Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 15, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE UTHBRIDCi HERAID iHvrjday, Juno 15, 197S Robert Chesshyre The dollar syndrome The financially naive, and at an outside guess that includes at least 85 per cent of. the Canadian public, don't understand the reasons behind the rise in the value of ihe Cana- dian dollar. If our dollar is worth more than the U.S. dollar on world money markets, we are inclined to believe that our economy is in great shape in comparison with that of our wealthy neighbors to the south. This, of course is not the case. The whole complicated exchange rate tangle is tied up with present do- mestic problems in uolh countries- unemployment and inflation. If the Canadian dollar rises too high on world markets, imports are cheaper and exports higher, thus creating a trade imbalance and re- ducing employment opportunities at home. Because interest rates paid by the Canadian b o r r o w e r e.g., mort- gage rates are so high, banks and other depositories can afford to pay high interest rates on moneys deposited. This high interest rate on short term (under one year.) ac- counts has encouraged the influx of foreign capital on deposit in Cana- dian banks, trust companies etc. This is one of the factors involved in pushing up the value of the Ca- nadian dollar on world money mar- kets. In order to stem this flow of ex- cess foreign short term capital into Canada, the minister of Finance, John Turner has agreed to a re- quest made by the Canadian Bank- ers' Association that the interest rates paid by banks on their major certificates of deposit, that is, street deposits maturing within one year, be reduced to a point more in line with prevailing rates in foreign countries. This would make Canada a less attractive place for non-work- ing capital by reducing the short term influx of foreign money. It could have the effect of stemming the upward valuation of the Cana- dian dollar. No one, not even Mr. Turner knows if it will work. The danger is that if interest rates go down too far there will be a nish of borrow- ing and the possibility of an in- crease in the already alarming rate of inflation. It's a "wait and see" situation. Reporting the news The article reprinted on this page by the executive editor of the Toronto Star, is a good statement about good journalism. But it is not complete, in our opinion, and should not be presented or accepted without quali- fication. "The truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth" is generally demanded by courts of every witness appearing before them. "Absolute accuracy" as discussed by the Toronto Star editor may be misleading. Newspapers, cannot print "the whole truth." They cannot, for Instance, cover all the meetings held, report all the accidents, interview all the people. They haven't the space or the staff. They must be selective. Personal human judgment is in- volved. Nor can they give "the whole truth" in what they do report. They cannot print the whole of every speech made in the House of Com- mns or city council, or all of the motions made at a convention, or all of the hall games played or all of the festival performers. Again they must he selective, and in mentioning one speaker or performer and not another they may be felt by some to be inaccurate. Or in quoting the speaker on one point and not another, no matter how accurately he is quoted, they may be charged with discrimination. Discrimination is the key to good practical journalism. The editors must discriminate between this speaker and that, this statement and that, this performer and that, and in their best judgment decide what must be used and what can be left out. All news is relative. It is not right to say that one piece of current factj is news and another is not. If this were a different world and newspapers had all the space in the world and all the staff in the world and all the money in the world, and if readers had all the time in the world and all the interest in the world, everything that happens or is spoken might be printed. But thai is not the way it is. Only, the most significant or most interest- ing or most extraordinary can find its way into print. "Dog bites man" is news, but not such newsworthy news as "man bites so it is not printed. "Diefenbaker condemns gov- ernment" still is reported, but "Dief- enbaker commends government" will get bigger news play if and when it happens. Discriminating between what must go into the paper and what need not must be done honestly and objectively and without bias, but still some read- ers will disagree with the judgment and accuse the newspapers of offences akin to inaccuracy through the telling of less than the whole truth. And for their complaint there is no remedy. -C. W. M. ART BUCHWALD The Soviets don't have a chance WASHINGTON There has been so much publicity about the U.S.