Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 16, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THI IITHMID6I HfRAlD Jun. 16, Australia seeks mature foreign policy To ban or just 'control' Stringent measures such as out- right banning have always appeared harsh to a certain. segment of so- ciety. Some prefer to lone down, soft pedal, delete, curb or tighten up controls rather than wield the axe. Others demand a clean sweep, no matter who it hurts, especially if the issue is one of protecting children. This week in the Commons James McGrath, 41, father of six and Con- servative MP for Newfoundland's St. John's East, attends committee hearings he hopes will result in ban- ning advertising aimed at children. His private bill, read first in Jan- uary, would amend the Broadcasting Act so as to prohibit all advertising during broadcasts devoted to young- sters. Pitted against McGrath are the formidable interests of private and public broadcasting concerns, toy manufacturers, cereal and grocery pressure groups and the advertising advisory board, all of vihom favor regulations but not a ban. Members of the Canadian Associa- tion of Broadcasters, who stand to lose between S15 and S20 million an- nually in ad revenue if McGrath's bill passes, are working against it. The amendments aimed at tighten- ing regulations to the Broadcast Code for Advertising to Children passed at their annual meeting in Ottawa in early May would ban vita- rmn, drug and medicine advertising aimed at children, restrict and de- fine the use of cartoon characters and such visible folk heroes as Santa Claus and clarify that certain items are not included in a regular pur- chase price. That, they feel, should be enough. McGrath's banning move (he hap- pily accepts the role of catalyst for "a" lot of latent public has received support from consum- ers and parents' groups across the country. The Alberta Federation of Home and School Associations is asking for government support in cleaning up television and putting an end to commercials aimed at young- sters and is sending protests to in- dividual stations, the national Home and School convention and the Cana- dian Radio and Television Commis- sion. Federation president Edith Hnytka says members are concern- ed with the tvpe and amount of ad- vertising directed at children when it is primarily the parents are the purchasers. Such advertising, she says, creates imagined needs and unrealistic expectation in the minds of impressionable children. Ad men are concerned about po- tential harm to children, but also about their own pocketbooks, should advertising controls become heavily restrictive Sure to be upset if Mc- Grath's bill becomes law are the toy manufacturers, who within weeks will be launching their intensive pre- Chnstmas sales pitch aimed at mak- Junior 'insist' he get a super-ter- rific spacecraft complete with trail- ing exhaust with father, of course, paying the bill. Halting military momentum The progress of detente between the United States and the two major Communist powers, China and the Soviet Union, has rendered some things obsolete winch the U.S. has not faced up to yet. This is particularly evident in military planning where the perspectives of the Cold War still seem to prevail. Perhaps the most inexcuseable hangover of that era is found in the U.S. foreign assistance program. The aid package remains heavily oriented toward military and related assist- ance. Of the current billion aid request, billion is earmarked for military purposes. Even m the days when fear of Communist aggression seemed jus- tified, much of the military assistance to developing nations was of dubious value. Some was clearly detri- mental. Most of the poorer nations were sacrificing programs of bene- fit to their people in order to acquire military equipment. In some in- stances, notably Pakistan, employ- ment of such equipment has had dis- astrous consequences. Committees of both houses of the U-S. Congress have been trying to force revisions of the administra- tion's foreign assistance program. Chairman J. W. Fulbright of the Senate Foreign relations committee has proposed a bill which would Weekend Meditation drastically reduce arms aid next year and eliminate all military grant assistance over the next four years. Now that executive power seems to be in process of being curtailed as a result of the Watergate business, it is possible reform may be effect- ed in this area. Another pressure to have the U.S. revise its military stance in keeping with the changed interna- tional situation comes from Austra- lia. Prime Minister Gough Whitlam is seeking modification of a 1963 agreement which permitted U.S. mil- itary installations in his country. The changes being sought have not been specified but presumably Mr. Whit- lam does not think the American pres- ence in Australia is any more desir- able (less than in any other country in that part of the world. In view of his remark that such agreements are he may