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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 10, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI IETHBRIDGE HERAID Saturday, June 10, 197J Dave Humphreys The critical capacity Wholesale absence of the critical: in the genocidal policies of the Wholesale BPSLIK.I. o Germany, has been possi- capacity in society has secently been for because of a delici- tha ITOBII crjtical capacity. capac demonstrated by the keen interesti" taken in a theory advanced in a book and a TV special bearing the same name, Chariots of the Gods. That large numbers of people have been able to read the book and view the film in some instances more than once _ without having their skepti- cism aroused is disturbing. Truth is advanced by means of people making daring conjectures and through the willingness to exam- ine them and then accepting or re- jecting the theses according to the evidence. In tlie case of The Chariots of the Gods part of the equation has been skipped. Acceptance has come without examination of the evidence. On page five today there are three pieces expressing criticisms of The Chariots of the Gods. One of the pieces was written jointly by two-ex- perts equipped to detect the flaws in the presentation of the Von Dam- ken theory. But even without train- ing in anthropology and archaeology perhaps physics it is pos- sible to ask questions in the way the other two lay writers do and be pro- tected from accepting a thesis that seems on the way to being dismiss- ed as false. Why other people have been un- able to throw up defensive doubts against gullibility is reason for con- cern. Some of the worst blots on hu- man history have been the result of people being defenceless in the face of propagandists. The whole terrible record of anti-Semitism, culminating ency in There is nothing particularly threa- tening in the theory that this planet was visited in the past by superior creatures from other celestial bodies. What is upsetting is the fact that so many people are willing to accept the idea without adequate consideration. What else are people prepared to be- lieve that may have serious conse- quences for society? An illustration of how the lack of a functioning critical capacity can have inimical effects was provided in the city of Orleans, France in May 1969. A rumor spread through the whole city that women who patron- ized dress shops were being drugged and. spirited away into the white slave traffic. It nearly ruined the although there was no substance to the rumor whatever. In writing about this Edgar Morin raised the question of failure of the teaching profession. He was not simply concerned that some teach- ers in Orleans actually fed the rumor by urging girl students to avoid the dress shops; he thinks "teaching is becoming increasingly a career, less and less a vocation of the Enlighten- ment." Failure to arouse the enquir- ing, critical capacity is a very great one. If teachers aren't doing this, who is? This is an age of belief. There is too much believing of the unbeliev- able. The cultivating of the capacity for disbelief seems to be a lost art in need of rediscovery. The cost of poveny Observers have been aware for years that poverty and ill health are close companions. The federal gov- ernment carried out a project re- cently which proved this premise. By improving the housing and nutri- tion of 10 large families in the Marij tones, an estimated patient- days in hospital was saved, or the more expensive construction of three hospital beds avoided. There is other mounting evidence to indicate that by abolishing poor housing, malnutrition and the phys- ical and emotional disorders they engender, medicare could be saved from financial ruin. It was estab- lished in Saskatchewan for exam, pie, that the poor show a consider- ably higher incidence of disease symptoms than the more well-to-do. The Winnipeg health department has linked poverty with infant dystentary. In 1969 a survey of over 300 Montreal poor children showed that 33 per cent of them suffered malnutrition, 30 per cent retarded Weekend Meditation Prayer takes courage TN some Communist countries prayer la forbidden. The American sailors cap- tured by the North Koreans reported that they were not permitted to pray. In the fascinating story of the Book of Daniel the king under the urging of his advisers who wished to get rid of Daniel passed a law that anyone praying for the next thirty days would be put In the den of lions. The law according to the Medes and the Persians was unbreakable. Diodorus Sicu- lus tells a tale of how Darius III repented tf his sentence on Charidemos and acknowledged that he had been mistaken, but could do nothing about the sentence for the king's word had gone forth and could not be broken. Thus Daniel could be very sure that the edict would be carried out. As