-U.S.S.R. arms accord treaty that the other accords President Nixon signed with the Soviets have been ignored. One of the most important was an en- vironmental protection agreement calling for research, mutual co-operation and ex- change of information on air and water pollution as well as ecological protection. The United States maintains that it got the best of the deal on this treaty becausei America is so far ahead on pollution that the Soviets will never be able to catch up. In a background briefing a government spokesman said, "Despite criticism of tha treaty, I can assure the American people that the United States is so advanced in pollution that there is no danger that the Soviet Union will ever reach parity, much less superiority, in this field. "The United States has enough stock- piled pollutants to kill every man, woman, animal and fish in the world four times over. The Soviets have enough pollutants to kill them only once. They cannot hope to achieve our pollution rate in the next 10 years." A reporter said, "There is a rumor that In the past 12 months the Soviets have had a crash program in pollution and have developed new land-based weapons thai could raise their pollution rate to equal that of the United States." The spokesman shook his head. "We have studied this very closely, and can assure you that despite the Soviet efforts to increase their pollution, they are still a second-rate power compared to the United States. "The key to a strong pollution program u automobiles. The United States is pro- Ulster's Protestant army on the march TJ ELF AST Northern Ire- land's Protestants flexing their muscles. At grass root level there Is a growing belief that sooner or later they are going to have to tight to prevent what they term a "sell- out" by the British Government to the demands ot the Irish Republican Army. And Ihe evi- dence is there ot both organiza- tion and arms. This threat that the Prot- estant majority might taka matters into its own hands turning on both their Catholic neighbors and the Britisli Army it it were to intervene is one of the most worrying aspects of the troubled situation confront- ing the British Secretary of State, Mr. William Whitelaw. His approach so far has been to meet Catholic demands in many fundamental respects releasing internees and leaving the IRA-occupied "no-go" areas alone while keeping his fin- gers crossed that Protestant patience will persist. If his cal- culation about the Protestants is wrong, the province could be pitched into civil war before his attempts to win the confidence ot the Catholics tiavo had a chance to work. The new Protestant deter- mination has shown ilself in two ways. An organization perhaps strong called the Ulster Defence Association has succeeded in parading sev- eral thousand men through the streets of both Belfast and Lon- donderry and organizing tem- porary Protestant "no-go" areas, And freelance gangs of Protestants appear to be carry- ing out assassination attacks on random Catholics. The Ulster Defence Associa- tion admits to being a military organization, ready it says to move If the political leaders fail to achieve their aims. These, basically, are that tho Protestant people should be left to determine the future of the province, in which they hold a two-to-one majority. (It was the failure of the now-sus- pended Protestant controlled provincial Government to exer- cise this power fairly that led directly to the present The Association mainly Ijased in Belfast has brought together existing "defence" as- sociations. These have existed for some montlis for the pur- pose of blocking roads off at night with vigilantes to prevent IRA bombers infiltrating their areas. Its members, when on duly, wear para-military uni- forms usually khaki Jackets, peaked khaki hats, and face masks. It is possible to meet the leadership, but only on condi- tion that their anonymity is maintained in a way that IRA leaders never insisted. The most senior man is styled "Chairman" or "General Offi- cer and he pre- sides over a ten-man "security council." This decides where token "no-go" areas will be es- tablished and long-term strat- egy. The present scheme is that temporary "no-go" areas will be set up for one more week- end, and then areas will be seized and held against both ducing 10 times as many automobiles as the Soviets. "Also, U.S. energy requirements guaran- tee we will have a superiority in air pollu- tion for the next decade. While the So- viets have made some progress in water pollution, it's still a drop in the bucket compared to our own waste disposal pro- grams." "But what guarantee do we have that the Soviets will not secretly increase their pol- lution production while the treaty is in force "In order to have a true pollution deter- the spokesman said, "you must have a consumer oriented society. You must have phosphates, disposable beer cans, styrofoam, plastics and used cars. The So- viet economy cannot possibly produce the consumer products needed to give them parity with the United States." "Is it another reporter asked, "that the Soviets have been working on multiple pollutants that can pollute the air and the water at the same "We're aware of the spokesman said, "but we have multiple-pollution weapons as well, and ours are much more sophisticated. Without