be thinking of a termination in something much less than the 25 years originally specified. The Australian initiative is likely to be favorably received by Congress since there have been moves to cut back U.S. military commitments abroad- Even Mr. Nixon may wel- come the opportunity to review an agreement rendered somewhat obso- lete by his own doctrine of self-re- liance. The evils of starch Alexander Whyte, a nineteenth century personality of Edinburgh, remarked, "We aire too formal. We have too much starch in our souls. Starch is more deadly than sin. Your soul may be saved from sin, but never from starch." How true he was! Starch keeps you from relating to others. It pervades all humanity. The half-educated are always starchy. They can't be told anything. Bish- op Creighton of London bemoaned the fact now he was a bishop, he would no longer have time to learn anytiiing. A man without starch, as Hie Bishop was, would keep teaming. He need not worry. Starchy people are to bo pitied and Beware of them! They are cruel. Now there was no starch in Will Rogers, which was a fact that made him lovable. One day when he sat down at a soda foun- tain to have a drink of pop, a little colored boy sat down on the stool next to him. Thinking of some neglected duty, Will swallowed his drink and left in a rush. The little lad blinked back tears as he told the eterk, "I know why he left. He didn't want to sit with me." The clerk told Will Rogers how the boy felt, BO WiH, who had seen hit [ndian race hurt too much to hurt another race or color, looked for the boy next day and when the little fellow came by he said, "Say, boy, are you busy? Come on, let's take on a dish of ice And they ate together. Now that is sensitivity which starchy peo- ple don't have Samuel Davis in 1930 left fund to reward local school of Massachusetts lac "good, tad manneri." 61 1938 the trustees sadly announced that they would have to spend the money some other way because "We can't find enough mannerly boys to reward." Bad-mannered people are starchy. They hurt. Who else but Chesterton, with no starch in him, could write such a wise aud hilar- ious essay on "A Piece of Chalk" or a man chasing his hat? The great men are not starchy. Once during the grim days of the Civil War when Lincoln told a humorous story to his staff and they refused to relax he warned them that a little humor would save their sanity. Teresa of Avila prayed, "God, deliver me from sullen saints." Did Paul have this kind trf grim ngnteousness in mind when he said in that profound tetter to the Ramans that it was just possible that one would die for a righteous man? It is good to read of St. Augustine and his mother enjoying great hilarity over certain funny charac- ters they encountered or to read of Ronald Knox Instructing young boys on the matter of confession. He told of a certain woman who related at confession that when she looked in the mirror she admired her- self. The priest replied, "My child, you are here to confess your sins, not your mis- takes." Starch is made by man, not by God. God made a laughing, loving world. Man needs more laughing and loving to be like God and God's world. PRAYER: 0 God, keep me from btmg shff rnd formal; keep me loose and a little limber, and keep (he ctarab out ti nay heart and mind. By Gordon Hal lard, Herald Australian commentator links aie being forged between Aus- tralia and Canada as a result of the brief private talk that Australia's prime m i n ister, Gough Whitlam, held with Pi- erre Trudeau in Reporting to parliament on the Labor government's inter- national relations policies, Mr. Whitlam confirmed his long- felt belief that there are many areas in which Australia and Canada should co-operate more closely than in the past, and said- "We face similar problems in relation to our need to im- prove the status of our abori- ginal people. We face similar problems related to foreign ownership and foreign invest- ment. We can, I de- velop fruitful and more regular consultations on trade matters of common interest, our ap- proach to questions in the Uni- ted Nations, the law of the sea and multinational corporations. "I have arranged with Mr. Trudeau that our should consult more closely and directly on these matters and that we should telephone each other as a matter of course when matters of mu- tual interest arise which af- fect Canada and Australia.'1 What the Australian govern- ment is seeking to achieve in ib relations not only with Bri- tain but also with the United States, Canada, China, with India and the other Asian coun- tries is to give formal recogiu? tion to what has already hap- pened as the necessary foun- dation for a realistic, more in- dependent, more mature for- eign policy. In Mr. Whitlam's words: "What we seek to do is no artificial convulsion of contrived nationalism. Isolation is not an option for Australia, neither is Australia moving in- to anybody's orbit." Mr. Whitlam has been care- ful to explain that the govern- ment's