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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - June 10, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta EDITOR Tim Traynor Go after it! Generally speaking, Canadians have shown a surprising lack of interest in the problem which is absorbing Europeans, and the British in particular, in the past few months -that is the question of British entry into the European Economic Community, otherwise known as the Common Market. Now that France appears to be anxious to have Britain in, and Prime Minister Heath has signified his eagerness to join, the time for decision is very close at hand. Much is going to depend on the terms for entry which will probably be spelled out by the end of this month or the beginning of July. Mr. Heath has not announced when debate on the issue will commence. Although three quarters of the British public is reported to be opposed to entry the betting is that Britain will be "in," with all that implies, not only in economic terms, but eventually in political terms as well. It is time Canadian government and business made preparations for the change. It is bound to have a profound effect on our exports which have until now been awarded preferential tariff treatment in Great Britain. Although our trade with Britain has diminished considerably in the past decade, the "old country" still buys one quarter of our overseas sales. The large portion of this receives preferential tariff treatment. But with Britain a full - fledged Market member, Canadians will find themselves up against a very much tougher situation. The United States takes the lion's share of Canadian exports now, but many Canadians are voicing alarm about our increasing economic dependence on the Americans. If we are to avoid even greater financial dependence on the U.S. we are going to have to be more aggressive in finding alternate markets. In this connection, Canadians should take very seriously the words of Chujiro Fujino, president of Mitsubishi Corp. Japan's leading trade company when he spoke to the Calgary Chamber of Commerce the other day. Said Mr. Fujino, "Instead of waiting in Canada for the orders to come from Japan, Canadian businessmen would be well advised to go to Japan to study the market and our trading practices and establish closer personal contacts - foreign businessmen are a common sight in Japan today, Canadians are too few and not often encountered " In other words business is not going to come to you. You have to go after it. Those closed meetings Members of city council are elected to make decisions on behalf of their fellow citizens. They are not required to test the temper of the people on every issue that comes before them. But in reaching decisions it is frequently helpful to have the benefit of public discussion - all the wisdom in the community does not reside with the aldermen and their advisers at city hall. In the light of this obvious fact it seems like sheer folly to have as many closed meetings as there have been lately in connection with financial matters. Some matters may be of such a sensitive nature as to require secrecy but a price is paid for the privilege of being able to speak i" an unguarded fashion. Secret meet- ings create suspicions of "deals" which are hard to eradicate afterwards. Often decisions reached in closed meetings are not received by the public as sympathetically as they should be simply because the education provided by discussion has been lacking. The decisions might be viewed as being both right and inevitable if some of the wrestling with issues that takes place in those closed meetings could be followed by the public. It is too easy to dismiss the objections of the news media to closed meetings with snide remarks about hurting their business. Getting out the news is more than a business. It is a service - to aldermen just as much as to the rest of the people. Happy birthday, Philip! Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh celebrates his 50th birthday today. Canadians, all of them, wish him well. As the Queen's husband he has distinguished himself in a difficult and demanding role. Intelligent, attractive, physically fit and outspoken, the Prince has maintained a distinct personality in a role which would make less-endowed men retire into anonymity. He has already contributed greatly to humanizing the British monarchy, bringing royalty in touch with the people and the times and at the same time keeping strictly aloof from political involvement. We extend our congratulations and best wishes for that happy birthday which he intends to spend with his family at Windsor Castle. Evaluating teacher performance By Ed Ryan INTEREST in the evaluation of teacher performance is by no means new, but it seems to be 'greater now than ever before. So-called merit rating, however, remains a controversial issue because no one has yet found a method of evaluating performance that teachers and administrators can agree upon. Teaching is a complex business which does not easily lend itself to definition let alone to evaluation. Teachers engage in many different kinds of activities many of which are only indirectly related to teaching. They teach different kinds of courses at various grade levels to many different kinds of students in a variety of ways. In some instances, they don't actually teach subjects or courses but direct activities. Of the multitude of things that teachers do, which are considered significant and which are regarded as trivial? As yet, no one is certain. In fact, we do not know whether all the significant aspects of teaching have yet been identified. lit short, no standards exist which can be commonly agreed upon as the criteria of teaching effectiveness. Yet, there are those who tend to rate a teacher as good or bad on the basis of marks that students receive. This is particularly true of teachers who teach the Grade 12 matriculation courses. The assumption here seems to be that the acquisition of academic skills and knowledge is the only significant outcome of the