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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 13, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta J4 THE IETHBRIDOE HERAIO Tutiiiay, Jun. 13, 1971 Women's liberation stirs in Brazil MIGUEL PERE1RA CAP) Like other Latin-American countries, Brazil is a stronghold of machismo, the syndrome that says a man must be a lie-man and the boss- But women's liberation is stir- ring. A feminist congress in this small town near Rio do Janeiro recently showed that many women in South America's big- gest country want more from life than playing traditional roles of mother and housewife. Miguel Pcreira, population was picked for the meet- ing because its top officials- mayor, judge, notary public, school superintendent and post- are women. This situation, which local residents say simply prov- ided a backdrop of solidarity for more than 100 female delegates. Mayor Aristolina Almeida de- clared: "We're not thinking in terms of emancipation, but rather participation." The participants were mainly middle-aged and middle-class. The discussion touched mostlj "community such as school lunch programs, blood donation drives, anti-drug cam- paigns and aid for old persons. Yet there were rumblings among younger delegates. Maria de Lourdcs Alvcs, 28, a >rofessor at the University of Valenca, observed: "We didn't come here to talk about lunches and old people. What tliis con- gress should do is show Bra- zilian women how to develop their potential instead of helping perpetuate a system that says women should be 'protected.' The Valenca contingent sur- prised other delegates by charg- ing that Brazilian cause they comprise an over- whelming majority of teachers themselves responsible for spreading the concept thai woman's place is in the home. Miss Alves labelled such think- ing "a centuries-old trap." Anna Maria Cesar, 30, mother of three and head of the adult literacy program in Valenca, commented: "We're against the machismo of the Lai in-Ameri- can man. But Brazilian women are loo feminine to act like men to fight it." On paper, Brazilian women have practically the same rights as men, Old machismo-inspired laws winch once prevented women from signing contracts or travelling abroad without their husband's consent have been wiped off the books. of local m St- Patrick's CWL groups will j meet as follows: Mrs. L. Elder with Mrs. G. R. Clement, 518 17th St. S., Tues- day at 8 p.m.; Mrs. May Bradley with Mrs. B. L. Noel, 417 25th St. a politick supper, Wednesday at 7 p.m.; Mrs. H. H. Bartram with Mrs. A- W. Coady, 1207 5th Ave. A S., Tuesday at B p.m. The Lethbridge Philatelic So- ciety will hold the regular monthly meeting on Wednes- day at p.m. at the home of: Mrs. Mary Thomson, 2228 27lh St. S. Members of the Original Pensioners and Senior Citizens Society, as well as auxiliary members, are reminded of and welcome to join the trip to the game farm and Wilson Hutter- ite Colony on Saturday at 1 p.m. Buses will leave the civic centre promptly at ttiis tune. The return trip will include a visit to the Provincial Correc- tional Institute and the Experi- mental Farm. A fare of will be collected prior to boarding the bus, and memberships must be presented. Those wish- ing reservations or further in formation are asked to call 327- 6994. Christian Science testimony meeting will be held on Wed Eesday at p.m. in the church auditorium, 1203 4th Ave. S. Everyone welcome. The Lethbridge Corp of the S'avy League Wrenettes will lold a special inspection for re- ired Commander H. S. Jerome .onight at 7 p.m. at the ship, 10th Ave. and 17th St. S. Southminster Junior Girls Choir %vill present I he operetta, The Pink Siamese, by Sey- mour Barab, on October 28-29. Included will be the Anne Campbell who will present the rock operetta, The Amazing Technicolor Dream t, by Weber and Rice. Practices will resume the last week in August. love j's... getting rep first iind -making her morning coffee. a out an of town, Xi Nu Chapter, Beta Sigma Phi, honored Edith Atkins with a farewell coffee party recent- ly, at the home of Donna Howntree. Mrs. Atkins was presented with an engraved coffee spoon as she and her family are moving to Victoria B.C. Mr. and Mrs. George Har greaves of Dumfries, Scotland are visiting relatives in the city for a few weeks. Mr. Har greaves was born and educated in the city, and left to join the RAF in Britain in 1835. He i the brother of Mrs. Eva Hal and Stan Hargreavcs of Lcth bridge. Southminster Junior Girls Choir and the Southminste Sunday School held a picnic re- cently at which Mrs. A. Camp- bell and Mrs. P. Wright were honored with gifts. V Mr. and Mrs. John Rolla; will celebrate their 65th wed ding anniversary on Frida. with