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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 13, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 16 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, June 13, 1974 Crucial decisions Thousands of lives at stake OTTAWA (CP) Crucial decisions that might save thousands' of lives around the world are being made in a federal government office tower off Confederation Square two blocks from Parliament Hill. The decision-makers are officers of the government-ii- nanced International Development Research Central IDRU which is arming poor countries with the weapons that industrialized the West- science, education, technology top priority is to help the inhabitants of the semi-arid regions ot Africa. India. South Asia, China and Central save themselves from malnutrition and starvation Canadian agricultural and food-processing scientists and their colleagues in other developed countries have a tight timetable for saving masses of humanity, said Joseph Hulse. director of the centre's agriculture, food and nutrition sciences division Climate changes and energy shortages have renewed the ancient scourge of famine. Four or five years may tell the story The sub-Sahara row of six African countries known as the Sahel region, a semi-arid band at the oest of times, is already reeling from the effects of drought. Earth cooler Climate specialists said a global cooling trend has lowered the earth's'temperature 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit since 194s and may spread drought conditions through the semi arid regions'of Asia and South America. The warning flags of inevitable crisis are up. Dr. Patrick McTaggart-Cowan of the Science Council of Canada, a former'meteorologist, said of worldwide agricultural pros- pects in a recent McGill University convocation address. To make matters worse the food baskets of the world- Canada, the United States and Australia, the only countries that are net grain are low on stocks. Global food reserves have hit their lowest level in two decades. The research centre, a brainchild of former prime minister Lester Pearson, its first chairman, is modelled somewhat after the Ford and Rockefeller Foundations in the United States, except that industrial- the centre's benefactors. Research financed by the two big American foundations helped launch the so-called green revolution in agriculture several years ago. Mr. Hulse said in an interview. Battles drought Now with the food production advances of the green revolution negated by drought, the centre is in the thick of an international effort to develop an agricultural science and iood technology to support semi-arid agriculture. IDRC-supported some at Canadian universities and some in the countries aimed at introducing improved drought-resistant varieties of sorghum, millet and grain legumes, the staple crops of semi-arid countries, and improving techniques for their processing. The centre has a million budget this year, a dwarf be- Mde the million the Canadian International Develop- ment Agency CIDA) is authorized to dispense in foreign aid But about 80 per cent of CIDA money is in conditional grants, which means the recipient countries must observe restrictions on spending it. Some "third world" leaders consider such foreign aid as only a slight contribution from the rich countries whose privileges are ensured by the present international order. CIDA president Paul Gerin-Lajoie said recently. strings attached IDRC. in contrast, dispenses its research funds without strings, aiming at such vital aspects of third world development as agriculture, nutrition, family planning and health, requiring from applicants only a detailed program description. Research is sorely needed, especially for agricultural sci- ence in the semi-arid regions, said Mr. Hulse. The present plight has its roots in neglect. Colonists, motivated by the dictates of commerce, did the semi-arid regions no favors, he said. They looked upon sorghum and millet as subsistence crops from which they weren't going to make any money Instead, they promoted the development of international crops such as wheat, maize and rice. The agricultural technology that made possible the green revolution was mainly to perk up production of these crops. Mr. Hulse said some misguided specialists have done more harm than good trying to help. They have not understood that a technology can't always be transferred, that what works in one country won't necessarily wovk in another. Problems of scale, climate, training and culture had to be tackled. Research practical This was why the centre financed mainly applied or practical research in the stricken countries while sup- porting basic agricultural research in universities here. The centre has supported more than 200 since jt was established in 1970 Almost S4 million has been given for rest-arch into the rooi- intake of between 200 and 300 milhon people in semi- arid rec'ons cram of was made to the international Crops Research Institute for the Scmi-.And Tropics to support development of better varieties of pigeon pea and chick-pea. Oysters, considered a luxury food in the West, are an important source of protein in some developing countries The cave Sierra Leone to help it develop a profitable industry based on the mangrove oyster Almost SROO.OOO has been made available to the Tenlrc National des Recherches Agronomies at Bambey. Se- n-gal. 1" breed improved varieties of sorghum intercropped with millet A grant of went to Laval Univer.MU to Mipport research into drought resistance in sorghum The Arid Lands Agricultural Development Program ir. Be.nit Lebanon, got to develop improved varieties oi >oTghum. millet and gram legumes in North Ainra and the Middle KaM If ihe monsoon rains fail again in Asia and Africa expert.-, sav there will be a moral obligation for well-to-do rountnes like Canada to rut their own meat consumption tree feed grain for the world's poor To produce equal protein in meat requires seven times more grain in livestock feed than when gnjin i> eater: tWooteoae a new look in our Ladies' and Children's Wear Departments. Extensive have just completed to make your shopping more pleasant. Check these spec.al prices on hrst i quality Summer fashions. Oo y fo 16" f ?0o% e fr0rn Of to Jp, Ladies' Sleepwear Loungewear Nylon, Cotton, Acetate and Polyester fabric :es S, M, L. MS7 GROUP H EACH V GROUPI EACH Ladies' Pant Tops A variety of prints in 100% polyester fabric. Choose from sizes 10 to 18 and 38 to 44. Canadian made. EACH Women's Size Sweaters 100% acrylic sweaters with turtle necks or round necks sleeves. Choose from colors of Navy. Blue Pink, Black, White. canaaian EACH or Yellow Sizes 38 to 44. Canadian made. Ladies' Sweaters A good selection of styles fashioned of polyester and acrylics. Choose I from long or short sleeves in sizes S.M.L. I Group I EACH Group II EACH iTrico Elan Co-ordinates 100% orlon that is fully washable. Choose from colors of Navy. Blue. Pink. White. Green and Yellow. Sizes S.M.L. Tops EACH Skirts EACH Ladies' Jeans Hard-wearing 100% cotton jeans that are Canadian made. Sizes 8 to 18. PAIR Ladies' Coats Simulated Deer Skin for the Suedine look. Choose from erther pant coat or a jacket. Colors of m "9 f% Q Brown. Beige or Navy with contrasting XX stitching. Sizes 8 to 12 and 8 to 16. EACH j i Ladies' and Teen Coats Dressy and all weather coats in several styles. Sizes 7 to 14X 8 to 18. Group I EACH Group II EACH Teen's Denim Shorts 100% cotton shorts with cuffs or with the cut-off look. Sizes 10 to 14X. Made in [Canada PAIR Infants' and Toddlers' Dresses 9 Si for Assorted styles and fabrics m a wide selection o1 summer fashions Sizes 12 to 24 months and 2 to 3X pair Men's Hose IA selection o1 dress and soort hose made oi I blends Elastic culls in assorted colors. Size 101o 13 Suits IseveraTstyles to choose 'rom m solid or two tone combinations.! Sleeveless and short sleeves J% in sizes SMI Made o1 J V' easy care 100% rivlor 'sens- 3? 900ff wrts S2> 14 [Y- "AR1V! Ml SIORfS We Reserve the Right to Limit Quantities College Shopping Mall 2025 Mayor Magrath Drive Open Daily 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. Thursday end Friday 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. SATISFACTION GUARANTEED ;