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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 17, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE UTHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, Juno 17, 1970 Josaph Kraft Benson's Disservice Mr. Benson has promised (a) Umt lax reform based on the White Paper will not be used as a device to gain more revenue; and (b) that there will be substantial changes from the White Paper proposals. These statements are too little and too late. Taxation is not popular, however necessary. Some public criticism is therefore inevitable and every gov- ernment must be prepared to live with it. In the midst of their grum- Wing, the people will still respect those who tax them. But the degree of opposition to the White Paper is such that either the changes must be drastic, making it advisable to consider dropping the whole White Paper concept, or the people, through the polls, will assert themselves The White Paper is not all bad. The present tax system is badly in need of drastic reform, and the gov- ernment, in answer to royal commis- sion urging, has suggested quite drastic changes. However the government has been unwilling or unable to support its proposals, which of course were meant more for discussion than as fixed policy. The critics have car- ried the day. Some of their criticism is contrived, but in any case it has persuaded many people to lake firm positions against the proposals. This is borne out by a Gallup Poll report just published, conducted at the request of a private firm. Among those who have heard of the White Paper, only 30 per cent support it and 48 per cent oppose it. That leaves only 22 per cent undecided or in between. On matters of impor- tant detail, the degree of opposition is much stronger. Since it is important that any new tax system have the greatest pos- sible understa nding and sym- pathy, if not elation, then the govern- ment has been doing the country a disservice. By its silence in the face of mounting criticism it is only making more difficult the job of sell- ing any degree of practical and realistic tax reform. Thanks To The Golf Nuts There is no harm in scrutinizing the operations of the Henderson Lake Golf Club. Since it is using valuable city land, the public has a right to ask it to explain its operations. However Ihe recenl and current civic exercise should not be permit- ted to muddy the club's reputation. It must operate the equivalent of a semi-public club, in that it must be open to everyone within reasonable rules. It cannot be a private club. There is no need to charge less- than-cost fees. Golf is not an inex- pensive game, and those who play should pay their own way. The public contribution is use of the land. One of the several civic assets that make Lethbridge unique and desir- able is the golf course so close to the city centre, in association with the lake, the Japanese Garden, the Ex- hibilion Grounds and the other public attractions. Just to drive or walk past it is to enjoy it. It is main- tained by the members of the club. They have greatly improved it through construction of the attractive club house and many other expendi- tures. It is Lethbridge's good for- tune that there are enough golf nuts around who want to do all this. Tliis is their special contribution to the city. More power, and more gratilude, to them. Abortion Reform Recent agitation for reform of Ihe abortion law in Canada has probably accomplished nothing more than intensification of a debate that was already under way. Justice Minister John Turner has indicated that noth- ing is likely to be done about chang- ing legislation until the present law has been given a reasonable time for testing which means a couple of years at least. The agitators might spend their time and money more profitably by seeing that the law is tested in the courts rather than in continuing pro- test tactics. They could support women who, having been denied abortions, institute civil a c t i on s against their doctors, hospital boards or both. Court actions could be based on alleged physical and mental suffer- ing as a result of being forced to go through with an unwanted pregnancy. Then all the argumenls pro and con on the subject of abortion would have to be marshalled in their most compelling form. Not only would this result in helping to clarify thinking on the subject but it is apt to speed reform of the law. Despite intelligent, deeply felt op- postion, the odds seem to be on the side of eventual liberalization prob- ably to the extreme point of abortion on demand as advocated by the feminist agitators. S o me court ac- tions would likely accelerate the swing to this position even if the cases were lost. There would likely be a tendency to decide in favor of performing abortions rather than risk having to face court actions. Thus the law might come to be. interpreted more liberally than perhaps intended and in due time would have to be revised simply to be in accord with common practise. It would be preferable, of course, if legislation reflected what was in the best interests of individuals in society rather than being the belated reflection of what people want. But that seems to ask too much. