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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 15, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE UTHBRIDGE HERAID Friday, Junt 15, 1973 West's magnetism wooing Europe By Hedrick Smith, New York Times Moscow Bureau Chief Gas and freight rates Ontario Premier William threat of testing Alberta's gas price proposal in the Supreme Court of Canada may turn out to be all threat and no test. Until the Alberta proposal is put into law there is nothing to test. When the law is framed it is likely to take the form of a provision for a residents' refund something like the present rebate on property taxes. Any court test then would have to be on the legality of provincial govern- ments giving benefits to their people. Since the provinces seem to have been striving with the federal ernment to gain greater control over welfare spending, it would be ironi- cal if one of them were to challenge the right of another to administer a kind of welfare scheme which is what the refund plan u ould be called. Asking the Supreme Court to rule on this matter would be tantamount to seeking a final settlement on the con- stitutional debate that has raged in this country for several years- The Ontario government now may have more sympathy for the govern- ments in the western provinces which have long and futilely protested the inequitable freight rates in the coun- try. Gas prices and freight rates really do not have much in common, even though Alberta NDP leader Grant Notley has suggested that Al- berta should use the threat of a gas price rise to force a concession on freight rates; it is the federal gov- ernment after all, not the Ontario government, that has authority in the field of freight rates. Out of this hassle over the price of gas there could come the great benefit of having the issues looked at from the point of view of the national good. If the threat of an in- creased gas price awakens the manu- facturers of central Canada to the in- justice perpetrated on western Can- ada by the freight rates, and leads to a fairer setup which is reciprocated by an adjustment in the price of gas, the gain for Canadian unity would be tremendous. Some films make no sense What with clockwork "Deep "Last tango m Pans" and a few others, theie has been a steady flow of comment recently on questionable, even downright dirty, motion pictures. Much of it has been critical of both the quality and ac- ceptability of the films in question. In addition, each of the pictures named has run afoul of the laws re- lating to obscenity, in one jurisdiction or another. But each has its support- ers, too, especially among those who feel that however bad a film, book or picture may be, any attempt at censorship is worse. The censorship issue is as old as print and unlikely to be resolved by rational argument though it is hard to find serious fault with the present trend towards a kind of laissez faire attitude, which lets people select their own kind of entertainment, subject only to the laws. There is logic to such an arrange- ment. The purpose of making films (whatever the artsy types would have you believe) is to make money. To fulfil that perfectly sensible objec- tive a film must attract paying cus- tomers to the theatre in which it is shown. So to be successful, a film maker must learn what people will pay money to see and what they will not, or go bankrupt This, .assuming some sensible limit to government subsidies, should provide regulation enough. In the light of this seemingly realis- tic economic arrangement, it is some- what of a mystery why some films are made at all A particularly per- plexing example is one called "La grande made by one of Italy's most celebrated directors and pres- ented as the French entry at the Cannes film festival. Described by its kindest critic as "deliberately and violently bad man- nered" and "a bold, black comedy (sic) of defeat, decay and death, this is a weird story of four middle- aged men who share the vice of glut- tony and who decide to commit sui- cide together by eating themselves to death, while indulging their waning interest in sex with two hired prosti- tues and a passing school mistress. The resulting orgy is filmed in clini- cal detail for two solid hours. Less flattering comments included "It's It's "I had to leave" and "I thought I'd and even the director agreed that it was unlikely there'd be much profit in store for the producers. Apparently no one asked the obvious question "Why on earth would such a film ART BUCHWALD It has to be electric WASHINGTON The energy crisis has reached the point where it is quite pos- sible that Americans wil! be asked to make great sacrifices to conserve the pow- er we need to maintain the highest stand- ard of living in the world. A group of wise old men met in Washing- ton, D.C., last week to discuss what electri- cal appliances could be eliminated from the American home to guarantee an adequate energy supply for our future years. "Gentlemen we are here today to dis- cuss the elimination of certain electrical ap- pliances 'from the American scene. The president has asked us to present him with a list of those appliances that will have to be sacrificed to conserve our power supplies. Are there any "I think tbe electric toothbrush should one of the wise men suggested. "Are you out