educational process. But what about other "non-intellective" learnings which take place in the educational process? Changes should include intellectual, social, emotional, aesthetic and spiritual. Are these less important than the achievement of knowledge and skills? It may be that students learn more of the subject matter in the classroom of a supposedly "good" teacher, but students in the classroom of a supposedly "poor" teacher learn more in the way of social skills and favorable attitudes. If such were the case, and these changes could be validly measured, would you still tend to judge the poor teacher as an ineffective one? Grades reflect the more immediate ef- fects of learning, but it may be that the long-term effects are the most important and significant. To what extent do teachers contribute to these long-term changes? No one seems to know. And, even if we all agreed that teachers should be evaluated solely on the basis of the grades that their students received we're still not out of the woods. Grades may be the result of influences beyond a particular teacher's classroom. Grades are often a reflection of excellent teaching by other teachers, both former and present. They may also stem from study habits and motivation instilled by parents. Then, there are those students whose grades will be relatively unaffected regardless of the quality of the teaching. Students learn from each other, from parents, peers, friends, relatives, books, television, films, magazines, movies, visits and a variety of other sources and in-many instances teachers are significant figures in the lives of their students. But to credit the teacher with all the learning that students do on any particular subject is to overrate the teacher. It's highly improbable that the universally effective teacher exists. That is, no one teacher is effective with all students and under all conditions. The teacher who is effective with bright students may be a complete "washout" with dull students. The teacher who "shines" with young pupils may be quite ineffectual with secondary or post-secondary students. The teacher who can't seem to get to first base with a large group of students may be a home-run hitter with small groups of students. And, many a teacher who has failed in one school has moved on to another school and been accepted as a "superior" teacher. Before effectiveness in teaching can be evaluated we must first define the goals of education. Not only must we define them but we must agree upon them. What are the goals of education? And, then, who is more effective in attaining these goals? Until we can answer and agree upon the answer to the first question, we're going to have problems and differences in answering the second question. Recent international developments WASHINGTON - There is, and will continue to be, a good deal of dispute about recent international developments, but there is no danger of overstatement in asserting that key elements of the world situation are in flux. Prime Minister Trudeau's activities in Moscow are a significant aspect of this, judging at least by the non-public comments of U.S. officials and by the observations of various leading U.S. newspapers. There is intense speculation about the signs coming from Moscow. The Soviet leaders have sought to give the impression of movement over a wide spectrum - stemming from the 24th Soviet Communist party congress earlier this spring - to press for an abatement of world tensions. But, the top Soviet leaders have made a new bid for talks on East-West reduction of forces in Europe, and Moscow has subscribed, albeit without much domestic publicity, to the agreement on a basis for further talks on limiting strategic nuclear weapons. Some here would add to the list a Soviet disposition to "Welcome, M. Heath ... Of course, there will be a slight fee for docking!" Letters to the editor Summer recreation program in schools On June 2 The Herald ran an article concerning the summer recreation program brief presented to the Home and School Council. Many of your readers might not understand the background of this article and I would like to explain it. Approximately six months ago a tentative committee was formed to study a summer recreation program for Leth-bridge. Since the semester system came to Lethbridge we find our schools are sitting idle for a long period of time and it was felt that, with an expansion of the present summer program, the schools could be useful to the whole community. The committee was called the Lethbridge School - Community Summer Program Committee, comprised of representatives from the follow- ing: City of Lethbridge, School District No. 51, School District No. 9, Parks and Recreation Dept., City Cultural Dept. and Allied Arts, Dept. of Youth, YMCA, YWCA, University of Lethbridge, Community College, Chamber of Commerce, LCI Students Union, WCHS Students Union, Catholic Central Staff, Paterson School Staff, LCI Staff, Wilson Jr. School Council. This group of people worked very hard for months trying to see how we, as groups and individuals, might make Lethbridge unique with a summer program which would suit everyone. We felt what was needed was a program that everyone could participate in and also to which they could volunteer their services. Volunteers, who have a hobby or a special Separate schools issue Wherever I have been I have always considered it not merely a right but a duty to question and even attack assumptions, policies and practices which can be shown to imp�,','� sound educational progress and true humanism. For some of us this is an aspect of what it means to be professional. Without a ferment of ideas, we teachers are in the profession for no good reason, and debate and debunking are essential in the milieu of industrial societies today. At the same time, we should be putting forward ideas for radical change and improvement in schools and colteges. In this context, I would like to offer some comments on the issues raised by both Fred Kennedy's column (The Alber-tan, June 1) and your own editorial of June 