Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 14, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
44 THE UTHBRIDGE HERALD WeJnoidoy, Juna 14, 1972 Once thought a blunder: opera house now asset By VINCENT MATTHEWS CP Correspondent SYDNEY, Australia (CP) The Sydney Opera House once was called Australia's biggest blunder. But now It is coming to be regarded as the country's big- gest asset. The critics who once condemned the building look forward with excited an- ticipation to the day it opens. The design is awe-inspiring, with its high white sails. Sydney city planners stra- tegically placed Ihe building beside Sydney's famous har- bor bridge where it welcomes passenger liners from over- seas as they berth at wharves nearby. The opera house siis on a large block of land which juts out into the harbor from the south shore of the city. Together the opera house and the bridge are examples of Australia's daring architec- tural achievements. Tn 1957 a Danish architect, Jocrn Utzon, won the first prize in an international competition for a design to fulfil the dream of Sydney Symphony Orchestra conduc- tor Eugene Goossens that the city should have an opera house of world renown. The design accepted, the New South Wales state gov- ernment went ahead with plans for a site and the ar- ranging of funds to build the opera house. The original cost estimate announced in 1937 by the then premier, J. J. CahiU, was million and the premier was confident the opera house with i t s magnificently designed sails would thrill Sydney at its planned opening in 1963. Today, 15 years later, the opera house is estimated to have cost 15 times the original predicted price. By the time it is finished at the end of this year and opened by the Queen in Octo- ber, 1973, the price shoul reach million. The state premier o( New South Wales said recently; "The cost has become a sec- ondary consideralion to the perfection of the achieve- ment." The phantom haunting the opera house is the steep rise n costs since 1957- The latest example of this svas in March hir, year when the pltimbcrs n N.S.W. were awarded a pay ncrease. For Ihe state's pub- ic works minister, Davis iughes, it immediately signi- fied one cost would tip another million dollars. Conflict between architect Utzon and the state in 19M-65 leightened the cost problem. ARCHITECT LEAVES Utzon was on record as say- ing the project was Ms life's work and the cost was a sec- ondary consideration. How- ever the state disagreed and placed limitations on his ac- 1 i v i t i e s anit shortly after Utzon left. The government inherited the early blunders, the intri- cacies and technical complex- ities, the on-the-spot experi- ments to overcome never-be- fore-seen construction prob- lems associated with Ehe in- spiring design. In 1957 the cost was esti- mated at million, in 1958 it went to million, in 1961 to million, to million, in 1964 to mil- lion, in to million, in January, 1968, to million and then up to million In July, I960, an interim esti- mate of million late last Refresher course SPAHWOOD (HNS) At the request of industry, and the adult education division of the school board, the B.C. depart- ment of education and the lo- cal Canada Manpower Centre is offering an upgrading and re- fresher workshop for waiters and waitresses and related su- pervisory personnel. Two workshops have beei scheduled in the morning am evening to enable shift workers to attend. Discussions, demon strations and instructions wil be held daily from Monday to Friday for two weeks. Each workshop consists of 10 three hour sessions for a total of 3C hours. The course begins June 1! and ends June 30. year, and a projected final cost of million. The opera house was con- ceived and built in three foundations and actual base podium building, (lie sails and the wiring, and then the machinery and fit- lings. Stage one, originally calcu- lated to cost SI million, rose to million in 19G5 and fi- nally cost million. Stage two was expected to cost ?2.2 million but by 1905 it had risen to million- Ulti- mately the first two stages cost about million when finished. Stage'three was the greatest miscalculation. The original cost was million. In 1965 this rose to million and by the end of the project will have cost about mil- lion. LAVISHLY EQUIPPED What do the people of Syd- ney get for such enormous cost? Apart from getting the intangible inspiration to art. there will be four main thea- tres, two restaurants, a smaller theatre and several bars, Artists will have mag1 nificent accommodation and closed circuit television will link all facilities. The main hall will accoitv modate people, the opera hall the drama hall 550, the cinema-chamber music hall 420 and the liny recital hall reception area 150. The seats in the opera house cost each and totalled million. It is air-condi tioned throughout. The plans for opening th' building are already unde: way. The two-week-long cele- brations are being organizec by 'Sydney's organizer ex traordinaire, Sir Asher Joe' Sir Asher has previously or ganized such events as th papal tour last year, the firs visit of a United States presi dent and the Captain Cook bi centenary celebrations i 1970. Sir Asher expects one mi lion visitors to flood into Syd ney for the opening. It wi have state government back ing and even global televisio coverage. Navy lists health hazards associated with scuba