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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 11, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE tETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, Jun Mark Franlddiid So many studios have been made on Corrections Unit have conic to nought it is not surprising that Cor- rections officers tend to take an un- enthusiastic view of each new report. They must be a little staggered, then, that Justice Minister John Turner lias so quickly produced proposed legislation based on the Ouimct re- port tabled in the House of Com- mons only a few months ago. The proposed legislation only deals with one aspect of the report, to be sure. But it is a key matter that has come under consideration one that will affect oilier aspects of the Corrections system in Canada. In proposing bail reform Mr. Turn- er is gelling at one of the nagging in- justices of the system. That injustice was neatly summarized by Mr. Turn- er in his description of bail as "the right of the rich" and detention as "the plight of the poor." In essence, Bail Reform he is proposing that both bail and detention be abolished in all but the most serious alleged offences. Those charged with offences would be trust- ed to appear in court on specified dates. A major effect of such reform would be a further reduction in the numbers detained in custody. Al- ready in several provinces there has been a reduction in the number of people detained, as a result of a new approach to excessive users of alco- hol. The more people who can be kept out of cells the better, accord- ing to the best contemporary thought. There will be satisfaction at this latest indication of concern lo hu- manize the administration of justice in Canada. If it results in making the policeman's job more credible and therefore easier as Mr. Turner promises that will make it doubly desirable. Best CountryP South Africa is the best country in the world in which to live, according to golfer Gary Player. He says this is because the country is free from race riots, campus troubles, and still maintains discipline and law and order. Sir. Player may speak lor some South Africans but he surely does not speak for the majority. The majority of people in that country, of course, are non-whiles. They do not have the privilege of being able to make com- parisons because non-white athletes, unlike Mr. Player, do not go abroad to compete. In fact they are so cir- cumscribed in their movements that they do not see much of their own country. There are no riots or protest meet- ings because the country is under the surveillance of secret police. The non-white people are hopelessly sub- jugated and cowed. Whites such as Mr. Player could conceivably look forward to enjoying their peaceful and privileged position in perpetuity if there were not outside pressures bearing on their consciences. Nothing has been more successful in reaching the complacency of white South Africans as the widening boy- cott of their country in sporting acti- vities. Mr. Player's own defensive- ness is doubtless due to the fact that he has become the object of unplea- sant protests when he competes in tournaments in the United Stales. The statement made by Mr. Player that the non-whites are loved more and understood better in South Africa than in America is open to question. Despite the shameful prejudices ex- pressed toward non-whites and the sometimes oppressive actions prac- tised against them it is very doubt- ful if many black Americans would like to trade places with black South Africans. There is more hope of changing the situation in the U.S. by far than there is in South Africa. Absence of conflict in South Africa is a blessing white men there have reaped for themselves at the cost of denying full humanity to non-whites. The resultant shrivelling of their own spirits is a terrible price to pay. Tranquil Brazil? In the pasl few years, Brazil has appeared to be more peaceful than anj' of the South American nations. But appearances, as even a child knows, very often lie. Stories of bru- tal repression, of torture, of arrest without trial are proliferating, albeit by route of a clandestine press. Brazil has been run by a military dictatorship since 1964 when its left- ist civilian government was o v e r- thrown in an army coup. Since then there has been severe press censor- ship; habeas corpus has been set aside and the constitution ignored in favor of the military edict. Demon- strations of any kind are severely dealt with, airing of grievances im- possible without risk of cruel punish- ment. Following the kidnapping of U.S. Ambassador C. Burke Elbrick last September the death penalty, which had been outlawed for years, was restored. (The U.S. was power- less to prevent this reaction which could scarcely avoid stirring up anti- Americanism in opposition Reliable press sources report that terrorism is growing although reports of violence do not appear in the local press. Roman Catholic clergymen have protested, but reports of their statements are never published in the rigidly government controlled Brazil- ian newspapers. The power of the Church is very great in this predominantly Roman Catholic nation. Last year the Bra- zilian Bishops' Conference urged a return to democracy at the earliest possible moment and more recently a security policeman accused of tor- turing a nun was excommunicated. More of this kind of treatment may be expected from aroused and cour- ageous church authorities. This is a clear case of exception to the old rule that church interference in affairs of state is unjustified. If a return to democracy in Brazil is not possible without a bloody revolution, at least the army might be persuad- ed that repression of dissent is not the only road to domestic tranquil- lity. Practical Teaching