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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 10, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, June 10, 1974 Those nothings that can swing elections The not-so-helpless consumer To that rising demand produces rising prices is to state only hall oi an economic law. The second part rules that using prices tend to create a lower demand The second hall of this law is sometimes forgotten by those who make economic' forecasts the moment it applies to the market tor beet In spite of the fact that a long tei in beet shortage has been predicted if cattlemen are not adequately tec ompens-ed stockpiles of beet have risen in Canada from 130 6 million pounds in the spring of 1972 to 206 million pounds this spring The fact of the matter is that, despite comments by Lethbndge butchers last fall that people were buying meat at higher prices without any apparent letup in consumption, this situation has not continued to prevail Consumers are eating less beef because they can't afford it Any housewife could have predicted this, and may of them did And beef may glut the market before long at prices everyone can afford, except perhaps, the cattleman, although he, in turn, is getting a break from lower feed grain prices The rights of children all the emphasis there is in society today on the welfare of children it comes as a surprise to learn that the rights oi a child as an individual are not well defined The Canadian Council on Children and Youth supported by a grant from the secretan of state, is embarking on a three to five year study program concerning the status of the child in (ciriddian society This study has such long term goals as increasing of the current attitudes toward children, and encouraging understanding and co operation among those concerned with the well being of c hildren But a particular objective is to whether a child has rights as an individual as vested in law. in common law or in practice seeking to develop a position legaiding the rights of children as individuals as distinct and separate members of society, not merely as possessions of their parents the council may arouse some apprehension on the part of parents. A fear might naturally arise that this is just one more attempt to fragment the family by encouraging" the atomism of individualism Mis Patricia M MacKay. council president, has anticipated this possible reaction She assures parents that it is iar from the council's intention to infringe on the primary nature of the child-parent relationship Instead, the council is searching for ways to promote an acceptance of greater responsibility on the part of the total community toward the upbringing and education of the child With that assurance the results of the can be awaited calmly and maybe hopefully. Be considerate The highways will soon be travelled a more than usual number of holiday (trailers campers, and what not i These despite vigorous denials from their owners, tend to travel more slowh than normal traffic and can detract from holidaying for others Getting caught in a line up behind a slow rmmng vehicle is not an enjoyable experience It is wearing on the nerves to have to pay close attention to the in front and behind while seeking a safe opportunity to make a bid to pass And it can be the cause of accidents If it is not possible to maintain a vehicle at the posted speed limit it would be courteous tor the driver of it to pull over or pull off when he has accumulated a line-up of a half dozen other vehicles Surely those big mirrors mounted on all holiday vehicles are there for other reasons than to give sadistic pleasure to those who like to watch the frustration on the faces of the drivers behind. A little consideration could make this vacation season a happier and healthier one. Expo I Inspiration for all By Georgean Harper, local writer Do ou realize that Expo "74 the official world exposition is just 400 miles away Lethbndge in Spokane. Washington. We are fortunate to have the world's fair on our doorstep Take a day or two and go down to visit Expo "74's theme is "Celebrating Tomorrow's Fresh New Environment The colors chosen for the symbol are significant, white expresses the cleanliness of fresh air. blue stands for purity of clean water, green represents the unspoiled beauty of growing plants and trees. This is what the Expo "74 World Fair is all about It's site in the heart of downtow n Spokane on Havermale and Cannon i renamed Canada i Islands in the middle of the Spokane river, is a beautiful, inescapable reminder of the Expo theme. In many ways the city of Spokane is also an of the Expo theme. A few years ago Expo site was a jumble of railroad tressles. run-down buildings, an old laundry and parking lots The Spokane river was polluted. and the beauty of the rushing water was hidden from view A skid row occupied much of ihc river front Two railroad stations Thf Great Northern and Union Station sat on prime core territory A third railroad. The Milwaukee Road, had trackage and structures on the site To plan celebrations for the 100th birlhdav of the city of Spokane, and primarily 10 rejuvenate the downtown core, the people "f commissioned specialists to do an in depth