Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 17, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
40 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD WodnMdnY, Join 17, 1970 It Has Experts flwsy-iiiivj "PredicTWilsQn Will Win Unprecedented _i_ 4iin mriir Itniiits i By AimtUIl GAVSHON LONDON (AP) Prime Min- ister Wilson will win an unprec- edented third term in a row if his Labor party scores a victory in Thursday's elections, as the experts are predicting. In many ways, it has been a topsy-turvy campaign. Historically Labor has been tho party of collective leader- ship, Conservatives the party of dominant personalities such as Sir Winston Churchill and An- thony Eden. But this year the Conservative leader, Edward Heath, is presented as one of a team while Wilson is projected the responsible man in office who knows the answers. Chief Claims New Indian Policy Plot CALGARY (CP) Blackfoot Chief Adam Solway believes the federal government's proposed new Indian policy is a plot to separate Indians from control of their' reserve lands. Indians will not give up their reserve lands at any price, he said in an interview here. "Instead of making a policy paper they should come right out and say we want your land. In order to get the same equal- ity as the rest of the Canadian citizens, you've got to give up the rest of your reserves, let your reserves he taxed." Mr. Solway, chief on the member Blackfoot reserve 50 miles east of Calgary, said the Trudeau government does not believe in treaties and conse- quently Indians are concerned about maintaining control of their lands. "This is our land. This Is our country. It has been taken by white people. Now they think they can Own the whole country by not recognizing the treaties they made with us." Chief Solway said his people reject the concept of equality offered Indians by the federal government. The policy of last June pro- posed that Indians receive health care, welfare, education and other services from provin- cial governments. If Indians received such ser- vices through provincial govern- ments, instead of through the federal department of Indian affairs, reserve lands woulc become eligible for provincial taxation. Indians should receive equal- ity with other Canadian citizens without having their reserve land jeopardized. Traditionally Labor, with its jase of trade unions, has been ho party of radical protest, and ;hc Conservatives the party re- sisting change. Now Labor por- trays itself as the natural gov- ciiing party while the Tories insist that Britain must change or founder. Labor has been In power years and seeks a now five-year mandate. Leading polls show Heath trailing. Conservative party supporters acknowledge that he needs a storming comeback or sensation in the final phase to oust his rival. Wilson, reading the signs, is confident to the point of promis- ing to invite party workers to a victory celebration at 10 Down- ing Street. EGGS VS. ISSUES The three-week campaign has quiet. More eggs than is- sues have hurtled around the platforms, moving Wilson, a main target, to observe: "We ve got all the got all the eggs." It has seemed as though the glorious inertia of a golden sum- mer stifled any wish for change on the part of the electorate. The central issue facing the country's eligible vot- 18- to 21-year-olds enfranchised f o r he first down to ust about this: How can Britain, its empire shed, its influence marginal, its economy finely balanced, main- ain high living standards at lome and find a new role in a world of shifting alignments and at one point in 1964. He trans- formed this to 90 within two years. Then a string of set- jacks, ranging from Vietnam jeaco missions that failed, to sterling devaluation, sent his jrcstige plunging and cost him 15 seats in byelections. Once in 1968 Labor was trailing Uie Con- servatives in public opinion polls by more than 20 points. That would have routed the party if it had been translated into national electoral terms. But Wilson had vowed to bal- ance the country's books and this lus government proceeded to do. ILL AT EASE In many eyes Heath has failed to sell either his sincerity or seriousness to the nation. He is an impressive figure with iron-grey hair, a talented yachtsman and organist, but seems ill at ease on a platform or in small groups of stranger! He has no time, he confided re- cently, for the "charlatanries of politics." But some of his aides must have spoken to him about this. The next day he was seen kiss- ing four babies in 15 minutes. The campaign strategies of the contenders spotlighted the difference between them. Wilson avoided appearing at set rallies. He launched a series of walking tours in 56 marginal constituencies that Labor must win to retain power. He devoted himself to boosting the