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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 15, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, June 15, 1974 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD-5 Henderson Lake at sunset THE VOICE OF ONE Dr. Frank S. Morley Tapawingo: place of joy Conference on sea to draft legal code CAMBRIDGE, Mass. One of the most important international meetings of recent years opens next week at Caracas, Venezuela. Some 130 nations will gather at the first working conference called by the United Nations on drafting a legal code for the sea around us. The opening session starts June 17. The political world has only now begun to realize how important the sea is to everyone alive. It occupies 70- per-cent of the earth's surface including vast actual food supplies in marine life and potential hydroponic farms. Its bottom contains immense and hitherto little- explored deposits of valuable minerals, including untold quantities of petroleum. Its caverns and mighty currents present hiding places for the ultimate weapons now available. Nevertheless this great treasure trove or Pandora's box, depending on how it is used is not yet subjected to an agreed system of international law. Traditionally the seas have been considered free in peace time and subject in war time to the domination of strong naval powers. Territorial waters, bordering maritime nations. have been theoretically limited to regions within three miles of national coastlines, the distance of a cannon shot when the concept was first applied. But even that outmoded limitation has been ignored for years. Narrow straits like the Dardinelles or Skagerrak or artificial passages like the Suez and Panama Canals, are subject to special regulations. And continually changing interpretations of the extent of national fishing rights or the sub-surface continental shelf have been proclaimed by individual capitals. The problems presented by the tangle of claims and counter claims are enormously difficult to resolve. For example, if 200 mile limits are now considered territorial waters, as many lands with rich fishing resources insist, more than 30-per-cent of the existing free ocean space would be curtailed. For a considerable time the question of fixing new maritime limits mainly concerned fishing. Peru and other less developed lands backed the 200-mile limit when modern trawler fleets cruised regularly in the teeming off-shore waters. Scientists then realized that the potential of farming seas through hydroponics would be directly affected by this extension of surface limits. These aspects of a changing world, with its booming population and diminishing food supplies, were further complicated by the growing shortage of raw materials. It has now been commonplace to drill for oil in shallow waters adjacent to countries with some claim to their political control: and slowly the depths at which exploration can be carried out has deepened. By 1972. 18-per-cent of global petroleum production came from beneath the ocean. There are new methods of By C.L. Sulzberger, mining valuable metals such as manganese, copper, cobalt and nickel. Immense mineral wealth exists at depths down to four miles, often in rich nodules. All these economic factors, combined with the spread of pollution over many maritime areas, and the threat of major disasters from the spillage of filth, above all from giant supertankers, now join to produce a brand new urgency for political agreement on revising the sea law as it now exists. Fresh accords must be drafted to fill in legal gaps. Reyond tiie' north west corner of Toronto lies Kleinburg, a little town whose claim to fame consists in possessing the McMichael Collection of Art and the lovely rolling hills of the McMichael Conservation Area. Tapawingo. the Indian name for Place of Joy, was made from Ontario logs by Bob McMichael and his wife Signe. Gradually they filled it with Canadian art. First they acquired paintings by Tom Thomson, the mysterious pioneer whose paintings and drawings of nature would inspire a new era in Canadian art. No man knew better or loved more the Algonquin Park country. His death by drowning in Canoe Lake in 1917 is one of the debated mystery stories of Ontario. Tom Thomson was not a member of the famous Group of Seven formed in 1920 and composed of Franklin Carmichael. Lawren Harris, A. Y. Jackson, Frank Johnston, Arthur Lir.mer, J. E. H. MacDonald, and Frederick Varley. When Frank Johnston resigned he was replaced by A. J. Casson. Edwin Holgate was made an honorary member in 1930 and LeMoine FitzGeraid was associated with the Group in 1932. Thomson, however, was the inspiration, the revealer and prophet. When Jackson heard of his death he wrote to MacDonald, "Without Tom the north country seems a desolation of brush and rock. He was the guide, the interpreter, and we the guests partaking of his hospitality so generously given. My debt to him is almost that of a new world, the north country, and a truer artist's vision. "Again he wrote, "He has blazed a trail where others may follow and we will never go back to the old days again." The paintings of the Group of Seven are astonishing in their audacity, their coloring, their sense of poetry and form. It seems impossible that anyone could paint anything more breathtakingly beautiful than Lawren Harris' Ice Bergs, Davis Straits. Mount Lefroy. Mountains and Lake. Montreal River, and Pic Island. A. Y. Jackson is the most familiar of all the Group whose inspiration to Canadian art has been to leave thousands of Canadians and artists with an unpayable debt. At Tapawingo are superb masterpieces of the amazing Emily Carr whose life was a saga of overcoming hardships and difficulties that would have broken others not unworthy. As he encouraged and held together the' Group of Seven, so Lawren Harris was one of the few who encouraged Emily Carr and, despite having to run a boarding house to survive and lacking money to buy painting materials, she portrayed the West Coast in incredible rhythm and mystical color and delight. Nor are