soon, however, as Daniel heard of the law he went immediately to his home where his windows were open toward Jer- usalem and prayed, continuing his custom of praying thrice daily as he had always done. The jubilant courtiers quickly report- ed this to the king and the monarch who liked Daniel was filled with remorse but was quite helpless. Daniel was put in the den and z stone was set on the top of the cave so that the lions might not be Interfered with by Daniel's friends. Such men as Daniel are the heroes of the race who reply to all dictators, "We must obey Ood rather than men." Prayer for them is no selfish indulgence but an effort to discover the will of God and to do it whatever the consequences. The whole story of the Book of Daniel is that of heroism. There is the tale of the four young men who refused to eat the king's food but insisted on the simple food to which they had been accustomed. Then there is the tale of Shadrach, Meshac, and Abed- nego who refused to obey the edict of Neb- uchadnezzar to worship the golden image and were in consequence thrown into the burning fiery furnace. They like Daniel es- caped unscathed, but this cannot be said of the great martyrs of history. Countless thousands have refused to obey the edicts of dictators and have suffered cruelly as a result. Indeed they suffer today and the prisons of Communist countries are full of such martyrs. The great saints have confessed that they European security talks raise questions T ONDON: The Soviet Union won jts six-year campaign for a European security con- ference when NATO ministers recently agreed to begin formal preparations. The Soviets and Warsaw Pact allies first proposed the confer- ence in July 1966 primarily as a concept for the dissolution of NATO and the Warsaw Pact. The two blocs confronting each other in Europe were to be_ phased out simultaneously. The West would thus lose its integrated defence system, the East would retain its system, reinforced as it was and is, in several bilateral agreements which would remain in force even without the Warsaw Pact. The advantage to the East was too obvious for the proposal ever to be taken seriously by the West. Six years later the Soviets, without renouncing the goal, have changed the empha- sis of their campaign. Their new objectives an not so clear as the original but they are taken to be an expansion of trade, international recognition for the status quo and existing frontiers on the continent. growth, and nearly half of them had emotional problems. Nutritionists have established that malnutrition in the earliest months of life impairs physical and mental development. Yet a recently released study of some of Toronto's poor showed social assistance in that city simply doesn't supply re- alistic shelter allotments, thereby forcing families to skimp on food. At present Canada commits 95 per cent of its health spending on curing disease and only five per cent preventing it. Real prevention will require reoriented emphasis in medicare, and updated ways to break down the gap between med- icine and the poor. It will also de- mand a comprehensive program aimed at wiping out the conditions which breed poverty. Not only is this the humanitarian thing to do, but it makes sense. Poverty costs the country a good deal of money with- out touching the basic problem. NATO has preferred to em- phasize means of reducing the levels of arms afld forces in Europe on a basis mutually ac- ceptable to West and East, known in defence jargon as MBFfi. Since NATO first put the MB PR proposals forward in June 1968, successive com- muniques have said that aims reduction talks must follow or be included in a security con- ference. For instance, ministers meet- Ing in Brussels in December, 1869 agreed that the Warsaw Fact's agenda, consisting of declarations of renunciation oE the use of force and the expan- sion of trade, economic and so- cial relations, was unaccept- able. The agenda unchanged is now, apparently, acceptable. The NATO meeting a year ago in Lisbon, under the shad- ow of the Mansfield campaign to reduce U.S. troops unilater- ally, gave priority to Mutual and Balanced Force Reduc- tions. It was in tune with Can- adian policy throughout. Exter- nal Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp and his advisers were never loathe to point out that Canadian points had been tak- en up and enshrined in com- muniques. By last December Mr. Sharp was happy to announce that Canada was ready to "devote considerably energy and re- sources to the efforts which would be required for such neg- otiations." He meant disarma- ment experts, he said, making clear that he was talking about force reductions rather than the ran military aspects of a security conference. This lat- est NATO meeting has left it open to the Soviet Union to de- cide whether Canada's or any- body else's disarmament ad- visers will