study of their pollution. transportation and urban problems and to write an environmental impact statement Evn more amazing, they adopted the a> a planning guide and the impetus for Expo "74 was born Kvrrvone in the city helped contribute to thf change In April 1S72 the three railroads consolidated operations, building elsewhere. ind donated the 20 acres of property to the nli The site and slums were cleared. missive restoration of grass and trees began. Tihnred sewage treatment plants for the Aholf river basin area were built, and improved parking and public transportation stems were undertaken Now all that remains of the past on the Expo site is the Great Northern Clock Tower as a salute to the railroad's contribution to Spokane's economy since 1889. A city landmark on top of the 155 foot tower, the clock kept time for the citizens of Spokane for more than 70 years As an interesting sidelight last year vandals wrecked the old clock. Students at Spokane Community College and the handymen from the city building maintenance department have it running perfectly again The old clock in its tower seems to be enhanced by the beauty of all of the Expo buildings and the new modern environment. Sidewalks in Expo grounds, theme stream pathways, are made of a new paving material called glasphalt composed of recycled and crushed glass and asphalt. More than 70 tons of glass, which would have otherwise contributed Utter, were gathered by Spokane youth groups They were paid per ton for the glass by the North West Glass Association and Rainier Brewing Company A portion of these iunds were contributed Jo the Wash- ington Association for Retarded Chil- dren who hired the retarded to do the actual sorting of the glass at Jhc collection site Besides this, they helped recycle 2.700 pounds of assorted aluminum materials In addition, student groups from the city helped collect garbage and scoured the locale for abandoned automobiles In all they were responsible for the collection and disposal of 456 derelict cars Putting this together Expo comes alive on 100 acres of pleasing greenery, trees. paths and bridges across tlie scenic banks of Spokane River Ironically. Expo "74 is buiH on the same where the town fathers built the water pump house that failed in 1889 This area is again instrumental in determining the future of Spokane If all of us will take heed of the Expo message of what can and must be done to restore our environment, then indeed this area is also instrumental in a much larger vf-nsc International environmental and awareness are consolidated here as a first step for worldwide anli-pollution By Anthony Westell, Toronto Star commentator The same situation prevails in other ureas o 1 the economy On the international scene it is evident in recent action taken by the executive commission of the European Economic Community The commission has decided on a major program to reduce Kuiopcan dependency on imported eneig> especially oil. It calls tor reducing the oil consumption of its nine members from 60 to 40 per cent of total consumption This is the first real warning to OPEC countries, since Nixon's call tor sell sufficiency in energy tor the U.S.. that these countries may. indeed, be pricing themselves out of the market Saudi has been hinting this to its fellow oil producers tor some time now and ti ing to institute a decrease in the price of oil the forecast of the Economist come true that oil would be a glut on the market by the 1980s with the decrease in wasteful use and the increase in production spurred by the energy panic The consumer is not so helpless as he sometimes think. OTTAWA Elections are often won and lost, 1 suspect, not by great leaders and major issues, but simply by accidents At the crucial moment in a campaign when the uncommitted voters ate maKing up their minds, some trivial incident makes the decisive difference A good case can be made, for example, to show that Lester Pearson failed to win his majority in 1965 because a chance remark was taken out of context and entangled him in a hopeless series of explanations and contradictions He was asking the country in that campaign for a Liberal majority and. while giving an off-the-cuff pep talk to a few party workers in Toronto, he described the horrors of minority goveinment Why. he said a minority government would mean another election This was promptly interpreted in the press and by opposition leaders as outrageous blackmail Here was a prune minister threatening the voters that if they did not give him a majority, he would punish them b> calling another election Anyone heard Pearson say the fatal words, or took the trouble to listen to a tape recording, knew from the context and the tone of voice that he meant nothing of the sort. He was making the obvious point that minority governments don't survive for long in the Commons But Pearson's 'threat" became a major talking point in the closing days of the campaign and all his attempts to deny and explain made him appear either deceitful or indecisive On election day. he won 131 seats two short of the magic majority The 1972 election may very well have turned on a statistic- After reviewing the course of the campaign and analyzing the before-and-after