Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 17, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Saturday. Juno 17. 1972 THE LETHBRIDOE HERAld _ 5 Hook Reviews Brief comments on a variety of books it becomes more advanced, has the Impact the authors feel it will have. BEIINICE HERLE "Living With Flowers" by Hoel Iliraga (Tokyo News Sen-ice, Ud., S1I-25, 99 pages distributed by L o n g- man Canada Ltd.) fyHlS is an attractive book, with colored pictures by Hoel Hiraga of Japan and prob- ably tells as much as a creative person needs to know about ar- ranging flowers Japanese style 1 tkl Although it has only nnB Is Iuu m recently arrived here, it is not a new book, having been pub- lished in 1964 and I doubt if it's worth the price listed. ELSPETH WALKER "Instant-Effect Decorating" by Marjorie Katz (J. Lippin- cott Company, 317 pages, S10. Decora- "A Japanese .Garden Man- ual for Westerners" by Sam- uel Ncwsom (Longman Can- ada Ltd., 192 pages, 'PHIS is a somewhat elab- orate garden manual with many colored, black and white photograplis and illustrations on design and con- struction of Japanese gardens. The manual is based on tra- ditional Japanese garden loro and aside from the basic phi- losophy behind Japanese gar- dening are symbolic of "Through nature man d is cover s much practical advice as to stone shapes and combinations, plac- ing of garden ornaments, basic planting ideas, pouring of con- crete, construction of ponds, etc., is included. Samuel Newsom, an expert in Oriental gardening, has writ- ten several books on Japanese landscaping and one also on Bonsai culture. This book for Occidentals provides much fas- cinating information and could be very useful to architects, gardeners and "do it yourself- ers." GERTA PATSON. ______ how-to's of decorating. It is a book of new, quick, simple and inexpensive ideas for making a plain home look like something out of Better Homes and Gardens. Author Marjorie Katz ex- plains the construction of everything from throw pillows to wall hangings In an easy, homey, person-to-person sort of style. JUDI WALKER "The Story of the text by Marion E. Gridlcy, illustrations by Robert Glaubke, (G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 62 pages, distributed by Long- man Canada A BOOK for the elementary level, easy to read with" big print and many facts put in a simple manner. The authors provide a valuable history of the Haida Indian which can be used for enjoyment reading or for social studies instructors to liven up classes. The illustrations, although very vivid in color, are lacking in detail and they leave some- thing to the imagination. It is part of Ihe Indian Na- tion series. RIC SWIHART. "The Goddess Abides" by Pearl S. Buck (Longman Canada Limited, 251 rpHIS isn't Pearl Buck's best book but it is worth read- ing if you want something mild- ly sentimental. It concerns a woman, recently, widowed, who finds herself involved with one very elderly and very ill man who dies in due course, and with one very young man who doesn't. ELSPETH WALKER. "The Preacher and the New English Bible" by Gerald Kennedy (Oxford University Press, 183 TVOT only preachers looking for sermon starters but persons who appreciate mater- ial for reflection will be Inter- ested In Uu's little book. Verses and plirases from the four Gos- pels in the New English Bible translation are accompanied with brief comment. Almost every piece Includes an anec- dote some of which are famil- iar but many of which are fresh. Gerald Kennedy is bish- op of the Los Angeles Area of the United Methodist Church. DOUG WALKER Focus on the University By MICHAEL SUTHERLAND Walk on ivood "The Golden Book of Jew- ish Humor" by Harry Golden (G. P. Putnam's Sons, 252 pages, distributed by Longman Canada rriHROUGH the Carolina Is- 1 raelite which he edited for many years, and his 14 books, Harry Golden has done a great deal to combat religious and racial prejudice. Much of his attack has been with the in- strument of humor because it is difficult to take prejudicial positions seriously when they appear comical. Also it is near- ly impossible to hate the peo- ple one laughs with. This collection of stories is drawn partly from the pages of the Carolina Israelite and the rest from other books of Jew- Ish humor. Some of the stories have been told before and ap- pear here with an unfamiliar (to me) Jewish twist. Most of them, however, are typical Jewish jokes. Breaking the pat- tern of short anecdotes is an article called God bless the gentiles, reproduced from Play- boy magazine. DOUG WALKER. "What will you do today little by Robert (Longman Canada Ltd., A STORY of a little boy on a farm. Russell lists all the tMngs he does one day to put in his time. He gets bumped by the