Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 14, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
Eskimos unhappy alcohol to blame TORONTO (CP) Susan Husky, an Eskimo resident of the Northwest Territories, recently told a group of federal government officials, with some Eskimos are no longer the way they used to be. They no longer laugh; they no longer smile. This view is confirmed by a mental health consultant and treatment team from Toronto s Clarke Institute of Psychiatry, which has just re- turned from the Arctic. Members of the team, sponsored by the federal and Northwest Territories governments, included psychiatrists Don Atcheson, Sam Malcolmson and Christine Giesledottir, as well as Ruth Glenme, who specializes in learning and speech disabilities. The most visible evidence of the Eskimos unhappiness. they found, was excessive drinking. "The Eskimo uses alcohol as a chemical escape from his pressures and Dr. Atcheson said in an interview. Feels unworthy He said the Eskimo has problems assimilating with the white man's customs and language. He is often unemployed and must rely on welfare. Because he feels lost, useless and unworthy, he drinks, thereby multiplying his problems. In the wake of drinking, said Dr. Atcheson, comes violence. "After heavy drinking, everything becomes unstuck. Aggression is released Dr Atcheson said that recently there has been a wave of physical assault, child abuse, accidents, homicide and suicide. He said in a recent three- month period in Cape Dorset there were three suicides which would be equivalent to having 11.000 suicides in Toronto during the same period. Teams from the Clarke Institute have been visiting the Northwest Territories four times a year since 1966. This followed government surveys which painted a grim picture of mental health in the north. I'isits settlements The mental-health team makes it headquarters in the hospital in Frobisher Bay, visiting surrounding settlements. Patients are referred by doctors, nurses, police, social agencies and the school. Many of the patients were suffering from forms of mental disturbances frequently seen in southern Canada, such as manic depression and schi- zophrenia. But a distinctive Arctic disorder has been named Dr. Atcheson, "becomes violently disturbed and behaves in a wild uncontrollable fashion, sometimes to the point 01 being dangerous to himself and others. The hypermanic reaction may be touched off. as far as can be determined, by a mild infection or a not only the Eskimos suffer mentai "disorders in the North, but non-native people in the Northwest Territories are often reluctant to come to them for help. "When a southern Canadian has a mental breakdown he heads for a southern city for treatment." Among the whites there was a recurring condition described as "cabin fever" and. typically, the victim was the wife of a white settler The husband is busy with his job and in his tree time enjoys hunting, fishing or other outdoor activities. But the wife is confined to her home much ol the'time and responds to the Arctic bleak- ness, silence, isolation and long dark nights with a state of severe depression. Suggests mental check Dr Briant Brett, an Edmonton psychiatrist, is convinced that as a group, northern whites are less emotionally robust than their southern counterparts. They suffer more from alcoholism, organic brain diseases, and personality disorders, Dr. Brett said. He recommended that white people intending to move north should be required to undergo a mental check and that potential psychiatric casualties be weeded out. Because of cultural and language difficulties, many Eskimo children are labelled as mentally retarded or suffering with learning disabilities. Mrs. Glennie said. Some children suspected of being mentally retarded were slow learners because of poor hearing. The incidence of poor hearing as a result of middle-ear infection was much more common in the North than elsewhere. Improved mental health services can make a significant contribution to the wellbemg of the Eskimo, but much more than that is needed, said Dr. Atcheson. "In my opinion, unless a rational economy can be developed in the northern communities and a reasonable application of our knowledge of the dynamics of cultural erosion and racial discrimination can be made effective, the major problem of these communities will be ever- increasing violence." Friday, June 14. 1974 THE LETHBBIDGE HERALD -.23 SHIMMY SUPER SAVERS REbUNER and vibrator covering 88 Modern Swivel Rocker '150 Suicide up among young people OTTAWA (CP) An inter- national authority on suicides said this week the nuclear arms race is a strong factor in an increasing number of suicides among young people. Dr. Edwin Shneidman. a professor of medical psychology at UCLA in California, said young people today are very apprehensive about the possibility of total destruction. may not notice it as strongly here in Ottawa." he told a workshop on suicide and death sponsored by the Ottawa Distress Centre. "But it is certainly in the minds of American students." This concern is noted "over and over again in term papers handed in by students." He said that while the num- ber of suicides generally has not increased, there has been a dramatic increase in suicides among young persons since 1970. THE BETTER HALF ByBarnes back with ottoman Size 36 to 46 Valued up toS69 Bradford 12" Television -Black and White -One only Men's Sports Jackets sizes to at a premium under bridges Tm not entirely- awake yet asleep." my foot's Ann Landers PUBLIC BINGO 16 GAMES BLACKOUT (Played Until Won) LETHBRIDGE ELKS LODGE ROOM (Upstairs) EVERY Dear Ann Landers: I read someplace that you don't drink and never have. I don't care much for liquor, but I always find myself having one or two because people keep insisting. Some hosts won't take no for an answer. What do you say when people pressure you to "be sociable" or "have just Sign me Drinking Dry Who'd Rather Not Dear D.D.: I have a very simple answer for people who keep trying to shove a drink in mv hand. I say. "If I don't CASH BiNGO ST BASIL'S 13th St. and 6th