Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 11, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
8 LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday. June 11, 1974 Ask Andy MATHEMATICS Andy semis a complete 20 volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Beth Bn'gler age 10 of llunstville. Alabama, for her question: How did mathematics begin? We know that math was taught in the schools of old Babylon 4.000 years ago. The pupils learned numbers, addition and subtraction, multiplication and division. They also coped with areas and circles, angles and triangles. It stands to reason that their ancestors must have gathered these skills through many generations. Hence, the first one-two-three steps of math must have started before the dawn of recorded history. In general terms, mathematics is the study of amounts and comparisons by using numbers and symbols. This sounds like a large order with many brunches. And so it The basic branch is arithmetic, the simple one two three of counting that can go on forever. Other branches include problem solving algebra and space measuring geometry. We have no records of the first lessons because they began before mankind could write down his doings. Obviously the first settled communities needed ways to count their flocks, measure their corn and build their houses. Perhaps they used pebbles and sticks to count and tally in ones. No doubt they tallied on their fingers because sooner or later they arranged their numbers in groups of fives and tens. They invented other math skills as they needed them. Long distances were measured in strides, shorter distances in Knuckle and arm joints. Measuring their fields must have been a big problem because they had to solve the mysteries of areas and angles. These and other basic math skills were solved because they were needed in the dim forgotten past. The next big steps were taken when scholars had time to explore beyond the immediate necessities. More than 6.000 years ago. the early astronomers of Babylon invented a clever math svstem to chart the heavens. Their counting was based on sixties and we still use their svstetn to cope with circles, angles and d e g r e e s Meantime, the Egyptians learned the math skills needed to build their astounding pyramids. These first basic skills also were mastered by the earliest civilixations of India and China. Central and South America. Often the early scholars visited and exchanged ideas with other communities. The next great advance came when the wise men of ancient Greece used these basic skills to solve what must have seemed like impossible problems. Around 500 B.C.. Pythagoras stated his famous t r i angle theorem, and invented what we laughingly call the new math. Around 300 B.C.. Euclid wrote history's most complete basic math texts. Questions asked by chil- dren of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Huntington Beach, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) Fun with figures Bv J. A. H. HUNTER Each distinct letter in this very easy addition stands for a particular but different digit. It's only a matter of elementary arithmetic and common-sense. Take the letter S in SWAN. You can see what digit that must represent. Then what about the letter A. and then the D and the W? Evaluate this SWAN. Goren on Bridge KY CIIAR1.KS II. GORKN c 1974. The Cfticjfa Both vulnerable. South deals. NORTH A S 5 4 3 K 73 Q52 K63 WKST KAST A K HI 9 A Q J 7 6 J 10 9 2 Q K 5 97 864 4 -IK 7 4 109 SOl-TH A 2 A fi 4 A K J in 4 A Q 5 2 The bidding: South West North Kast 1 Pass 1 NT I'ass 3 4 Pass 3 I'ass 3 I'ass 5 I'ass Pass Pass Opening lead: Jack of If I had a penny for every hand lost thru careless play at the first trick. I would not have to support myself by writing a bridge could retire a very wealthy man indeed. AHho he held four spades. North electee! to make the more descriptive response of one no trump over South's one diamond opening bid, rather than introduce such a scrawny suit When South showed his strength by jump- shiflinc and then bidding his heart fragment over his part- ner's preference. North re- alized that the spade suit was wide open. Therefore, he eschewed a nn trumfi con- tract and indicated that he had a good minimum by Your horoscope By Jeane Dixon WEDNESDAY. JUNE 12 Your birthday today: Opens a year of intellectual growth, many episodes of high adventure, occasional triumph. It