goats, gets his dog to pull him in a cart, goes fishing and catches a trout and a hat, and so on. A delightful slory and just the right length for bedtime but it surely must be for children of the affluent it's a lot of money for so slim a book. But beauti- fully illustrated. MARGARET LUCKHURST "Biofecdback Turning nn the Power of Your Minn" hy Marvin Karlins and M. Andrews (McClelland anil Stewart Ltd-, 223 pages, rrHE MAIN theme of Bio- feedback is that a happy person is one who has full con- trol over himself. How is it possible to control a feeling of anxiety or a migraine head- headache? The authors feel biofeedback can provide the cure. "Aside from helping alleviate the more severe clinical problems of anxiety and depression, bio- feedback training promises some relief for normally neuro- tic people." In a typical biofeedback ses- sion, as described by the auth- ors, a person is hooked up to a machine that will amplify his body signals and allow him to observe them. The idea is that if a person can see or hear something he can then control It. Controlling his body signals helps him to come into a re- laxed menial state. Biofeedback machines do not exist only In research labora- tories. They are available to the public. The book provides advice on where to find them and their approximate costs are also listed. The book Biofecdback is well written and it will be interest- ing to sec if biofeedback, once "The Penguin Book of Com- ics" hy George Perry and Alan Aldridge (Longman Ca- nada Limited, 2J2 pages, TJELAXED and full of enjoy- ment and enthusiasm was the mood this book put me in, as I flipped through page after page of bits and pieces of com- ics. Then to find out some of the history of a comic, I'd turn to the authors' explanations. It is a very interesting book which can keep a "funnie" fan engrossed for hours, learning of the history of the comic, tho authors' opinions of which dir- ections the comic will turn in the future, the designers' ob- jectives in drawing these com- ics, when they were drawn and first published, and most of all, keeps the reader full of enjoy- ment reading and laughing at the drawings, CATHY RETI "Voyage to the First of De- cember" liy Henry Carlisle (G. P. Putnam's Sons, 253 pages, distributed by Longman Canada STARTING with the fact of the hanging of Midship- man Philip Spencer, son of tho U.S. secretary of war, in 1842 on j charge of conspiracy to lead a mutiny, the author cre- ates a piece of fiction of unusu- al interest. The novel is written in the form of a journal that of the ship's surgeon recorded after the voyage and consisting of his recollelion of events in- terspersed with transcripts of a naval hearing. Central to the novel is the question of whether the ship's commander was a sanctimonious bully or a praiseworthy upholder of law and order. In the conflict be- tween the surgeon's "soft" hu- manitarianism and the com- mander's "stern" authoritari- anism one sees a vivid contem- porary commentary. It is an excellent book. DOUG WALKER "The Stone and the Vio- lets" by Mllovan Djilas (Long man Canada Limited, 238 pages, IN this collection of 13 short stories the author gives us an intimate view into the soul of a nation. The stories were written in prison. They, are linked by the theme of choice between good and evil, which men must face when confront- ed by special circumstances. The author reveals the cruel waste of life, the struggle to make a living in the rocky bar- ren land of Montenegro, the re- placement of one set of rules by new and even more rigid ones of the revolutionaries and even the act of love, scrutinized from the view'point of different levels of society, the old and the new. The power of Milovan Djilas' narrative seizes the reader with a subtlety and realism that are characteristic of his writing. One just cannot tear oneself loose. If young or old this book will show you life in the raw, when man has to solve the dilemma of survival in ways that reveal his character and his culture. GERTA PATSON. "Handbook of Reason" by Dagobert D. Runes (Philo- sophical Library, Inc., 200 TJNLESS a person has some irresitible attraction to the writings of philosopher Dago- ber1. Runes there is not much reason for delving into this collection of bits and pieces. Merely leafing through It one gets the impression that tho author has an obsession with the persecution of the Jews. This obsession results in a kind of reverse anti-Semitism in which Christians get their lumps. In a section titled, The Quick and the Dead, for in- stance, he says, "Christians ad- mire only dead Jews, like Je- sus Live Jews bring out tho worst in the Christian. Had the Christians succeeded in killing all the Jews they would have written a holy hymn