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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 13, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 TH8 ItlHBRIDCE HERALD Wednesday, 13, 1973 The to national security ,Why color it? Sparkling colored summer drinks could be harmful, especially if one happens to be pregnant. The coloring agent Amaranth, known as Red No. 2, used widely in soft drinks, foods and cosmetics has been labelled injurious to human re- production by Simon Fraser Univer- sity professor Dr. Theodor D. Sterl- ing, a consultant to I'.S. health and environmental protection agencies. He claims the U.S. food and drug administration has shown .Red No. 2 causes fetus malformation and that the public should be as concerned about it as about herbicides. The purple dye Violet No. 1, used to color foods for 22 years, was banned by the U.S. government on April 10, due to preliminary data from two Japanese studies linking it with cancer. A chemical index used by pharmacists cautions that Red No. 2 a synthetically made red-brown dark powder used for dye- ing wool and silk, and used in color photography) should be subjected to the latest government regulations before being used in foods, drugs and cosmetics. Stirling claims rat experiments show the number of surviving fetus- es per litter is directly related to the dose level of Red No. 2 ingest- ed. He warns women, especially those in the first three months of pregnancy to avoid artificially col- ored non-cola soft drinks (the major source of Red No. 2) unless the label clearly indicates that the product does not contain it. A safe substitute has been found in Alura Red 40 but the grocery association, pharma- ceutical manufacturers and cosme- ticians strongly resist such chailge. In Canada there is no control over the FDA evaluation process and peo- ple must watch helplessly while pub- lic interests are frustrated by mul- tiple pressures and inadequate ac- tion. But dimply proclaiming as safe, without adequate tests, freely used chemicals claimed by other countries to be damaging, can con- tribute to untold human misery. Perhaps it is time Canada required more stringent evaluation proced- ures than are employed now. Courtesy does pay A few years ago, a road safety campaign was built around the slo- gan "Make courtesy your code of the road." It was based on the simple, reasonable notion that most people wouldn't dream of pushing and shov- ing others around when on foot, and that if they adopted a similar atti- tude while driving there might be fewer accidents. As in the case with most safety campaigns, there was no spectacu- lar drop in accident statistics, and the campaign probably has been forgot- ten. But one recent development in- dicates the idea wasn't at all a bad one. For some time now, motorists have been noting that quite often the driv- er of a slow-moving truck, camper or what not will pull off onto the shoulder of the highway to let faster moving vehicles pass. This began with truck-drivers, who in Alberta are res- tricted to speeds 10 miles per hour lower than passenger cars. Drivers of even the big tractor-trailer units quite often pull over and let the sur- prised and delighted drivers of fast- er moving passenger cars go by them. Then drivers of recreational vehi- cles of various kinds, truck-mounted campers especially, started to follow suit. Now, many drivers of these very popular rigs, which typically move more slowly than other high- way traffic, routinely move over to let others past. It would be an exaggeration to say that all truckers or rec-vehicle driv- ers extend this much appreciated courtesy to the rest of the motoring public; there are still many far too many who take the attitude that as long as they pay for their licences they can use as much of the road as they like, for as long as they like, and to hell with the rest of the world. Happily, though, an in- creasing number of drivers are wil- ling to "make courtesy their code of the road." Those who are the beneficiaries of this courtesy are understandably grateful, although there isn't very much they can do to show how much they appreciate it. About all they can offer is a cheery wave, that can be seen through their rear windows after they have passed. A simple wave of the hand doesn't seem like a great deal, perhaps, but it should be offer- ed anyway. The trucker or rec-vehi- cle driver who sees it knows what it means; he knows it says "thanks, and appreciates it. And besides being a fitting thank-you, it is the sort of thing that may encourage him to move over next time, too. ERIC NICOL Arms length embrace Mr. John Diefenbaker has questioned the need for bilingual civil servants in a west- coast city like Victoria. He overlooks th9 fact that this summer more Quebeckers are travelling than ever before, most of them still wearing their prison garb. It is humiliating for an escaped con to find himself in a strange city, unable to find someone who speaks enough French to put him on the welfare list. There is also the matter of accommoda- tion. In Victoria it is important that the French-speaking person be informed that the Empress is not a minimum security in- stitution as he understands it. Because of the density of the shrubbery in some of of the lounges in the hotel, the former