Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 15, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
28 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, IS, 1973 Protested Soviet domination First East Berlin rebellion two decades ago By HUBERT J. ERB BERLIN (AP) The first bloody revolt against Soviet do- mination in Eastern Europe erupled amid torrents of rain in East Berlin 20 years ago. The rebellion of East German workers June 17, 1953, set a pat- tern for movements for more home rule in Poland and Hun- gary in 1956 and in Czech- oslovakia in 1968. The depth of the first uprising wasn't known in the West until years after it happened. Only piecemeal reports filtered through the Iron Curtain at the time. But statistics compiled by the West Germans from the ac- counts since of East German refugees gave this picture 10 years later: 545 persons, in- cluding Russians, killed in fight- ing or executed; 1.33U wounded, and more than arrested. For the first time, the Soviet army demonstrated it was the main support of Communist rule in the East-bloc states. The immediate cause. of the revolt was a sudden order for a 10-per-cent work increase, which led construction workers to lay down their tools. WAR DANGER POSED The danger of direct Western involvtment in those mid-June days was great. About 12.000 men of the United States, Brit- ish and French garrLsonS in West Berlin were put on full alert. The Soviets declared martial law. Red Army infantry and ar- mor occupied all of East Ber- lin on a war footing and sealed off all traffic from West Berlin. After initial euphoric contacts between East and West Ber- liners at the Brandenburg Gate, the West Berlin spe- cial-alert police was posted along the inner-city dividing line to keep the revolt within sector bounds. The Soviet high command al- leged the rebellion was inspired HEAVY TANDEM TRUCKS Suitable To Carry log load- en, Cranes, etc. 10.00x20 Tirol. 10 TON CRANE- DRAGLINE On tracks, this could be mounted on a truck. D8 CAT With ongledozer Can trade in TON TRUCKS TRAVEL TRAILERS, BOATS, etc. A. G. Bayes Ltd Box 430, or 426-4772 Cranbrook, B.C. by paid agents from the West, a charge vehemently denied. The Western powers protested the treatment of the East Ger- man population by the Russians and the blocking of their own access to East Berlin. There was no Soviet response until after calm was restored. After five days of martial law, also imposed on other ma- jor East German industrial cities, the futility of fighting tanks and machine-guns with rocks and bare hands had be- come apparent. A red flag again flew atop the Branden- burg Gate. Vatican bans variations of prayer VATICAN CITY (AP) The Vatican Thursday banned all lo- cal variations of the central prayer of the mass. A letter from the Vatican told bishops and priests they are bound by formulas of the church's central bodies. The letter said only the Vati- can has the power to introduce changes in the Eucharistic prayer of the mass. This is the part the celebrant recites when he consecrates the bread and wine. Archbishop Annibale Bugnini, who circulated the letter, said it was the first time since the 1962-1865 Ecumenical Council that exclusive power was claimed on a specific point from the bishops. The new regulations con- firmed Pope Paul's decision to stand firm against the mounting drive for change on the basic points of Roman Catholicism. The Eucharistic prayer is re- garded as the essential part in the mass which, as Roman Catholics believe, turns the bread and wine into the flesh and blood of Christ. Many priests broke loose from the strict rules which had prevailed on the mass for cen- turies after the Ecumenical Council opened the door for chanee in The West German ministry for inner German affairs gave out in 1963 these painstakingly compiled statistics: ill the German civilians, 113 East Ger- man party officials and police, 18 Russian soldiers. Wounded were German demonstra- tors, 645 party and police func- tionaries, 126 Russians. on the spot were Germans, including a num- ber of police who disobeyed or- ders, and 52 party officials later in a post-rebellion purge. than persons were arrested, of them sent to prison along with 630 party functionaries. Another 131 party officials were given over j to Soviet authority. I The published West German statistics also stated the Rus- j sians sent more than Red Army men back to the Soviet Union because they balked at the orders given them. Since 1953, there have been only minor outbursts, in the main by young people, in East Berlin. I Conditions now are vastly dif- ferent, not only in East Ger- many but throughout the East bloc. Today's younger party and government leaders have shown themselves much more atuned to demands for a better economic life. CITY PROSPERS East Berlin has become a showcase within the Communist bloc. Contacts with West Germany have been made formal by treaty and East Germany has gained in waves of visitors and large amounts of money paid by the Bonn government. The East Berlin regime also has been given wide Western recognition. Perhaps most significant was the fall from power in May, 1971, of Walter Ulbricht, the Communist party leader, re- placed by Erich Honecker, his long-time protege. The