is better to use or take immediate cash when it's available rather than deal in long-term credit arrangements: better also to abstain from an involvement and be free of extra obligations. Today's natives are firm in their appraisals and guesses, willing to back their hunches. ARIES (March 21-April A thorough search will locate people who are willing to endorse your projects. Financial backing is available from people who probably choose to avoid publicity. TAURUS (April 20-May Cooperation is lively, sparked by good humor, within the range of your level of people. Those of much higher or lower authority aren't so ready to work with you. GEMINIOIay 21-June The world is watching you today. Business and public life are emphasized. Details relating to your household and home life, however, distract and delay you. CANCER (June 21-July New friends arrive, old friends change. Extra factions come to light that are not readily understood or acceptable "at first mention. Dig in for a session of waiting! LEO (July 23-Aug. Once you've heard opinions all around, you still have to make up your own mind. Authorities sho'uld be left alone in their dignity. Settle your personal accounts, agree on new terms and budgets. i Answer tomorrow i Yesterday's answer: Doug had 20 coins. jumping !o five diamonds, which endi-ri the auction. The opening lead of the jack of was won by the ace. The ace and king of diamonds were cashed, arid declarer exhibited good tech- nique when he left the re- maining trump outstanding to test the club suit. He cashed the ace of clubs, crossed to dummy's king of clubs and led a low club towards his queen. Knst ruffed and .South followed with his low club. The queen of hearts forced the king, and declarer sud- denly realized that he had no entry to his hand to cash the queen of i-lubs on which he would discard dummy's heart loser. He tried a spade, but the ilefender.s were on their toes. They won the spade and caslii d .1 heart for down one. It did not require any high- level techni'-al play to bring home the contract, just a bit of eare at the fir.st trick. Observe the inference if de- clarer wins the opening lead in dummy, and plays the hand in exactly the same fashion. when East ruffs the third club and re- turns a heart, declarer wins in his hand with the ace and can play the queen of clubs, sluffinc heart from dum- my. A heart ruff is the elev- enth 1rick II not help Kasl to re- fuse ruff 1he third club. South would win the queen an'1 ruff his remaining flub with the queen of trumps. losing 'inly a trick in each major suit. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. It may be time to reveal long- range goals to your correspondents, but riot for local promotions. Investigate additional methods of supplementing income. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. Ask no favors just do what you've promised, insist on getting value received in prompt return. Postpone conferences or even the swapping of simple ideas. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. C'lose associates are extremely helpful for purely personal enterprises. Avoid making any move relating to group or family resources. Pursue creative hobbies. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dec. Extra money is within reach for those who are willing to work for it. People who review your work are temporarily difficult to please. Mate or partner is at odds. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. Expect pressure for more work, quicker results. Deliver some part of the work early, the rest punctually if possible. Personal encounters are generally pleasant. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. Questions arise where you'd thought all issues settled. Time out for reasoned answers! Avoid impulse- buying. Conditions will shortly change, and you'll need the money then. PISCES (Feb. 19-March Special plans are revived and rolling again. Get out in the open, make the rounds on your own initiative. It's not a good time to convert resources to ready, easily spent cash. 1974. The Chicago Tribune Lawrence Lamb M.D. Dear Dr. Lamb My cholesterol reading is 245. which I understand is quite high for a 45-year-old female. .My general health is good in everv other respect. My pressure is 120 80. and I still have a regular monthly menstruation. I have been on a low- cholesterol diet for a year corn oil margarine, only one egg a week, skim