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON The Women's Libera- tion people take themselves very se- riously and well they might. It's very hard to say anything to them without getting them very mad. While I have no idea what you should say to someone in Worn-, en's Lib, here are some of the things you should not say: "Well now that you've got your college degree, I suppose you're going to find yourself a husband." "You ought to meet Hugh Hefner he's your kind of guy." "How do you like this picture of the sexy girl in a bathing "Have you heard the latest one about the woman driver who "What's the name of your "I suppose if you take this job, you'll probably become pregnant." "You women go in the other room. We'll stay here for cigars and cognac." "Wouldn't you hate to be married to a man who makes as much money as you "Here, let mo light your cigarette for you." "For a woman, you play very well." "My mother always did something stu- pid like that herself." "There's a gal in our office who is as good at soiling as any man." "Hey look, there's a lady taxi "We'd be happy lo let you in the press box it's just. I hat we don't have any lavatory facilities." "Ha, ha, ha A woman president, that's a good one. Ho, ho, ho." "Would you like to go out to Lady's Day at the ball "The tiling I like about you the best is your legs." "I met this woman doctor the other day, at the hospital, and she really seemed to know what she was doing." "What do you think about when you're having a "I beg your pardon, ma'am, is the head of the house "Would you like to feel my "Show me a woman who really likes working and I'll show you a woman who likes other women." "A penny for your thoughts." "Hi, how's the better half "Don't feel bad, I even know men who don't understand it." "No, sit down and Join us. We have nothing important to say." "The newspaper just arrived. Would you like the women's "Listen, I'm the first one to admit wom- en have gotten a raw deal, but the ma- jority of them wouldn't have it any other way." ".Meet n.o at the lady's entrance of the club at 5 o'clock." Any of the above statements can cause a Women's Lib backer to get uptight, but if you really want to see her climb the wall start singing: "You've come, a long way, baby, "To get where you got to today. "You've got your own cigarette now baby, "You've conic a long, long way." (Toronto Telegram News Service) Colonel P: A Creature Of Comedy pllNOM PENH A stock figure in tiic recurrent drama of Washington's com- mitments to uncotmlrics with no bearing on anybody's na- tional security is tiic fatuous American military man who keeps sighting victory until the eve of disaster. And one rea- son to be pessimistic about chances of avoiding American entanglement here in Cambo- dia is that just such a charac- ter is already on the spot. Colonel P., as I shall call him, is a creature of comedy and maybe pathos, chiefly dis- tinguished by the wearing of a w h i t e bartender's jacket. 1 write about him because lie has acquired importance in Cambo- dia as the American eyes and ears in what is the front line of tire Vietnam war. What fol- lows is an account of a back- ground interview he gave the other day to this columnist, Robert Kaiser of the Washing- ton Post, and Robert Shaplen of the New Yorker magazine. Colonel P. began on a note of high confidence regarding the ability of Cambodian forces to resist the Vietnamese Com- munists: "I sincerely believe those people have the capacity to pull out of danger by them- selves without anybody helping them. I'd say they have a good 50-50 chance. With help from the outside, the chances will naturally go up." Colonel P. then pointed out that in fact help was coming from South Vietnam and Thai- land. "I hear there is even help from he said. He felt that what was shaping up was the application of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization which includes the United Slates. he said, "has never been tested before." It was pointed out that for- mer Secretary of State Dean Rusk had repeatedly argued that Vietnam was a test of SEATO. Colonel P., confusing Mr. Rusk with former White House aide Walt Rostow said: "Since this is a background- er, I'm not afraid to challenge even so dedicated and brilliant a man as Mr. Rostow. I've been all over this area since the time frame 1960-1961 Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong, Japan. I'm in regular contact with the Cambodian equivalent of our chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. I've just talked to him. You might say that I see things through the eyes of Ger-.. Lon Nol (the Cambodian prime 1 sincerely believe that what dip- lomacy failed to do in the past will be accomplished by the ur- gency of the situation." At that point, Colonel P. paused, and then, as if struck by a revelation resumed: "Now here's a line for you. What we're seeing here is a reverse domino theory. People are standing up to be counted the Vietnamese, the Thais, the Cambodians. The enemy is on the run. He's running for his life. Let me speak not as a col- onel hut as a man in the street, as Mr. U.S.A. I think that what President Nixon did was a brave decision. If there was