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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 16, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta The LetHbrtdge Herald VOL. LXVI No. 138 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, SATURDAY, JUNE 16, 1973 PRICE: 15 CENTS FIVE SECTIONS 66 PAGES Brezhnev says summit talks to be historic MOSCOW (AP) Leonid I. Brezhnev flies to Wash- ington today for summit meetings that he says will be of "historic importance." After landing in the United States capital the Soviet Communist party chief is scheduled to spend the week- end at the presidential retreat at Camp David, Md., before startirj? hi- talkr ivitfa President Nfccn in the White House Monday. This is the first trip to the U.S. by the Soviet Union's top leader. Alexei N. Kosygin. the premier, went to Glassboro, N.J., in the summer of 1967 for talks with President Lyndon B. Johnson. The late Nikita S. Khrushchev had a coast-to-coast tour as guest of President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1959. After a round of talks and dinners in Washington, Brezhnev and Nixon will fly to the Western White House in San Clements, Calif., nsxt Friday. Brezh- nev returns to Camp David the following Sunday for an overnight stay before leaving the next day for Mos- cow. The June 25 return date is a day earlier than or- iginally anticipated. The possibility of side? trips fo the U.S. Space Centre at Houston, and other cities was ruled out as being "impossible 1" fit into ihc said Henry A. Kissinger, Nixon's special In an agenda embracing "all important questions in the realm of Sonet-American relations." Brezhnev and Nixon will be negotiating the future pattern of re- lations, from strategic arms limits to cultural exchang- es. Gcorgy Arbalov. a senior Soviet adviser on U.S. affairs who will accompany Brezlinev, told The Asso- ciated Press that although the first Nixon-Brezhnev summit in Moscow a year ago was "very dramatic, this summit, the coming summif, is also very import- ant." "Its main task has to be historically to keep up the momentum to further the things which were achieved and to solidify and make irreversible the changes in Soviet-American relations which happened this said Arbatov, director of the U.S.A. Insti- tute of the Academy of Sciences. Sources close to the planning of Brezhnev's trip said no surprises are in store, however, they didn't foresee any major new treaties. Moscow-based diplomats say Nixon is at a psychol- ogical disadvantage. They refer to last year's summit when they felt Nixon had an edge, proven by Brezhnev's to receive him after the American mining of North Vietnamese waters, an unmistakable challenge to Moscow. This time, because of the Watergate bugging scan- dal in the U.S., they contend the positions are reversed. In an unprecedented news conference with U.S. cor- respondents Thursday night, Brezhnev denied that he was going to the U.S. "in the hope or with the intention of bringing pressure to bear on the president in con- nection with what is purely a domestic affair." "In he said, "the thought has never entered my head as to whether or not President Nixon has lost any influence or has gained any influence as a result of Watergate." Inside We gave him what ho wanted for Father's a Classified ___24-28 Comics ........20 Comment 4, 5 District 3, 8 Family ie-i8 Local News Markets 22, 23 Religion 30, 31 Sports 10-12 Entertainment 7 TV 6 Weather 2 LOW TONIGHT 45 HIGH 60 SHOWERS Farewell ivave Leonid Brezhnev, general secretory of the CPSU and member of the Presidium of the U.S.S.R., Supreme Soviet, waves to Moscow crowds shortly before he departed by plane today for Washington and a 10-day visit to the United States. Spring seeding near completion OTTAWA (CP) Spring seeding operations on the Prairies were 87 per cent com- plete at the end of May. up slightly from 34 per cent a year earlier, but seeding in the east- ern provinces was behind schedule, Statistics Canada re- ported Friday. CKUA radio plans signal for south EDMONTON (CP) Radio station CKUA plans to expand facilities to include FM trans- mitters in Calgary and Lclh- bridgs, Premier Peter Loug- heed announced today The station, operated by Al- berta government Telephones, was also examining the feasibil- ity of increasing the AM signal from Edmonton to watts from 10.000 to provide coverage to more of the province. The premier said the exten- sion of station's coverage area vas "long overdue" and noted southern Alberta residents had asked for it. CKUA is to apply to the Ca- nadian Radio