violating security I can tell you that we now have smokestacks that can pollute three states at one time. "The Soviets know what we can do with pollution, and that has put tte [ear of God into them. Gentlemen, the Soviet Union wanted this treaty for one reason. They had satellite photographs of our en- vironment, and they knew they couldn't match us. When they saw the latest pic- tures of Los Angeles, they came to the con- clusion that they had lost tho pollution bat- tle, and it was in their host interest to call it quits." (Toronto Star Syndicate) 'Yes Spiro, but isn't there another way of telling em Ya aint seen no thin the police and Army Indefinite ly. Their aim is to force Mr. Whitelaw to move against the IRA-held territory ot Bogsldn and Creggan in Londonderry, where British rule no longer isls. It Is doubtful whelher UDA is yet very well armed, though there Is no doubt that Its members have been en- gaged busily in recent weeks trying to obtain more. Its lead- ers speak of being prepared and of having accumulated weapons over the past few months, but Ms main Impor- tance so far has been the abil- ity to organize a vast number of men. Most of its members ire working class pep.-ile, who have felt the frustrations of the past year most strongly. They have seen the IRA bomb and shoot their way to political objectives such as the suspension of the North e r n Ireland Parliament. Their anger at what they now see as appeasement of these same gunmen could well be channelled into forming a Prot- estant lighting army. Better armed are other groupings of Protestants, out- side the UDA, who might as- sume Its leadership If civil war did break out. Many of these are middle class such people as retired army olflcers they have at least suffi- cient modern weapons f o r themselves. These include self- loading rifles, like Ihose used by the British Army. These groups have held their hand. They were frus- trated by the lack of action when direct rule from Westmin- ster was imposed over their heads, and next time there IB similar reason to move will not be easily held back. Other groups who have al- ready started art gangs of Belfast men who carried out number of mur- ders ot ordinary Catholic men, Those with long memo- ries recall that this was one of the ways that Protestant showed Itself In eirlier cri- ses of tho 1920] and 1930s. With the march- Ing season at hand UM sum- mer months when members of the Protestant Orange lake to Ihe streets to demonslrilt with band and banner tensions are bound to rise, and elements of discontent will drawn together. If Ihe IRA vio- lence continues despite Mr. Whllelaw's wooing of the Cath- olic communities Ihe Protes- tints will not be restrained much longer. If they decide to move it will make that has gone to far seem a tragedy of very liltli significance. (Written for The Ilcrild anrt Thp Observer In London) Mark Harrison Public has right to expect accuracy in news Mark Harrison Is Ihe exec- utive editor of The Toronto Dally Star. The Herald be- lieves this article will be of interest to iu readers and adds Ihe points found in the editorial on this page to fill out Ihe picture. QN MAY !6 this year, tho Star reported there were Italian illegal immi- grants in Toronto." The report, we discovered several days later, was incorrect. On March II, the Star report- ed that Carmen Geoffrey plead- ed guilty to helping her hus- band, Yves, a convicted wife- killer, to escape lawful custody. The story was wrong. She had pleaded not guilty. In the first five months of this year, the Star's news col- umns contained 49 errors, each of which was .serious enough (o warrant a published correction. There may have been other Letter to the editor errors that were never drawn to the attention of editors. Such errors don't happen every day, but they happen often enough to raise doubts In the public mind about the credi- bility of the press. And they justify questions about the ef- fectiveness of newspaper tech- niques to ensure accuracy. A basic problem arises from the sheer volume and variety of material flowing into a news- paper office. In any 24-hour period, at least half a million words pour into the Star news- room hy telephone, telegraph and cable. They represent a wondrous assortment of facts, opinions, tips, rumors, predic- tions, propaganda and pub- licity- It is the job of editors to sort this melange, to silt the signif- icant from the spurious, to pre- sent it lucidly, fairly and attractively, to decide what should be published on the Challenges sliow's critics I take exception to Robert Barron's article about Chariots of the Gods. He does not believe that heavenly beings can and have come to this earth. The ancient Americans speak of a person who came down from ifeaven and spoke to them. These people are the forefath- ers of the American Indian. The god of whom the Indian speaks, pronounced Keechi Mnnitoo. lie must be well acquainted with. The province of Manitoba is named for him. Manitoulin Is- land the largest fresh water is- land is also named for the god of the Indian. I also take exception to him saying that