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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 17, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta A THt LETHBR1DG! HERAID Solurday, 17, 1971 Maurice Western Good from evil-maybe As the war in Vietnam winds down to its inevitable finish many Ameri- cans are asking themselves if any good at all for the future of mankind has come out of the frightful slaugh- ter, the human deg.iidation, the harm to the U.S. image abroad, the threat to American unity itself. Few Amer- icans agree that the war is worth the cost to the South Vietnamese or themselves. Nevertheless, in the very long range analysis, there are some things to ponder. The first is that U.S. revul- sion to the war has re-emphasized the fact that war is an imperfect instru- ment of policy. The second is that smaller nations which seek U.S. pro- tection to preserve their independence will no longer be able to depend on American manpower. This in itself, could be a deterent to those considering military confronta- tion as a means to maintain their viability. Thirdly, there seems little doubt that the Vietnam war forced the winding down of the cold war and precipitated the U.S.S.R., China, U.S. summit meetings. Those meetings some may say, would have taken place eventually, but there can be no question that the Vietnam situation was the necessary catalyst to get them going. As one commentator puts There's nothing like perilous situations to smarten up diplomatic activity." Fourthly, the recent bombardment of North Vietnam has reversed the old doctrine that air bombardment has little effect on the outcome of a war. The massive U.S. air attacks of recent weeks have had a devastating effect. Whether one condones them or whether one does not, does not alter the facts and these facts could a profound effect particularly on Mid- dle-East nations which might be con- sidering an all-out, no-holds-barred war to settle their differences. Perhaps these hoped for results are in the realm of the euphoric, for they do not assure that human beings will give up massive killing of one another to settle their differences. It does not make the Vietnam war "worth but at least it might re- sult ill more profound hesitancy of either the great powers or small ones engaging in similar useless conflicts. National origin Delegates to Heritage Ontario, a congress on multi-culturalism in To- ronto, recently approved almost un- animously a resolution condemning the media for reporting the national- ity criminals. The resolution de- serves support and implementation. Nothing is added to a news story by reporting the nationality of someone involved in a criminal ac- tivity. It is essentially irrelevant. Recognition of the irrelevance the national origin of individuals in other areas such as job applica- tion has been gaining ground. Na- tionality should neither abet nor hinder a person in making his or her way through life in society. Elimination of an undesirable em- phasis on national origin is a two- way street. It cannot be expected to be played down by the media if peo- ple insist at the same time on trumpeting their ethnicity. National- ist societies, seeking to preserve language and culture, have to ac- cept some responsibility for identifications considered to be nt> gative. Spring thaw in Korea It has been 27 years since North Koreans and South Koreans had any bilateral contacts with one another. Now through International Red Cross efforts it appears possible that within a very short time there will be a relaxation of tensions existing be- tween the two countries. A draft agenda for a full dress conference between delegates of both Korean na- tions has been agreed upon, and when detailed preparations have been completed, talks should begin. It is expected that the conferences will take place alternately in Seoul and Pyongyang, commencing about mid-July. The agenda will includo discussion on reinstitution mail services, relocation of families who have been separated for many years, designation of border points where families can meet, and even perma- nent reunions according to the free will of those involved. None of these arrangements have thus far become final, but there is great hope that a modus Vivendi, al- lowing communication and contact between the divided peoples of Korea, will soon be established politicians can, after all be humanitarians too. No retaliation yet Failure of the Israelis to effect some kind of reprisal for the slaugh- ter at Lydda airport on May 30th may indicate a realization that it would be unwise. It would not really achieve anything and it could lose the gains that came with the almost universal condemnation of the Arab guerrilla's who engaged the Japanese terrorists for the shoot-up of the air- port. There can be little doubt that Is- rael benefitted from the macabre in- cident when it comes to toting up sympathizers. The gloating reaction of some Arab leaders to the slaugh- ter was sickening. It lost them a lot of whatever support there may have been for the Palestine guerrilla cause. The Israelis have steadily argued that it would be unrealistic for them to abandon unassailable military po- sitions, as the Western powers have urged, in return for an agreement that depends primarily on good faith. Terrorist activity such as the killing in Lydda airport and the approval of it tends to give force to the Israeli argument. By