Experience By Eleanor A. Munroe, Intern, Catholic Central High School aged to cany out a systematic and con- tinual program of self-evaluation. The internship program provides addi- tional practical experience for the new teacher. Students who participate in this program have completed the require- ments for certification, and are thus fully qualified teachers. This course may lie taken during a regular university semes- ter, or after the close of the spring se- mester, in which case the intern teaches in a school on a full-lime basis for six weeks. Like the student teacher, the intern works under the guidance of a teacher as- sociate. The internship program, however, provides for a greater measure of inde- pendence and responsibility on the. part of the intern, in such things as planning and preparation, and professional decision making. Hi? increased experience, conv- bined with .the knowledge that hn is a certified teacher, give him confidence and a sense of security. He now looks upon tho other teachers as1 colleagues, and he fwls himself to bo an integral part of the school organization. The intern spends .T longer period of time in a .school than does a student teacher, and so is able lo become ac- qujuntcd wilh his studeul.s individually, and to make lung-range plans for lessons and activities. Ilr an opportunity lo experiment with teaching methods and materials, ar.d lo increase his competence in various skills. These courses give the individual an in- side new of the profession he is enter- ing. By increasing his understanding of Ihe [ask of teacher, they provide him with ih... raw materials witli which lo liuild a Mircc.ssful and reward- ing leaching career. A TEACHER can become truly pro- fessional only after years of training and experience, during which time he in- creases in maturity, wisdom, and profici- ency in the skills related to teaching. The training one receives in university provides the groundwork, and the initial steps of the journey toward professional- ism. On this foundation rests the success of the individual's teaching career. In addition to theoretical courses, it is essential that a teacher training program provide practical teaching experience for the prospective teacher. Two courses offer- ed by the Faculty of Education at the University of Lethbridge which provide such experience are Education 32CO (Stu- dent and Education 4160 (Intci-n- 'Ihe purpose of Ihe student teaching pro- gram is to provide a planned and care- fully supervised learning activity for the student teacher. The sludcnt teacher spends two periods of three weeks each in the school systems, under the guidance of a teacher associate. The first few days of each round are spent in orientation, and in observation of the methods of the teacher associate. The student teacher then gradually begins his formal teaching. The teacher associate aids Hie student teacher in planning and carrying out his activities, and in making a general adjust- ment to his new role. In frequent consul- tations, the Iwo assess the sludent teach- er's performance and discuss ways in which it might be improved. Supervisors from the university make periodic visits to the school to observe the student leader in action, and to offer ad- vice on various aspects of his perform- ance. The student teacher ii also eucour- President Thieu's Plans For Cambodia CA1GON South Vietnam is determined to extract a high price from General Lon Nol's Cambodian government in return foij protecting it iifjuinst Prince Norodom Sihanouk and Ihe Vietnamese Communists. The official visit lo Plmom Penh by Vice President Ky had two major aims: lo get Lon Nol's agreement for long- term South Vietnamese opera- tions across the border and to set strict conditions fa' his treatment oC Cambodia's Viet- namese minority. Saigon wants complete free- dom for its army to operate up to as much as 10 miles inside Cambodian territory. While this move is likely to be described politely as an agreement on "joint border the Vietnamese arc not embar- rassed lo admit that it will real- ly mean moving South Viet- nam's frontiers lo the West. In particular, it will give Saigon control over the whole of the so- called Part-ot's Beak, the trian- gular part of Svay Kicng prov- ince (hat slicks out into South Vietnam for no good geograph- ical reason. said one Vietna- mese coolly, "Ihe Cambodian soldiers do not know where the Parrot's Beak is. They've never put a foot in there." On behalf of the Vietnamese community in Plmom Penh, Saigon is de- manding that Lon Nol create a special zone in which their com- plete security is guaranteed. If the Cambodian govern- ment feels unable to provide the security, Saigon is ready to step in and provide it with its own forces. President Thieu thinks that his government has been alto- gether too gentlemanly w i t h Phnom Penh up to now on this question of the Vietnamese mi- nority. Sa do many of his senior army officers. Saigon has no intention of ob- liging Plmom Penh by repatri- ating all the Vietnamese in Cambodia (perhaps in South Vietnamese officials are already struggling lo cope with (he nearly refugees who have returned from Cam- bodia, some wilh the. help of the South Vietnamese army, others after walking for two weeks or more. The Vietnamese are furious that they have not yet been able to get into Ihe detention camps in Phncm Penh to help their compatriots there. One senior Vietnamese army officer who visited Phnom Penh was told by the Cambodians that it would be unsafe to visil the camps. He replied: "If you let any- thing happen to n.e my men will come and take Phnom Penh." But he had lo make do with flying over the camps in his helicopter. So the word in Saigon now is that only rough talk will get the Cambodians to change their policy towards the Vietnamese minority. Saigon is ready