Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 14, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
34 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, 14, 1972 'Brainwashing' of IRA linked to Canadian researcher By DAVID BAUKEK MONTREAL (CP) Pi- oneer Canadian research prompted by reports of Com- munist brainwashing more than 20 years ago was re- cently connected with similar Interrogation methods said to have been used w i t h Irish Republican Army suspects. Donald Hebb says his re- search in the 1950s showed deprivation of sensory percep- tions was "a very powerful thing" but rejects any sugges- tion he helped develop a weapon. "It's possible that you re- gard what we did as giving somebody some new informa- tion but I doubt he said in an interview. But, he added: "Cod only knows what they could do with i'. now." In Northern Ireland, IRA suspects were sa'; to have been hooded, deprived of sleep and food and forced to stand against a wall for many hours wliile monotonous sounds wore liHerod tlirough the room. A British Inquiry committee said the prisoners were quick to talk, disclosing information on 700 IRA men, arms caches and IRA tactics. STOPPED QUIZZING A London University profes- sor said recently that re- search started by Dr. Hebb in 1951 was partly responsible for a minority report which led to elimination of the tech- nique. Dr. Hebb, a highly re- s p e c t e d psychologist and chancellor of McGill Univer- sity, said he met a small group of British, American and Canadian government of- ficials in 1951 concerned about brainwaslu'ng in the Korean War and "funny trials in Rus- sia where apparently untor- tured prisoners got up to make unbelievable confes- sions." ROOKING PANNING Life i; but pleasant for a rookie starting out In pro boll. Bob McKeown, Jr., a rookie centre with last year's Ottawa Roughriders, tells why, in this Saturday's Weekend Magazine. Watch for this article. IN YOUR LETHBRIDGE HERALD WEEKEND MAGAZINE With Defence Research Board tolal of about over four years Dr. Hebb recruited student volun- teers. They were asked to lie as still as possible, entirely covered so they could not feel a n y th i n g, a foam pillow wrapped around their heads and wearing translucent gog- gles. Even thojgh they were of- fered 20 a asso- ciate professor's salary at the of the subjects we were going to hire would takn one look at the conditions and say no thanks." The subjects were allowed to eat, be comfortable and "go to the toilet" but other- wise had to do nothing, "In the course of the first day the capacity for maintain- ing connected train of thought got worse and worse.. The Grain bins will be empty RAYMOND (HNS) A grain quota recently opened has giv- en an indication there is a shortage of grain in the dis- trict. Grain agents say there will be no elevator storage of grain by the time the new crop comes on. Agents report there is less grain in the elevators at the present time than has ever been in them since the wheat glut hit the Prairies and the western economy. The bulk of the fanners have only enough in storage for safe- ty measure until the new crop is assured. In the meantime, the outlook for this year's grain harvest is good. Rainshowers, which have covered the district, have in- creased the optimistic outlook. All fields crops are showing excellent growth with the hot weather pushing them on. Some irrigating of crops is being done. Thinning of the sugar beet crop is some 20 per cent along. Labor is short, more could be used in the fields to push the work in order to give the little sugar beets more room for ex- pansion. The agriculture outlook, is good throughout the district. electroencephalogram, the brain-wave test, showed the isolation had really serious ef- fects on the physiology of the brain because the brain-wave changes frequency in a way that's not ever happened for normal subjects. "The ones who stayed long- est (up to six days) had hallu- cinations of such a kind that one subject said if he didn't know that he had the goggles on, he would have thought he was watching a bizarre hallucinations of seeing a series of old men in bathtubs on wheels come moving across the stage In front of the subject, a row of squirrels carrying bags over their backs and wearing snow shoes and marching across a snow-covered field. FEW LASTED Only six subjects lasted six days. Data for three days was obtained on 72 subjects, out of several hundred who tried it. When the experiment ended, none of the