reassessment in the past six months has lain not in forcing new directions upon Australia's foreign policy but in making new definitions of the role of foreign policy to maintain the nation's security and integrity. The government's foreign policy rests upon the belief that Australia, given her resources, her geographical position, her historical and cultural back- ground, and the character and aspirations of the Australian people, is well placed to make a serious contribution to the preservation of peace and the "it's easy to tell... lunch buckets, guards going to work suitcases, prisoners going on Demand for equality causes inflation By Anthony Westell, Toronto Star commentator Rising prices are the number one issue in politics. They frighten the voters, frustrate governments, erode currencies and rock the entire economy of the western world. So the politicians who address themselves seriously to the problem and have the courage to offer new ideas and bold so- lutions are the true progressive reformers of the time. In Canada at present, that means the federal Conservative party. The Liberal government has tried the orthodox answer to inflation of reducing demand m the economy by fiscal and monetary squeeze, and has toyed with a voluntary program to re- strain incomes and profits. But still prices go on climbing and the cabinet now appears to be paralyzed, uncertain what to do next and hoping that somehow inflation will just go away. The New Democrats seem mainly concerned to ensure that noth- ing shall be done to prevent or- ganized labor from extracting all it can from the economy, without much regard for the unorganized. The Conservative caucus of MPs had the courage to de- clare: "We believe that Canada needs in addition to fiscal and monetary controls, an incomes policy now" The Tories don't say what the policy should be, but at least they are raising the right questions and recognizing the need for new answers. They may find some of those answers m an important book recently published in Britain. It's called The New Inflation and the author is Aubrey Jones. an economist and journalist who went into industry, became a Conservative MP and minis- ter and was then asked by a la- bor government to retire from Parliament and head a National Board for Pi ices and Incomes. Drawing on this varied ex- perience, Jones seeks to analyre the causes of inflation m modern economic society, to show why orthodox remedies no longer work, and to suggest new solutions. I cannot digest in a few paragraphs the analysis and argument which occupies a whole book, but I will offer my own simplification of Jones' in- sights. Jones says that modern in- flation arises from social and political rather than economic unices H is not a quesljon of loo much demand forcing up pa-ices, but inflection of Uw fact that people who have long enjoyed political equality are now demanding economic equality. The mass of people are not prepared to allow then- incomes to lag far behind those whose wage increases set the pace. When one group secures a large wage increase because it is highly productive or the in- dustry is particularly profitable, others who may be less produc- tive quickly follow though it sometimes takes longer. Government figures suggest the devaluation program is fi- nally working, at least as far as Letters to the editor Give us a chance the U.S. as a whole is con- cerned. The country achieved its first trade surplus in IH years during April, with mer- chandise exports exceeding im- ports by a seasonally adjusted 3 million. Economists speculate that de- valuation will hurt sales of pas- senger cars, the principal US. import item with a total value of about billion. The foreign car manufac- turers say it's too early to pre- dict the outcome because many dealers are still selling cars in inventory at their old prices. promotion of the welfare of her neighbors, while at the time and by the same path, promoting her own interests and security. Mr. Whitlam does not want his government to appear to be forsaking established rela- tionships in his efforts to break down old ideological barriers against understanding and co- operation. Thus he gratefully acknowledged the "pivotal role" played by President Nix- on in ushering in those great objectives towards whose achievement the major deci- sions taken by the Australian government have been direct- ed sensible relations with China, the limitation of nuclear weapons, the end of foreign in- tervention in Indochina, and more intensive scientific, tech- nical and cultural exchanges with the Soviet Union. The prime minister's gesture of friendship in his foreign af- fairs references to President Nixon, his action to quieten the excesses of some of his more anti-American ministers, and his refusal, without prior U.S. permission, to divulge informa- tion about US. strategic com- munications network bases in Australia there are 28 of them indicates his official attitude. He is determined to visit Washington in