to God's own people, safely dead." DOUG WALKER. (Phom by Walter Kerber) The My Lai massacre hush-up "Cover-Up" by Seymour M.. Hersh (Random House of. Canada Ltd., .305- AS a sequel to his Pulitzer Prize winning disclosure of the My Lai massacre Sey- mour Hersh now offers this ac- count of how the officers of the unit involved tried to keep it secret. The fact that a group of officers were guilty of a hush- up is incontestable because on March 17, 1970 the U.S. Army's investigating panel, headed by General William R. Peers, filed charges against 14 men ranging from captains to generals. What has been kept from the public is that.the Peers panel confirmed that a second mas- sacre took place on the same day as the one whose disclosure so shocked the world and that it was perpetrated under the same command. The report of Ihe Peers panel has never besn officially re- leased. Hersh somehow got ac- cess to it in the preparation of his book and on June 4, 1972 the New York Times reported that a complete copy of it iiad come into the possession of the paper. If there had been any doubt about the authenticity of Hersh's charges of cover-up they have been dispelled through the Times' publication material from the Peers re- port. Criticism of the Americans for having massacred civilians has not sat well with supporters of Ihe war. They feel that it has not been balanced by sim- ilar disapproval of the Com- munist atrocities. This may ac- count for the way the Inter- national Herald Tribune treat- ed the story of the leak of the Peers report. It juxtaposed the revival of the horror stoiy at My Lai in 1968 with one about slaughter of civilians at the hands of North Vietnamese troops in An But nothing can blunt the shock of the wan- ton killing of people whom the American forces have been os- tensibly in Vietnam to protect. If anyone is still entertaining notions about the massacre being an accident civilians being caught in a cross-fire one bit of detail provided by a participant whom Hersh inter- viewed should prove disturb- ing' "We were out there having a good the ex- GI said. "It was sort of like being in a shooting gallery." He told of a tiny infant, barely of crawling age, who became the object of a marksmanship contest. A rifleman had taken careful aim at the infant with Perverted people "70 Sulton Place" by Joseph Di Mona (Dodd, Mead and Company, 320 AUTHOR in his intro- duction says that the only thing the characters have in common is the apartment build- ing where they live, and he's right. 70 Sutton Place is a slighly satirical look at the wealthy and successful who live in tho building and their visitors, and covers everything from in- ternational intrigue, politics and the racial problem to pot parties on private houseboats. If you're interested in the political and sexual perversions of the so-called 70 Sut- ton Place will provide you with some insight. The author is ob- viously trying to accurately por- tray personalities, but there are too many in the book and too much happens to them to give the reader any insight into human nature. The book is a poor attempt at making Intellectual reading from a sensationalist plot. Each episode is fast-paced but the book as a whole is too dis- connected to ever be worth re- membering. MARLENE COOKSHAW Inn, the beginning QUITE sometime ago one of these col- umns was devoted to discussion of the University of Lclhbridge's increasing in- volvement as a "conference centre." Ap- parently the rationale put forth was in- deed acceptable to those in the commu- nity who had expressed some concern that the university was competing with the pri- vate sector restaurateurs and hotel keepers particularly. Basically my points at the time were that these conferences will come to the city only because of their academic and professional relationship to the university, and without Ihe university facilities the many hundreds of people con- cerned would be going to some other "host campus." Without dwelling turther I be- lieve there is a good measure of satisfati- lion in analysis of the multiplier effect that can be applied to the number o[ dollars these visitors will hopefully part with while they are here, enjoying the many assets of this community. Coincidently the 11-day period of which today is the mid-point includes two very significant conferences hosted by the uni- versity, on-campus as well as off-campus. Yesterday was the final one in a three- day event held under the general name of the Pacific North West Conference on High- er Education. The specific theme was "Sur- vival and Challenge" and the 50 'or so delegates from western Canada and the northwestern part of the United States lis- tened and reacted to a number of papers prepared by and for