diving CHICAGO (CP) A group of tienl with severe and unstable should be dissuaded, the men said. The patient with Uniled Slales Navy medical re-1 an searchers has pinpointed some of the heallh hazards associated j might engage ill diving, afler wilh scuba diving. Among Oiwo firsl deinpiislrating good swim- are Ihe threat of bubbles in the ming skills, abilily lo hold breath and retrieve a small weight from a deplli of 10 feel, and no evidence of heart and lung trouble. Answering a query regarding risks of scuba diving during pregnancy, Dr. D. Gordon John Aliusky, above, ilicd in hospital at Carmel, Calif., at the age of 61. He was as one of the leading organizers of commu- nity action groups. Neivs briefs SLOW TRAVEL FRANCORCHAMPS, Belgium (R e u t e r) Postal worker Jean-Pierre Vallee, 26, plans to leave here in June on a solo bicycle ride around the world, pedalling liis way through 70 countries in four years. PAPER OF DOOM blood stream, decompression sickness, nitrogen poisoning and carbon dioxide Intoxication. With the approach of warm weather and renewal of Ihe un- der-water sporls season, the Journal of the American Medi- cal Association published a ser- ies of questions and answers re- lated lo health hazards of scuba diving. Replying to a query regarding special hazards for a patient chronic anemia, navy doc- tors Tor Hiclitcr and Bob Hoke ot Bethesda, Md., point out that "swimming and sport diving are hard work, and a person with reduced exercise tolerance for any reason can easily be- come exhausted and be at great risk of drowning." The chronic anemia patient faces a special hazard relaled to his reduced oxygen-carrying capacily because of his disease, Drs. Richter and Hoke reporl. A diminished body oxygen reserve decreases the capacity to deal wilh underwaler emergencies, such as interruption of air sup- ply, flooding of the moulhpiece and mask, fouling or entrap-i ment, they said. ANEMIA HAZARDOUS Sport diving will never be as safe for a person wilh anemia as it is for those with normal red blood cell levels, and a pa- ston, of the marine bio-medical research Jaboralory at Oxnard, Calif., says [here is no reason lo believe there is any unusual risk to the expectant mother. However, risks to the fetus are dives and how they can be pre- vented. Dr. J. H. Baker of the naval submarine medical centre at Groton, Conn., suggests that the cause may be two-fold: more difficult to predict, and a compression of Ihe sinus during prudent course would be to limit descent, and a swelling of mem- branes upon resurfacing, some- mothers-to-be t o snorkeling, rather than expose the fetus lo unknown risks of rapid pressure changes, Dr. Johnston said. A third query asks the cause U 111 of frequent nose bleeds after I Baker said. times with mucous plugging of the sinus. Control usually can be managed wilh anli-histam- ines and decongestants, Dr. Diefs retirement suggested By KEN POLE EDMONTON (CP) Bill Fair, who has challenged John Diefenbaker for Ihe Pro- gressive Conservative nomi- nation in the federal riding of Prince Albert, feels it's time the former prime minister got out of politics. "There are a lot of friends of John Diefenbaker who feel he should retire from poli- he said in an interview during a visit here. "He could do more for Can- ada, as some kind of counsel, perhaps, if he wasn't an MP. He certainly would be just as effective." Mr. Fair is the man who, according lo some political observers, was stabbed in tho back by Mr. Diefenbaker ear- lier this year when the former leader asked him lo withdraw from the contest for the Sas- katoon-Humboldt nomination. He didn't withdraw, how- ever, but Dr. Lewis Brand the nomination and it's believed Mr. Dietcnbaker's request in a letlcr which was made public was a major fac- tor in Dr. Brand's victory. "He's been very good to me over the Mr. Fair re- plied when asked whether he was angry with Mr. Diefenba- ker. "I'm not attacking him per- sonally because I have great respect for what he's done for Canada. Let's face it, I'm in it (politics) because of what Diefenhaker did for me." DIEF BIG FACTOR He credits the former prime minister with having been a major factor in forming his political aspirations. Mr. Fair is known for his attempts to gel a national youth parlia- ment formed a number of years ago. Now 34, he Is president and general manager of Lake Diefenbaker Developments Ltd., a firm incorporaled a year ago to develop a resort area at the man-made lake in central Saskatchewan named for his political benefactor-ri- val. "Diefenbaker is tremendous but I just question whether another term would be good for him." Mr. Diefenbaker will be 77 Sept. 18--about the time tho next federal election is ex- Mr. Fair said he doesn't think the veteran MP will be able lo stand another four or five years of constant pressure in the Commons. Mr. Diefenbaker has represented Prince Albert since 1953. BANGKOK, Thailand (Reu- ter) The Thai public health ministry has warned supersti- tious people not to cat paper inscribed with occult signs and sold by mediums to cure dis- ease. One man has become ill from lead poisoning after eating such paper. LUCK HELD SAO PAULO, Brazil (AF) Arnaldo Bisoni had a ticket for a domestic airliner that crashed and killed 25 persons, but he missed the flight because he lacked proper identification for hoarding. 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