polls, historians John Saywell and Paul Stevens, writing in the Canadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairs 1972. say "Apparently, the turning point came when figures published by Statistics Canada during the second week in October revealed the dimensions of the economic problem and underlined the government's failure to deal with it adequately. "When Mr Trudeau failed to produce a concrete program and seemed virtually to ignore the situation, many Canadians turned against the prime minister The statistics were the monthly reports on unemployment and the cost of living Unemployment was the major issue at the time, and Statistics Canada reported it had jumped from 6 7 per cent to 7 1 per cent the first time it had been above 7 for years Confronted with the figure while campaigning. Trudeau said he was "puzzled" a remark Robert Stanfield and David Lewis found easy to ridicule But o o o oooooooooooo Trudeau was in fact right to be puzzled because the figure was wrong Statistics Canada often revises its figures, and in this case it later reduced the estimate of unemployment to 6 9 per cent Had it given an estimate below 7 per cent in the first place, the issue would not have received anything like the attention in the press and on the hustings and voters would not have had the same reason to turn against Trudeau In this election, statistics may again plav an accidental role With inflation as the major issue, there is great interest in figures which compare the cost of living in Canada with that in other countries Liberals defend their record by arguing that rising prices are an international problem and that Canada is doing bet- ter than most countries, and they attack the Conservative proposal for wage and price controls by saying living costs are rising faster in the United States and Britain where thev have tried controls than they are in Canada The Liberal argument seemed to be refuted, or at least weakened, when both The Star and the Globe and Mail carried front-page stories on a report by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) about consumer prices in March. The figures showed that the cost of living was up 10 4 per cent over the in Canada against 10 2 per cent in the Uni- ted States. So. we're doing worse than the States, and perhaps controls do work9 Not exactly By the time the OECD figures were published, thev were already out of date The April figures reverse the situation and show Canada's costs up 9 9 per cent and U S. costs up 10 2 per cent What does that prove'' Obviously nothing The figures fluctuate from month to month and the difference is so small as to be meaningless But as I was saying, it's those meaningless nothings which can swing elections Liberals, NDP meet in attack on controls By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA When the Liberals and New Democrats parted on the night of the Budget vote there were enough hard feelings on both sides to convey the general message to relieved parti- sans that never the twain shall meet. They have not met but they do appear to have con- verged as they were almost bound to do in the nature of this campaign. Both parties are attempting a sort of political rollback For the Prime Minister, as for David Lewis. Robert Stanfield is the main enemy. His criticisms in the last Parliament were directed not only against the Liberals and their record but also against the NDP who kept the Liberals in power and were thus held partially responsible for the record. In the speeches of Mr Trudeau. as in those of Mr Lewis, there is an obvious design, to force the attacker on the defensive by assailing the Stanfield program of income and price controls from every possible direction. This strategy may. up to a point, have been effective It can scarcely escape attention, however, that two sets of arguments are being used and that are not consistent The original arguments were well developed in the last Parliament. Controls, it is contended, are not workable i although some of the Govern- ment s most vaunted policies are based on controls) They have had disappointing results in other countries We cannot do very much about inflation because a good deal of it is im- ported from the outside world. And so on One difficulty with this case is that it is largely theoretical, it may not be sufficient to deter voters, alarmed by soaring prices, from taking their chance with ,1 different policv approach Thus from the outset of the campaign an attempt has been made to persuade the country that Mr Stanfield is not in earnest about controls or will be unable to implement them The Liberals have been particularly alert in calling attention to contradictory or vacillating statements attributed to local Conservative candidates or would-be candidates in the course of the campaign If Mr. Stanfield is not to be taken seriously the conclusion to which these various arguments country be disposed to look more favorably either on the Liberal record of assisting victims of inflation or on Liberal ior New Democratic) proposals for dealing with price profiteering. But Mr Trudeau and his ad- visors seem none too certain that this combination of warn- ings will suffice to discredit the Stanfield case It is