people concerned with the future of higher education, in view of the many challenges this aspect of society is presently receiving. The title is pretty well self-explanatory in fact the tons for the three days was firmly and dra- matically established in the opening ad- dress "Higher Education Challenge for the Seventies" delivered by Dr. Harold Hodgkinson, research director for the Cen- tre for Research and Development at the University of California in Berkeley. The program included participation b y several universities and colleges in the geo- graphic area referred to above, and It certainly marked a very significant step by The University of Lethbridge into the busi- ness of dealing with major issues facing higher education today it was the first time a Pacific North West Conference lias been held in Alberta. Beginning with registration next Tues- day evening and getting down to the busi- ness sessions Wednesday morning, the 17th annual meeting of the Genetics Society of Canada will bring more than 200 people to Lethbridge from all ten provinces and from a number of locations in the United States. In recent years, the geneticists have coma to gain more than their share of "head- liner" scientists, as contributors to things readily identifiable by the general public. Perhaps this amazing popularity of late is obviated in some of the topics to be dealt, with next week: "The Impact of Genetio Research on "The Use and Mis- use of Knowledge: Variations on a etc. There is a very apparent relationship! between the study of genetics, human genetics and some of the kinds of things associated with ecology, heredity and even social, psychological and moral issues. It is not my intention to apply any kind] of ranking to the many distinguished scien- tists who begin to arrive Tuesday but the requirement of public identification im- plies specific reference to the appearance of Dr. David Suzuki of the University of British Columbia. A Canadian, internation- ally renowned for his efforts in recent years that have popularized genetics, Dr. Suzuki will be co-featured at a public sym- posium that will take place Wednesday eve- ning (21st) at the Yates Centre. He will be joined at that event by Dr. James Miller, also of Uie University of British Columbia and a colleague of Dr. Suzuki's. Both will contribute other papers during the regular sessions. To conclude, I feel that a lot of confer- ences over the years have been rather ex- pensive excuses for a lot of people to get together, at the expense of "the company." My own experience indicates real value in some However, and in view of the rather inflexible availability of funds at universities, as complemented by decisions fit many campuses (including Lethbridge) to reduce or even eliminate travel budgets, it Is noteworthy that university-oriented conferences increasingly continue to devote themselves to issues of critical value academically, socially and politically. Ths initial involvement of The University of Lethbridge in conferences points to two very significant factors in the university's favor: firstly that the facilities on this new campus are quite totally conducive to the role of host, providing economical and ex- tremely efficient services to those wishing to attend conferences without great costs, and, secondly, the recognition by local organizers and their colleagues elsewhere that the atmosphere provided in this particular part of the world is most conducive to the application of their collec- tive minds to the problems with which they hope to deal. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY Is the world getting better? a .45-calibre pistol He missed. "We all laughed. He got up three or four feet closer and he missed again. We laughled. Then he got right up on top of him and plugged him." Chilling isn't it? What is more chilling is that Hersh says the retelling of the story prompted the ex-soldier to be- gin laugliing again. Get-togeth- ers of veterans of the Vietnam war members of the unit in- volved at My Lai at any rate should be hilarious affairs! Hersh says that the Peers panel "served as a palliative for the Army, faced with ser- ious public relations and mor- ale problems." Despite the fact that it was established that at least 347 Vietnamese civilians had been slain in My Lai 4 and My Khe 4 and that 14 officers were charged with various acts of covcring-up, the net result of the Peers investigation has been one conviction and a few' administrative slaps on the wrist. The American public may not be satisfied with this when Hersh's book and the Peers report become better known. Some readers of the Hersh book may be surprised, as I was, that Peers and his asso- ciates were able to produce a critical report. Hersh