late July prior to the Commonwealth heads of government meeting in Ottawa in August and bis own "Dr. Henry Kissinger" in the form of his private secretary, Dr. Peter WilensM, has already been in the U.S. capital, but the absence of an official White House invitation before parlia- ment went into winter recess caused him to appear sensi- tive. As Mr. Whitlam's staff grudgingly admitted, there seems no doubt that President Nixon is "playing hard to get." An outright rebuff to the Lab- or leader would give added am- munition to those in the Lab- or party who would like to sea America abandon its Austra- lian toeholds. Yet, in an extraordinary outburst in parliament, Mr. Whitlam implied strong crit- icism of the U.S. political sys- tem and some aspects of Mr. Nixon's conduct of the presi- dency. Former prime minister William McMahon reminded Mr. Whitlam he had received such a pj-esidential invitation for his 1971 visit and asked: "Does he not think it is hu- miliating to the Australian peo- ple that an Australian head of government should create the impression that, Watergate- style, he is crashing Into the White House Mr. Whitlam replied: I take such questions in good part be- cause I realize that the Ameri- can president and the Ameri- can presidency would not be 3n their present parlous posi- tion if the present president were to have regular press con- ferences as the present Aus- tralian prime minister does and if American adminis- tration were answerable to the American Congress as the Aus- tralian government is answer- able to the Australian Parlia- ment." I am representative of many students who have no summer jobs. You, as a farmer, are being given a chance to hire us through a program sponsored by the Alberta government Student Manpower is trying very hard to make It success- ful but they need your help. This program gives you a chance to hire a student to do Work you may not have time to accomplish, or don't enjoy. You would pay us month- ly, including room and board, with the government paying us making it easier for you to hire a student. You may have heard about this program, but have had doubts about hiring students from cities or towns. We ad- mit many of us have no farm exparience but we are all will- ing to work hard. City life has pampered us with luxuries which are bard to forget and we might be a little slow the first few days but by hiring us you will be giving us the oppor- tunity to work at something other than being a waitress or salesman. We would feel satis- fied after a hard days' work and be grateful for the peace- fulness of the country, which is something the city cannot provide. When I told my Mom about this program she was really glad for my chance to work on a farm. Please don't take the chance away from us by ig- noring this opportunity. You can show us the same life you have enjoyed for so long. Thank you for listening. If you have more questions con- tact Student Manpower. TERI EVANS Lethbridge Clean up the source There are those who would assure us that sexual promis- cuity is not caused by birth control information in schools, pornographic books, adult mov- ies, booze, or drugs Yet they fail to tell us what does cause it. Why did minors behave as they did at Waterton (The Her- ald news story, June Anyone who denies that adult or restricted movies arouse sexual desires isn't alive. But sex exploitation for profit doesn't begin here. Men's mag- azines with nude covers are in- creasing on newstands. One store displays these magazines on the same rack as children's comics. Pornography arouses sexual desire and portrays promiscu- ity as the "in thing." The avail- ability of contraceptives reduc- es any remaining inhibitions by removing the embarrassment of pregnancy. It's time Christians stopped kidding themselves. We don't need sex education which makes birth control its focus. Pornography is not a form of art and the right to view it is not a freedom of a democratic society. Liberal drug and drink- ing laws do nothing but pro- mole vandalism, fights, theft, and mental illness. The Alberta child welfare act provides that the province can take custody of any child under eighteen involved in law break- ing activities. Though drastic, this is a necessary measure against parents who cannot or will not bring up children INTERESTED CITIZEN Coaidale 1973 by NEA, Inc.' "Instead of WATERGATE, why couldn't WE nave had a food old-fashioned SEX SCANDAL like Great The Lethbridgc Herald SIM 7th St. S., LethbrMge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD 00. LTD., Proprietors and Publisitttfl Published 1906 -1964, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN StceM Claii Mall Registration No. 0012 Oaiibir of Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper PVMMMTS' Association and Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W MOWERS, Editor and Publlthw THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAi K. WALKM ttotag Mamgtr editorial Miter HEfiALD SMVtt THE SOUTH'