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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 12, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 22 LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, June 12, 1974 Lawrence Lamb M.D. Dear Dr. Lamb Regarding your column stating vitamins can be harmful, can you be more specific? Granted, vitamins in large quantities are dangerous, but what is large? Is it possible to specify relevant safe ranges for normal health conditions? Dear Reader The range of safety between what you need for good health and the amount that will cause medical problems is fairly wide for all vitamins. Anyone who limits his intake to less than three or four times the recommended daily allowance which is usually listed on vitamin bottles, will not have any serious risk of overdosage. I see no reason, though, for normal people to be taking more than twice the RDA amount. The Food and Drug Administration has requested that new vitamin preparations contain no more than one and a half the RDA amount. The big dangers are commonly vitamin A and D. Anyone taking more than 25.000 units of vitamin A a day regularly may develop vitamin A toxicity. There is no reliable evidence that giving more than 25.000 units a day for any reason, including medical problems, accomplishes anything more or faster. The" RDA. for vitamin A is 5.000 I.U. (international units) for men and 4.000 I.U. for women, using the 1973 values just released. Vitamin D's safety margin is less well defined. Growth retardation in children has been reported with doses as low as 1.800 I.U. a day. You don't need more than 400 units a day. So. if your total consumption of vitamin D from pills, fortified milk, and other food products is less than four times that amount i 1.600 I.U.) a day. you are not likely to have a problem. Vitamin E. even in very- large doses tested to date, has not been shown to be toxic. Excess amounts are often not even absorbed from the digestive tract. The excess passes out with the undigested food residue. Excess vitamin C is usually eliminated in the urine and will not harm most healthy people. In large doses it will affect some people with sensitive intestinal tracts, causing diarrhea. Why am I not more specific'.' Because the amount varies according to how sensitive a person is. Most people, but not all, with sensitive digestive tracts can tolerate 1.000 milligrams a day. The new RDA value is only 45 milligrams. To get 1.000 milligrams of vitamin C from eating normal goods you would have to eat about 16 oranges a day if that was the only source of vitamin C. I suspect 16 oranges would give a lot of people diarrhea. The rest of the vitamins are not really likely to cause anyone a probfem if one doesn't insist on taking amounts over four times the RDA value. Fortunately all the vitamin B group are water soluble and the excess amounts are easily eliminated, usually in the urine. Now. some doctors do use much larger doses than four times the RDA amount, but this is in a medical treatment area called megavitamin therapy. It is still experimental, and the results are questionable. There are enthusiasts for their use in psychiatric problems, but many reputable scientists dispute their value in such cases. Send your questions to Dr. Lamb, in care of this newspaper, P.O. Box 1551, Radio City Station, New York, N.Y. 10019. For a copy of Dr. Lamb's booklet on balanced diet, send 50 cents to the same address and ask for "Balanced Diet'1 booklet. Flashback 1903 The city of Niagara Falls. Ont. was incorporated. 1944 The Nazis opened their flying bomb attacks on Britain. 1950 Two agreements were signed in Ottawa by Canada and the U.S. to avoid double taxation of their citizens and to prevent income tax evasion. Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. (1OREN c Tht CXiclfe Tribune Both vulnerable. South deals. NORTH 7 K 9 5 t A q X 3 2 WEST EAST A 9 72 H3 0' A Q 5 4 K G .1 .1763 Q III 2 J 5 K ID 6 4 SOUTH A J 10 5 i K .1 10 9 2 A H 7 The bidding: South West North East 1 I'ass 2 4 I'ass 2 I'ass 3 I'ass 3 I'ass 4 I'ass 4 NT Pass 5 Pass 6 Pass Pass Pass Opening lead: Two of 4k Since the introduction of point-count bidding, the gap between the expert and the amateur in that aspect of bridge has shrunk consider- ably, and 1 like to think that my writings contributed to this development. When it comes to the play of the cards, however, the pulf is still pronounced, and this is particularly true of defense. The auction started off in in a straightforward manner. Because of his wealth of con- trols and good support for spades. North