3. But first let me make clear the aspect from which I write. As a newcomer and non-Canadian, I realize that some may regard any comments I make as an intrusion on domestic affairs of this province. I mention this because I want to emphasize the fact that I write as a Catholic, and the Church Universal and its concerns know no boundaries. Therefore, let me express my forthright opinion of the rights and wrongs of the separate schools controversy. Let me say that I agree with almost all of what Fred Kennedy wrote. I agree also that, as you have said, this 'crossing of the lines' weakens the case for a separate school system. Separate schools exist to teach and promote the Catholic faith and to inculcate and spread the doctrines and vision of the Catholic Church, or they have no title at all. Parents have a right, when they send their children to Catholic schools, to expect rigorous and faithful presentation of the doctrines of the Catholic Church The comparative religion course for which Calgary schools are to gain credits can be just as well taught in public schools. The Toynbee version of the four higher religions runs counter to the claims of the Catholic Church to be unique in its spiritual mission. It reduces all religion to almost the lowest common denominator. Theologically, it is very unstrenuous. On matters of moral doctrine, the Church adheres to an essentialist view and to a non-compromising stand on morality in the face of relativism and permissiveness. Properly interpreted, Catholic doctrine calls for radical change in structures and policies in social and political life; changes that would lead the way to attacking the root of the so-called population crisis in the world today. In its most typical stance the Church at once confronts the world and points to the things of the spirit; it challenges and does not conform; it does not confuse false tolerance and weak compromise with charity; but with all its banners fresh from centuries of vicissitude, crusades, not with arms, but with ideas and with love. At present, the separate schools are passing through a phase. That phase can be creatively fruitful for good. The church schools do not exist merely to teach their own members the truths of faith, but to act as a leavening in the whole of society. Ecumenism comes in here. A Christian unity based on basic truths and charity is essential in today's world. Any church school that has the support of its community is a challenge to the monolithic power of the state - for we are to render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, not those of God. Lethbridge. PETER HUNT. interest, might share their knowledge with others who would like to learn more about this subject. The courses would be varied: beadwork, leather braiding, stamp collecting, typing, credit courses for junior and senior high students, remedial courses and awareness courses (listening to a senior citizen talk about the history of the west). Not all the courses would be grouped according to age but rather a common interest. The committee's main concerns were: how to use community facilities to the best advantage, to make sure existing programs were not duplicated and how to find out what the citizens of Lethbridge really wanted. The Home and School Council members spent time in contacting individuals, belonging to groups, to see if we could get reactions from our community. We were very successful with our contacts and having compiled the brief I might state the enthusiasm was overwhelming. The magnitude of the program could, in time, be that a whole family might go to a school and each individual could participate in separate courses - mothers and preschoolers could enjoy a Kindergarten atmosphere doing finger painting etc., father might go jogging with others, sister could learn to crochet and brother would pursue his hobby of stamp collecting. It would also mean that a fatherless family could share friendship with a male adult, a lonely person would enjoy new acquaintances and a person who felt he was no longer needed would realize, each and everyone has a useful purpose in life. I feel Lethbridge or any other town or city would benefit from such a program but we also must realize it takes lots of hard work, and finances. Credit and remedial courses must be taught by qualified teachers, personnel would have to be hired to be responsible for equipment, as schools cannot afford the replacement if damages occur, janitorial staff would be needed. The most important expenditure would be the hiring of an overall co-or-dinator and a director for each school being used. The seed of a community program has been planted by our existing summer program and the new one started by university students using the schools, but how fast and how large it will grow depends on community members themselves. If you agree with these ideas please get involved but remember this is a pleasurable, participation program not a spectator sport. MRS. PHYLLIS JOEVENAZZO. Iiethbridea. augment, or at least not to impede, the American effort to cool the Middle-East. (Though there is evidence of official concern about the possibility of a new Soviet stiffening, in the face of President Sadat's ouster of many leading pro-Soviet figures from the Egyptian ruling establishment.) On one 1 e v e 1, at least, the Canadian - Soviet agreement, and the related comments of Soviet leaders have the appearance of an extension of broader movement in East-West relations. It is so catalogued by the Soviet specialists in the U.S. government and by most press commentators. Looking at the Canadian move in this light, many observers see in it cause for cautious hopefulness. (This is not, of course, the sum total of reaction to Canadian - Soviet dealings.) One possible reading of events is that the Soviets are moving to a new footing - instead of combining mildness towards Western Europe with antagonism to the U.S. they might now be thinking in terms of uniform dealings with the West. This might reflect several conceivable calculations: that a counter to the warming