refraining from retaliation and concentrating on giving the surviving Japanese gunman a fair trial before the watching newsmen of the world Israel stands to enhance the gains that have already accrued. Yet re- taliation could still come. Israel has not considered world opinion to count for much in the past and has looked to her defences instead. Retaliation may seem like a necessary defensive action. Weekend Meditation The Eternal voice 'pHE French Philosopher, Auguste Saba- tier, maintained that man is "incur- ably religious." By this he meant that a religious sense v-'iS part of human nature and the more man fulfilled his true na- ture the more religious he became. Tho compulsion of conscience, the moral law, the sense of the mysterious, the awareness of the holy, the longing for the true, the good, and the beautiful, and the sudden flashes of awe and wonder make the un- seen world real and present. Men and women are made that way. They are made for numerous experiences of a Divine Oth- er, moments of enlargement and joy when they hold communion with a supersensuous Spirit or Reality. "Pray above all things that the Gates of Light may be opened to an old Chris- tian advised Justin Martyr. Henri Bergs on, who made the phrase elan vital popular, in his last book, Les Sources de la Morale et de la Religion, held that there were two types of morality. One was a closed moral- ity of customs, duties, and law. The higher morality was open to fresh insights and new life, intuitive and creative. The latter was like leaven and from it came all pro- gress. The first was based on fear but the higher morality was inspired by love. Tha first was conservative and reactionary, but the second was responsive to ttie invasion of Divine Life. The great prophets of Is- rael dedicated their entire personality la this dynamic and inspiration. "The spirit of man is a candle of the says the writer of the Proverbs. Man's light and glory come from God and are only possible because there is a cor- respondence in nature between man and God. Thus Ruysbroeck, the Flemish mystic, told how the discovery of G o d brought "fecundity of life." Man has no meaning or place in the world apart from relationship to God. St. Theresa in her autobiography relates how in conversation with God she received "a harvest of inef- fable spiritual riches." All great souls have been aware of a voice from beyond, in- cluding great musicians, poets, artists, and scientists. Some people talk very glibly about the guidance of God, as if the knowledge of God's will came cheaply and easily. Tha voice only comes with patient and prayer- ful waiting and may involve as much an- guish as Jesus found in Gethsemane. In the complex life of ours, with its entangle- ment of choices and decisions, it may be necessary to go through an exhausting tra- vail of soul before the Divine invasion brings peace and light. PRAYER: Grant me the hearing ear, the seeing eye, and the open heart 0 Lord, that I may see and hear the truth and welcome it. V. S. M. Glimpse of Competition Act revisions OTTAWA In an address this week at Vancouver to the Consumers Association of Can- ada, Robert Andras tantalized his audience with the most fleet- ing of glimpses at the mysteri- ous revisionary activity con- cerned with the Competition Act. According to the Minister Consumer Affairs, officials are attempting to redraft the sec- tions on per se offences. Tho idea apparently Is to define more precisely activity which materially lessens competition or has other clearly harmful consequences Instead of outlaw- ing activities on a more or less wholesale basis. Evidently little change is contemplated which would affect sections dealing with misleading advertising, spurious testimonials, bait-and- switch methods and dishonest or deceptive promotional contests. This accords with expecta- tions and doubtless also with criticism that parts of the draft Bill were simply unworkable. Mr. Andras also said that tlio role of the highly controversial Competitive Practices Tribunal is to be more clearly defined. It cannot be said that these revelations add very much to our general Mr. An- dras did, however, say that "it is not my purpose in life to di- sc m bowel he Competition a rather emphatic state- ment suggesting that the gov- ernment has not been much moved by more serious criti- cisms of the bill. What the minister told the Consumers Association about the virtues of competition Is sound and admirable. But it does not necessarily follow that competition Is best defended by the means set out In the govern- ment's proposed measure. As Mr. Andras noted, there are two basic methods of deal- ing with the problem. "The choice must be between that of requiring competition to he kept open through a practical frame- work of law or directly applying more precise and specific regu- lations by public regulatory bod- ies acting in the public inter- est." Present law relies on the first 'Good morning, thit is your captain speaking, welcome aboard Flight 711.' Letters to the editor Lack of critical capacity ividespread I couldn't agree more with your basic conclusion in a re- cent editorial entitled The crit- ical capacity. In my opinion however you are over-reacting in making the unwarranted assumption that be- cause Chariots of the Gods was viewed by so many also implied that all accepted it as the gos- pel truth. Surely for the vast majority, both acceptance