be required and when. In the communique NATO has now agreed to the security conference. The matter of troop reductions, the communique says, should be taken up "eith- er before or in parallel with" the preparatory talks which are to open this autumn in Helsinki. But Secretary-General Joseph Luns emphasized that the time and date for a meeting on force reduction depend largely on Moscow. No NATO member had gone so far as to make Soviet participation in explora- tory MBFR talks a precondi- tion for preparations on the security conference, Mr. Luns said. The most optimistic indi- cation that Moscow would go along came from U.S. Secret- ary of State William Rogers. He seemed to think the Soviets were willing and, there Is a tendency to add that he should know, since he came direct from the Moscow summit with President Nixon. The Soviet leaders apparent- ly repeated to Mr. Nixon their objection to "block to block" talks about force levels, even though that is the reality of Europe today. So NATO has also committed itself to MBFR discussion on a country to coun- try basis. The first question to be re- soWed in MBFR preparations is which countries will do the negotiating (apparently only those most directly commit- NATO with a loss of the western expertise will be ex- cluded. Among many other questions are, what categories of arms will be discussed? Will naval forces be included? What criteria will be valid? What will be the means of connection f> k) MIA, IK. "Whot's this little anJ arfjurt vote 34.95'." fall 'Sorfof' become lie pomfed himuH fnfo o and he's all talk and no with the security conference proper? NATO has been consistent. The only precondition ever set for a security conference, suc- cessful completion of the new Berlin agreements, has been removed. To insist now on link- ing up MBFR with the security conference would open the al- liance to the charge of obstruc- tion. Though it is hard to under- stand why they were not for- mally linked along if NATO always believes they should be. The preparations that are def- initely on for the security con- ference also raise many ques- tions. Most NATO members have insisted on "careful prep- aration." Does that mean re- setting an agenda or docs it actually mean substantive neg- otiations to narrow differences for the grand conference to be resolved? What country will be the chairman? With what dut- ies? Who will pay the bills? Will observers be admitted from outside countries and in- ternational organizations? How will differences be resolved in the main conference? At what level will it be held? The British government has been among the most cautious in the alliance, convinced as it is that the first priority of So- viet policy remains to main- tain its hegemoney in eastern Europe. This, of course, high- lights the situation which gives apprehension. Here is the Sov- iet Union, with its satellites a block to end all blocks, telling the much more loosely knit western alliance, we prefer not to negotiate on a block basis. In the very nature of its polit- ical systems the West is bound to be more divided. Even if the dressing of the Warsaw alliance were removed the closed, the Soviet dominated system would remain. European security, particu- larly MBFR, Is more complica- ted than the successfully con- cluded Strategic Arms Limita- tion Talks. Yet the SALT talks took too years. NATO expects to complete the "careful prep- arations" and start the security conference with or without MBFR, next year. Looking at the timetable alone, one doesn't have to be a pressimist to acknowledge that the Soviet Union, successfully exploiting eastern problems to date, has a far better chance than does the West of attaining advantageous goals. (Herald London Bureau) Peter Desbarats Intense national debate fizzles out in House Two days of perfunctory de- bate in an almost empty House of Commons last week provided a telling commentary on the government's foreign takeover legislation. By the afternoon of the second day, Tuesday, there were only about 20 members listening to the discussion. It was difficult to remember that this was the parliamentary culmination of an intense national debate that had passionately involved many were at times afraid to pray because they knew that God might have some very dif- ficult task for them to do requiring their utmost fortitude. So Jesus prayed in the garden of Gethsemane and the agony made him sweat blood. But there he gained strength so that as Sidney Lanier puts it in a poem, A Ballad of Trees and the Master, "Into the woods my Master went, clean forespent, out of the woods my Master came, content with death and shame." In prayer therefore Daniel did not only receive challenge, but peace and strength. He knew what he had to do and his mind was not only made up but he bad the confidence that God would be with him. Looking toward Jerusalem when he