Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 13, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
2 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tutsdoy, June )3, 1972 Ric SWIHART Potato marketing questioned The federal government grassland incentive pro gram is rearing its head again with five major changes announced. Lethbridge District Agriculturist Murray Mc- Lelland pointed out the following changes, including the lifting of the 25-acre minimum. He reports that the Dec. 31, 1971 application dead- line for forage seeded in 1971 has also been dropped. Forage seeded in 1970 under the LIFT program for which no payment has been received is now eligible for payment provided it is still .in forage and a net reduction in cultivated acres occurred. The original regulations permits two payments per acre one made the year the forage is seeded and the oilier the following year, after which inspec- tion has been made and it is found that the lorage is still in production. This will be amended so that commencing in 1972 no payment will be made in the year the perennial forage or legume crop is seeded, but per acre will be paid in the following year when a field in- spection verifies that the forage crop is in produc- tion and that the increase in total forage acreage in the farm unit has been maintained. Mr. McLelland also noted that the regulation that required farmers (o deduct any new breaking in 1970 from the total that would qualify for payment has been dropped. Application for 1970 and 1971 forage planting can be made on the old 1971 Federal Grassland form. Application forms for forage seeded in 1972 will be available in August from Prairie Farm Assistance offices, county offices and elevator agents. Mike Aberle has been assigned to a PFAA office just opened up in the Federal Building. Mike's phone number is 328-7374. The old arch enemy of many and friend of an equal number, Bill C-17G will soon become the fruit- ful piece of legislation that it was meant to be. Major progress has been made toward detailed agreement on the principles, structure, market shares and oper- ational methods of a national egg marketing plan. C-176, you will remember, is the bill having the most misinterpretation in a piece farm legislation in many years. The bill itself was and is only enabling legislation which provides the framework necessary for the establishment of marketing boards at the request of a majority of the producers within the framework of the particular segment of agriculture requesting the board. A producer committee has been formed. Its ob- jective is developing a proposed detailed plan for supply management of eggs in Canada for submis- sion to the National Farm Products Marketing Coun- cil by the end of this month. Apparently public meetings will be held from which recommendations will be made to the federal minister of agriculture. The groups involved in the plan include producer organizations and market- ing boards, all governments, provincial marketing boards of each province and the National Farm Pro- ducts Marketing Council. Nominations are being accepted by Alberta Dep- uty Minister of Agriculture Dr. Glen Piirnell for peo- ple to be inducted into the provincial agricultural Hall of Fame. While preference is given to men of the soil, nominations to the Hall of Fame may include busi- nessmen, professional people or others who have made an outstanding contribution to agriculture. Individuals whose contributions were made in a district may be nominated provided the influence of their achievements was provincial in extent. One of the original inductees to the Hall of Fame was Nobleford's C. 5. Noble. Then there was the time wiley Len Dcwit taught his son-in-law Ken Tillsley the ropes of the cow busi- ness. He told him that only cows with good solid upper teeth arc worth their weight. Ken thought one particularly good looking cow was a pure waste be- cause there wasn't one tooth in the right position in the upper jaw. Cud you pass the tissue please. By DU. W. E. TOHFASON Lcthbildgc Research Station Potatices harvested in Sep- tember or October may require long periods of storage bcforo tlicy arc marketed. Ideally, potatoes should be In marketable condition until the early crop is available the fol- lowing year. During the first three or four mouths the tubers are dormant and will not sprout regardless of storage condi- tions. After this period, how- ever, high temperatures will in- duce rapid spoullng accompan- ied by moisture loss and conse- quent shrivelling of the tubers. The development sprouts can be delayed by maintaining proper storage conditions, wliich should include tempera- tures in the 40 to 45 degree range, a relative humidity of about 95 per cent, and ad- equate circulation ol air. Few storage structures will main- tain these conditions into June and July. Conseucntly, other methods are required to retain lawn homeoivners hope A weed-free lawn is I ho hope ;tIK! ambition ol most homeown- ers, hut, unfortunately, this goal is never completely realized. According to Stan Powers of the Alberta plant Industry divi- sion, ensuring that the area to he seeded to a lawn is tree of perennial weeds, particularly quack grass is tlic first require- ment for a good lawn. Quack grass is very difficult, if not im- possible, lo remove from an es- tablished lawn. Label warning issued By law, every chemical utili- sed in today's agricultural pro- d uct i on is I abelled. The 1 abcl contains information on tho chemical composition of the product and Us use. The Alberta department of agriculture cautions all users to read the label. The users of agricultural chemicals, have the responsi- bility