the Canadian Food and Allied Workers union, disputes that. He said all the meat packing employees from Lethbridge who are working in other slaughter houses pay only for their own meals. He said the slaughter houses which are employing the workers pa> for the accommodation of the workers, pav some gas money for the transportation and "pay considerably higher wages than the companies which have staged the lockout Mr Heerze said the workers who have found employment at other plants will contribute a portion of their wages to a special fund. This money will be added to a strike fund that will start to pay workers on the picket lines a little monev "It isn't much." he said. "But it is enough to tide them over until the strike is over." The strike pay won't start until Friday Mac MacKinnon, manager of Lakeside Packers, confirmed the number of workers from Lethbridge at his plant. He Sdid Lakeside Packers was simply to produce more beef for the Alberta market and was running the extra shift to meet the "tremendous" demand caused by the lockout by the three major meat packing companies He said the Lethbridge workers were simply helping to boost the production of the Brooks plant They are not helping to train new employees for the new plant as had also been rumored Meanwhile, a union policy conference in Winnipeg is considering the latest offer by Canada's three major meat- packing chains to their emplcnees. an official in Lethbndge told The Herald todav Blast shakes Westminster LONDON (CP) "Business as said government chief whip Bob Mellish as members of Parliament took their seats today after a bomb, believed planted by Irish guerrillas, exploded in the adjoining medieval Westminster Hall. Eleven persons were injured While most MPs reacted angrily to the blast just as most of London was on its way to work Environment Minister Anthony Crosland said the damage to the ancient hall where the body of Sir Winston Churchill once lay in state is "less severe than I at first feared "I am glad to say. it does not look as if the medieval fabric of Westminster Hall has suffered seriously. he said as firemen fought the smoke and flames that threatened at one time to spread to other parts of the mother of Parliaments. As police tightened security on all government buildings, investigators pondered how the terrorists had managed to get the bomb, estimated at 15 to 20 pounds, into the building One theory was that the bomb might have been thrown from the road and lodged in the brickwork of an annex to Westminster Hall whose histon goes back to the llth century It was the first such attack since Guy Fawkes's abortive gunpowder plot 370 years ago A telephone tip to a news agency by a man with an Irish accent sent police and firemen rushing to Westminster The tip including a code work used by the Provsional wing of the Irish Republic Armv. came just six minutes before the bomb exploded Several persons were trapped by flames and had to be rescued bv firemen Protestants seek peace with IRA? BELFAST (AP) Leaders of Northern Ireland's Protestant extremist paramilitary groups met todav to decide whether to seek a ceasefire with the Ro- man Catholic-based Irish Re- publican Army iIRA) The Ulster Defence Associ- ation largest of the private Protestant armies proposed a three-month truce f.u.'ir.g which both sides would refrain from guerrilla activities and stop building up arms Hopes for a truce were buoved bv a statement from OPEC ponders tax increase Ql'ITO. Ecuador Representatives of the world's leading oil exporting countries neared a decision on ml prices today amid reports they will continue a freeze on the posted prices for the next three months However the representatives of the 13- menibcr Organization of Petroleum Exporting Com- panies 'OPEC i were reported Mill discussing a proposed tax TORONTO (CP) Prime Minister Trudeau today pledged a Liberal government lo an urban transit assistance scheme that would cost between million and million over the next five years and would have the federal government paying a considerable share of initial transit costs in cities. The prime minister, enunciating phase two of the Liberal transportation policy for the July 8 federal election said Liberal government pay the total cost of Ca- nadian-produced commuter vehicles and 50 per cent of the cost of stations of new com- muler systems that have Oie approval of federal, provincial and municipal authorities Aides said this assistance lo bnng people in from the sub- urbs of such major cities as Toronto. Montreal and perhaps Vancouver would cost the federal government about million in the next five year1; would pay 25 per cent of the capital cost of Canadian- manufactured vehicles MI fed- eral-provincial-municipal-ap- proved public transit S100-MILLION PROJECT Aides said this program for all major cities would cost about million over five years would provide financial and other kinds of support to encourage Canadian industry to provide Jht- right kind of equipment and municipalities lo come up with total transit systems Aides said this would cost millior, in five years pnme minister mixed the government's already an- nounced policy on railway relocation with an offer to make the best use of railway nghts-of-way for transit work as the final part of his nine- point transit program Aides said this feature would cost about million over five years Mr Trudeau announced phase one of the government's transportation policy recently in Edmonton That dealt with freight rates, availability of trackage and freight cars and the like and much of it was reiteration of past policy- Today's announcement was mostly new. aides said, adding that an announcement on inter-city transit coming Tuesday also will be new Transport Minister Jean Marchand, whose statement in thr last Parliament that transportation in Canada is a mess has been widely quoted by opposition parties, will hold a news conference Wednesday in Ottawa to the whole Liberal One killed in collision near Cowlev Oie person was killed this rnorninp in a collision between a Vancouver bound bus and a half ton truck near Cowle'v seven miles west of. Pinrhrr frock press time Pinrhcr frert RCMP had not released the name of 1he person killed or thf number ol other injuries m thr accident The collision or cured about 2 SO a m the more radical of the two IRA factions. the Provisional Republican movement will not be found wanting in its willingness to talk." said Seamus Loughran. a leader of Sinn Fein, the Provisional" political arm. There was no immediate re- action to the UDA proposal from the IRA's other faction, the Official wing, but it alread> is observing a unilateral truce in the IRA's guerrilla war The t'DA proposal says that if both sides honor the agree- ment there will be talks about 'a lasting peace in our coun- tr> The I'lster Volunteer Force and the Red Hand another guerrilla force, are attending the lhrce-da> meeting with the t'DA but the outlawed I'lster Freedom Fighters, the most MCIOUS of the Protestant armies, are not represented Politicians representing both the Catholics and themajonU also arc excluded from the ceasefire talks More than 1 090 persons died in almost five >ears oi fighting between the IRA and Northern Ireland's m ,n 11 Protestant population Inside D D Comics Famih M