realized that the combined holdings might offer play for slam, so he went out of his way to bid two suits before jump-raising his partner's first suit, thus pinpointing his heart short- ness. With the hands obvi- ously fitting rather well, South checked on aces and settled in the small slam when he found he was off an ace. West was British interna- tionalist Tony Friday, and he had been tuned into the auction. In an effort to cut down dummy's ruffing po- tential, he led a trump. The success of the contract obvi- ously hinged on developing the heart suit, .so declarer. Andy Gabrilovitch, one of the leading players in the S., won the opening lead with the (jueen and led a heart to his nine Despite the fact that he held the queen. Fri- day won smoothly with the ace! From declarer's point of view, this seemed to mark East with the q u e e n of hearts. Therefore, when West returned a second trump, declarer won in dum- my, crossed to his hand with the ace of diamonds and ruffed a heart with dum- my's remaining trump, hop- ing that East had started with the queen-third in hearts. Ace of clubs and a club ruff put declarer back in his hand to draw the last trump and cash the king of hearts. When the queen failed to drop, he surren- dered a heart trick for down one. Note that declarer is al- most forced to make the contact if Friday wins the first heart with the queen. After winning the second round of trumps, declarer's best chance is to take a ruff- ing finesse for the ace of hearts. When this succeeds, he is home. Your horoscope By Jeane Dixon THURSDAY, JUNE 13 Your birthday today: Once past the experimental changes of the first six months, your year turns to sound progress, personal growth, improving earnings. Relationships are delicately balanced for a while, are confirmed as you make the mid-year transition. Today's natives have an inventive approach, often work on speculative estimates of quantity and probability. ARIES (March 21-April Take it easy this morning, float through the contrary moods, a string of doubtful statements. Make your pitch in the late afternoon as your turn arrives to exert leadership. TAURUS (April 20-May Morning, early afternoon are for listening, finding flaws in existing methods and policies. Later in the day is time for doing something about them. Tonight calls for modest celebration. GEMINI (May For a change, a late start gives you an advantage. Others" have gone off on tangents and you're free to choose your own adventurous course. This evening give or find a small party. CANCER (June 21-July A sudden burst of energy finds no clear channel of expression until afternoon. Be wary of promises or decisions before then. It's a long day. so pace yourself to avoid fatigue. LEO (July 23-Aug. Today mind and body are joined closer and you're sure of yourself. Success at some long-wished personal venture is more likely to happen in the afternoon and evening. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. Wait awhile before plunging into any suggested project. People and circumstances sort themselves out by late afternoon and you then get a great deal done. Evening is for review of the distant past. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. Many people try to influence your choices. Stick with previous commitments, the best interests of loved ones. Expect temporary opposition there (mainly to bring a stronger reaction from SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. Personal matters experience an early readjustment, then an expansion. You're off on a new direction and apt to prevail easily. Extra effort, overtime are favored, success indicated. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dec. Revision of family arrangements doesn't settle until half the day is gone, distracting you somewhat from business and career. It's okay, there's plenty of opportunity later to catch up the slack. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. proceeds at its usual pace with any discrepancies obvious early- enough that you can attend them. This is no day for casual loafing or sudden changes of plans however. Stay on the job! AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. Whatever you've been doing is good for another go- round. This time be sure you've got the whole story together before you begin any serious presentation. Restudy the situation this evening. PISCES (Feb. 19-March Get busy, the sooner you clear off neglected or long- standing personal obligations, the better. You have strong intuitive inspiration coming soon, much to do to react effectively. 