Ave. N. Friday, June 14th 8 o'clock 4th and 8th Games S30 in 7 Numbers-12th Game 5 CARDS FOR OR ZSe EACH BLACKOUT JACKPOT IN 51 NUMBERS LUCKY NAME DRAW WORTH S28 LUCKY NUMBER DRAW WORTH S9 WEEKLY DRAW WORTH >10 3 FREE GAMES DOOR PRIZE Persons Under .13 Years Not Allowed Sponsored by ST. BASIL'S MEN'S CLUB We have a grand selection of WHITE SANDALS for Cool Summer Wear LOW HEEL SANDAL Slinn back. Sensibly priced at "PAMPERS CLOSED TOE SANDAL Exaclly 3S shewn in while or Ian lealtret nalural sole Sues 7 lo 1 0 Also many other "EMPRESS" Dressy Summer Slings kid SUNNY" by Joyce nsw or c hiart- rnnHp Pr-d M Vls-iv Open Fri. till 9 p.m. Camm's Shoes 403- 5th Streets. mind YOUR drinking, you shouldn't mind my NOT drinking. Please don't ask me again." (P.S. After that little speech I have very little trouble.) Dear Ann Landers: I have read many letters in your column fro'm women who say they are always fighting off men. It seems these poor dears are forever getting propositioned by the butcher, the druggist, the doctor, bus driver, lawyer, plumber, and meter reader. I know two women like that. Why don't the simpletons realize what they are telling about themselves? Don't they know that when a man sees a sign in the window that says "welcome." it's an even bet that he will accept the invitation? Women who get all those propositions are handing out little signs, whether they know it or not. Usually it's in their eyes. Wizem up. Ann. In Harrisburg Dear Hip: Generally speaking, you are right. But some men don't look for invitations. They issue "em. Dear Ann Landers: I agree with your advice to the 55- year-old man who is stuck in a "marriage that has los lost its meaning. It was astute of you to guess that his wife may be as unhappy as he and would probably be glad to end it. Our marriage is stone-cold dead. We speak only to argue. My husband thinks he'd be happier elsewhere, and I'd be glad to let him go on fair terms. But I've given 25 years of my life to this man. I've raised his children, entertained his bosses and scrimped so he could have good clothes because he had to "meet the public." Now my "generous" husband wants to split even-thing 50-50. This means I end up with I'm 52. vnth no business experience. He has a good job. medical insurance and a ianlaMic pension I'm not arguing The marriage is a fraud. But when >mi give advice to middle- aped men. please tell them 1o he fair -Wilted Rose Dear Rose: If vour husband has a shred of decency, he will provide for you as best he can. A competent lawyer (yours i will help him decide what is honorable and financially feasible and sec that he does i1 In the meantime, you can't Wood out of a lurnip. lady Bui please remember, while you arc doing your arithmetic, the freedom from a loveless marriage can be worth plenty and 1 am not talking about m ones1 TORONTO (CP) For those who thrive on the outdoors and freedom from regulations, living accommodations under a Toronto bridge might be just what is needed. But space is at a premium and transients fear they might have to move to less desirable parts of the city. Winter is the hardest time under the bridges but with summer new tenants arrive. Jean Paul has lived under a bridge for about three years and prefers it to rooming houses. just don't fit into the society up above." he says. "I get the feeling that a rooming house isn't permanent and then there are rules and regu- lations." Most live by panhandling and rooting through garbage cans of nearby apartment buildings. would be surprised at what people throw away." says Garry, who has lived under a bridge for four years. of my best meals come from garbage cans." "We live well most of the time." says George, who con- siders himself a cut above other transients. "We never accept small change from people on the street. You don't have to if you know how to con them properly." George estimates that it is possible for a good bum in To- ronto to earn S2.50 an hour if he works at it Most of those who live under bridges use the Salvation Armv or other city missions. but only when really necessary. don't stay there." said Garry. "I guess we don't like the dormitories and the regu- lations that go along with staying in them." A Salvation Army official says most panhandlers who come there only want the occasional meal or bath. Some of the bridge accom- modations aren't as tidy as others right now but visitors are told it will only be a matter of time before everything is in order. "You came at a bad said Jean, an occupant undec one of the less tidier bridges. "It isn't usually this messy, but it's hard to keep things clean in the in and out all the time." WeeWhimsv KINGS AND REGULARS! 200's CARTON CIGARETTES 2 per customer, each Boxed Renwick Wallets '3 for Father's Day Gift made Unassembled 10 Speed Bikes 3 frame Bradford Kalhy be sen: the onginal art for her quole Send your child's quotation to ihispape' 12" Television -Black and White portable -2 only......... Folding Golf Cart '18 Lancer Lawn Mower '66 -3.5 hp -20" deck with baffles Lawn Chair -5x6 webb count -Metal tubular frame Club corner Any 1914 -1918 War Veteran members who wish to take a bus trip to Fort Macleod at 1 p.m. Tuesday are asked to contact Ethel Styner at 328- 5976 by Saturday. There will be no more meetings until September. Renovating? Kitchen and Bathrooms THE NOOK Plaza Phone 329-0700 NORTHWESTERN GOLF CLUBS irons, 2 woods Young Men's Pants -Casual and Dress -Broken sizes -Valued to S18 Philishave Electric Razor head CUDDLE BUNNY (Formerly Kradle Koop) OPEN HOUSE Saturday, June 15th p.m.- p.m. Door Prize: 1 week's Child Care Owned and Operated By Nancy Wenzl Cuddle Bunny Triple head S18 Men's Dress Shirts -SizeS.M.L.XL -100% nylon and polyester x 9' Woods Tourist Tent -4 only -Sturdy outside metal frame BRADFORD BRONCO TENT TRAILER -Mattresses and spare tire included Black 8 Decker Lawn Mower -Electric -18" dual blade 8 HP Garden Tractor lawn mower allachmeni 648-11 St. South Zellers County Fair Located in Zellers Shopping Centre on MayoTMagrath Owe. Open Daily a.m. to 6 p.m., Thursday and Friday 9-30 a.m. to 9 p.m. Telephone 328-8171.