morale of party workers, delivering low-key pep-talks, basiling his opponents with taunts and teases, taking tea ill workers' parlors, with his wife Mary at his side. Heath, a bachelor, preferred addressing mass gatherings of Conservative faithful in big cit- ies. Card-holders only were ad- mitted. He moved around in a hired airliner with scats for journalists but rarely talked with them. Wilson and Heath do not bother to conceal their mutual dislike. Each has accused the other of dishonesty, of irrespon- sibility, of lying, weakness and a lot more besides. Labor's aim is to modernize the nation's industries and insti- tutions from atomic energy to the trades unions and, with the aid of science, to improve the quality of life. Abroad, Later wants a more active British role in existing al- liances, with Europe and the Mediterranean as the focus. The party sees NATO as more than a defensive also should lead the way toward East-West understandings and a Ein'ope- wide security system. Labor also hopes to lead Britain into an enlarged European Common Market if the terms are her own feet outside." A victory making Heath prime minister would mean new emphasis on private enterprise. Internationally, a Heath gov- othenvise, tho party insists, representing about a dozen par- "Britain will be able to stand on tics or groups arc nmnu'fi lor the 630 English, Scottish, Welsh and Northern Ireland places in the House of Commons. The middle-road Liberals cherish an outsider's hope of winning enough seats to exercise a pow- er-balancing role in a close con- test. While the loader of the win- ning parly becomes prime min- ister for a maximum five-year term, the prime minister has Uie right to call an election at any moment he likes. Wilson did just this. His nor- mal term had a full year to run when he called Thursday's vote. That was last month, as public- opinion polls showed a swing to Labor. During election campaigns British parties invariably move toward the centre, with extreme pressure groups sometimes muted for fear of alienating the eminent would follow the broad lines drawn by Labor except on n few key issues relating to Eu- rope, Asia and Africa. The Con- servatives have promised a British bid for n nuclear-weap- ons partnership with France to function "in trust" for Europe. They probably would halt Britain's current program of military withdrawal from Ma- laysia, Singapore and Uie Per- sian Gulf. RENEW ARMS SALES They would seek to co-operate with the white-supremacy gov- ernments of southern Africa, in- cluding renewed arms sales to South Africa. More than candidates, Term vast mass of moderate opinion. Thus the leader who captures Uie middle ground usually wins. Eolh Wilson and Heath have their Dxtrcme wings. In Labor's case they are left- ists. Among the Conservatives they re rightists with Enoch Powell the uncrowned party leader. Powell has hammered ths theme of race, demanding that non-white immigration halted for fear of future blood- baths in cities. He also has called for the paid repatriation of many of Britain's or sn new'non-white immigrants. Standings in the House of Commons at dissolution: Labor 343, Conservative 283, Liberal 13, Republican Labor 1, Welsh Nationalist 1, Scottish Nationalist 1, Independent Unity 1, Independents 2, vacant 2, Speaker and two Deputy Speak- ers 3. CHILEAN CHEATS SANTIAGO Hall, a demographer from Johns Hopkins University, con ducted a study of the sex life of Chilean men. One conclu sion: half the married men an unfaithful to their wives onci every two or three weeks. .echnological change? The answer, says Wilson, lies In building "a strong, just and compassionate" social demo- cratic society on the base of an expanding economy. He argues that Labor already has fulfilled the precondition of a restored solvency. As evidence he boasts that a foreign trade deficit of that was inherited from the Conservatives in 1964, has been transformed into a record surplus of in the 1969-70 fiscal year. 'ACHIEVEMENT BOGUS' Heath contends Labor' achievement is bogus, masking "tie worst inflation for 2( years." He promises a well- managed, moderate liberal de- mocracy with a bias towarc free enterprise, incentive anc freedom that would replace "Labor's restrictions." To this end, taxes, prices, un employment would be cut Heath insists "government by gimmick must end" if the na- tion's "shrunken reputation am honest traditions" are to be re- stored. Wilson Is 54 and Heath 53 Both are post-Second World War politicians who rose from work ing-class backgrounds to lead their parties in the last seven years. Each had cabinet expert ence before becoming the leader. Wilson, by common consent, seems the cannier politician Resounding policy failures rarely have ruffled him. 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