1974. The Chicago Tribune Ask Andy BIG FISH Andy sends a complete 20- volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Rick Adrews, age 14. of Williamsport, Pennsylvania, for his question: How big is the biggest fish? Picture a streamlined monster about 45 feet long. Color him slaty gray and adorn his hide with pasty white polka dots. Add a spiky fin on his back and a pair of mighty fins to his tail. He is the whale shark the largest of all fishes in the sea. If you care to weigh him. you may find that he tips the scales at around 20 tons. When some people think of monsters of the deep, they assume that the biggest fish in the sea must be a great whale. Actually, the whales are air- breathing mammals, which naturally disqualifies them from all fishy competitions. The largest fishes are not at all like the herrings and other average types. They belong in the Class Chondrichthes. a term meaning the cartilage fishes. They are the sharks sea- going monsters whose bones are made of gristly cartilage. Instead of scales, their tough hides are embedded with numerous small spikes. Instead of the ear-muff .shaped gill covers worn by most fishes, the sharks have slits, or gill clefts. Water enters the mouth and emerges through a double row of these clefts, where the neck should be. The ancestors of the sharks prowled the salty seas ages before the bony fishes arrived. Their family tree dates back at least 350 million years. Scientists suspect that the early sharks were the first animals to have teeth. Remnants of these primitive teeth survive as small spiky scales, emlx-dded all over the skin. Modern sharks are famous for their toothy jaws. All the shark species are voracious meal eaters and some are deadly killers. Many are maneaters. lurking along Ine beaches of warm and Tropical seas. Considering their shocking reputations, one would expect the largest shark to be a monstrous monster. But strange to say this is not so. As the largest fish in the sea. the 45 foot whale shark is almost a sissy. Divers report that he pays no attention when they swim around and around his 20-ton body. Neither does the gentle giant devour seals and large fishes, as his smaller relatives do. Like all sharks, he is, of course, a meat eater. He also swallows his food alive and kicking. But his diet is limited to morsels such as sardines. shrimp and small squid. He swims through schools of these small creatures with his mouth open, gulping food with the sea water. The food is sifted out by a sieve of rakers in the back of his throat. He gulps it down and sends the surplus water out through his gill clefts. Without a doubt, this whale of a shark is the biggest fish in the sea. Many specimens have been found to measure 45 feet. Some observers insist that a few have been known to measure 60 feet. Questions asked by chil- dren of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Huntington Beach, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) Fun with figures It was hot in the stuffy little office. "What's the time. Sam''" she asked plaintively. "I'm half asleep." The old man smiled. glancing at his watch. "This will keep you busy a while." he told her. "In sixteen minules time it will be twice as lonp since 3 o'clock as it was 1il3 5 o'clock eleven minules ago." Weir i Answer tomorrow) Yesterday's answer: SWAN was 1097. DO YOU THINK THERE'S A MARKET FOR ANTI-CAT STORIES? .J PLAV6EA6LG MA5 60U6HTTHE UJHOLE An ordinary dog at that. And txj, once ucjain. Kitten Kaboodlt? liud to admit she had been outsmarted by a dog. [3UT WE AIN7 EATIN 100-VEAR-OLD EG-GS WITH OUR ON ACCOUNT Of CHEF IN THt KST CHINESE RESTAURANT IN TERRITORY. wwse HI AND LOIS EVEN IF IT'S WEDNESDAY, I THINK I DIP PRETTY REMEMBERING IT WAS THURSDAY YEAH, eo BACK AND CHANGE. IT'S WEDNESDAY WE'RE SUPPOSED, THURSDAY A STUPID BUGS BUNNY WHAT ARE YOU DOING -..........._ ir LOOK LIKEV I'M CEPAIK.1M' N'ER TELEVISION THEN! THERE'S HOW NOTHING I COME I WRONG .GOT A WITH CALL T' COME ELM, STREET.-" THIS IS 2IO 15 NEXT BLONDIE SHES BEEM RIGHT HERE IVE BEEN ALL. OVER TME NEIGHBORHOOD AMP CAN'T RMD DAISY T ANYWHERE AT LEASTSHE HASM'T SEEM OUT TROMPINS AROUND IN THE RAIN r' ARCHIE ONLY THE BISeEST HEAR 1 HICKORY "TOD BOYS NUT WE WERE FOUND LIVING WAS THE WOODSV JUGHEAD I'M SORRY, JUS LET'S SHAKE AND BE NOW, WHAT ARE YOU 6OING TO GIVE ME; f OKAY, JUST FOR THAT, I WON'T GIVE YOU v WHAT I HAVE THE DOCTOR SAYS IT'S POISON HAGAR THE HORRIBLE ThlAT MOT CRUEL LIKE BEETLE BAILEY X LT. i HEAR WE STAT 1ST iCS OWE OUTA EV'RV TWO MARRIAGES IN TM' WILL END I TH'O.S. GCVAMIMT S IS WHAR.'f 1 1.OVES ONE O'OUR WARM AGES 5 i SAY YOU NKP mm PISTANCE ;