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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 14, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Thursday, JUM 14, 1973 THE LETHMIDOI HWAID The bourgeoning service business One fact stands out in any analysis of the Canadian eco- nomy. The biggest growth will take {dace in the so-called ser- vice area. Over the next decade, three out of every four jobs created will be in the service indus- tries. About eighty cents of every dollar of inflation will come from services and service workers will outnumber em- ployees in manufacturing and natural resource industries by more than two to one. Rising incomes spark de- mands f o r variety of ser- vices, higher education, mass transit, travel, telephone ser- vice, better medical care, elec- tricity, entertainment and res- taurant meals. Within the service area it- self, the rapidlv rising demand for utilities, transportation and communication services far outstrips growth for other pri- vate and public services. Lagging productivity in ser- vices is the principal factor triggering inflationary spending increases. In many service oc- cupations it creates insatiable manpower demands which the consumer pays through rapidly rising prices. Clearly, services represent the area of greatest opportun- ity in the Canadian economy. The low levels of productivity in the service sector offer a great potential for improve- ment. Investment funds should be encouraged to flow into the service area to improve pro- ductivity and to help restrain rampant inflation here. For ex- ample, if more and better re- pair organizations were estab- lished, the cost of repairing au- tomobiles or consumer appli- ances could be reduced dras- tically. There is little evidence to suggest that managers in labor intensive service industries have been laggard in urging acceptance of modern technol- ogy computers have multip- lied in banking, insurance and the retail industries. However, in many service occupations some strongly resist the intro- duction of new technologies. It must be acknowledged that oth- er factors constraining invest- ment here are the reliance on part-time and unskilled work- ers and their small scale of op- erations. Large scale organizations have moved into the service in- dustries. Companies originally devoted to retailing have inte- grated backward into manu- facturing and a large national retailer in Canada now offers a repair department as well as financial counselling, selling life insurance and mutual funds. Manufacturers have Book Review By Brace Whitestone, syndicated commenUcr come closer to the final con- cuts for manufacturers, which sumer through the addition of were the growth sector in the credit iacilities, dealerships immediate post-war era in Can- and service subsidiaries. ada. Demands for services are re- sponsive to income gains. Fur- ther, as prices rise, more wives have joined the labor force and this feeds the' de- mand -for more services like day-care nurseries, restaurants and beauty salons. In particu- lar, then, the transfer of wom- en from housekeeping activi- ties to paid outside employ- ment contributes greatly to in- flation and is, paradoxically, a cause of inflation. Most service industries are shielded from di- rect price competition with im- ports and any intra industry competition is virtually nil. (How many radio and televi- sion repair shops exist in most small Canadian If capital flows were encouraged in these areas, it would make more sense than reliance on tax Again, high rates of inflation have hastened the shift of a number of services from the private sector to the p u b 1 i c sector. Government takeovers have been urged in the medi- cal field paralleling govern- ment takeover in the educa- tional field earlier in this cen- tury. -A more effective policy to counter these rising public pressures would be to mobilize the energies and resources of business for various tasks. For example, perhaps, governments should not maintain garbage collection but should hire or contract private firms to per- form these services. Even fire fighting might conceivably be- come private enterprise. Again there are some experiments al- ready going on in the educa- tional field. Come are using a voucher system (providing funds enabling parents to send their children to any school) which in effect creates compe- tition among various education- al philosophies and- education- al efficiencies. There have been experiments in perform- ance contracts in a number of school systems such as clean- ing the schools, teaching of reading or music activities. There are trends in the United States to restoring the p o s t a 1 service to private enterprise. Development of -service in- dustries should be aided rather than countered by government policies in order to increase ef- ficiency and help create much neede new jobs. Too, private enterprise should be encour- aged to perform many of the service functions which pre- sently are handled in such an inept manner by governments at all levels. An ignored part of Canadian history "The