Russians, who put Ul- bricht in power in 1945 and saved him in 1953, dropped him as it became apparent he was not elastic enough for growing East-West co-operation. He re- mains titular chief of state, but at 80 both his health and his in- fluence have waned. Still, legacies of the Ulbricht era remain. The 1953 revolt came in a Berlin not yet divided by the wall Ulbricht was to build in M6l. It remains, as does a mine field along the East-West Ger- man frontier. East Germans still may not travel to the West without special permission. The Bed Army also remains in strength, perhaps a total 000 men. In all, East Germany has a population of 17 million. For West Germany, June 17 became a national holiday, but even here there has been change. With the passing years, it has become less a day for popular observance than a wel- come extra day off. Kissinger sued by former aide WASHINGTON (AP) Dr. Morton H. Halperin, former na- tional security aide whose home telephone was tapped during a White House search for news leaks, filed a damage suit today against Dr. Henry Kissinger, his former boss, oth- er White House aides and fed- eral government officials. Halperin alleged an FBI tap was on his home telephone in 1969 and 1970 for a period of between eight and 25 months. Existence of the tap was dis- closed May 10, during the trial concerning the Pentagon papers on the Vietnam war when the government said it had overheard defendant Dan- iel Ellsberg in a telephone con- versation made from Halperin's Bethesda, Md., home. Halperin served as an aide to Kissinger from May, 1969. until Sept. 19 of that year. The suit alleged that some HELP FOR BOYS Psychologists and counsellors at The Boys' Home in Toronto are doing an outstanding job of taking in young offenders, giving them constant care, and sending them back to society as useful citizens. Read about The Boys' Home this Saturday IN YOUR LETHBRIDGE HERALD WEEKEND MAGAZINE time in the spring of 1909 Kis- singer and White House aides H. R. Haldeman and John Ehr- lichman decided to conduct el- ectronic surveillance of certain employees of the national se- curity council, including Hal- perin. NATIONAL COURTESY CARD' LEASING The motor vehicle descriued on oack of tnis Identifi- cation Card his Been leased from a Ford Authorised Leasing System of Canada Lessor (named It would be appreciated if every courtesy Including prompt and quality service and any appropriate fleet discounts on parts be extended to tne operator of this vehicle. National Identification Card Predictable Costs Can Include FREE'S investment usually less than Adaptable to private individual as well as business Current model prestige Easy way to get second car Contact our leasing dept, for the one best BUfiaCs LEASING TAB5R ITD. Phone 223-3537 Waited 72 years to get her man MACEIO, Brazil (Renter) i Spinster Maria Conceicao dos Santos waited 72 years to get jher when she reached the altar, she fainted. The bridegroom, Manoel Se- bastiao Oliveira, 80, and his 18 children by four previous mar- riages waited while a doctor re- vived the bride and the wedding went on. Sonia Moore is back. 14th ANNUAL PROVINCIAL RESIDENTIAL Summer drama school JULY 29 TO AUGUST 11 OLDS VOCATIONAL SCHOOL. Here is a rare opportunity to study under the founder of the American Centre of Stanislavski Theatre Art, and author of 'The Stanislavski Method." Miss Moore heads a staff of noted experts, including Anthony Holland, former vice-principal of Bristol Old Vic Theatre School; David Spinks, head of the Drama Department. University of Lethbridge; Paddy English, renowned director and teacher from B.d; set designer Phil Silver; and English costume designer, Vivien Frow. If you are over 18 and seriously interested in an acting, production or teachers' course, enroll now in this summer's drama school program. FEE, including board, room and.tuition For teenagers DRUMHELLER DRAMA SCHOOL Drumheller Vocational School Beginners' Course. July 29 to August 5 Intermediate and Advanced Courses, Augus: 5 to August 19th. For explanatory booklet and'application forms, write to the Drama Division, Cultural Development. Culture, Youth and Recreation 11 th Floor, CM Tower, Edmonton, T5J OKI Please submit applications as soon as possible to avoid disappointment. CULTURE, YOUTH AND RECREATION TRAILER NO DOWN PAYMENT Includes Spare Tire and 4 comfortable 3" Thick Foam Mattresses WATER PACK -5 gallon plastic container -Reg. 4.97 SPECIAL..... CAMPING ACCESSORIES -Plastic Egg Carton -Plastic Cups -Soap Dish -Reg. 96c SPECIAL 76' FAMILY FISHING KIT -3 piece kit contains -Casting kit -Spin Casting Kit -Spin Kit SET....... ALL PURPOSE MATTRESS 6. -Reg. 7.44. SPECIAL AIR MATTRESS -Reg. 7.96. SPECIAL LIQUID FIRE STARTER oz. -Reg. 77c. SPECIAL TRIPLE HIBACHI -Reg. 12.96. SPECIAL 9 PARTY PATIO LIGHTS -Contains 6 sockets -18' Cord -Assorted colors. EACH SLEEPING BAG -Size -Reg. 11.96 SPECIAL FOLD-A-CARRIER -5 gallon capacity -Reg. 1.96 SPECIAL 1 BRIQUETTES -10 Ib. bag -Reg. 97c. SPECIAL 77 7-PIECE CAMPING COOKWARE SET -4 quart, 3 quart and 2 quart saucepan with lids -Skillet. SET 5 BLACK and DECKER CIRCULAR SAW -7V4" Blade -114 h.p. motor. EACH 24.88 DELUXE ORLON SEAT COVERS -Easy to install -Washable. 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