pray- ed was no mere empty symbol, but a dedi- cation to all that for which Jerusalem stood as the city of God. Most of us if not all of us need such symbols in life which is why we have a cross. For many it is a mere decoration but for others it is symbolic of dedication, complete consecra- tion to the will of God. What a lovely symbol to keep the win- dow open into the eternal world! We can think of the entry of God, the coming of the light and the love of God so that God becomes a power and a reality. Too often we are enclosed in a little cave of selfish- ness and God's light does not shine through. When we open windows toward Jerusalem true prayer illumines and puri- fies liie so that faith grows strong and hope comes flowing back. In his letter to the church at Ephesus Paul says, "Put on the whole armor of God that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil." Then he goes on to tell about the great battle against spiritual wickedness so that a man has to be armored with truth, righteousness, peace, faith, salvation, and the "sword of the Spirit which is the word of God." Then Paul stresses the necessity of constant prayer if a man is going to stand on his feet. Only through prayer can one endure and not be crushed by adversity or intimidated by the forces of the world. Prayer: 0 God sustain us in the fight of life that we may stand fast and be faithful to every great inspiration and holy vision, F.S.M, The good little guys By Don Oakley, NBA Service the curious thing consumerism about movement. It's a movement of the good little guys, the consumers, to impose ethical responsibility on the big bad guys, the corpora- tions, who sell us shoddy goods or poor services and maybe pollute the environment while doing it. But the people who mn the big bad corporations are, as private citizens in other situa- tions, consumers, too. And mil- lions of the good little guys work for the corporations and Time waster NBA service wonder is not that so many men are sporting beards these days but that men have ever taken the trouble of shaving, especially back in tho dark ages before stainless steel blades or electric razors or scented, medicated shav i n g creams. "The man who grows a beard because he considers shaving a waste of time has a valid says Dr. Herbert Mes- con, professor and chairman of the Department of Dermatology at Boston University School of Medicine. In his 55 or so years of shav- ing, the average man will spend roughly hours, or 139 days, looking at his puss in the mirror while hewing his daily growth of about 0.17 of an inch of hair (roughly 'A inch a But be thankful you don't live in Polynesia, says Mescon. Men there still remove their whis- kers with pieces of seashells or sharks' teeth that have been ground to a fine edge. Of course, maybe they don't have much else lo do in Poly- nesia. help make the shoddy goods or deliver the poor services they complain about when it is dona by somebody else. One case in point, which has nothing to do with consumer- ism hut which illustrates this curious ability of people to sep- arate their public and private roles, is the revelation that the Small Business Administration was defrauded of millions of dollars by victims of the Los Angeles earthquake de- frauded not by businesses but by individual people. Swamped with claims, the SB A was forced to accept the word of claimants, who in many cases suffered far less damage to their property than they al- leged, or suffered none at all. (This incidentally punches holes in another idea that a government agency is a heart- less thing run by faceless bureaucrats devoted to en- snaring helpless citizens in miles of red tape.) Another case In point, which also has nothing to do with con- sumerism, is the Treasury De- partment's report that a spot check of income lax returns in the Southeast found 07 per cent of them fraudulent. The re- turns were prepared by profes- sional tax services, but don't bet that any overwhelming number of the taxpayers who used outside help were inno- cently unaware of the hanky- panky. In neither example, in the Southwest or Southeast, was there any organized conspiracy by big bad guys to cheat good little guys. In both, it was sim- ply a matter of grass-roots greed. The moral for the consumer- ism movement? Maybe none at all. Or maybe just this that honesty, like charity, begins at home. Or as Pogo put its, "Wo have met the enemy and he is us." Canadians for more than a dec- ade. Of all the absentees, the most conspicuous was Revenue Min- ister Herb Gray who, two years ago, had been given special re- sponsibility for directing the re- search and policy formulation process that would enable the cabinet to reach a decision on foreign investment. When the debate started, Gray had been dispatched to ex- plain the legislation to provin- cial authorities while Industry Minister Jean-Luc