Winnipeg General by Peter Kidd (Clark Irwin, published in associa- tion with Jackdaw Publica- tions, and Grossman Publish- ers, In the late spring of 1919, miners in the Lethbridge district walked off their job in support of workers in Winnipeg who on May 15 de- clared a general strike, effec- tively placing control of the ffi 197J by NEA, Inc. "If you think it's rough to live with guests who stay too long at your cottage, how'd you like to be on SKY LAB for tour city in the hands of the work- ers. Peter Kidd's The Winnipeg General Strike is many things, but it's not a book. It's more of a goody-bag, packed full with all kinds of neat things which try to tell the story of Canada's first and biggest (un- til the 1972 general strike in Quebec) mass walkout. Enclosed in the folder is a membership card in ths One Big Union (this country's ans- wer to the Industrial Workers of the a poster of Lenin sweeping kings and capitalists off the earth, and a catchy placard reading "permitted by the authority of the strike com- mittee" which was used on ve- hicles making essential deliv- eries (like milk) and in author- ized shops. The Winnipeg general strike is one of those events in Cana- dian history whose story is seldom told. We hear about the battle of the cabbage patch during the 1837 rebellion and about the RCMP marching out into the prairies to stop the whiskey trade, but when some- thing like the general strike challenges the liberal myth about orderly and frictionless development in Canada, the history books miraculously seem to clam up. Canadian workers are sup- posed to be nice, all grateful, but events such as the Winnipeg general strike, the Estevan coal miners strike in 1933, and the public workers strike last year in Quebec in- dicste that working people in Canada are not as content with liberal capitalism as is first apparent. The Winnipeg action showed that workers are not only capable of demanding higher wages, but can also run an entire city for about a month, and more importantly, can call a strike only to show solidar- ity with their fellow workers. 'The strike in Winnipeg was called by the trades and labor council to back demands by metal workers for union recog- nition and by construction work- ers demanding higher wages. "These concerns and this sympathy were essentially local in their reference, but the strike vote was also given in the context of a new-born radi- cal labor movement that used the rhetoric of class warfare and solidarity with the Russian Kidd states in one of the broadsheets accompany- ing the original source mater- ials in the folder. While the concept of the gen- eral strike was not new in 1919, its use as a strategic weapon in the arsenal of the working class had gained currency through the activity of the In- dustrial Workers of the World (Wobblies) in the KlOs. The IWW believed then, as now, that the formation of poli- tical parties to fight for a so- cialist program would always lead to the kind of political op- portunism we can see in the New Democratic Party, where the party moves closer to the centre hi order to gain short- term electoral support. The general strike would be the primary weapon in the fight against capitalism, re- moving the necessity of armed struggle, which because of the technological power at the hands of the employing class and the state, would be doomed to failure in any event. The IWW believe that be- cause workers, in a sense, al- ready possess the they work there every day and in some cases make some op- erational decisions it is only one further step to the point where they will possess it in a real sense, making managerial Prince Igor has no a taste. Prince Igor is vodka. Pure vodka. Without a flicker of taste or color or scent A prince of a vodka. Have the Prince over tonight. and eventually investment de- cisions. This was the weapon chosen in Winnipeg and for a limited time it worked. However, the leadership was more commit- ted to c.apitalism that it must have seemed from the board- rooms and the cabinet room in Ottawa. While the OBU stated that it supported the concept that workers produce all wealth and that conflict between the capi- talist class and the workers is built into a capitalist society, the strike leadership was pro- claiming that all it wanted was "a living wage" and collec- tive bargaining rights. Sympathy strikes, such as the one in Lethbridge, may have seemed to the owners that Ca- nadian workers were ready to sweep them into the dustbin of history, but these actions could not be sustained, and eventu- ally the status quo was re-es- tablished in the Manitoba capi- tal. Kidd's goody-bag is important in that it attempts to remind us that our past is consider- ably more than a smooth jour- ney to responsible government and liberal democracy. Canadian history is not the history of chambers of com- merce and nice men like Sir John A. struggling to make us a proud nation indivisible under God and free enterprise, it is the struggle of working people in this country to gain that which is theirs by right. WARREN CARAGATA Books in brief "Elejphant