a family reception held in their honor. The couple was married in Elbow Lake, Minnesota, late homesteading in the Wrentham area. They moved to Leth bridge and are presently resic ing at the Southland Nursin; Home. Mr. and Mrs. Rollag hav seven children, 20 grandchi ciren and 36 great granc children. BIN GO WEDNESDAY AT 8 P.M. LETHBRIDGE FISH t GAME ASSOC. IN THE EAGLES MALI 13th St. N. JACKPOT 54 NUMBERS FREE CARDS 3 JACKPOTS (4th, 8lh and IN 7 NUMBERS NO CHILDREN UNDER T6 LEGION BINGO EVERY WEDNESDAY AT 8 p.m. JACKPOT BLACKOUT IN 57 NUMBERS OR LESS (Increasing number per week until won) III GAME JACKPOT 5lh GAME J25 (X) lOlh GAME JACKPOT IN 52 NUMBERS FREE BUS SERVICE HOME AFTER BINGO MEMORIAL HALl PUBLIC MEMBERS AND GUESTS NORMANDY LOUNGE Children under 16 not allowed Sponsored by ladiei Auxiliary to Canadian Legion SIGN ON THE DOTTED LINE Registration for Ihe Community Summer Program commenced yesterday in Gym No. 1 at the- Civic Sports Centre, and will continue through Friday. These youngsters were signing up early for the swim program. Edward Finloy Photo T Women's, advocate fights job bias By ART JOHNSON' TORONTO (CP) Kay Eastham, a paid women's ad- vocate, is sipping coffee on a hot afternoon and discussing men. The young civil servant- she's 26 and research officer for the provincial labor de- some of the ironies she's encountered in the government agency which protects women against job discrimination. To begin with, she says, there arc two employees in the women's bureau, who, be- cause of their sex, occasion- ally are confronted by hostile people with discriminatory at- titudes. Both are men who in- vestigate job discrimination complaints. In the course of their duties, the researcli officer says, someone will ask the men: "What's a man doing concern- Ann Landers DEAR ANN LANDERS: I just read that fine column in which you stated that a baby needs body contact and the warmth of a mother's arms. I couldn't help but think, how true not only for babies, but for wives and husbands as well. Many years ago my husband suffered a heart attack. When he returned from a six-week stay in the hospital he suggested that I move into the guest room. After several weeks of frustration and loneliness I decided to crawl into his bed atler he had turned out the light. He rejected me so crassly that I vowed never again to risk such humilia- tion. That was the last time I ever crawled into his bed. Several years have passed and I feel (hat an part of me had withered and died. It isn't just the sex I was deprived of, it was the closeness one feels from being held. I'm sure I could hare settled for just his caresses if he had occasionally kissed me and told me I was important to him. Because of our physical isolation from one another there is little left of what used to be a good marriage. WTe are polite and cordial to one another but there is such a ,terrible emptiness in our lives. I am certain no one has anyt idea that ours is a brother-sister relationship. We manage to put on a very good show for observers. There's a message here for all married people, Ann. Please print my letter if you think it has value. Western Canuck DEAR WESTERN: Your letter has tremendous value. I hope it opens some eyes and rekindles some flames. It might also encourage couples who are living half a life, to get professional help. Your husband obviously fears sex because of Ills heart attack. A good doctor could have set him straight. Perhaps it's not too late. DEAR ANN LANDERS: T loved reading that lettel from the guy who fumbled his first kiss. It was sort o( sweet. He was only 15 and green as grass. But what the 19- and 20-year-old Romeos who are still batting zero on the fourth and fifth try? I'm a girl 18 who has run into many lousy kissers. I think it's time someone printed up a few rules. You've never had anything like this in your column to my knowledge and it's worth a shot. (1) Don't ask a girl if you can kiss her. If your lips are within three inches of hers, that's invitation enough. (2) Don't try to kiss a girl immediately after you've smoked a cigarette or a cigar or eaten a hamburger with onions or worse yet a salad with garlic. Eat a mint first, or chew some gum. (3) Don't hold a girl so tight she can't breathe. Remem- ber when you kiss that she must breathe through her nose. Leave at least one of her nostrils free to function. (4) Remember that teeth bite. Both yours and hers. A person can hold his lips in a certain way to protect the object of his affection against minor surgery. (5) When you kiss a girl for the first, second or third time, keep your hands where they belong. If you try for too much yardage too soon you might get penalized for being out of bounds or worse yet, thrown out