there finer examples of Canadian and Indian art than are found in the McMichael Collection. Though the selection is not large, the examples are thrilling. The McMichael collection also possesses one of the rare copies of Maria Chapdelaine by Louis Hemon, and this the most famous from the edition illustrated by Clarence Gagnon. Gagnon's 54 masterpieces illustrating this work are a brilliant tribute to his beloved Quebec as well as a deathless record of French Canada. Here is the very soul of Canada portrayed from the Arctic to Newfoundland to Vancouver Island. Every school child should see it that he may capture the wonder of his country, its beauty, breadth, and splendor. It will do more to stir his patriotism than any other factor that one could imagine. What a wonderful thing it is to have a dream. How wonderful to see that dream come true! Signe and Bob McMichael with rare perseverance, courage, and imagination have created a memorial for generations, one hopes it will be timeless. One hopes that in time the collection will become even more representative. There are great Canadian artists who might be represented here. And even as the Group of Seven opened the door to a new world, so in future years another group will open another door. There will be new revelations for other generations. But the qualities of heart and spirit at Tapawingo will never grow old or pass away. Let every Canadian child see this place and learn its lessons and drink from its fountains. U.S. action protects whales By Charles Foley, London Observer commentator LOS ANGELES One is killed every 20 minutes. A barbed 180 Ib. harpoon rips into the whale's back. The grenade on the tip explodes inside its body, and blood spews into the ocean. Dying frequently takes up to half-an- hour. sometimes as long as two hours. Some call it slaughter. To the Russians and Japanese, who kill tens of thousands of the gentle leviathans each year for pet food, cosmetics, margarine, and transmission oil, it's harvesting. Starting in June. 140 nations will take part in the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, at which proposals to protect marine life, will be made, but the United States has already begun a new. unilateral effort to save the great creatures from being wiped out. America. is the good guy in this international dispute. It ceased long ago to be a whaling nation. It prohibited the import of whale products. Now. feeling certain that Japan and Russia, who between them take some 85- per-cent of the world catch. will once again block whale protection efforts at the UN conference, the U.S. is studying the possibility of economic retaliation against nations and interests destroying marine resources in defiance of the wishes of other countries. At the same time, conservation and wildlife groups are calling for a boycott of Japanese products in the market place. The U.S. department of commerce has strongly protested against Japanese and Russian defiance of a moratorium on the killing of whales, to which 12 other nations adhere. "We hoped reason would says Senator Warren Magnuson, chairman of the U.S. Committee on Commerce, who is leading the economic- retaliation drive. "Instead, Russia and Japan say they'll disregard even the modest conservation measures voted last year by the International Whaling Commission. We can't afford to wait any longer." Last year, thanks largely to an offensive by U.S. delegates, the IWC did take a step towards enacting the resolution passed at the 1972 UN environmental conference in Stockholm, calling for a 10- year moratorium to allow whale herds to recoup their losses. The U.S.'s Dr. Lee Talbot, a scientific adviser, challenged the generous estimates of remaining stocks put out by the whaling nations. The basic information on which IWC was setting hunting quotas was, he said, highly unreliable. Dr. Talbot called for a reduction in the IWC's yearly quota, which in 1972 permitted whales to be killed all that member nations wanted. The small whaling nations, Norway, Iceland and South Africa, went against the giants, and the way was open for a reduction of quotas: the number of fin whales that could be killed was cut by 25- per-cent to and rules for sperm whales were changed so that whalers may now catch only a portion of their quota on one area, instead of simply wiping out every whale in a particular region. These mild measures the Russians and the Japanese are disregarding. SATURDAY TALK Norman Smith Politics mil lederhosen A collection of brief book reviews "Victims of Success" by B. B. Wolman (Fitzhenry and Whiteside Limited 157 After 15 years of psychotherapy with executives and members of their families. Dr. Benjamin B. Wolman wrote this unique book dedicated to people who overwork and underlive. who amass fortunes they don't know how to use and build mansions ihey are too busy to enjoy. Dr. Wolman describes several cases of executives who don't know how to cope with success and failure, who overdo and underdo with their striving for material values, who display self-defeating tendencies and are unable to relax. Dr. Wolman analyzes sexual, marital, and child- rearing problems ol executives and offers constructive CHRIS STEWART "A Plain and Easy Introduction to Practical Mosic" by Thomas Morley fW. W. Norton and Company, Inc., 325 pages, This book was first published in 1597. but the second edition did not appear until some years after 1ho author "5; death. The present edition is ni producing the book in an easily readable form (and Morley's dialogue is eminently readable) and is designed more for the student than for the specialist. The original words and construction have been retained, but the spelling and punctuation have been modernized: all the music examples have been transcribed into modern notation and clefs and bar- lines have been added where Jacking in the original. Quite apart from its historical importance the book gives a vivid picture of Morley himself, both as a man and as a musician. As a musician Morley has often been labelled "Conservative." CHRIS STEWART "Challenge" by Vita Sackville-West