Buttons" by Noriko Ueno (Fitzhenry and Whiteside Limited, 30 pages, I think I must have missed the paint of this wordless and cclorlsss for children. An attractive red and white hard cover is the only good thing I can detect about Elephant But- tons. ELSPETH WALKER "Tonch and Smell Books" by Oscar VVeigle (Grosset and Dunlrp, Inc., 15 pages, each, distributed hy George J. McLeod, There are four books in this learning series for Small chil- dren Fun in the Country; Fun in the City; Colors and Shapes; It's a Lovely Day. Attractive and colorful, they are sturdy books with cardboard pages. The simple text is accompan- ied by bright pictures each" with a special feature to touch or smell. Children will love them for their novelty. There is r.o exciting story to be read over and over again, an asset, per- haps, from a parental point of viert. ELSPETH WALKER "Sew Your Own Accesor- ics" by Joellen Sommer (George J. McLeod Limited, 63 pages, cloth paper- back A thoroughly informative book including a variety of easy accessories to make, from book marks to bracelets and to tote bags to button-on collar and cuffs. It contains a chapter on the simple basic sewing techniques and the tools you will need to make this unique array of use- ful .and decorative items. In addition, there are chapters on bags, belts, hats, jewelry, room accessories, and a section on making gifts for every mem- ber of the family. This book would make' a very nice gift for someone with a flair for sewing ANNE SZALAVABY A passing fad? By Jim AadetAt, Assistant Principal, Wirrloa Churchil High School The school year is over. Did you receive any greater value for your tax dollar this year than last? Did the student you supported learn more or less than he did last year? Does the 75 per cent he received in Social Studies mean his critical thinking skills are 75 per cent developed or that he has adequately learn- ed to outguess the teacher and most of the rest of the students? Does the 90 per cent in typing mean the student is 90 per cent sure of a job or that she only makes two errors in each typed letter? You do know whether the school had a winning football team or band, but did schooling increase each individual's com- petence by some measured amount? Did schooling enhance the individual's feeling that he was competent and could better cope with the world with which he is faced? Perhaps you really don't care. Perhaps you wish only that schools, should ade- quately incarcerate those between six and 16 for six hours a day. Some care. In California a school district is being sued for more than one million dollars for failing to make a boy literate. Educationists in the U.S. and Canada are attempting to explain away a massive U.S. study which indicates that increasing expenditures in education make no signifi- cant differences in pupil achievement. In fact, the general conclusion of researchers is that educational innovations so far have made no significant difference. Up until a very fw years, ago, parents did not worry as long as schooling ade- quately prepared a student to attend uni- versity. A degree guaranteed a job and tee good life. Those days are gone. Degrees no longer guarantee good jobs and futurol- ogists project a world based on not framed pieces of paper. Of all the catch-phrases in education, ac- countability has been the most feared by educationists. It was hoped it would quick- ly take its tirn and fade from the scene. Winston Churchill high school is develop- ing a competency-based learning environ- ment. This year a tenth grade student was diagnosed as requiring special help ia mathetmatics. Bscause of a problem with trigonometry? No. Because after at least nine years of schooling the student could net add ten and twenty-five or solve sim- ple problems requiring knowledge of the relationship between hours, minutes and seconds. This is not an indictment o! earlier grades. It is an indictment of all North American schooling. If you really do pay your taxes to de- velop the competencies of our youth, what of a deal did you get this year? ANDY RUSSELL Ducks that nest in trees Ordinarily we don't think of ducks nest- ing anywhere but in marshes and on the ground, but some of them nest in trees. Two North American species are tree nest- ers, the wood duck and the golden eye. The wood duck is uncommon in Alberta but not unknown. I can probably claim credit for the first sighting of a pair of these ducks in Alberta on Cottonwood Creek in 1946. Twenty years later another pair was observed, but I have never found a nest here. About ten years ago while on a canoe trip in the WMteshell region of Manitoba, a nesting pair was seen among some tall white birch trees by a beaver dam. Of all the North American ducks, these are the most colorful, the hav- ing brilliant feathers and a long flowing crest on its head. Wood ducks are fairly common in some parts of Manitoba. Because they are tree nesters, clearing and lumbering has great- ly reduced their range, for they usually select a big old hollow tree for a nesting site, making the entrance through a hole left where a limb