researchers wanted anything more to do with it. While the project continued, Dr. Hebb said, a number of other groups in North Amer- ica became interested and started their own projects. His experiment showed, he said, that sensory isolation led to diminished critical capaci- ties, a decline of intelligence and greater susceptibility to propaganda. But it also showed there was no permanent damage and helped explain, for in- stance, why patients in iron lungs were reacting strangely due to a form of isolation. DRB) were pretty sure that extreme isolation could cause heavy pressure. We were looking for methods of defence against it. Now there's not very much you can do but there are two things. One Is that if you know in advance that you're likely to have hallucinations In these circumstances then when you have them it doesn't scare the hell out of you. Furthermore, you know also that you don't expect to have permanent damage done." WAS TEACHER Dr. Hebb, born in Nova Sco- tia, started his career as a school teacher and struggling novelist. "I decided alter a year or two that wasn't for me so I arranged to do some part- time graduate work." He studied at McGiU while still teaching school and later went to Harvard University to get a doctorate in 1936. This year, he plans to retire as a professor after years of research on perception and the nature of ideas, contribute ing to academic journals and writing a psychology text- book. Alberta Hansard overcoming its initial birth problems By WALTER KREVENCIIUK EDMONTON (CP) The job of providing a printed daily record of legislature proceedings is "a tremendous amount of especially when one starts with a "to- tally Inexperienced staff" and a greenhorn computer. But most start-up problems have been overcome and Peter Swann, editor of the Al- berta Hansard, predicts his 20-member staff "soon will be taxing the capability of the printers to keep up with us." Mr. Swann, whose study convinced the province's new IB 9 SUNDAY, JUNE 18 DONT FORGET Shop and Save at HOYT'S on These For The OUTDOORSMAN from EVEREADY! EVEREADY BIG JIM HEAVY DUTY LANTERN Completa with flashing red tafery light adjust- able to 90 degrees. With sealed beam lamp visible up to one mile, waterproof rubber cov- ered switch and 731 battery. Reg. 15.95 Father's Day Special 12 EVEREADY BIG JIM Heavy duty lantern with long range sealed beam lamp. Complete wilh rubber covered switch and 731 battery. 13.95 Day Special EVEREADY CAMP and EMERGENCY LANTERN Chrome plated and sleel contiruclion swivel head Ideal tent light. Complete with 731 battery. Father's Day Special Rag. 12.95 9.99 EVEREADY LANTERN With a bright 6000 can- dle power sealed beam famp complete with flash- ing red safety light, seal beam head swivels 125 degrees. Mode of a rug- ged pfaslic material, with single control switch built into handle. Complete wilh 731 battery. 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TO 9.00 P.M. CONVENIENT TERMS AVAILABLE! You Always Do Better At DOWNTOWN 606 608 3rd Ave. S. Phone 327-5767 Progressive Conservative gov- ernment that a Hansard was desirable, had just three weeks to gather the staff and equipment needed to get the operation rolling. When the legislature gave ts formal approval March 8, one week after the session started, he was though four of his seven tran- scribers "had never been In Ihe legislature before." COMPUTER BALKED Mr. Swarm's crew encoun- tered an unexpected difficulty computer helpmate acked the required input and output facilities. But shortly after Easter, Al- berta was in full gear with the only Hansard operation in Canada connected to a com- puter. The transcribers work In :ive-minute shifts, using an automatic tape-recording sys- tem tied in to the legislature's amplification system. The system produces a master tape, which goes to :he provincial archives, and [ive-mlnuto tapes from which the glrh produce raw tran- script. The transcribers' typewrit- ers are connected by tele- shone line to the govern- ment's data centre, where the copy is captured by a com- puter and stored on discs. The girls have 30 minutes to transcribe each tape, but Mr. Swann said they are "some- times particu- larly when the legislature's 75 members are In a heckling mood. MLAs CORRECT The rough drafts of each tape are edited, sent to MLAs for possible corrections, then go back to the machine room where the computer takes over. The computer the corrections and assembles the five-minute segments into a final proof. The