milk, only cottage cheese and my cholesterol level is higher by nine points. I have read many reports and articles on the subject, but they mostly refer to men. My specific questions I'd like answered are the following bits of information given to me by friends: Once cholesterol is in the arteries it can't be dissolved. A woman's cholesterol goes even higher when her menstruation period stops. Alcoholic beverages and beer are pure cholesterol. An exercise plan will reduce cholesterol. Dear Reader Your cholesterol reading is fairly high, but not excessive. A variation of nine points from one test to another is not significant. You can consider your reading essentially unchanged. Regarding those bits of information, and may I add. misinformation, cholesterol and some of the fat with it that deposits in the arteries can be removed in time with successful corrective measures. The arteries of monkeys on a rich diet were loaded with fatty cholesterol. In those animals put back on a low calorie monkey diet, the arteries were cleared of fatty cholesterol deposits. Information on prisoners of war. people in occupied lands of Kurope in World War II and similar studies all provide evidence thai some reversal is possible It is true that a woman's cholesterol level tends to rise alter ihc menopause. The changes in the arteries begin then and 15 or 20 years later changes in women are ihe same as those noted m wn of ihe same ape. Chemically speaking, cholesterol as an alcohol. BIT fhe alcohol you drink is a very srnaJl molecule. 11 contains only two carbon atoms. Cholesterol is a huge molecule KittenKaboodle was a lazy cat. Actually, all cats are lazy. Kitten Kaboodk was also ugly, stupid and completely useless. But, let's face it, aren't all cats ugly, stupid and completely useless? I LOVE I AlMTi-CAT STORIES' SHORT RIBS O STREAM PROM MERE 1HAT WITHOUT TUR.MiNG- WINNER WILL BE WORLD'S CHAMP. MEN' ULTIMATE HI AND LOIS MAS THAT MEAN OLD AIR POLLUTION BEEN YOU A HARD TIME ASAIN WHAT'S WRONG, SUN BEAM YOU'RE NOT YOUR BRIGHT, CHEERY SELF TODAY BUGS BUNNY KNOCK OFF GOOD THINKING, PER. LUNCH i y- 1 T DOE5NT SEEtvt RIGHT TO EAT A SALAMI SANDWICH IN j' THESE S16H.' WHATS. WRON-5 r BLONDIE by comparison, containing 27 atoms of carbon. Its size causes it to be a waxy solid rather than a liquid. The alcoholic beverages contain no cholesterol at all unless you add an animal product, such as in making an egg nog. Yes. I think an exercise program can help. The idea is to use exercise and diet to eliminate excess stores of fat. In general, those people who are quite lean tend to have low cholesterol levels, although there are many exceptions to this. If after effective elimination of all extra fat stores, the cholesterol remains too high, then certain medicines can be used with the diet and exercise program effectively to lower the cholesterol- I don't think, however, that any of these medicines are a substitute for proper diet, exercise and other living A naoit of drinking alcoholic beverages can usually defeat a good dietary program. Most people who drink will not stay on a diet to lose fat. if they want to lose weight. For more information about cholesterol, write to me in care of this newspaper. P.O. Box 1551. Radio City Station. New York. N.Y. 10019. and ask for the booklet on cholesterol. Send 50 cents to cover costs. Dr. Lamb welcomes questions from his readers, but because of the volume of mail he cannot answer personally. Questions of general interest will be discussed in future columns. Write to Dr. Lamb in care of this newspaper. P.O. Box 1551, Radio City Station. New York, N.Y. 10019. (Newspaper Enterprise Assn. t Flashback By THE CANADIAN PRESS June 11. 1974 1638 The first earthquake recorded in Canada was Icll at '1776 The Second Congress -a oommiUec 3o drall the T.S Declaration ol independence. OF COURSE. IT WILL LOOK A i_OT BETTER ON VQLJCJ I i WIPE THAN IT DOES i ON HIM v HOLD IT UP TO VOU DAGWOOD---SO I CANJ HELP ME PICK OU SEE MOW IT'LL. LOOK A MICE NEGLIGEE ON CORA i OR CORA'S BIRTHDAY ARCHIE .i s Y'NEVER HAC COUNTRY- BUCK A WESTERN .'V MUSIC YOU NEVER TO OUR DANCES THIS IS REAL FOOT-STOMPIN' COME COWBOY, LET'S MOVE IT I THOUGHT I YOU LIKED 1 BUT THIS MUSIC DON'T.' IT WAS FEET T WAS STOAAPlN' ON HAGAR THE HORRIBLE ACE HAVING' THAT BEETLE BAILEY PASN ZERO.' IT TOO fc-i' LI'L ABNER TUMBLEWEEDS A. MARRIAGE iS HAPPV SAV.E _- r D' -VO' IS A SO WAM LECTUAL LEVEL.