of the game. (6) After you've kissed a girl don't ask her how it was. If you enjoyed it, she probably did, too. Thanks, Ann. You'll never know how many people you've helped by printing this letter. Puckered Up In Poughkcepsie DEAR PUCKERED: Glad to be of service. It was easy. You did all the work. THE BETTER HALF By Barnes Workers collecting millions against job discrimination "So ir's finally come to this.. .One sack of groceries for nek of money I" By LYNN S1IKRK NEW YORK (AP) Amer- can woman are finding it pays to complain about sex discrimination in e m p 1 o y- ment. Since 19fi5, more than million in back pay and court costs have been awarded to workers, almost all fe- male, who were not getting >aid equally for work of equal value. In some of the more noted cases: than women 'lass workers won in jack pay and interest from Wheaton Glass Co. of New Jersey. -Some 300 female tele- phone workers won about in a decision against Pacific Telephone and Tele- graph Co. hundred and seven- ty-six women won from Anaconda Aluminum Co. and the right to hold formerly sex-restricted jobs requiring heavy lifting. The main share of the back pay cases have been settled under the Equal Pay Act of 1963, with about han- dled by the government's equal employment opportunity commission. Labor depart- ment officials say they keep no records of such actions, but up to 95 per cent of all equal pay cases are settled out of means more, uncalculated, sums. ESTIMATES HIGH No Icdcral agency has put a dollar figure on the amount theoretically owed American women for sex discrimination, but a Canadian economist has devised a formula that esti- mates women workers are owed between billion and billion a year. Ronald L, Oaxaca, who worked up the estimates, is assistant professor of econom- ics at the University of West- ern Ontario at London. An economic consultant in a re- cent U.S. government study of sex discrimination in the Bell System, he prepared his sta- tistics as a PhD candidate at Princeton several years ago, based on a survey of more than individuals and their 1907 earnings. His formula suggests that as little as 52 per cent, or as much as 78 per cent, of the male-female wage differen- tial, could be attributed to the effects of sex discrimination. Here's how it works: U.S. census figures place Ilie mean earnings of full- time, year-round women workers in 1970 at Men earned an average of Thus, the 15.8 million full-time women workers in the U.S. earned some billion less than men. Oaxaca's 78 per cent of that figure amounts lo billion due to sex dis- crimination. His lower percen- tage amounts to billion. And Oaxaca said he found the amount is generally even higher vfor black women as group. LACK ACCESS He said the figures do not indicate the simple fact of women being underpaid for work equal to that of men. They also reflect the lack of access women workers have traditionally had lo higher paying jobs. Under specific circum- stances, American law pro- hibits both. The Equal Pay Act says that men and women performing work that requires equal skill, equal effort and equal responsibility must get equal pay. The Civil Rights Act says basically that an em- ployer may not discriminate in hiring or firing, in estab- lishing wage standards, pro- motion opportunities or train- ing. Elderly, middle-aged rebels pioneer new marriage styles DEE WEDEMEVER "Always you have lo be met NEW YORK (AP) The real revolution in marriage styles vill come from the middle-aged and the elderly, says an author vho reports he has observed pu- ygamy and marriages with hird-party "satellites" quietly making inroads among the mid- dle class. Dr. Robert T. Francoeur, 41, a professor of experimental em- jryology at Fairleigh Dickinson Jniversily and author of Uto- pian Motherhood, said he be- came aware of the new mar- riage trends as he travelled dur- .ng the last five years to some 300 colleges to lecture. at the airport by said Francoeur, who has put liis observations into a new book ti- tled, Eve's New Rib. "Within five minutes, they start telling me about a friend of theirs who. Franceour explained that a "satellite" is a Ihird person in- volved in a regular two-party marriage. It differs from an old-fashioned affair because the spouse knows about the relation- ship and accepts it. He said it is unrealistic for people io think (hat one spouse can provide all a person needs, and that ttie wife or husband ought to just look on the "satel- First saleswomen hired by brewery HAMILTON (CP) If 30 per Norman Wright, 37, president lite" as a supplemental relation ship. The original marriage re- mains primary at all times. The example Francoeur gav is a nurse who has a happ marriage but whose husban isn't interested in medicine. Sli