accordingly being suggested that the unworkable is also to be feared. In essence the question being directed to nervous voters is: "Do you want your wages It originated with Mr. Lewis but. as a Liberal weapon, it serves exactly the same purpose At Moncton. for example, the Prime Minister, according to his transcript, put the THE CASSEROLE There have been a lot of reports in the press lately of undercover contributions of rnone> to help Republican candidates achieve influential posts The other day a statement was filed in a U S court claiming that a large dasry co-op had pledged up to million to elect a key Democrat It's rather sobering to think that powerful businessmen generally seem to place such faith in the power of money to get their men elected And it's downright frightening to think how often that faith is justified would decrease and precious energy conserved Spanish government is prepared to spend 2 million in an attempt to cut down four daily rush hours to one Spaniards have been taking a three or four hour break at midday when all businesses and stores close are forced to make several trips to tovn to complete 1hei. day's shopping Eliminating the siesta would mean Spaniards would eat at noon rather than 2 p m People wim now go home for lunch would be encouraged to eat near their places oi employment Air pollution and traffic jams I-ast vear was a prettv good one for the CNR instead of the million budgeted lor. its operating profit exceeded 325 million Nevertheless it recorded an over-all deficit of 3 million, because the annual interest payments on its long term debt come to almost million This would seem to indicate the nationally owned railroad is operated well enough, but that its financing is deplorable That makes it even stranger that Ottawa should pick Texas Gulf Sulphur as the best place to sink a few hundred million dollars argument in this form 'Just remember one thing that if had price and wage controls, as the Tones are proposing to you. you could forget your negotiations Your wages would be frozen where they are So at least you have i shouts) "Boo" is right. The wages would be frozen and the prices at which New Bruns- wick is beginning to sell its fish and its wood products and its other resources would be frozen and you would be frozen at a level where you can't catch up to the high cost of living At Newcastle, it was the same message. "What you must remember in provinces like yours, where your mineral wealth and your forest wealth and the wealth from the .seas and fisheries is beginning to give you better prices and the better salaries that go with those higher prices, this is really a heck of a time to freeze prices and wages It sounds rather like You've never had it so good, coupled with a warning of dire consequences if the Stanfield policv is implemented It sounds not at all like the former warnings from the >amc Government in John Young's dav that inflation is a mug's game which hurts more and more people as it gathers strcngjh But if the policy is unwork- able or not seriously intended, whj j-hould voters panic'' What is MI Jnghlening about a for only 90 days. particulariv when pnces will also be frozen1' If the Conservatives are reluctant controllers I which is the point of much of the argument! there max be danger that Mr Stantield will do too little. sureK not that he will do too much It is a little difficult also to reconcile Mr Trudeau the in- flation fighter, placing much stress on anti-protiteering with Mr Trudeau. the defender ot the belter prices that go with better salaries 'Has the Prime Minister, considering his own examples o! inflation without tears, made any check of lumber prices which are not unim- portant in our scheme of things'' If there is this hj-ppy relationship of prices and salaries, win worry about "solutions'" Why not simply let prices rip so that we can all enjov to the full the good fortune that has come to us since we were ushered by a far-seeing Government into this age of inflation'' Some politicians do seem persuaded thai inflation is not the issue Mr Stanfield assumes, that it does, within lirnils create a sense of well being in the country But such compKiccncv is not for the public platform Inflation is to br attacked but the Stanfield program is to be attacked wilh even greater vehemence. A1 leas) however, the argu- ments of Jhe attackers should br consistent with each other H is rather too much to suggest lhal a policy which. according to (he Liberals and New Democrats, will not wrtrit or will not be im- plemented should chill Jhe blood of voters contemplating itheir Juilv decision The Lctltbridgc Herald 5M71HS1 S LelhtmOqe Alberta HERALD CO ITD Propntflors and Publishers Second Class Mail TJo 0012 CLEO MOWERS Etfrtor Publisher An ad in the Edmonton Journal claims the movie The People Next Door" is as 'Vmcnran as Mom's apple pie. Daddy's Srotch on the rocks Notwithstanding that accolade, the film is Kestricted Adult One cari see thai favorite tipple would be unlit for but isn't that an awful thing Jo say Mom s rooking'' DOW H PILL IMS Managing Erilc" DONALD Ft DDRAM Manager WOY f MILES Manage' DOUGLAS K l FENTON rrrulnlion Manager KENNETH BAPWH HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;