printing Is done by the Queen's Printer from a photo- graph of a computer print-out. Mr. Swann would like to see the final product upgraded through the use of a photo- typesetter. Mr. Swarm's study of other legislatures indicated it would cost an estimated to produce a daily printed record for a 12-week session with a full schedule of night sittings nights a week. RECESS FAR OFF The Alberta session contin- ued through May and Indica- tions were that the summer recess was still weeks down the road. Other legislatures which print a daily record of pro- ceedings are hi Manitoba, On- tario, Quebec and Nova Sco- tia. Prince Edward Island Is the only province with no form of Hansard. Mr. Swann hopes to hire a backup team of transcribers. The existing team often works long hours, from the session's opening at p.m. until after midnight. The average Hansard runs 42 pages for a three-hour sit- ting, with 15 pages dsvoted to the legislature's daily 45-min- ute question period. Alberta Hansard has more than 500 annually If it is mailed on a daily basis and an- nually for a weekly mailing. This is a few more than an- ticipated "considering we ha- ven't tried to promote Mr. Swann said. v Educational institutions In the province get a 50-per-cent discount in the subscription fee. Nixon black box subject of jokes By MICHAEL PRENTICE WASHINGTON (Reuter) Even in the Kremlin and Pe- king's Forbidden City, .the man with the black box gave President Nixon the power to nuclear war. The black object of mystery and the subject of the codes that would unleash the U.S. nu- clear arsenal of missiles and bombers. When the anonymous-look- ing man with the box unavoid- ably is caught in a news pho- tograph near the president, humorists suggest he is carry- Ing the p res i d e n t's sand- wiches. The box, actually a small suitcase o[ the kind a busi- nessman uses to store his pa- his wherever the president goes at home or abroad. Even most members of the president's cabinet are only vaguely aware of what is in- side. The secret service, which is responsible for the president's safety, will not discuss It beyond saying the president obviously has the means to communicate at all times with his military chiefs. IT'S SAFETY FACTOR The box, besides giving the president more power than any man In history, Is the ulti- mate safety factor to guard against an accidental nuclear war. The president Is the only man empowered by law to order the firing of nuclear weapons. But what If someone with access to the nuclear button suddenly lost hij ten- ses and decided to launch I nuclear weapon? In theory officials hope will never be fully tested would be Impossible to launch any nuclear missile or bomber without the codes con- tained in the black box. The box is always as safe, If not safer, than the president himself. Any place the presi- dent goes is checked out and guarded in advance by the se- cret service A prime requirement of carrier of the box is that he should be able to make him- self the president's bodyguards in the secret service also try to do, with limited success. WENT TO BALLET When Mr. and Mrs. Nixon went to the ballet in Peking, the guardian of the black box sat a discreet distance away in the stalls, with a modest pretence that he was just an- other ballet lover. Actually, there Is not one "little man with the suitcase" who follows the president around. Various members of the presidential security de- tail are delegated fo carry the box. Besides the codes, the box is also believed to contain plans and options open to the president if nuclear war should break out. If word came of a nuclear attack, the president would have five or 10 minutes to de- cide what to do. X-ray clinic The Alberta Tuberculosis and Respiratory Disease Associa- tion is holding a free mobile chest x-ray clinic at the Lo- mond School in Lomond, north- east of Lethbrldge, June 21 from 9 a.m. to noon and from 1 p.m. until p.m. SPARWOOD (HNS) Ferric council has scheduled a special meeting to decide on its stand in connection with the Koo- tenay and Elk Railway. A closed meeting scheduled earlier was cancelled when some were unable to attend. Bruce Pepper, president of Crows Nest Industries, Koo- tenay and Elk Railway parent company, will attend. The newly-scheduled meeting will be open to the public. The Fertile Board of Trade Is pre- paring a brief supporting the railroad. The brief supports the conten- tion that the extra rai! line is needed to ship coal and lead to mining development.