Television Com- mission this fall for permission to make the changes and the new equipment, valued at 000, could be operating by next year. FM broadcasting was chosen for the southern Alberta exten- sion becouse it provides a noiss free signal and has no broadcast pattern restrictions al night, the premier said. The current AM signal can be received in southern A'- berta during the daytime but not after evening broadcas: pattern changes. CKUA, to come under the new Alberta Educational Com- munications Corporation by the end of the year, features arts, cultural, ethnic and education- al programming. The condition of winter wheat, fall rye and tame hay was generally average to above-average, with less than usual suffering winterkill. On the Prairies, 94 per cent Of spring wheat was sown by May 31, up from 92 per cent for a year earlier and an average 92 per cent for the period 1967- 1972. About 80 per cent of oats and 79 per cent of barley acreage had been seeded compared with 77 per cent and 76 per cent, re- spectively, last year and 76 per cent and 77 per cent for the five-year average. Seeding of flax was 73 per rent complete, up from 71 ne cent a year earlier and the five year average of 62 per cent. SLOWED BY WEATHER In Ontario, wet weather de- layed seeding during the second half of May and by May 31 seeding of spring-sown grains was only 78 per cent complete in contrast to 95 per cent a year earlier and the 1967-71 average of 89 per cent. In Quebec, 49 per cent of the grains were sown by May 31, down from last gear's 73 per cent and the five-year average of 61 per cent. In the Marilimes, seeding was 31 per cent complete in Prince Edward Island, down from 36 per cent in 1972 and 52 per cent in 1967-71, 34 per cent complete in Nova Scotia, down from 31 and 49, 22 per cent complete in New Brunswick, down from 53 and 54. In British Columbia, seeding was 90 per cent complete, up from 84 per cent in 1972 and 80 per cent over the five-year av- erage. Seeding progress, in per- centages, in the west (first fig- ure in brackets is 1972 percent- age, second is five-year aver- British Cohimbia: spring wheat 99 (92, oats 90 (85, barley 83 (76, mixed grains 84 (76, Alberta: spiing wheat 97 (95, oats 83 (78, barley 77 (71, flax 87 (82, mixed grains 78 (72, Freight rates main topic at premiers' meet By NORMAN GIDNEY VICTORIA (CP) Freight rates and other transport prob- lems in the West are expected to top the Western premiers' agenda when they meet here Monday to plot strategy against the federal government for next month's Western Economic op- portunities conference in Cal- gary- Western Canada has griped about freight rates for decades, claiming they are structured to favor industry and manufac- turers in central Canada. But like complaints about the weather, nothing much seems to have changed. This time, the three New Democratic Party premiers- Dave Barrett of British Colum- bia, Ed Schreyer of Manitoba and Allan Blakeney of Sas- Progressive Conservative Premier Peter Lougheed of Alberta, are talk- ing tough. They made this clear at their last two months in Winnipeg, the first such gather- ing at which B.C. was repre- sented. "We make it very clear that we want to get down to brass tacks on freight rates and freight rate Mr. Schreyer said then. He was ech- oed by Premier Barrett: "When we meet with Ottawa we want to meet on the basis of yes or no answers to our Premier Lougheed took a hard line as well two months ago when he demanded in his budget soeech that Canadian National Railways and CP Rail disclose the full costs "here and now" of shipping goods into and out of the West. Brezhnev-Nixon huddle Summit talks begin Monday MOSCOW (CP) Kremlin leader Leonid Brezhnev left for Washington today for a 10-day visit to the United States, only the second by a Soviet Commu- nist party chief. Brezhnev planned a five-hour refuelling stop at the NATO base in Keflavik, Iceland, mainly used for tracking Soviet submarines. He is taking Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko and other top aides with him to Washington. For 66-year-old Brezhnev, the journey is only bis third visit to a major Western country, fol lowing his trips to France anr Germany. Since he took over as head of the Soviet Communist party in 1964 almost all his travelling has been in Eastern Europe. He was expected to arrive in Washington about p.m. to- day. Astronauts seek second solar fkire HOUSTON (API Skylab's astronauts were to scan the centre of the sun for a second solar flare today since flares tend to strike twice in the same place. A