anything wrong, it's that he waited as long as he did. Even so the enemy is hurt. The enemy is taking a licking. I'll bet my professional reputation that we'll bring it off." Colonel P. was asked about reports that the town of Set Bo, only ten miles south of Phnom Penh, had been taken by the Communists. He said: "All right. So they take it. So what can they do? The enemy can wander all over Cambodia and it won't t'o him any good. He doesn't have enough weap- ons and he doesn't have enough food. He's going for the popula- tion centres where the govern- ment has stored food and weapons. He's scored one or two successes. But I'm not about to give aid and comfort to the enemy by telling you what they are. I mil say that when the rainy season comes "What do you want to be if you grow he'll be out in the boon- docks getting wet. If the gov- ernment holds through the rainy season, he'll be through. He'll be dead." Instead of the area close to Phnom Penh, Colonel P., said, we should look at the north- east quadrant of Cambodia, particularly around the town of Lahansiek in the province of Ratlanakiri. "I've been there he said. The local commander was a fine officer of the old school. "He believes deeds speak louder than words." It was pointed out that Am- erican headquarters in Saigon felt the enemy held the north- east quadrant in force as part of a line of communications stretching south from Laos. Colonel P. said: "I have to grin when you say that. Saigon still thinks in terms of a classic military operation. They don't understand this war." (That night, wo learned next day, the Communists attacked Laban- siek from to in the morning.) It was pointed out that there were nine Cambodian bat- talions in the town of Kampong Cham which were refusing to fight enemy troops just across the river. Colonel P. said: "You have to understand that there's a difference between troops attached to the national government and troops attach- ed to specific regions. Those troops there feel they're hon- orary citizens. They feel they belong. We used to have that in the United States. In the First World War, there was Urn Fighting C9th. It came from New York. Now we've changed that and we don't have units from a single region. It was pointed out that tin Fighting C3th was not afraid to cross the Hudson River to Newark. Colonel P. let that pass. It was then pointed out that National Guard divisions from Ohio and Oklahoma had fought well in the Second World W a r. Colonel P. said: "Well, I'm not here to answer all your questions." Before leaving, we asked Col- onel P. ta spell Ms name. Ha remarked ruefully that it had been quite a problem. "During the Second World War, when I was fighting behind the lines with the French, Time maga- zine mentioned me, and said my name rhymed will) screech." As we left, Colonel P. asked if he could have our calling cards. He said: "When this is all over, I'm going to have in my house a room entirely pa- pered with the cards of tin newspapermen that have to interview me." (1070 Field Enterprises, Inc.) Tim Tray nor Significant New Activity On Oil Questions WASHINGTON There is significant new activity here related to the eontrover- s i a 1 dealings between liis U.S. and Canada on oil and broader energy questions. There are indications the U.S. will soon loosen quota limita- tions on Canadian oil imports east of the Rockies. Meanwhile, discussion of moves toward a broad energy agreement has also been carried forward, both publicly and behind the scenes. The whole subjet is shroud- ed in controversy as the result of a tangled and perplexing se- ries of developments. The U.S. has talked of draw- ing more on Canadian re- sources within an energy agreement, but has at the sarns time limited oil imports, giving rise to fears of a pressure play. As evidence has come to light has seemed to confirm this, there has been'an increas- ing defensiveiKss in Canada, culminating in Energy Minister J. J. Greene's gestures of de- fiance. He has echoed sus- picions of U.S. motives and has threateningly suggested that Canada might restrict U.S. ac- cess to natural gas if Canada 'Crazy Capers' Isn't that jour wifn doesn't gain freer acces to the U.S. oil market. The subject of w energy agreement has now been taken up by two members of the Fed- eral Power Commission, Chair- man John Nassikas, and Com- missioner John Carver. The common point of departure was the soaring U.S. need for en- ergy resources in general, and natural gas in particular. Mr. Nassikas estimated that natural gas consumption will jump from 20.6 trillion cubic leet per year in ISKiS, to 48.7 trillion cubic leet in 1980. To cover tills increase on an ade- quate reserve basis would quire the discovery of one and-one-half times all the nat- ural gas discovered to date in the U.S. Mr. Carver foresaw a gap between domestic produc- tion and consumption by 1980 of 14 trillion cubic feet. On the basis of lagging reserve dis- coveries, the U.S. was losing rather than gaining ground. Mr. Nassikas indicated the U.S. would be looking more and more to new sources, including liquified gas from overseas, gasification of coal, and im- ports from Canada. He spoke of a common energy policy with Canada which would pro- vide the basis for large inflows of gas from Alaska and north- ern Canada.