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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 16, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LEIHBKIDGE HERALD Tucsdciy, Juno 16, 1970 Kaiser And Canada Canada's vas.l roal resources, cun- ccMilrak'il in the Rocky Mountains and foothills areas and the southern prairies, have been known. But with the advent of the diesel engine and gas and oil space heating, and the long freight haul to the major remaining markets, coal became seemingly useless and therefore valueless. Now all that is changed, and lead- ing the transformation has been the Kaiser group of companies from Cal- ifornia. They responded to the optim- ism and enterprise of old-time Crows- nest Pass coal interests, and ac- quired extensive reserves and poured in scores of millions of dollars to develop an industry to serve the ex- port market to Japan. Now several other companies, operating, farther north along either side of the Great Divide, arc getting into the same business. In a very short while coal will be a leading Canadian industry. The Kaiser project stimulated the development of a new port south of Vancouver, and a whole new concept in the rail movement of the coal from the mine to the port. Yesterday the port at Roberts Bank was formal- ly opened. Today the mining pro- ject is similarly christened. These are important days for Can- ada. Congratulations to the Kaiser people. Kaiser Resources has shown every sign of living up to its inten- tion of being a good Canadian cor- porate citizen it is good to have it here. Sympathy Is Not Enough Figures can never bring the im- pact than pictures dp. The CBC tele- vision broadcast of the Peruvian earthquake disaster brought into Ca- nadian living rooms, as no other medium possibly could, something of the horror of a natural disaster which has turned a beautiful remote sec- tion of the Andes into a mass grave for an estimated human be- ings. It seemed at times as if the sickening stench of the unattended dead emanated from the screen it- self. Massive relief aid is now reaching Peru from many nations including Canada. Although our contribution in dollar terms is paltry, at least we were able to supply aircraft suitable for the purpose of carrying supplies into the remote mountain areas. When more is known of the kind of help this country can extend in money and in land, Canadians should open their hearts and their pocket- books to do their share to see that requests are filled. Although there appeared to be some preliminary confusion regard- ing massive American aid to Peru, great quantities of relief supplies are now pouring into the stricken nation from the U.S. This is altruism in its highest sense. The government of Peru has shown itself inimical to U.S. interests there during the past few years, and relations between the two countries have been strained and difficult. Yet at a time when help is needed for the innocent, there has been no hesitation. The human fam- ily can be knit together by a com- mon bond of sympathy and charity. But human beings also have a com- mon failing. When the disaster is a fait accompli, when the first mom- ents of horror have passed into the subconcious, too many of us forget that the aftermath for the living is a worse fate than that suffered by the dead. Reports from Lima say that there are about one hundred thousand children wandering homeless and starving in the stricken area, and that they may have to be brought to the capital. What then? Canadians must not ignore the desperate need for rehabilitation assistance. Mere sympathy is not enough. Euchwald Honored This is the season for honorary degrees. One of the recipi- ents of a degree from Yale Univer- sity recently was humorist Art Buch- wa'ld No kidding? no kidding! Mr. Buchwald's citation said: "With good humor you have looked upon triviality and tragedy and reminded us that he who can laugh at himself learns best you have sustained the great American tradition of skep- ticism, graced with a kindly sense of the absurd." Nourishing the sense of the ab- surd is an essential thing. It is a ministry which Art Buchwald per- forms for this generation with great distinction. Life would be greatly im- poverished if there were not people such as Mr. Buchwald to make fun of human foibles. The Herald congratulates Mr. Buch- wald on this honor; Yale University for its good sense in bestowing the honor; and ourselves for being able to read and enjoy his columns. Prof. Peng, Tahvanese Patriot By Jane E. Huckvale, HcraW Staff Writer OW to ease and encourage tiic entry has escaped via Hong Kong and Sweden, of Red China inlo the councils of the and has been attempting to make some pro- H world, particularly into the United Nations, always comes up against a stickler. Peking refuses to recognize the Nationalist gov- ernment as the legitimate representative .of the Chinese people, and the'Nationalists refuse to recognize Peking. General Chiang Kai-shek's hard liners still talk about even- tual take-over of the mainland. All at- tempts at detente have failed. The Americans have supported the Na- tionalist regime for over 20 years1, protect- ed this bastion of "democracy" in the For- mosa straits with naval patrols and with huge sums in economic aid. Taiwan is now a prosperous industrial agricultural econonty, but its people are by no means free in