of your another paid. "You can't expect Americans to brush their teeth by hand. It would cause tremendous hardship on the average mid- dle-income citizen who has no one to brush his teeth for him. Gentlemen, I'm as much for power conservation as thde next per- son, but let's not lose our heads "All right. What about abolishing elec- tric hair curlers9" a wise man rumbled. "The American women In this country would be up in arms if we took their electric curl- ers away from them. How can we expect them to support our energy policies if they have no easy way of setting their "Good said the chairman" can't throw out the baby with the bath water." "I have a suggestion as to how we could save some another wise man said. "Why don't we ban the electric pencil sharpener'" There was dead silence Finally a man shouted, N'o The electric pencil shaipener is the key to the entire capitalist system. Do jou know why the Russians are behind us in their schools? Because their students are still sharpening their pencils by hand Besides, our gross na- tional product depends on electric pencil sharpeners. It takes a Russian secretary a full minute to sharpen her pencil by the anitiquated non-electric method. Our secre- taries can do it in 10 seconds. Gentlemen, once allow the Soviets to close the pencil sharpener gap, you can kiss our economy goodby The chairman said, "Then we're all in agreement that the electric pencil sharp- ener stays "What about the electric can "Absolutely essential You can't ask an American citizen to open a can by hand. We'll have a revolution on our hands." "I imagine that would go for electric orange juice squeezers "No president would be able to govern a people who have to squeeze oranges with their fingers. I would eliminate street light- ing before I did away with electric orange juice squeezers "I know people can't live without elec- tuc blankets, but might we forbid the fu- ture manufacturing of electric bed vibrat- ors at least until the crisis is Bite jour someone shouted. "The bed vibrator is a priority item in this country, particularly for people with bad backs. I will resign from, the commission if you take any action against the elec- tric vibrator' "Well, gentlemen, we still don't have a list for the president. Surely there is some electrical appliance that we can all agree is non-essential." "The heated swimming "Impossible. If Benjamin Franklin ever thought that someday MC'd eliminate the heated swimming poo! he never would have discovered electricity." BUCHAREST The drama- tic appeal of big Western trade deals with the Soviet Union has stolen the limelight from East European countries which have already moved into more flexible and experimental forms of industrial co-opera- tion with the West. By and large, the emerging Soviet deals with the United States involve, the purchase of technology and delayed repay- ment with raw materials. But in Eastern Europe, the pattern of trade is more sophisticated and permanent, even if the vol- ume is less eye-catching. It in- volves actual cooperative un- dertakings and requires ad- justments in the Communist way of doing business. Rumania this year became the first Communist country in tbe postwar era to set up a joint bank with Western com- mercial banks and to open its territory to jointly-owned and operated industrial coporations with Western concerns. Already, Hungary has in op- eration a joint venture head- quartered in Switzerland with an American concern to mark- ket American farming tech- niques to Czechoslovakia, Yugo- slavia, and the Soviet Union just one of dozens of such com- plex, multiple country Hun- garian operations with capital- ists. At Karl Marx University in Budapest, senior officers from Hungarian industry, the gov- ernment and even the Com- munist party hierarchy are studying business management with up-to-the-minute comput- erized industrial games devel- oped originally for American managers. Poland has developed co-op- erative production arrange- ments with such companies as International Harvester, Clark Equipment, Fiat of Italy and Berliet of France to assemble and manufacture equipment under Western licences Czech- oslovakia and Bulgaria have tome similar arrangements. In other ways, East Euro- pean economic planners have been willing, more than the Russians so far, to modify their own operations, especial- ly in giving some of their own enterprises more power to make trade deals without ex- cessive involvement of govern- ment bureaucracies. Rumania and Poland have even set up meat and bacon processing plants to meet stan- dards set by the United States department of agriculture and they permit periodic inspec- tions. Moscow has so far de- clined to let American experts check out even the deposits of natural gas it is offering for sale to repay American credits. Essentially, foreign trade generally is still of secondary importance for the Soviet Union whereas it is vital to smaller East European nations. For example, 40 per cent of Hungary's annual national pro- duction goes into exports com- pared to only five per cent lor the Soviet Union. Not surprisingly, East Europe has greeted the Soviet 'open- ing to the West with approval, through not without private apprehensions. Poland, previously reluctant to move too far ahead of Mos- cow, has felt freer to engage in commerce with the West, ac- cepting