Pepin, whose department will administer the legislation, led off the discussion for the government. If Conserv- ative MP Gordon Fainveather was stretching a point when he said that Gray "now finds him- self in the position of dissociat- ing himself in a general way" from the result of his own work, it was certainly true that the minister's absence from the House was Gray's own quiet elegy for the hopes which had animated some Liberals only a few years ago. Even Pepin, who can al- ways be upon to array himself splendidly in a ward- robe of sows' ears when re- quired, handled this assignment with less verve than usual. His speech on the legislation was uninspired for the most part, peevish in its attacks on critics of the government's policy, and revealing only when he adapted MacKenzie King's philosophy to express the Trudeau govern- ment's policy on foreign invest- ment in manufacturing and re- source industries: not nec- essarily to exclude but to ex- clude only if necessary." "I am not ashamed of using King's said Pepin. "He was trusted by the population for 23 years." Instead of referring to the past, Pepin could easily have presented the legislation in the context of the future. Even if the main purpose of the bill "is not to increase Ca- nadian participation" in the economy, as Pepin candidly ad- mitted, it can be interpreted hopefully as an important legis- lative statement of national in- tent. The minister himself re- ferred to the bill as an example of "evolutionary government" and if he had wanted to develop this theme, there was ample material at hand. The government at this time is preparing a companion piece for the takeover comprehensive statement of ex- isting and new policies designed to increase Canadian participa- tion in the economy. In addition to the Canada Development Corp. and tax policies the gov- ernment is studying new mea- sures to encourage better use of Canadian capital markets, in- creased development of Cana- dian technology and manage- ment development. There is also the important area of collaboration by na- tional governments to develop policies which can effectively regulate multi-national enter- prise. In his statement on the takeover legislation on May 2, Revenue Minister Gray said that the government is studying "specific Canadian initiatives" in this direction. In this area, there is no rea- son for the government to move as cautiously as it appears to he doing. If any nation can be ex- pected to take the initiativo here, it is Canada, the home at present of about one-third of total U.S. long-term investment in other countries. There is some evidence that even the United States might welcome such a Canadiau move. A study of multi-national cor- porations released this spring by the U.S. department of com- merce slated that "a modus of operand! needs to be worked out between investing and recipient countries !n which new ground rules for future investment are articulated and accepted." The report -acknowledged that "an international mechanism for setting conventions of conduct and for settling investment dis- putes has been advocated by knowledgeable observers as a way out of the presently devel- oping Impasse in this area." It might have been useful U Pepin could have steeled him- self to deal with this aspect of the problem in language at least as forceful as that used by the U.S. department of commerce. It was left to Gordon Fair- weather to suggest that Canada should "proceed forthwith to host a conference of countries in the world which are affected by the undertakings of the multi- national corporation." The government's approach to its own legislation on lakeovers last week has been an accurate reflection of the prime minis- ter's own views, expressed in a recent interview with the To- ronto Star. "At this time, it is the step we are taking and we are prepared to be judged by said Prime Minister Trudeau. "We haven't got something else up our sleeve, if that's what you would like me to say." But as any poker player knows, having an ace up one's sleeve and having a strategy in one's mind are two different things. It is the government's refusal to deal with its own leg- islative decision in a forward- looking context that made its approach to the Commons de- bate this week seem desultory end defensive. Copyright 1972 (Toronto Slar Syndicate) The Lcthbrtdcje Herald SCH 7th St. Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD LTD.r Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clan Man ReglslraUon Ho. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Assoclelion and the Audit Bureau of Clrculalloni CLEO W- MOWERS, Edilor end Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Cerwal Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Ed if or ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Edilcr "THE HERMD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;