of applying the product in accordance with (lie informa- tion contained on the label. In 1971, Western Canadian farmers invested millions of dollars in agricultural chemi- cals Many deri ved the full benefits from tho application of chemicals to crops and live- stock, others did not. Some producers were disap- pointed because instructions improperly followed result in crop damage, poor control of the problem, pollution, injury lo livestock, injury lo the ap- plicator, and last hut not least, significant economic losses to the producer of agricultural goods- A sound management pro- gram which includes fertilizing, adequate watering and regular mowing is the second require- ment. To enable the grass to compete with the weeds, it should not be cut lower than 1 Vz to 2 in ches, Mr. Pow- crs saitl. Under this type of program weeds will be kept to a mini- mum, but even with the best in ana gem en t such weeds as dandelions, duckweed and shepherd's-purse will continue tn appear. Although chemicals cannot be expected to solve all weed prob- lems in a lawn, there are a "number of basic selective herbi- cides available from g a r d e n supply stores which will go a long way towards solving them. The herbic iclc for ex ample, controls dandelions and many of the common an- nuals. Chemical mixtures con- taining mecoprop, dicamba or fenoprop control clovers, chick- weed and other weeds not af- fected by Mr. Powers said when a va- riety of weeds arc present, spraying them with in lato May or e a r 1 y June and spray- ing again two weeks later with a chemical mixture such as those mentioned above should remove most of them. It is import ant t o realize, however, that chemical weed control is not always 100 per cent effective, and that, even if all the weeds were killed in a lawn, it would not remain weed- free- Seeds remaining in the soil will probably germinate and new seeds will, undoubtedly, be brought in by the wind, birds and other means. Mr. Powers stresses that herbicides should always be used strictly according to tho directions on tho container. Carelessness when mixui g or applying them will lead to un- satisfactory results or damage to adjacent plants. the tubers 1 n a markc 1 able condition. Chemicals are available that can be used to prevent sprout development. Tho c h e mical maleic hydrazide, which is available undtr various trade names, may be applied to the foliage of the growing plant, where H is absorbed and trans- located to the developing tu- bers. The stage of development of the plant when the applica- tion is made is very critical. Directions given on the label must be followed carefully. Another chemical, C.I.P.C., may be applied as a vapor lo potatoes in storage or as a spray to tlic potatoes after washing. It is absorbed directly into the buds and prevents the sprouts from developing. Regardless of which chemical is used, certain management decisions must be made well ahead of the marketing lime. Most important is lo estimate the quantity of potatoes that is to be carried over for the spring and early summer mar- kets. If maleic hydrazidc is to be used, this decision must lie made in July, fully 10 lo n months licfore the marketing period, When C.I.P.C. is used, the decision can be delayed un- til December or January, al- though ducting for vapor appli- cation must installed before the storage period begins. Pot- aloes for seed should not bo treated or stored in structures containing treated tubers. Barley market is available There Is a market for more barley says Dr. Hugh Horner, Alberta Agriculture Minister, and he would like to see moro western farmers growing bar- ley this year. He pointed out lo the legisla- ture that three Western agri- culture ministers met in Ottawa recently with Otto Lang, minis- ter in charge of the Canadian Wheat Board, "To try and work out some way lo encourage Western Canada farmers to in- crease their barley plantings." The problem they encounter- ed is incentive. The meeting discussed whether the fivo cents a bushel increase in bar- ley prices for the next year is enough incentive to encourage planting. Dr- Horner has been seeking a higher initial price paid by the wheat board in hopes to en- courage more planting, but he said "This was not possible be- cause of world market prices." Alberta Is also being penal- ized by the pricing mechanism for barley, he said. Wheat board prices now wore based on shipping costs through Thunder Bay but most barley exported from Alberta is sliip- ped through Vancouver. Dr. Horner says that in tho near future he hopes lo do somelhing about this. He also talked to Mr. Lang about how the wheat board af- fects Alberta farmers. "Wo think the board is necessary, but there should be some input insofar as (he Alberta govern- ment is concerned." District agriculturist appointed C. J. McAndrews, acting di- rector of extension, announced the appointment of J. F. Roger Moore as district agriculturist at Lclhbridgc, effective May 1, He will H3 joining Murray Mc- I-elland in Ihe Lothbridge of- fice. Mr. Moore comes to the de- partment of agriculture from the department of the environ- ment where he had worked as a di. Vet irrigalionist at Taber since 1907. He was raised on a farm at Seven Persons and at- tended school in Medicine Hat. Mr. Moore started bis own con- struction company and after seven years was one of the known contractors in Saska- toon. In he decided lo go back to school and received bis degree in agricultural econom- ics two years later. He return- ed to the family farm and taught agriculture mechanics and farm management at Ver- milion Vocational College for a winter before joining the de- partment of the environment.