long-term Western bank credits necessary to broaden trade. Even East Ger- many and Bulgaria, long the most resistant, now share the general view that broader East-West trade would be healthy. But East Europeans also have reason to fear being caught in a squeeze between giant partners on both sides. Rumania makes little se- cret of its fear of being over- looked Hungarian leaders wor- ry aloud that the Soviet Union, in its eagerness to buy Western technology with its oil and gas, will be increasingly unable or unwilling to fulfill the rapidly "Notice the unbending sole, a big seller this year with mechanics walking out of airports and premiers and mayors walking out of national conferences Summit's direction anybody's guess By Roland Huntford, London Observer commentator HELSINKI After seven months of preliminary talks, it now seems certain that the first session of the European Security Conference will open in Helsinki at the beginning of July in the presence of the foreign ministers of the 34 par- ticipating countries. It will last for about a week or 10 days. After seven months, that is all that has been settled with any exactitude. One thing has emerged with some certainty, however It is that the Soviet Union wants the conference at almost any cost. For some reason connected with domestic politics, Mr. Leonid Brezhnw, the Soviet Communist Party leader, re- quires the prestige convention- ally associated with a gather- ing of the nations This is the commonly accepted explanation for the strong Soviet desire for the conference to culminate in a summit meeting. It is not a vision that par- ticularly to the West- ern countries. A conclave of heads of state is unlikely to be anything but an eminent form of rubber stamp for what has already been negotiated. But the question of a summit will be on the agenda of the for- eign ministers when they meet here in July. Thus, the Sec- urity Conference itself, sup- posed to decide upon the peace and future of the European continent, will partly begin as talks about talks It will to be decided the conference is to con- tinue. Helsinki will not be an automatic choice It is not a traditional diplomatic centre. Its selection for the opening stages of the security confer- ence was partly due to clever management by the Russians, using Finland to make the sug- gestion. The West agreed to Helsinki because by doing so it accord- ed recognition to the neutral- ity which ihi Fmnz have work' ed so hard to establish since the end of the Second World War There is, however, some dissatisfaction with Helsinki among the delegations to the conference. The most vocal is to be found among the Roman- ians They are unhappy with Helsinki because tfiey appear to believe that it lies too close to the Soviet sphere of influ- ence which certainly does Hi-speed crashes "The Ohio Highway Safety Department released this in- formation, prepared at the Madigan Army Hospital, Ta- coroa, Washington, answer- ing that question in an effort to get motorists to slow down during Memorial Day weekend. "This is the slow-motion, split-second reconstruction of what happens when a car, trav- elling 55 miles an hour, crash- es into a solid, immovable tree: 1-10 OF A SECOND "The front bumper and chrome "frosting" of the grill- work collapse. "Slivers of steel penetrate the tree to a depth of 1% inches or more. 2-10 OF A SECOND "The hood crumples as it rises, smashing into the wind- shield. "Spinning rear wheels leave the ground "The fenders come into con- tact with the tiee, forcing the rear parts out over the front doors "The heavy structural mem- bers of the car begin to act as a brake on the terrific forward momentum of the ton car. "But the driver's body con- tinues to move forward at the vehicle's original speed (20 times normal force of gravity, his body weighs pounds.) "His legs, ramrod straight, snap at tbe knee joints. 3-10 OF A SECOND The driver's body is now off the seat, torso upright, broken knees pressing against tbe dash board. "The plastic and steel frame of the steering wheel begins to bend under his terrible death grip "His head is now near the sunvisor, his chest above the steering column. 4-lfl OF A SECOND "The car's front 24 inches have been demolished, but the rear end is still travelling at an estimated speed of 35 miles per hour "The driver's body is still travelling 55 miles per hour. "The half-ton motor block crunches into the tree. "The rear end of the car, like a bucking horse, rises high enough to scrape bark off low branches. 5-10 OF A SECOND "The driver's fear-frozen hands bend the steering column into an almost vertical position. "The force of gravity im- pales him On the steering shaft. "Jagged steel punctures lung and intercostal arteries. "Blood spurts into his lungs. 6-10 OF A SECOND "The driver's feet are ripped from his tightly-laced shoes "The brake pedal shears off at the floorboards. "The chassis bends in the middle, shearing body bolts. "The driver's head smashes into the windshield. "The rear of the car begins Its downward fall, spinning wheels digging into the ground. 