the political sense. The large pro- portion of the population are native Tai- wanese who have no love for the invaders who established themselves as rulers in 1W9. The islanders have no vote, no influ- ence in the ruling circle, no say in running their own affairs except a token voice in town and village business. It has always been my hope that some day, some time, a pro Taiwanese anti- Chiang, anti Communist leader would sur- face. He has but he has come to light in Sweden where he has been given asylum while he marks time before awaiting per- mission to enter the U.S. where he has been offered a post at the University of Michi- gan. His name is Professor Peng Min-min and I met him in Taiwan some ten years ago. He had been asked by the McGill Graduates Society to do what he could to make my stay there interesting and re- warding which he did. We spent a day together at the University of Taiwan where he was professor of International Law. and I remember him as a mild, pleasant man, who was not disposed to discuss political problems, although his remarks to me I had come to Taiwan from Peking) indi- cated that he was definitely anti-Commu- nist. An article from the London Observer's Foreign News Service reports that Profes- sor Peng bfui been accused of involvement with the Taiwanese Independence Move- ment, that he hnd distributed pamphlets criticizing the Chiang government, saying that it did not represent the people of the island, nor did it speak for the Chinese whose name it used. For this he spent a year in jail in 108-1, was released and placed under strict house arrest for four years. Ho vision for his family to join him through the good offices of the Bed Cross in Gen- eva. Chiang is pulling all the stops to have him extradited to stand charges of sedition far without success. I have heard noth- ing more. Whether the U.S. has given him an entry permit, I don't know, but it would seem very odd if they did if his admission did embarrass U.S.-Nationalist relations. There is no evidence whatever that he is in sympathy with1 the Peking government, but the Nationalist security network is attempting to make such a case, and they will undoubtedly use his family as pawns in the game. What Peng is after is an independent For- mosa ruled by its own people. There are 14 million of them, and eleven million are voteless Taiwanese. Peng wants the fran- chise extended to mem, and he wants to assure that Taiwan will remain neutral in the Peking-Taiwan quarrel. In reply to the key question of whether it would be pos- sible to maintain such neutrality if Taiwan were independent, he says pointing out that there are already neutral- ist zones such as Hong Kong and Macao, and that Mao might very well look with favor on the establishment of another. Professor Peng could be very wrong. On the other hand he could Ire very right. If genuine elections were to be held ending hi the return of Formosa to its indigenous pop- ulation, the claim of the Nationalist govern- ment that it. and it alone represents the Chinese people would be laid to rest. It would be a face-saver for Peking and a triumph for political freedom. There arc many "ifs" of course, but The Observer correspondent says that "if Peng can remain a step ahead of Chiang's- secur- ity police long enough to win support for bis policies from the West, he may be- come one of the most influential figures in the Chinese question in the coming dec- ade." The Canadian government could hardly jeopardize its talks with Poking concern- ing establishment, of diplomatic relations between Ottawa and the Ucd Chinese, by inviting Professor I'cng here, if be is not granted an American visa. Any Canadian university would benefit by his presence. He holds post graduate degrees from Paris University and from McGill. Could his alma find him a post on its own staff, or use its influence to get him a leaching job M some other Canadian University? BUT iWT WE THEY LEGALIZE: Joseph Kraft Cambodia's Marks Of Disintegration PENH Am Hong is the name of the Cam- bodian mn.jor who gives the military briefing every morning here in Phnom Penh. And Dick- ens on his best day couldn't have invented a more symbolic name. For no one speaking in the name of the Cambodian regime can possibly be right. Cambodia now presents the spectacle of a country coming slowly apart. The most visible mark of the disintegration is1 the movement of Vietnamese Communist forces at will alt over the coun- try. They moved about 50 miles in a single night to hit Siem Reap, the site of the great Angkor Wat ruins, last Satur- day. The day before they oc- cupied the town of Set Bo, only ten miles south of this capital. They hold a firm base in the northeast corner of the coun- try, and they have struck in more than half of the 19 prov- inces. There is talk that they will bring back the deposed ruler, Norodom Sihanouk, and establish an insurgent regime on Cambodian soil. Gen. Lon Nol, the prime min- ister in the government which ousted Prince Sihanouk, is calm in the face of adversity. At a Richard Purser reception here the oilier niglit he said that the general situa- tion was "not too bad." And he seems to be a leader of old- fashioned quality, including not a little independence. But Lon Nol looks terribly tired. He seems to be suffering from some kind of liver ail- ment. Already Phnom Penh is alive with rumors