provides some examples of pro-Army bias that should have led to exoneration. Witnesses known to be against the war, for in- stance, were not called to testi- fy. Peers himself refused to be- lieve that contempt for the Vietnamese expressed by the use of derogatory terms such as "gooks" was widespread among American military men. Preserving a good name for the Army was of more concern than the tragedy that befell the Vietnamese people. The book is not simply a ver- sion of the Peers report- It drew on that report but Hersh also Interviewed people who had been involved. The result Is a step-by-step slory that is not the least bit flattering to the U.S. Army. DOUG WALKER TN Save The Children Fund Conference atBanffa remarkable "Simulation Game" showed how the rich nations got richer and the poor poorer. Mr, Charles Weitz of the Food and Agriculture Organi- zation of the United Nations also noted the increasing poverty of the developing na- tions, the frightful malnutrition and the menace of population explosion. Mr. Marc Badouui, vice-president of the Canadian In- ternational Development Agency, described the development decade of the sixties as a total failure. Despite determined efforts to be optimistic, Barbara Ward in "The Lop-Sided World" notes that the gaunt fig- ure of hunger stalks over the fields of de- veloping nations that have been neglected for industry and massive famine threatens. To argue against inevitable progress is heresy. Even in India spectacular advance has been made against tuberculosis. The horror of yaws which afflicts 50 per cent of rural people In many Asiatic and Afri- can countries is being defeated by penicil- lin. At the beginning of the century half the delegates to the Save the Children Fund Conference would have been marked by smallpox. Polio, such a killer a genera- tion ago, is being beaten. In 1927 James F. Abel stated that three out of five of the human race could not read or write and in Asia and Africa the illiteracy proportion was four out of five. Today the situation is dramatically changed. To cite one project in Africa in the late 1940's the British Gov- ernment began a policy of setting up local universities in Accra, Ibadan, Kampala, Nairobi, and Dar es Salaam. Ten years af- ter its institution the University of Nigeria at Ibadan secured as high a percentage of honors on a per capita basis as its parent university of London. France sends teachers to Africa, Britain and of America's Peace Corps are teachers. Germany has specialized in technical train- ing in Africa, F. M. Estandiary in "Optimism One" (Norton, New York) bubbles over with hope for the future. He has an unbounded conr fidence in the powers of technology, the de- velopment of world communications, mar- kets and trade, global co-operation, travel, and the emergence of an Irresistible peace movement. Man's psyche is shaking free of fatalism and guilt. The human race is em- erging, he says, from authoritarianism, na- tionalism, conformity, and the pathological pessimism to which man in other days was conditioned. Estfandiary believes man is living in the most revolutionary and hope- ful era in his entire history. Such optimism is very heady stuff, but the pollution of land, water, and air which may give the human race another 25 years of existence is sobering. Famine and re- source depletion threaten this civilization as others have been destroyed. The neurot- ic personalities of our time with their alienations and hatreds are increasing. Sad indeed is the disintegration and disappear- ance of the family. Hope and personality are casualties with the loss of religious faith. Western man boasts of his "affluent but the Forrester-Meadows Study shows that the "quality of life" was higher in the great depression of the thirties and fell from 1930-1970. The Pakistan war, the bombing of Hiroshima, the Vietnam atroci- ties, the Nazi concentration camps, and Ihe Stalinist purges show man to be as diabolically cruel as ever. There are 10 mil- lion alcoholics in the U.S. and drug addicla beyond counting. Did Medieval man live under worse conditions than the city slums? Noise pollution in the cities is a ma- jor horror. Optimists have a hard lime of it these days! Shame, shame finally broke down and went fifty- fifty with Paul on a ten-speed bike. If I had had to listen to any more dis- sertations on the merits of ten-speeds I think I would have gone bugs. It wasn't the havoc this submission to pressure caused our budget that bothered By Dong Walker Elspeth. I overheard her tell Anne Mc- Cracken that one of Paul's arguments in favor of the bike was that he would be able to get home from school for lunch faster. "He was already gelling home too said Elspeth. And that's mother love?