there aren't any American scientisls who be- lieve that heavenly beings have come to this earth. I challenge him to write Dr. Henry Eyring, professor of chemistry at the University of Utah for his testi- monial on "gods" visiting this earth, or Dr. Harvey Fletcher father of stereophonic sound. If he wore not blinded by Ihe beam in his eye, he might real- ize that visitations from heav- enly beings have been going on since the time Adam even down to our own day. He can find out by reading the world's best seller The Holy Bible. It is a crying fhame that Mr. Barron in his research has been so shallow. I challenge him to visit the Indian tribes of our area and ask them about the white bearded man who walked the Americas. My advice to him is: Be not so faithless but believ- ing. MURRAY FEARN Raymond. front page and what on page 99 and to do all this in a race against the clock each day. The news they publish may span the entire range of hu- man experience, from garbage collection in East York to cor- ruption in Katmandu. Each story is read by at least three editors to reduce the chances of error. Each editor is aware of tho traditional newsroom maxim: "If in doubt, leave it out." But the very nature of a dally newspaper operation makes it highly susceptible to error. Most of our international news comts from Ihe major news agencies such as the As- sociated Press, United Press and Renter, or the news service provided Ity major newspapers such as Urn Washington Post, the New York Times and the London server. These are all experienced, highly responsible organiza- tions. But an editor sitting in a Toronto newsroom has no way of knowing whether the story in front of him from an AP correspondent in Tokyo, or a Reuter man in Cairo, is entire- ly accurate. The editor's acceptance o! the story usually must be based on faith faith that the corre- spondent is a man of integrity. But what about the people from whom the correspondent gels his news? Experienced reporters de- velop a sense of skepticism, sometimes even cynicism, be- cause they have been lied to, or misinformed, so often by people from whom one would normally expect the truth. There is no better example than the Vietnam war, which has deepened distrust between the U.S. government and tho press. Correspondents could seo the carnage and futility of tho war, yet for ID years Pentagon spokesmen insisted lhat the worst was over and that it now possible to tee "light it tho end of the tunnel." U prooably was a skeptical reporter who recently posted i sign on a wall In the state de- partment: "Will Iho last Amer- ican to leave Vietnam please turn out the light at the end of Ihe The fact remains, however, that many, if not most, of the errors published In a news- paper can be avoided. Recently, for example, the Star published an interview with an Arab immigrant who claimed he had been denied jobs at Toronto's 10 leading hotels because he could not speak Hebrew, A Few days later, after the immigrant admitted his allega- tion had no basis in fact, the Star published a correction. Looking Through The Herald 1912 The abolition of pain is promised if the anaesthetic process discovered by the Lon- don Lancet fulfils its discov- erer's claims. 1D22 Drastic alterations in the present system of handling liquor through drug stores will be proposed at the annual con- vention of the Saskatchewan Pharmaceutical association lo be held in July. 1932 It is expected that throughout the province a con- siderable number of motor cars that have been standing idle Yet any competent reporter could have checked the original story by placing 10 telephone) calls before Interview got into print. Some newspapermen respond to such criticism by citing the constant, unremitting pressures under which they work. True, all true. But these are no longer good enough reasons they ever excuse inaccuracies in the daily news- paper. The public has a right to ex- pect absolute accuracy in Ins ncws.reports It reads each day. And if that requires more com- petent newsmen, more authori- tative thorough research, so be it. A newspaper can do no less if it expects to win the trust of its readers. backward will go into commission again as the result of a reduction in the price of auto licences. 1312 Several applications from district farmers in Ed- monlon have been received by the Alberta department of pub- lic works for Ihe services of jail prisoners for farm work owing to the existing shortage of labor. 1952 Retirement of Ihe city from the land sale business and a trend toward lower-cost housing will most likely be the features of residential develop- ment in Lethbridge next year. The Lethlnridgc Herald 604 7th St. S., Uthbrldge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD TO. Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Ctau Mill Realisation No oolj Member of Trie Canadian and Ihe Canadian NewapaMi Publishers' Association and Ihe Audi) Bureau of Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing. Editor Associate EdUor ROY F. MILES OOJGLAS K. WALKER rtising Manager editorial Page Erfllor "IHE HERAIO MRVES THE SOUTH"