that he may be replaced by a figure more to the taste of the swinging go- go-go generals in Saigon. One name already being mentioned as a possibility is that of Simm Var, a deputy in Uie Cambodian parliament. The Cambodian forces are not in much better shape than their ranking general. Af one point nine battaiior.s of Cam- bodian troops were holed up in the town of Kampong Cham, unwilling to sally forth to do battle against Communist troops just across the Mekong River. Descriptions of the fight- ing at Set Bo suggest that the Communist troops just walked through Cambodian units. The first reports of enemy attacks on the capital were apparently cases of misfire by Cambodian students getting accustomed to newly issued weapons. Even Lon Nol acknowledged at the reception that if the Commun- ists kept up the pressure his country would need "foreign assistance." One thing the regime does know how to do is to make the discreet appeal foij support from from the United Stales. Foreign Min- ister Yem Sambi ur has spread reports of Chinese units in the country in evident hopes of en- gaging Washington. For the same reason he has hustled an ambassador to Washington and pushed for raising the Ameri- can envoy here to the ambas- sadorial level. But, in fact, the prospects for quick help from the outside are not good. Some South Vietnam- ese generals are prepared to go all the way with the Cambodi- ans. Vice-President Nguyen Cao Ky talks confidently of a joint military alliance linking this country with South Vietnam ar.d Thailand in a Phnom Penh- Saigon-Bangkok axis. Gen. Do Cao Tri thinks of Cambodia as what he calls a "Camelot" for continued operations against the Vietnamese Communists. But President Nguyen Van Thieu is determined now, as in the past, to pull the United States with him into Cambodian ventures. He understands that Washington, for the time being, needs to make good on Presi- dent Nixon's pr'omise to get all American forces out of this country by July 1. So Saigon's instinct is to hold back on help to Cambodia until much later when the deteriorating situation will require still another mas- sive invasion again with Ameri- can help. Thailand is not much better fixed for early intervention. A quickly visible move now would expose the Thais to a big in- crease in the Communist sub- version already being waged on their territory. The Thai in- stinct is for training an army of ethnic Cambodians to inter- vene in a less visible way. And that too, of course, wiU take time. Finally, it appears that even the Communists ar'e having trouble in Cambodia. Not only have they lost great stocks of arms and food in the border as- saults, not only do they have to keep moving about, but there are also political difficulties. Immediately after the fall of Prince Sihanouk, the Chinese Communists apparently be- lieved that Cambodia was ripe for all-out guerrilla war. They proposed to push ahead with local insurgent forces. They ivore so little interested in Si- hanouk that at one point they ordered a plane to take him back to exile in Paris. The North Vietnamese appar- ently felt that some immediate political success would be pre- ferable to the long road of sub- versive warfare. They evident- ly prevailed upon the Chinese to put Sihanouk at the head of a Cambodian liberation move- ment which they expected could take over quickly. But it is not at all clear that Sihanouk can do the trick. His incluence, here in Phnom Penh at least, has been declining over a long, long period of time. Certainly his return is not for tomorrow. Thus it is no mere piece of journalistic rhetoric to say that Cambodia is coming apart. Au- thority here is literally on the wane. The fragile local struc- ture of this country, as so many others, has been overloaded by international pressures. Be- neath their growing weight, Cambodia now slowly sinks from sight.. (Field Enterprises Inc.) Oath Of Allegiance: 'Much Ado About Nothing QUEBEC Writing from here for an English-speak- ing audience entirely outside Quebec, it is impossible to judge what, if any, sense of outrage was felt by those in points west over the refusal, unprecedented in Canada, of six members of the legislature to take the oath of alle'isnce to the Queen at the opening of the session. The refusal by the elected members of the separatist Parti Quebecois prevented their sealing in the House for the opening, which they had to view from the visitors' gallery. The whole thing provided a bit of diversion for the press, but generally gave rise to more amusement than outrage here. Even the English community in Montreal, despite one or two irate letters to the editor, isn't inclined to prolong the fuss. It all started May 15 when one of the seven elected PQ members, Charles Tremblay, routinely dropped into the house clerk's office during a visit to Quebec (like all but one of the PQ members, he is from Montreal) and got the oath of office out of the way. It-was only later, in consulta- tion with his colleagues, that he realized what, he had sworn to when he put his hand on the clerk's bible: "I do swear allegiance to Elizabeth II and her Since the PQ is dedicated to a Republic of Quebec, a de- bate arose within party circles over what the other six should do. Some party militants con- sidered it virtual treason to knowingly take the oath. The government of Premier Robert Bourassa. sensing