to offer Cam- bodia very little in return, al- though both the frontier agree- ment and a softer policy to- wards the local Vietnamese could be dangerously unpopular wilh Lon Nol's supporters. South Vietnam is prepared to negotiate a settlement of a debt owed to Cambodia dating from the days of French rule in Indo- china. Jt is also willing to rec- ognize Cambodian sovereignty over two disputed but sparsely populated islands in the Gulf of Thailand. But that is about all. Saigon has already flatly re- jected Lon Nol's claim to an interest in the Cambodian mi- nority in South Vietnam, which is as big as, if not bigger than, the Vietnamese community in Cambodia. The South Vietna- mese line, from which they re- fuse to budge, is that these Cambodians are all Vietnamese. Understandably. U.S. officials here have been showing alarm and irritation over1 Saigon's en- t h u s i a s m for intervening in Cambodia. As one Vietnamese put it: Americans have seen that we've been acting 10 feet tall in Cambodia, and they would be much happier if wo returned to our proper size of five feet two and a half in- ches." President Thieu, however, has probably'grasped that there are two elements in the Ameri- can agitation. One has simply to do with Vietnam and is, as one American said, that Saigon might forget "that the real ball game is here and not Cambo- dia." Tliieu is ready to meet this argument. He is already pre- paring a massive pacification effort in the southern half of his country, where the Viet Cong and No r t h Vietnamese should be suffering most from the raids into their Cambodian supply areas and sanctuaries. Some troops have already been withdrawn from Cambodia for this and more will follow. But Tliieu has certainly also re- alized that part cf the Ameri- can worry is that Saigon might embarrass Washington political- ly by flaunting its power in Cambodia and so seeming to have outgrown the need for massive U.S. aid. But as long as Tliieu Is dis- creet he knows he can count on U.S. support for a reduced, but still sizeable, Cambod i a n operation this includes tak- ing over a slice of Cambodia's border, keeping a regimental- size strategic reserve at tho Keak Lucng ferry that can rush to Phnom Penh's protection, and patrolling the Mekong Riv- er corridor at least as far as Phnom Penh. Perhaps men will be needed for this. The withdrawal on June 30 of U.S. advisers, tactical air and logistics support can be lived with for the moment, and can anyway be offset by transfer- ring all Vietnamese air re- sources to Cambodia while the Americans fill in the gaps in Vietnam. Much more Important for Thieu is that, in spite of what Americans say about the real war being in Vietnam, Wash- ington has now got caught up in the new logic of the fndo- China war. Saigon cannot af- ford to let Lon Nol go under. Washington cannot afford to lose Saigon, therefore Washing- ton, if only through the South Vietnamese, must support Phnom Penh. (Written for The Herald anil The Observer, London) Leslie Colilt Hungary Follows Czech Path With Greater Care ERLIN As Czechoslova- kia is drawn deeper into the folds of orthodox Commun- ism. its neighbor to the south, Hungary, is testing whether greater'internal freedom can be achieved without unleashing Ihe political forces that doomed the Czechoslovak experiment. Hungary's Socialist Workers' Party under Janos Kadar has launched an economic reform to break the hold of the ineffi- cient state monopolies. It has permitted an openness of dis- cussion in the press which is unequalled in Eastern Europe and has allowed writers, film- makers and theatrical produc- ers a latitude of expression that is the envy of their East Eruo- pean colleagues. All this has been achieved gradually and with a mini- mum of publicity. Still, it has raised fears among other Com- munists in capitals from Mos- cow lo East Berlin that the Hungarian way to socialism is fraught wilh dangers. Hungar- ian officials stress that Mr. Kadar received Moscow's back- ing for his domestic policy of reform after he assured the Russians that political life in Hungary would remain firmly in the grasp of his Parly. In v'ccent months the Hungar- ian Parly has gone out of its way to assuage the misgivings of the traditionalists in Moscow and East Berlin. .Mr. Kadar has backed them on every foreign polity issue and made the im- portant promise that Budapest ping, the displays of household would seek diplomatic relations goods and cosmetics from the West tend to dramatize the gap between himself and the small, well-heeled professional class which can afford these goods. The resulting envy, plus the with West Germany only after Bonn met East Germany's de- mand for full diplomatic recog- nition. As a result, the East Ger- mans have, at least for the present, called a halt to their diplomatic protests in Budapest against Hungarian journalists who have attempted to give their readers more balanced reporting of West Germany. Mr. Kadar enjoys Hie wide- spread support of his people not so much for the relaxation in controls on the Press and the arts but because of his econom- ic reform program and the new economic mechanisms. Al- though living standards have scarcely risen since the reform was begun in January 1968, the average Hungarian, for the first time, has reason to hope they will improve. The essence of the reform is that individual companies can accumulate capital and invest it according to their own de- cisions. They can take risks in developing and marketing pro- ducts according to their an- alysis of the market and the profits to be gained. Price con- trols have been lifted from a quarter of consumer goods, mainly higher1 quality products. Shop windows arc tilled with attractive and expensive wares, many of them imported from the West. But. much as the typical Hun- garian enjoys window shop- Bushels Of Comfort I'nttn The Ollr.