- His wording was such as to leave open the ques- tion whether he was talking in the broad terms that Canada views with suspicion or mainly concerned with natural BBS. There is less ambiguity in Mr. Carver's approach. In a Dallas speech, he openly dis- paraged the broad approach, suggesting rather that the U.S. should concentrate on making provision for expanded natural gas needs, regardless of progress on ether energy matters. He contemplated with unease the progression from Ihe oil import quota lo the Ca- nadian threat to curtail sup- plies of natural gas. In liis view, Canada had shown it could usa gas as a card" in ne- gotiations with Ilia U.S'. He would try to bypass this situation by allowing natural gas companies on both sides of the border to continue mak- ing deals in accordance with market conditions. The likeli- hood was that governments would adjust to tin's. Compa- nies which had a large stake already knew that "an upsurge of nationalism and reaction to nationalism" w o u 1 d n't make their tasks any easier. "But each side believes that patriotism and good business are compatible, and each is willing to take some risks pend- ing the day when the approvals have to be sought." Mr. Carver's approach sug- gests a delinite movement away from the broad con- cept which has bedevilled con- tacts between (lie two coun- tries in recent months. Signif- icantly, there is an echo of this in official circles here. The suggestion is tiiat the fo- cus of discusions could be nar- rowed, at least to the point of encompassing only oil and gas. The U.S. is portrayed as flex-, ible, contrary to what has been generally assumed in Canada. It is recalled that Mr. Greene was at first receptive to the idea of a very broad agreement which, by his own assertion, might have ranged over hydro, coal, uranium, oil, natural gas, and provision for pipelines a n d possibly tanker movement tlu'ough Northwest Passage. The U.S. it is said considered that the use of broad terms would leave So They Say Most people delude them- selves that because you have one man one vote you have the best government of the people by the people for the people. You can have government of the people or for the people but, in fact, you never, have it by the people. That is a bit of nonsense England's Lord Bccching, Canada with greater options. A further factor was that an agreement involving an un- restricted inflow of Canadian crude oil .would be more readily accepted by Congress if it were linked to a broad agreement. A narrow agreement would likely encounter stiff opposition from Interests seeking to protect the domestic oil -industry from out- side competition. Significantly, it is said that problems related to oil could bo dealt with apart from other questions. The basic admin- istration position has been that a free inflow of Canadian oil would at present be incon- sistent with national security requirements because of East- ern Canada's dependence on foreign oil. Supplies could be disrupted in an emergency, and the de- ficiency would have to be made up from remaining U.S. and Canadian supplies, putting, a strain on the whole system. Within an energy agreement, however, this destabilizing ele- ment could be eliminated, by altering eastern Canadian sources of supply (possibly by means of a pipeline to move western oil to the In accordance with this, the U.S. has presented its move to quota limitations on imports of Canadian oil as an interim agreement. This seemed to mean that the U.S. wanted as- surances on energy generally before opening the oil market, but it is now said that it might be sufficient to deal with the eastern Canadian problem that is, to keep the focus pri- marily on oil. Herald Washington Bureau) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD After a provincial in- spection of the Lethbridge High School, Dr. Norman F. Black, superintendent, resigned in ac- cordance with the demands of a numher of citizens. 1330 Mustapha Pasha Na- has, prime minister of today tendered his own and his cabinet's resignation after a drawn-out conflict with King Fuad concerning constitutional safeguards. into In order to meet the c m pi r c's war emergency, Prime Minister Mackenzie King has announced national registration of Canadian man- power, landing of Canadian troops in Iceland and the es- tablishment of a war depart- ment. 1350 Representatives of Britain's family doctors will meet to discuss the possi- bility of withdrawing from national health services. 1960 The Hon. Alvin Ham- ilton, minister of northern af- fairs will open the new swimming pool in Waterloo Lakes National Park tomorrow. Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbrldge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mai) Registration Number 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and ths Can ad i an D.iily Newsptpw Publishers' Association anil Audit Bureau of Circulations CUCO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THuAJAS H. ADAMS, General Manaser JOK BAU.A HAY Managing Kdtlor AsMH'ialo Editor ROV P. MILES 1XHIOUS K. WALKFJL AdvvtJMX Editoru) Jtdliar HERALD SERVES THi SOUTH" ;