sudden, massive flare erupted on the sun Friday, and by good fortune Paul Weitz was sitting at the solar telescope console. He quickly shifted his in- struments to the flare, photo- graphed it and sent a televised picture to earth, providing man with his first look at this pheno- mena from above the earth's obscuring atmosphere. In addition to studying the sun, Weite, Charles Conrad and Dr. Joseph Kerwin planned to spend several hours today in their Apollo ferry ship, linked to one end of the 118-foot-long lab- oratory. They were to rehearse proce- dures for undocking and return- ing to earth next Friday, after a record 28 days in space. Scientists described the solar storm as a medium flare, al- though it produced mowj energy than is used on earth by man in several decades. One goal of the Skylab astronomy ex- periments is to help unlock the secret of controlled thermonu- clear fusion, source of the sun's energy. U.S. officials discouraged crowds and attention by calling it a "private barring news photographers and all but a handful of reporters from An- drews Air Force Base. Gerald Warren, deputy White House press secretary, said: "We are honoring a request by the Soviets for this to be a pri- vate arrival." Plans called for the Soviet leader to be met without fan- fare by Marion Smoak, acting U.S. protocol chief, and taken by helicopter to Camp David, the presidential retreat in Maryland's Catoctin Mountains. A Sunday visit by Henry Kis- singer was scheduled before meeting Nixon Monday at the White House. Montreal target of IAM walkout MONTREAL (CP) Air Can- ada's 3.500 machinists in Mon- treal walked off their jobs early today in the continuing round of strikes by the International As- sociation of Machinists (IAM) in their contract dispute with the airline. An Air Canada spokesman said the airline cancelled nine flights, as a result of the walk- out, including six Montreal-To- ronto flights, two Ottawa-Mon- treal flights and a non-stop Montreal-Vancouver flight. All passengers were being ac- commodated on other flights tht spokesman said. Meanwhile, negotiators for Protection racket by UDA claimed LONDON (AP) Two British newspapers reported today that Northern Ireland's militant Protestant organization, the Ul- s t e r Defence Association is running a protection racket. The papers say this may be behind the Friday slaying at the home of a Protestant leader in Belfast. The Guardian says demands for protection money have been made on businessmen in Protes- tant areas of Northern Ireland for several months, netting thousands of pounds for the UDA. It has "created an atmos- phere of fear and intimidation even though many rank and file UDA men are appalled at what is going The Times says. the union and Air Canada re- sumed talks today in the pres- ence of federally-appointed mediator Bernard Wilson, the deputy minister of labor. The Air Canada spokesman said there was "no specific progress to report" in the talks although some progress was being made. Tne airline employs about 950 machinists at the Montreal In- ternational airport and another 2.500 at its maintenance bass here. If the figures are not forth- coming, little progress can be made to improve the country's transportation system, he said. Premier Schreyer considers the one-day meeting important enough for Manitoba to take time off from a vigorous elec- tion campaign at home, less than two weeks away on June 28. He said Friday that the main item is freight rates, both east- west and north-south. The Jour provinces are co-operating in preparing documented cases to get the railways to admit freight rates are stacked against the West and to get Ot- awa to change them. Host of the first such meeting of premiers, Mr. Schreyer said there will be a strong presenta- tion on the "amazing differ- ential between the cost of ship- ping processed food as opposed to shipping commodities such as livestock. Some specific examples of what the Western premiers claim are representative of the unequal freight rates have al- ready been turned up. Mr. Lougheed has noted that struc- tural steel can be sent by rail to Cslgary from Hamilton for per hundred pounds. But the same amount sent to Vancouver costs only in freight charges. COSTS DIFFER Livestock can go to Van- couver from Edmonton for 19 cents per 100 pounds, yet the same meat after processing costs per 100 pounds for the same trip. "You export jobs from the ag- ricultural heartland of Canada to concentrate more people ia the same crowded parts of Can- says Mr. Lougheed. "It makes no sense at all." He also notes