7-10 OF A SECOND "The entire, writhing body of the can is forced out of shape "Hinges tear, doors spring open. not suit their foreign policy. This however may only be part of the explanation. As one West- em spokesman has put it, "the Romanians are being maver- icks about everything here Whatever it is, they Have been urging a transfer to Gen- eva. Many Western and Eastern delegations would pro- bably not disagree too violently. Considering the sheer mech- anics of running a conference, it would bring certain advan- tages. Geneva, that traditional seat of international gatherings, has all the facilities. For ex- ample, there is a resident pool of interpreters, whereas they have to be specially brought to Helsinki. And, no mean consideration, most coun- tries maintain resident delega- tions in Geneva expressly de- signed for conferences. One more gathering would not add to the strain. In Helsinki, on the other hand, conventional embassies are all that exist, and the security conference involves the irksome transfer of extra staff. The most likely scenario would seem therefore to be that after the first session here, working parties will be appoint- ed to deliberate on various points of the agenda, starting work in Geneva some time in the autumn After that, noth- ing is certain. But, given the present Western desire for de- tente, it is on the cards that Moscow might get its way and have a summit in the end. rising energy needs of tastern Europe. Another Hungarian concern, which Western economists sus- pect may prove even more ser- ious for East Germany and Czechoslovakia because of their higher level of technology, is that some key industrial goods will lose out in the Soviet mar- ket to higher quality items from the United States, West Germany and Japan. Nonetheless, the economic magnetism of the West is so strong that practically every- one in eastern Europe these days is accentuating the posi- tive especially with hopes that the U.S. Congress will grant East European products equal tariff Roughly speaking, the East Europeans fall into two cate- gories. Bulgaria and, for the time being, East Germany and Czechoslovakia, essentially fol- low the Soviet model. They an- ticipate increasing volumes of trade plus the purchase of Western factories, hotels or technology either outright or with Western credits. But while urging changes in Western tar- iff structures or other trading arrangements, they firmly in- sist on no significant changes in their own highly centralized economic institutions or business methods. But Rumania, Hungary and Poland have been more open and willing to make some mod- ifications modest so far for the sake of trade. Rumania has pursued a deli- berate course of independence from Moscow for nearly dec- ade and considers Western trade integral to lhat policy. Poland, by history, habit and culture drawn westward, is now expanding trade forms with the West as part of a slight economic liberalization. Hun- gary, alone in eastern Europe, has developed some economic decentralization. Most members of the War- saw Pact's Council of Mutual Economic Assistance or Com- econ, do from 65 to 80 per cent of their trade with each other. But Rumania's trade in recent years has run close to 50-50. Possessing oil and gas fields of its own has helped Rumania to be less dependent on Mos- cow. But her industry relies heavily on Soviet iron and met- al ores and Polish coke. Presi- dent Nicolai Ceaucescu has vig- orougly sought alternate sources of supply in India, Al- geria, and Latin America. In the hunt for assistance, she has pined the International Mone- tary Fund, the World Bank, and the General Agreement on Tariff and Trade and sought preferential tariff status with the European Economic Com- munity, Her most striking move, late last year, was the decision to permit Western capital invest- ment in Rumania with 51 per cent Rumanian control, but rights for foreign partners to repatriate profits and be com- pensated if they decide to with- draw, as well as flexibility to operate outside Rumanian cen- tral economic planning. Three companies have al- ready signed deals involving investments of a few million dollars each: Control Data in computer components manufac- ture, Falco of Italy in synthe- tic fibres, and Renke of West Germany in ship gear boxes. Hungary and Poland have new laws permitting joint ventures but have yet to exer- cise them. Poland has so far preferred the kind of arrange- ment it has with International Harvester to manufacture heavy earthmoving equipment, under licence, and pay back the American concern with one-third of its output. In the last two years, Poland has more than doubled its volume of such co-production business with the West. So far, however, Polish lead- ership has declined to let in- terested Westerners develop its huge copper and sulphur re- serves. Hungary has a variety of ways to develop joint and co- operative operations. With West Germany alone, Hungary has more than 100 co-produc- tion operations She has doz- ens of joint ventures, although none actually operating on Hungarian soil, and is the first East European country to have floated loans on the Euro- dollar market. The Lethbrwkje Herald 7th St. S., tethfiridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905-1964, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN SKMM CUM Man Registration No 0012 Mtmtwr tt TIM Canadian Prm and the Canadian Dally Newspaper PvMMwn' AiweMtlMl ttw Audit Bureau of CLEO W MOWERS, Editor and PuMU THOMAS H. Central Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER MMTtMng MtMgaf Editorial Page Idttar "WE HEftAlD SMIVES THE ;