resi- dent of St. Vincent de Paul" may experience difficulty, relatively speaking, finding his way out to the street. Most Victoria hotels are bilingual, speak- ing both English and Mainland, at the desk, but for the person on a weekend pass time is precious. He prefers to phone an agency of the government and have his housing arranged by someone who understands the currency of a city where the dollar is peg- ged to the Hudson's Bay blanket. Mr. Diefenbaker points out that the bi- lingual telephone listing of federal gov- ernment agencies in Victoria does not en- sure-that the person calling the numbers bs connected with someone who speaks French. Actually however in an emergen- cy west-coast civil servants are trained to respond to rysavy breathing when they can distinguish it from an obscene phone call. According to Mr. Diefenbaker, the Tru- deau government is more interested in get- ting the message through to the voters of 'Quebec than in making sure that the bi- lingual public service can speak French. Mr. Stanfield, who does not remember be- ing introduced to Mr. Diefenbaker, wants to go further than the government, by mak- ing it illegal for a public servant to admit that he can speak only one language. "We have ways of making you talk says Bob in effect, "if we can just get cur hands (les mains) on power (le This represents a split between the Mari- time Tories, whose constituents include a number of French-speaking communities, and the western, or Big John, PCs whose alternate language is mostly to talk tur- key. Mr. Stanfield knows that without the sup- port of Quebec the Conservatives may as well pass a resolution that tbe public ser- vice should be able to speak Swahili. Mr. Stanfield will be talking only to himself, in the language of his choice. What Mr. Diefenbaker is attacking is the window dressing (Ici on parle francais) that ignores the linguistic limitations of the clerk inside (Duhh, This split in the Conservative ranks may not be as harmful as some observers think. Tens of thousands of English-speaking civil servants, haggard from the confrontation with French irregular verbs, are going to vote for Diefenbaker's party, along with a lot of people who think that he is still its head. Mr. Stanfield's problem is: how to disas- sociate himself from Mr. Diefenbaker with- out losing the votes of those who would follow John through a bonfire of English- French, French-dictionaries. This means embracing Dief at arm's length very difficult to do, without spraining your cau- cus. Familiar story By Doug Walker The other day I heard D'Arcy Rickard telling somebody in the newsroom that he had just phoned his wife to remind her that he was coming home for lunch. He reported that she said, "Oh, are you coming home for lunch? Maybe you could make me some, too." Ilildegard seems to have the same ap- proach as Elspeth. Maybe all wives are the same. By Norman Cousins, Los Angeles Times commentator The security of the United States is the highest responsi- bility of tbe president. When the president says, therefore, that his actions are dictated by his concern for the national secur- ity, it must be recognized that this is what he is paid to do. It is important, however, for the American people to be cer- tain that "national security" does not become a convenient disguise for a grab at personal power of the type associated with dictatorial regimes. Nothing is more characteris- tic of totalitarian rulers than the way they have concocted "threats" to the national secur- ity as the pretext for strength- ening their personal control of government. That is why few things are more disturbing about Water- gate than the revelations that the White House actually ar- ranged for the president to be booed and heckled at a public meeting in New York. Thus, when the president denounced radicals and dissidents, he was able to do so on the basis of apparently irresponsible and reckless assaults against the dignity of his office. We also now learn that this was not an isolated incident. Some demonstrations and riots were deliberately fomented, thus creating the impression that radical elements were a grave danger to the national security. Wno does not remem- ber the president's repeated and dramatic denunciations of radicals and students, portray- ing himself as the target of their reckless abuse? To what extent were those dem- onstrations part of a staged at- tempt to rally popular support to the side of the president? To what extent was the ground- work being laid for the later attempt to set up a secret po- lice establishment inside the White House a secret police establishment that, according to the initial plan, would break into the homes of hundreds of American citizens, rifling their mail, bugging their telephones, keeping them under surveil- lance. The preliminary facts that have come to light about this illegal program indicate that this secret operation was directed more against the pol- itical enemies of Richard Nixon than against any enemies of the United States. What an incredible irony it is that the man whose political careeer was so identified with combating un-American activ- ities should now figure in ser- ious charges concerned with the illegal use of presidential pow- er against the constitutional rights of the American people. The