that Ontario brings in 13 million tons of coal anually from Pennsylvania and West Virginia, making jobs in the U.S., while unemploy- ment is high in Western Canada and coal fields in B.C. and Al- berta are not being used. The reason as that freight rates make it cheaper for On- tario coal users to buy from the United States, he says. THO PROTESTS SERIOUS CEASEFIRE BREACHES PARIS (AP) Hanoi polit- buro member Le Due Tbo deliv- ered "an energetic protest" to- da> against what he said wrra serious violations of the new Vietnam ceasefire by the Sai- gon government. Little more than 24 hours after the new ceasefire went into effect, Hanoi's chief peace negotiator told reporters that "the United States and the Sai- gon administration bear the full responsibility for the con- sequences of these serious acts." Tho made the comments dur- ing an impromptu news confer- ence at Le Bourget airport as he left en route for Moscow and Peking on his way back to Hanoi. He and Henry Kissinger, President Nixon's security ad- viser, signed an accord Wednes- day along with the two opposing South Vietnamese sides that is supposed to strengthen the Viet- nam, ceasefire. Tho told reporters at the air- port "this morning we receive news that the Saigon govern- ment refused to disseminate widely orders for the new ceasefire, continued military operations and is conducting air attacks" against Communist forces. He also indicated publicly for the first time that in his secret talks with Kissinger he rejected U.S. proposals for a solution to the conflict in Cambodia. and heard About town Marilyn Hea- ton making a spoon dis- appear while mixing a cake and having it miraculously reappear on the bottom of the baked cake Blair Orr. Rung Fu instructor, tired of explaining his studio doesn't sell egg rolls. Corporate tax debate under tvay By DAVE BLAIKIE OTTAWA (CP) Inflation has soared so high it now is out- pacing wage increases, Toronto lawyer ?nd businessman Sin- clair Stevens told the Commons Friday in debate on the govern- ment's long-delayed corporate tax cuts. Mr. Stevens one of the most vocal crit- ics of the Liberal government's economic policies, said inflation hit 7.7 per cent in the first quar- ter of 1973 compared with a 7.5- pcr-cent rise in wage rates. "It doesn't take much of a Soaring inflation outpacing wage increases _ i. _ mathematician to see how this adds up." Mr. Stevens, 46, a director of several corporations, compared Canada's 7.7-per-cent level of price increases with what he said were levels of seven per cent in the United Kingdom, 5.8 per cent in the United States and 3.5 per cent in France. In human terms, he said, the Canadian inflation rate means that a worker earning getting a raise of 7.5 per cent or about will have less to spend in 1973 than he had the previous year. On top of this, he argued, in- come taxes, in terms of reve- nue, have jumped 117 per cent to billion over the last five years, adding a further drain of to a year for the aver- age taxpayer. "Anyway you look at it, I don't think this government has a credible record for Cana- dians." In spite of his criticism, he is expected to join other Con- servatives next week in voting with the minority Liberal gov- ernment to give tlie legislation second reading. The New Democrats, the ef- fective balance of power behind the government since Parlia- ment opened Jan. 4, have op- posed the measures from the outset. If approved, the legislation will cut the corporate tax rate for manufacturing and process- ing industries to 40 per cent from 49 per cent and allow fas- ter write-offs of capital equip- ment costs. Lome Nystrom ton-Melville said the measures perpetuate "the old Santa Claus theories" at Liberal Conservative parties to give big business "all kinds of gifts" and trust it to act in the public in- terest. It was no longer good enough to say "what's good for Impe- rial Oil is good for Canada." There must be fundamental economic changes to deal ade- quately with problems such as unemployment, inflation and re- gional disparity. EXPECT MIDWEEK VOTE The bill will probably come to a vote next Wednesday. Fi- nance Minister John Turner date wat agreed to by party House leaders even though debate on the legislation could end as early as Monday night. Should It finish ahead of time, the House will begin work on another bill to make a five-per- cent cut in personal income tax announced in Mr. Turner's Feb. 19 budget. Mr. Nystrom said the Liber- als are espousing faulty eco- nomic proposals. Growth would be better stimulated by putting more money in the of ;