of relations between China and the U.S. is advisable, and, at a more technical level, that the policy followed to date does not give promise of removing the obstacles of relations between West Germany and the Communist bloc. (West Germany, since laying the basis for treaties with Poland and the Soviet Union, has moved - partially in response to pressure from the U.S. - into a cautious posture, stipulating that ratifications of treaties is contingent on an East - West agreement on how Berlin is to be treated in future.) Speculation along these lines has been fed by the particulars of the Soviet bid for talks on reduction of the armed forces and armaments in Europe. The wording of Soviet Party Leader Brezhnev's call raised a possibility that the Soviets were willing to talk on something other than a simple removal of U.S. and Canadian troops from Europe - the usual Soviet starting point for talks. Again, the timing of Mr. Brezhnev's call - it came just as the U.S\ Senate was preparing to vote on a move to cut back unilaterally U.S. forces in Europe - was such as to boost President Nixon's ultimately successful argument that force strength should be upheld in preparation for bargaining with the Russians on mutual troop cuts. (Some would contend that - though Mr. Brezhnev was not talking to help Nixon - the Soviets could easily have held off, in the exception that the Senate would manifest strong support for unilateral troop cutbacks.) Even while thus speculating, Informed observers are taking very much of a wait-and-see attitude. For Its part, the Nixon administration has given a tentative positive response to the Soviet initiative on Europe, as well as welcoming the preliminary report on strategic weapons. On the latter, President Nixon has spoken expansively of increased chance for peace, but no one could be unaware that, across the spectrum of negotiations, the problems to be overcome are immense. Amidst all this, leading U.S. newspapers have looked northwards with mixed feelings. The Washington Post places the Canadian - Soviet dealings in an East-West context, but also within the context of a transformation of the Atlantic world, involving the diminution of the U.S*. leadership role. The paper is philosophical about this, but expresses concern about Mr. Trudeau's Moscow comments. "It is hard for an American to imagine what Mr. Trudeau had in mind when he hinted to his Russian hosts that living next to the U.S. involved certain unspecified military perils - at least, to imagine what perils these could be that differ fundamentally from our own. Yet this is the evident Canadian mood." Commentators as a rule judge that Mr. Trudeau's actions reflect the growth of Canadian nationalism. In editorials by the New York Times and the Christian Science Monitor the nationalist aspect has been dealt with in mild tones. (The Monitor called the Canadian-Soviet treaty a "poli-cal status symbol for Mr. Trudeau" and the Times credited the prime minister with an open display of independence rather than "cheap anti - Americanism or Canadian chauvinism.") In an editorial page article in the Monitor, Erwin D. Canham maintained that the U.S. need not be dismayed by Mr. Trudeau's "mild - flirtation" in Moscow, but went on to express some concern. "If he thinks be can alarm the Washington leadership into believing that the Soviet Union has a kind of foothold on the American continent, and thus obtain a better deal for Canada from the United States, let's hope he is wrong." Editorially, while characterizing the Canadian - Soviet agreement as "harmless, so far at least" the Monitor has portrayed the Soviets as aiming to counter U.S. efforts to cultivate Soviet allies in Eastern Europe. A further aim would be to balance Canada's new relationship with Communist China. The New York Tunes saw Canada moving along similar lines with its dealings with Peking and Moscow. The Monitor asserted that there was no real basis for U.S. objection to Mr. Trudeau's activity in Moscow, adding that Washington was now trying to travel the road to Peking, which has been opened by Canada. (Herald Washington Bureau) Northern development In regards to Trudeau's tour of the U.S.S.R., as shown on CFCN last Thursday evening: Our P.E.T. had the naivete to exclaim that Russia and Canada had much in common concerning their respective north country. If he meant oil and minerals-fine! However, that is as far as the similarity goes. The Russians develop the north for THEIR OWN economic good, whereas Canada welcomes the neo - colonialists who come in droves to exploit it for the latters' OWN good. Any corporation that puts thousands of dollars into a country but takes out millions sure as H---is not developing it! The Russians train their northern natives to develop their own environment. What does Canada do? It sends so-called "experts" from the south and the only thing they are adept at is to alienate themselves and the federal government f rem the Eskimo, Indian and Metis of the area. Our esteemed PM also had the audacity to say that there was no immediate economic need to develop the north as the Russians have and are doing. What in H---does be call sky-rocketing inflation and unemployment - the good life??!! It is about time that Canada got off its collective butt and did something worth while for the people, including the Eskimo et al. Lethbridge. DISENCHANTED. Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 - Canadian rail wages were cut by 12 per cent. 1931 - Videra, Saskatchewan shattered the heat record today by reaching 103 degrees during a prairie hot spell. 1941 - The Canadian government announced that it may have to ration gasoline due to a recent shortage. 1951 - Rev. Norman Kennedy of Regina was elected moderator of the Presbyterian Church of Canada. 1961 - Prince Philip turned 40 years old today. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905  1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clan Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations ' CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;