and rejection were held in abeyance. I thought it was a good imagina- tion stretcher. It should also be noted that the book is actually a statement about a hypothesis neither proved nor disproved and is largely compose of a series of questions. The layman must necessarily leave the weighing of the technical and historical data to the experts who have access to the many ancient writings. This however is not a defense of the book. I am more con- cerned about your assertatlon that we need "to arouse the enquiring critical capacity." You further imply, by infer- ence, if not by direct statement, that teachers have failed to teach this skill. You may well be correct in this. Certainly the mass media are not teaching it either. All you have to do Is take a criti- cal look at the advertising con- tent, especially those geared to- ward the youth and the sex cults. Don't you think It is a bit of a difficult task to try to undo all the harm done by the big tube overnight and over the weekend not to mention the summer, in the few hours the teacher has with the student? Violence on TV whether it Is perpetrated by "lawful or un- lawful" types generally comes in the form of act first and ask questions later. Does this foster the art of critical inquiry? I think not. The lack of critical capacity is also rampant in the field of trade and commerce. For the sake of profits and other con- siderations products are pro- duced with built in obsoles- ence. The tradesman is hurried and harried to produce more in less time or face being replaced by a machine that will. If the parents are conditioned or forc- ed to accept these facts of life it becomes more difficult for Let's sing out our National Anthem On the last three occasions that I stood with an audience during the playing of the.Can- adian National Anthem no- body sang. In my exuberance and gratitude as a new Cana- dian I blurted out the opening lines "O Canada, our home and native land" but this was greeted by so many dirty looks of disgust that I immediately got the message "shut up and listen." However, for my personal gratification and peace of mind, I hummed through the melody softly and maintained my silence of words for fear of offending my fellow Canadians. One of these histor- ic occasions was at a high school graduation and not a graduate sang maybe some of them didn't know the words or tune. I find it most ironical if not hilarious that even at the National Hockey League games there is a professional anthem singer who sings on behalf ef the nation as the players stand nervously fidgeting their sticks. On several occasions I have seen gum chewing, bubble blowing kids mockingly refus- ing to even as much as stand up during the playing of the an- them. I recall in one school tha record was stuck on the PA system on the line "we stand on guard foi thee" and all tha kids just sat and giggled as the record continued "to stand on guard." I understand in some schools it is almost eliminated. Personally I find all this both unfortunate and distasteful. I am especially disappointed that even at public functions which feature top government offi- cials that even the officials make absolutely no attempt to even suggest their familiarity with the melody not even to attempt a joyful noise unto the nation. So many platform guests stand there in a position which almost indicates, "boy, is this anthem ever taking long to Why this negative attitude to our anthem as though it was a song to be endured? Maybe in this day of specialization we have been misled into believing that you must have the voice of a Tom Jones or Anne Murray before you dared to mouth the words of O Canada. Are we ashamed of what we sing or of how we sing or are we afraid some nearby foreigner may take us seriously on the words "true patriot love in all our sons It is high time that we take pur National Anthem more ser- iously or then think about some alternative expression of loyal- ty before our anthem deterior- ates into a mcro meaninglesj formality to be followed so of- ten by wild screams. Canadi- ans, we should be proud of our national song. Every anthem is intended to embody the feel- ings, sentiments, hopes and as- pirations of a people. Those of us who come to this great coun- try from lands which are infil- trated with oppressive thinking and downright dictatorship know something of the joy and excitement to sing "O Canada, glorious and free" it is in- deed a land of freedom and for Canadians let us then sing therefore truly stand on guard against any direct or indirect influences which may tend to tarnish or destroy this God giv- en freedom. There is so much in this Canada to be thankful for that it is worth the struggle to preserve. Canadians let us hen sing with a new voice, a new heart, a new boldness and a new thankfulness O CANADA! ALBERT BALDEO Coaldate So They Say There isn't a single door in this world that will open with- out pushing I'm going to turn the knob and push, Sen. Clara Weisenborn, member of the Ohio Legisla- ture, on the power of women legislators. them to teach the young to critical. Another factor mitigating against the critical capacity of people is the fact (hat most work for somebody else an institution public or private. It can be economically disastrous to', be overly critical no matter how just the claim. In the area of politics one gets the impression that the more critical or critizing types are generally looked on as be- ing slightly suspect. They can be tolerated in opposition but surely not be allowed to govern. As a teacher I must surely accept a part of the blame for the failure of fostering a criti- cal capacity in my students. My point however, is that the entire environment Is our tea- cher and we need to take a more critical look at what the constituent parts are doing to us. B. HELMUT HOFFMAN, Lethbridge Community College Instructor Looking Through The Herald 1912 Today's meeting of the city council promises to be one of the most important of the year. It is quite probable that the 1912 tax rate will be struck. 