has a professional and persona relationship with someone work. He suggested that the bi changes in marriage were les, likely to come from the youn because those who leaned lo a r cl experimentation wer trying communal life for a yea I or two, then coming out an entering monogamous ma riages. "Most married people have lo go through the peri oil of ah out 1 five to seven years of exclusive possession, the love story singe, hefore they can open up to other he said. "If they don't grow out of the possessive stage, I'm afraid it ends in divorce. I maintain the 30-50-age group is going to be the revolutionary one.. cent of all beer drinkers in On- tario are women, reasons For- mosa Spring Brewery, why shouldn't they sell beer, too? The bravery has hired four women to act as sales repre- sentatives. Registration of the women, referred to in a com- pany press release as 'Ms." Monika Hofmann, Irene Baro- nenas, Carol Leslie Moffat and Elizabeth Genovese, has been approved by the Liquor Control Board of Ontario. They're the first female full- time sales representatives em- ployed by a Canadian brewing company, Formosa Spring says, in what has traditionally bcco a male preserve. The women began their train- ing as part of a Hamilton sales team. of the brewery, says the com- pany seeks ideas which will ac- commodate society's changing attitudes. "We are hiring women he- cause we believe they will be as efficient and successful at sell- ing beer as they have been in other professions and jobs which used to be restricted to Mr. Wright said. PUBLIC BINGO 16 GAMES 2 JACKPOTS IETHBRIDGE ELKS LODGE ROOM (Upilain) EVERY THURS-8 p.m. ing himself with women's She says that the bureau, concerns itself with breaking down traditional thinking which excludes .some occupations. ENCOURAGES ALL But within the bureau, the two investigators are the only men among 12 employees. That's sex-typing, admits Ms. prefers the Ms. and even displays on her of- fice wall a lapel button with the slogan: Ms. for MP. But she says the bureau encour- ages applications from "all qualified people." However, it's not likely the bureau will actively stt out to recruit men. Ms. Eastham says there should be a bal- ance of (he sexes in occupa- tions, but she rejects the idea of forced integration. She adds that when the day arrives that it would not bo considered odd or inappro- priate for a man to seek and be hired for the job'as direc- tor of the women's bureau, (hen we'll know that we are successful." The bureau, established In was first headed by Ethel McLellan, a career civil servant with the Ontario gov- ernment. IS SOCIOLOGIST Ms- Eastham joined the bureau in 1970, just before the Women's Equal Employment Opportunity Act was passed. She is a sociologist who emi- grated from England. She admits the bureau has been unable to achieve a bal- ance of the sexes in its own office, but points to success in other areas. The equal employment op- portunities legislation which the bureau administers has been received graciously by employers, she says. "They are conforming not only to the letter of the act, but lo the spirit of the act as well." Employers realized that sex discrimination is a waste of potential talent she said. Seat belts harmful in pregnancy? MONTREAL (CP) An Ot- tawa orthopedic surgeon said here that pregnant women should not wear seatbelts in an automobile because of the dan- ger of "compression" in case of an accident. But the doctor's recommenda- tion at the Canada Safety Coun- cil's fourth annual conference brought criticism from other doctors who said the belts should be worn, and there is no particular danger for pregnant women if they are worn pro- perly. Doctor Robert Forget, chief resident orthopedic surgeon at the Ottawa Civic Hospital, said a pregnant woman wearing a belt could receive serious inter- nal injuries in an accident. "The uterus and fetus are compressed tremendously in an Dr. Forget said. However, Dr. Peter M. Rans- ford, a pediatrician from Victo- ria, B.C., said in an interview such injuries would uot occur if the belt is worn properly. "I think pregnant women should wear their seat Dr. Kansford said. WINNERS Mojestic Ladiei Softball Raffle luano Noss Food Hamper 2ntf Anthony Kwec Dog Radio 3rd 5 draws for dinner (or Mrs. A. Zacchigno, Mary Unrau, M, Blasco, Mary Alice Takacs. HELP US TO HELP OTHERS! The Salvation Army Welfare Services Needs Cloifimg, Furniiure, Toys, Household Effects CALL FOR PICKUP SERVICE OR LEAVE AT 412 1st AVE. S. SIMPSONS-SEARS SEWING MACHINE RENTAL loli of mending lo do? A wedding soon? A yen to be creative? Rent end Sew with a gorgeous KENMORE ZIG ZAG from Simpsons-Sean. Telephone 328-9231 Or Drop In At Simpsons-Sears, Centre Village Mall For Complefa ;