that a dan- gerous .situation could build up between then and the Na- tional Assembly's June 9 open- ing date, took quick cognizance of the situation, with Mr. Bourassa himself admitting that the form of the oath was outmoded in present-day Que- bec. (This helped prompt the angry letters to the English press from some of the old- timers.) But the law requiring pro- vincial legislature members to swear allegiance to the Queen happens to be stuck in Article 128 of the British North Am- erica Act, where neither Mr. Bourrssa nor anyone else can get at it single-handedly. Only the British Parliament can at present amend the BNA Act, despite lengthy talk about ite "repatriation." This is normal- ly done, en the rare occasion when it is done at all, on re- quest from Ottawa with .he unanimous backing of the prov- inces. From this vantage point, one doubts that the other provinces at this time would be too keen on supporting a request from Quebec to skip the oath of al- legiance to the Queen to help out a band of separatists. Mr. Bourassa has promised quick priority, following com- pletion of debate on the in- augural speech, for a pnrlia- inentary commission inquiry into the matter of the oath. But for now, ho said, "the law is clear." and thfre was little sign that either he, his justice minister or anyone else the faintest idea what even a p a r 11 a ir.cntary commission could do about it. Any solution entirely satisfactory to the PQ, however "pragmatic'1 may be its wording, will have to fly in the face of the BNA Act. Mr. Bourassa feared that seating the PQ members without the oath would throw all further actions of the Assembly open to legal challenge. He is concerned not to let the matter get out of hand, as the presence of the PQ mem- bers in the House is an im- portant safely valve for the ex- pression of u 11 r a-nationalist opinion and a guard against those who would like the de- bate taken into the streets. It would be this writers guess that the matter won't get out of hand. Mr. Tremblay, who sat in the visitors' gallery on opening day to show soli- darity with his colleagues, turned up in the House next morning to explain his party's position. The others, having made their point, will also com- promise in due course rather than be forced to sit out the session. But this will be the subject of a private party meeting which should give rise (o lively internal debate. Truth to tell is that most Qucbcccrs don't take the mat- ter as all that serious. Opposi- tion L cade r Jean-Jacques Bcrtrsnd said he favors chang- ing the oath but that the PQ members were raising a tem- pest in a teacup over the ques- tion. "It's a symbol, it's a fic- tion, because the Queen doesn't govern." PQ spokesman Dr. Csmiile L.'iurin admitted that mention of the Queen in the oath was only symbolic, but said lie would have preferred a more realistic symbol. The oaih he wanted to swear was: "I swear allegiance to the of Quebec and their democratic institutions." This would no doubt be pre- ferred by most non-separatists here. The symbols of mon- archy have already been strip- ped from most Quebec institu- tions. The Speech' from the Throne, as such, has been eliminated without a squeak of protest. At the opening of the present and the previous ses- sion, the lieutenant-governor merely gave a few words of greeting while the premier out- lined the government's legisla- tive program. But other mem- bers' do not care to see the PQ given special treatment. Without respect for existing au- thority at the start, asked Crcditiste leader Camil Sam- son, how can these people be expected to legislate change that will be respected? If PQ officialdom decides in the face of membership pres- sure to maintain a tough stand, the summer, which has started off hot weather-wise, could be hot in another sense. Bui most here are betting with fornrer Cultural Affairs Minister Jean- Noel Tremblay, who entered the House to take liis new place in opposition with the Shake- spearian comment: "Much Ado About Nothing." Because that is about what The Queen is in Quebec. (Herald Quebec Bureau) LOOKING BACKWARD TIIKOUGH THE HERALD M20 Dame Nellie Melba's singing wras Iransmilted by wireless from England over a radius covering Rome, Madrid and Berlin. Huan Yen, gover- nor of Kwangsi Province was assassinated today by his body guards as he was eating break- fast at the Asia Hotel. Prime Minister Marshal Petain today an- nounced that France will seek peace as the country "m u s t give up the fight." Guslaf V of Swe- den was years old today. He has reigned for 57 years. Kishi of Japan has advised President Eisen- hower to postpone his visit to Japan. The president is cur- rently in Manila on a spuUi- Asian trip. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th SI. S., Lcthlx-idge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1903 195-1, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Hcgistralinn Niunlicr POJ2 Member of Tho Canadian Press and llio Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers1 Association and tho Audit Ruicau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWKHS, Editor and Tiiblisfier THOMAS II. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BA1.LA WILMAM RAY Mnnaaing Editor Editor HOY V. MILKS WUir.MS K AJvciusnifi Manager Editorial I'aKc Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUT-H" ;