U.S. government was painstakingly designed to put basic human rights bevond the reach of men who believed in .political shortcuts or who be lieved that their positions of authority put them above the law. That design is now being tested as never before. It is now being determined whether the American system can sus- tain and survive terrible strains that can be put upon it by men who, acting in the name of the president, are no respecters of the constitutional government that their chief had sworn him- self to preserve and protect. It is completely irrelevant to contend that the president had no knowledge of illegal and criminal acts that originated in the White House. The fact that so many of these acts acts that are disfiguring the political life of the country and debas- ing the moral tone of the soci- ety were carried out right under the president's nose says little about his ability to pre- side over his own office. More- over, how can the American people have confidence in the ability of a president to per- ceive the true threats to the na- tional security that may origin- ate thousands of miles away when he is oblivious to assaults on the rights of the American people originating in the White House itself? Why the Canadians are quitting Vietnam By Stewart Dalby, London Observer commentator SAIGON The International Commission for Control and Supervision (ICCS) which looks to be in danger of virtual collapse after the Canadian de- cision to withdraw, was one of the more predictable casualties of the January Vietnam cease- fire agreement. A contentious issue from the start, the size of the four-nation ICCS.was one of the points which caused Dr. Henry Kiss- inger, President Nixon's spe- cial adviser, to huff indignant- ly that the North Vietnamese didn't really want a ceasefire. It was only after the massive Letters to the editor bombing of North Vietnam to- wards the end of last year that Hanoi was driven to capitulate on the ICCS and several other matters. The North Vietnamese and their southern comrades, the provisional revolutionary gov- ernment, wanted a small cen- tralized commission which would remain in Saigon. Al- though the U.S. won its point and achieved a com- mission with seven regional teams and 26 site teams, it has turned out to be a hollow vic- tory. The Canadian decision to pull out by July 31 emphasized how impotent the body has be- come. As the Canadian com- missioner, Mr. Michel Gauvin, put it, "we came to supervise a ceasefire, but we are watch- ing a war." Even regarding the commis- sion from the point of view of its minimum role that al- though it would not be able to control the fighting, it would perhaps, by rigorously investi- gating as many ceasefire com- plaints as possible and appor- tioning blame, be able to bring about some reduction in the fighting it has been a failure. Well over ceasefire vi- olations have been reported by Defends youth and Waterton As a Waterton resident and businessman I consider the Herald's reporting on the Vic- toria Day weekend in Water- ton as biased and factless. No mention is made of the people who enjoyed the weekend hik- ing, fishing, camping, golfing or relaxing. Waterton consists of more than just the activities in the downtown area and in our opinion the Herald has glorified the unruly aspect rath- er than the good during the hol- iday weekend. There were no brawls, mug- gings, violence, rape or riots. Granted there was an element of young people doing their own thing, by yesterday's stand- ards, but these do not meet with the general public's ap- proval. The park was created as a museum of living history and this is the primary reason peo- ple visit the park. Our local ho- tel was not wrecked by youths as was the case in Invermere during the same weekend. Un- like the incidents in many of the new town and city caba- 'Crazy Capers' rets, Waterton had no brawls. We don't appreciate the bad publicity you give us. Why didn't you include some of the good things that happened in Waterton the same weekend? Today's youth are very much in the public eye but I don't be- lieve they are all "hell rais- ers" and "troublemakers" so why condemn all the youth who came to Waterton for the holi- day weekend? The Herald's June 3 news report only helps to glorify the "party image" of our park. I feel the park administration is doing a great job and with- out their management our vil- lage would soon resemble ur- ban communities with their ju- venile and young adult prob- lems. EMANUEL COHEN Not all hell-raisers This is directed at the par- ents of youths 16-20 years old, who let their kids go to Water- ton Victoria Day weekend. We feel the article in Friday's Her- ald was totally biased. Much more happens in the city of Lethbridge in one weekend, than has, or ever will happen in Waterton. We four girls were camped (in a tent) in the middle of a group of young people with an older couple camped next to us. Not once did they complain and there were .no instances of "girls and boys showering to- gether nude." The Herald makes it sound as if all of the youths were trying to raise hell. We agree, keep the young kids and the rowdy ones home where they belong; but don't cut down the chances for the rest of us to use and enjoy the park. THE GIRLS WHO CAMPED IN D-9 Lethbridge. Results