-.va rl'HK old medical adage that, the uorld's population is about, equally divided between those nbo suffer from back troubles and those who don't takes on particular significance for Canada in the light of a recent article in the British Medical journal, the Practition- er. After exhaustive testing, a doctor notes that a niatlress filled with uheat provides a simple and effective remedy for most (onus of backache, wheat made up of 28 pounds of grain wheat in a bag. is said to guarantee unbroken sleep, and refreshed awakening free from pain. If that's good news for those with bad backs, it's better news for the Canadian West, where there must the makings of enough wheat beds lying a tout to banish the back woes of the entire world. Maybe those farmers who defied tiic feder- al no-grow wheat plan will have tha Jast laugh yet suspicion of the man in the street that one needs to be well- connected to enjoy the better things in life, is widespread in a country which only recently achieved the breakthrough from a peasant: society to an indus- trial economy. The short-term success of the new economic mechanism has been impressive. Hungary last year achieved the first surplus in its trade balance and con- cluded a series of beneficial co- operation agreements w i t h Western companies which are investing money and technology in Hungarian industries, with Hungary providing Ihe labor. In the long term, success will depend on the freest flow of in- formation, allowing economic decisions to be made indepen- dent of political considerations. This is the crux of all econo- mic reforms in Eastern Eruope and the main reason why Czechoslovakia has been forced to shelve its wide-ranging eco- nomic reform plans developed in 1968. Josef Bognar, Professor of Economics at the Karl Marx University of Economics in fin- dapcst. is one of Ihe optimistic Hungarian economists who bc- licve that Mr. Kadar and his party feel strong enough lo allow the planners a free rein without fearing political excess- es as occurred in Czechoslova- kia. "How far should the power of government he asks. "What kind of a government do we consider a good govcin- Should it be an initiator of new ideas as with strong government.1; such as in France or a balancing power bent on producing compromise solutions as in the United States, he wonders, with a disregard for dogma that is the rule in Hungary today. "The first typo of government .serves development in the first place, the second type ensures equilibrium. The present Hun- garian government combines these types. This is the basis of a firm political equilibrium which could and can stay firm in a period when extensive and intensive reforms were car- ried he notes in reply to anyone questioning the ability of the party to liberalize with- out threatening its monopoly position. The strictures on cultural life have been virtually all re- moved. A "theatre of the ab- surd" play such as Love Locked in a Cupboard by Gyorgy Szabo ignores every precept of "socialist realism." Bookstores are filled with the latesl books from the West, both the ori- ginals and translations. Ab- stract art was officially con- doned when Ihe Hungarian-horn French painter Victor Vasarely last year gave his paintings to Hungarian museums. Tliree months ago, Hungary became the first Eastern Euro- pean country lo legally guar- antee its citizens the right to have a passport and thus travel to the West. The Interior Minister, Andras Bcnkei, has told a somewhat startled Hungary that his min- istry no longer wishes to be an "ideological watchdog." He justifies this by arguing that the "active" opposition to the Party is minute, the pre- vious "class enemies" have been integrated into society and the "imperialists" are no long- er trying to undermine the so- cialist camp through "erup- tions" but instead by means of "peaceful penetration." His conclusion is novel by the standards that govern interior ministers in Communist coun- tries, but ideologically water- tight: as Hungary is in favor of peaceful co-existence, contacts with the West must be accepted as a "calculated risk" which must be matched by Ihe "at- tractiveness of socialism." (Written for The Herald anil The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD The minister of jus- tice will introduce a bill to amend the naturalization Act. Th.e chief provision will deal with the clause adopted in the act last year that persons of alien enemy birth arc barred from becoming naturalized Ca- nadians for a period of in years from the date of peace. I A wading pool for children will be constructed at Adams Park, North Leth- bridgo. IfttO Dorolhy Lamour has won a vacation from her sarong but it cost her long, coal black hair. The actress wept a little as the makeup man snipped off her locks in response from Ihe executives that the actress try a new style. Heavy, continuous rain and snow over the Crows- n.esl Pass area has caused a slight rise in rivers and creeks in Ihe area. Those who planted (heir gardens before May 24 are having their hopes fade as a result of frost. More than demonstrators stor m c d un- checked through Tokyo in rowdy, snake dancing parad.es denouncing Ihe visil of U.S. Presidcnl Eisenhower June 19- The Lctlikidge Herald 504 7th St. vS., LeUibridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors ami Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. BUCHANAN ih-r (1012 lian Daily Newspaper u of Circulations Second Class Mail Registration N' Member of Tho Canadian Press nnrf (lie Cat Publishers' Association and tho Audit t'.ur Cl.rO W. MOWERS. Editor and Publisher THOMAS H, ADAMS. General Manncer JOE BAU.A WILLIAM HAY 1'dilor Associate I-Mitor ROY K. MILKS OOIHII.AS K WAl.KRH Auvcrlismfi Manager Editorial Paw Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;