dropped away from the trunk. They will use artificial nests when these are supplied, and thanks to the con- cern of interested people their dwindling numbers have been brought back from a dangerous low. Goklen eye ducks are divers and com- mon throughout the middlewest and west. They are bigger than wood ducks (which are just a oit larger than blue wing teal) but not nearly so colorful. There are two kinds, the Barrows and the American gold- en eye and each has distinctive markings that can be noted in any illustrated bird book. Besides building their nests in a hollow tree or the "cavity atop a broken-off snag, these ducks will occasionally drop into an open chimney on a house-top. More than one hoicewife has wondered why her kitchen stove suddenly started to smoke and refused to draw properly, and has been undea-standably surprised when sub- sequent investigation revealed a duck plugging the flue. A friend of mine had a summer cabin on a lake in northern ifinne- sota. Ordinarily, when closing it up in the fall, he put a heavy lid on top of the fire- place chimney to keep out exploring rac- oons, mice and other rodents during win- ter months. But one fall he forgot and re- turned in early summer to find the place a shambles. The cabin was in the middle of prime golden eye nesting territory and during the breeding season several of these come down the chimney one at a time and trapped themselves inside the cabin. They had flown and climbed over everything before they died leaving the in- terior of the cabin smelling to heaven and requiring many hours of scrubbing and air- ing before it was again in livable condi- tion. Many years ago as a boy, I thought I was seeing things one day when a duck made repsated passes trying to get into the chimney on top of our two storey house. Turned aside by the smoke from my moth- er's kitchen fire as it tried to drop down tbv flue, it would either veer away to come back for another try or land on the roof as though puzzled by this hollow stump that smoked. This female golden eye eventually made her nsst in the top of a hollow snag twenty feet off the ground in a grove of cotton- woods near our door. When we wanted to see her we would tap with a atick on the foot of the dead tree whereupon she would climb up and look down at us from the top. She eventually hatched out a numerous brood and I saw her take them from the nest. Flying down and landing on the ground near the foot of the snag, she gave a guttural call. Without even looking back or pausing, the tiny ducklings climbed 19 to the rim of the hollow stump "and simply walked off into space to fall end over end into the greenery below. Their bones were still soft and flexible enough to weather the plunge and its sudden stop on the ground. When she had collected them all, the mother calmly marched her family to a small lake nearby where she raised them to full growth. Water rights From The Great Falls Tribune Montanans will be especially interested in one section of the federal water report dealing with water rights. The report comments that in many west- ern states, water rights go to the first man who claims them and puts the water to beneficial uss, even if he runs a river dry. This has led, the report says, to water rights "locked in concrete." A New York Times story said that the study added that "wars must be found to do some unlock- ing." That comment will worry many Mon- tanans who will wonder if the "unlocking" means that water-short states such as Arizona, New Mexico and Texas will get the right eventually to say how Montana water is to be used and to claim some of it. Montana, a state blesssd with abundant water, has been shortsighted about estab- lishing claims to its water by putting it to beneficial use. In the last few years, Mon- tana has started to awaken to the need to protect its water rights but has a long way to go in this matter. The report will generate serious thinking about water rights and water projects aad considerable fiery rhetoric in Congress when the report is debated. What's the buzz? From The Wall Street Journal A song in the rock musical "Jesus Christ Superstar" repeats the line, "What's the buzz Tell me what's in a frenzy of sound and confusion. American motorists may soon have the same line running through their addled brains, thanks to Uncle Sam and the auto industry. How veil the cars of the future run could be an open question at this point, but there is little doubt that they are going to do lots of beeping and buzzing. There's a buzzer if you laave the key in the ignition. A nerve-chilling siren goes off if you forget to fasten the seatbelt. Now the Environmental Protection Agency has ruled that 1975 cars must have a wainir.g device that sounds or flashes when the car's exhaust pollution gear goes haywire. Thanks to EPA's and Congress' commit- ment to catalytic emission control, that probably will be fairly often. The ultimate, we suspect, will be some day when someone attaches a warning signal to the driver himself. It will light up when he has been thoroughly disinte- grated by all the warning signals. ;