dubious I read with interest the Her- ald's story "Smoking pact has longlasting Though the junior high school officials think they have achiev- ed results this may not be en- tirely true. As a resident of this area, I see that the junior high students now lounge on the sen- ior high school grounds and on the Baptist Church grounds across the street and do their smoking there. If this transfer of responsibil- ity is accepted as a positive effect on young people's smoking habits, I would rather not describe how I would react to it. It may have been better had those responsible in the junior high school patrolled their grounds and observed the groups of smokers and littcr- ers on adjoining grounds. I am not implying that they should police areas outside their school grounds, but they should be aware of what is actually hap- pening rather than making headlines of what they think has happened. "CONCERNED" Lethbridge. the government of South Viet- nam alone and many thousands more claimed by the PRG. But the commission has been able to complete less than 100 re- ports. The ambiguous wording of the ceasefire agreement on whether reports must be unani- mous has given the East Euro- pean countries in the commis- sion, Hungary and Poland, the loophole they have needed to abort reports and take sides with the PRG and the North Vietnamese. This was not the only prob- lem. As Michel Gauvin said, "The commission was unable to fulfil the concept of a super- visory body as Canada con- ceived it because certain par- ties had not entered fully into the spirit of Laos and Cam- bodia. But essentially his barbs were directed towards the PRG. Except in Saigon, the PRG has declined to join the two- party Joint Military Commis- sion. Perhaps it was solely the lack of contact because of the absence of responsible PRG of- ficers which frustrated inquir- ies, but as often as not inves- tigations could not be carried out because the PRG would not give guarantees for the safety of ICCS helicopters travelling over territory it controlled. Of course it should be borne in mind that in the mind of the PRG Canada is only serving the interests of the U.S. It felt that if it allowed the helicopters the eight-kilometre corridors which the ICCS insisted on it would afford an excellent opportunity for the Canadians to make aer- ial reconnaissance. But it is also beyond doubt that the Hungarians and Poles sided unabashedly with the PRG without even the pretence of neutrality. In Can Tho, for example, in the Delta, the ICCS investigated the blowing up of a ship. The Canadians and Indonesians said that Communist sappers had blown it up; the Hungarians said that the boat had hit an old undis- covered mine at low tide. The leader of the Canadian delegation in Can Tho said: "The Hungarians and the Poles are outright obstructionists. Whenever a village is attacked they say it is bandits. In one instance they said a restaur- ant was blown up by a jealous rival.' The deepening ideological rift really came to a head a few days before Canada announced its decision to withdraw. The four delegations had been lock- ed in a series of procedural wrangles over how reports of North Vietnamese troop infiltra- tion should be handled. The Canadians wanted the re- ports, which came from North Vietnamese soldiers captured just below the demilitarized zone 12 days after the cease- fire, to go forward to the JMC. The Hungarians and Poles, through stalling over agenda matters and the like, refused to allow the reports to be tabled. Since Canada had no part in drawing up the peace agree- ment it could only fulfil its role in accordance with the exact letter of the agreement. Per- haps by stating the role a little too literally the Canadians did force themselves into a position where their very desire to be impartial made them appear less then balanced. The Cana- dian soldiers vigorously tried to investigate where they could. But because of the lack of interest of the PRG, and to a lesser extent the Saigon govern- ment, in having a referee around, they were pushed out to the periphery of the action where the only fouls they could see were those committed by one side. This did not deter them from reporting, however, so there is some justice in the PRG's claim that the Canadians just served American interests by showing that it was the Vietcong who were breaking the ceasefire even though the Canadians were made to appear to be doing this by the PRG itself. The Canadians, whatever their shortcomings, will be dif- ficult to replace. Apart from their enthusiasm, they had the advantage of being the most experienced peacekeeping coun- try in the world. Several coun- tries have been mentioned as a possible replacement, includ- ing Mexico, Brazil, and Austria. But nobody seems in a great hurry to find a country to take Canada's place, least of all the negotiators in Paris. Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clan Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of Canadian Prew and the Canadian Dally Newspaper PuMMMrr AMociatton and tht Audit Bureau of CLEO w MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS M. ADAMS. General Maniger DON FILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY f. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor THE HERALD SftVES THE SOUTH" ;