1922 A most effective by- law against automobile speed artists has been brought into effect here under the direction of Reeve Galbraith. New cros- sings have been placed across main street at about 1.2 feet above the road level. This is in according with the famous town of Mugwamp and bids fair to cut down all speed artisls to a safe gait. method for the reason that federal power to make criminal law is unassailable. Mr. Bas- ford's Bill would have employed both methods, hopefully basing the second on the general power over trade and commerce. But past attempts to do this hava been wrecked by court deci- sions, leaving consumers with- out the protection promised. Without doubt, the govern- ment has been advised by its lawyers that the Competition Bill is proof against attack. So were earlier governments rely- ing on Ihoir lawyers. What was in fact in prospect (and may still be in prospect) was a long period of uncertainty until tha issues involved were decided by the courts. Indeed, with the re- peal of a now well-tested Corn- fa i n e s Investigation Act we would have had to wait a long lime for a new jurisprudence to be established. It is one thing to define an il- legal activity and to prosecute people who engage in it. But It is quite basic to the idea of the au- thorize officials to approve or forbid activities, not because they are legal or illegal but be- cause they do not accord with the views of certain economists about the public good or be- cause they may have conse- quences perceivable only in someone's crystal ball. In the perspective of com- bines history, the situation is somewhat ironical. The judges, interpreting the law, commonly declined in the past to engage in economic forecasting; for which they were roundly criticized by various economists. Now the economists propose to lake over; they will do the forecast- ing by whatever methods may he in fashion at the time and, having done so, will hand down decisions as if they were judges. Thou Shalt and thou Shalt not. Incidentally, the Basford bin proposed to do away with public- ity, a weapon to which past ministers of justice of the stat- ura of J. If Ilsley attached great importance. What Mr. An- dras has in mind on this matter, he has not revealed. Of one point, however, we may be rea- sonably sure; the suppression ot publicity will provoke no pro- tests from businessmen in- volved In combine activity. Whether the new measure, In Its revised form, will be the an- swer to our needs, only experi- ence can show. But there is one rather odd passage in the minis- ter's that is to say in the mouth of a member oi cabinet although the point has often been made on this page. Mr. Andras, having moved on from a discussion of the bill to other matters Including tha Im- portance of consumer advocacy before "the bewildering array of regulatory boards and com- missions and government-ap- pointed marketing agencies, not to .mention the self-licensing bodies in the professional added this comment: "It Is a commonly observed phenomenon that sooner or later a regulating body tends to iden- tify with the interests of those it is regulating, unless there is strong pressure either Internally or externally to resist this tend- ency." Indeed, It is. Why then should the in the absence of publicity (which even now has been cut to a min- an exceplion? In the long run, with the economists of business huddling with the econ- omists of government, who will be the regulators and who will be the regulated? There is not this problem when government is at arjns- longth, when there is a known law defining offences, and when those who commit them are dealt with by the courts of the land. (The Herald Ottawa Dnrcan) backward 1932 Petite and blonde movie star Joan cap- ably demonstrates the fact that curves are in vogue again. 1912 Sugar ration book ap- plication cards together with instructions for making the ap- plications will go out to resi- dents of Lelhbridge and all who receive their mail here on Thursday morning, Postmaster W. R. Ward announced todny. 1052 Today will see down- town Lethbrklge connected to the Exhibition grounds by a first-class paved road for the first time in the history of the city. The Lethbrtdge Herald 604 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LKTHBRIDGE HERALD 00. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher. Published 1005-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 ladlan Press and Ihe Canadian Daily Hewjcaotr Association and Audit Bureau of Circulation! Member cf The C; Publishers' CLEO w. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PI L LI NO WILLIAM HAY Manlglng Editor Associate Editor F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advarllslng Mineoef Editorial Pjge EdMor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;