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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - June 10, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 18 - THE IETHBRIDGE HERAIO - Thunday, June 10, 1971 Your horoscope By Jean* Dixon FRIDAY, JUNE 11 Your birthday today: Now is the time to decide what you really want to do in your chosen vocation. Set or reset goals in accord with present conditions. Unprofitable or nonproductive action if forced out of your reach. Changing circumstances offer occasional distraction but, in general, present more openings for rearranging your life to suit yourself. Aries (March 21 - April 19): Let others close out the workweek - and take the onus for errors later. Forcing issues, insisting on your own way about everything, only gets you into trouble. Taurus (April 20  May 20): Give thought to your personal welfare-have a health checkup, review your resources to see where added protection could be achieved. Trivial dis- How worms breathe Andy sends a complete 20-volume set of the World Book Encyclopedia to Brian Gough, age 11, of Salt Lake City, Utah, for his question: How does a worm Lveathe? The earthworm requires a steady supply of oxygen, like the rest of us. However he solves this basic problem in his own fascinating way. His rather featureless face has a mouth but no definite eyes. It also is without the nose that most of us rate as an esential organ in the breathing system. The earthworm has no nose and no lungs. Yet he successfully absorbs oxygen and his circulatory system relays it throughout his body. In the matter of circulation he is one up on us. He has more than one heart. � * * The land animals, we are told, gradually adapted their bodies to cope with life outside the water. Most of them grew tough skins to protect their inner tissues from brilliant light and the drying effects of the air. However, their original thin clammy skins could absorb dissolved gases directly into their surface capillaries. Thicker skins could not do this. So sometime in the dim past, noses and lungs were developed as essential parts of a new system for breathing air on the dry land. The ancestors of the earthworm, however, ignored these newfangled changes. They kept thedr thin, moist skins and merely adapted their life style to avoid the problems of dazzling daylight and drying air. The modern earthworm has no reason to renounce his ancestral breathing system. The operation is carred on by his skin, working in co-operation with a circuit of blood vessels-powered by five pairs of simplified hearts. As in the rest of us, the earthworm's vital systems of respiration and circulation are mainly automatic. However, we have a duty to provide our lungs with available supplies of fresh air. The earthworm has a duty to keep his thin clammy skin in moist, shady surroundings. This he does by borrowing below ground, where the cool air has less drying power. He also arranges his life to avoid the bright light of day. The rest is up to his ancestral skin. The oxygen of the air has a strong tendency to dissolve in moisture. The earthworm keeps his skin moist and adds clammy material from mucous glands, situated mostly in the segmented grooves at his head and tail ends. Molecules of oxygen disolve in this clammy film. The surface skin is so thin that gaseous molecules can pass through, much as the gases we breathe pass through thin surface membranes in our spongy lungs. Just below his skin, networks of tiny capillaries eagerly absorb molecules of dissolved oxygen and returnwaste gases to the air. The branching capillaries connect with a main blood vessel that runs from one end of the worm's body to the other. It has transverse pairs and other vessels branching out to the digestive system, other organs and living tisues. Five pairs of the tranverse vessels are enlarged and fitted with muscles. They operate as hearts to pump the blood through the circuit.   * The earthworm's sense organs are equally ancestral. His invisible eyes are numerous light senstive cells, most of them near his head and tail ends. He also has numerous small organs that are sensitive to touch, temperature and maybe chemicals. All of these sense organs are located in his very remarkable skin. Questions asaed i>y children of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box 765, Huntington Beach, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1971) (c) 1971, Chicago Tribune. LAWRENCE E. LAMB, M. D. Blood flow causes heart murmur Dear Dr. Lamb - I am a 13-year-old girl and last year while I was having a physical examination my doctor said that I had a heart murmur. Since then I have had two chest x-rays and electrocardiograms because of severe chest pain which I get from running or playing active games. I also have a small lump winch is sometimes painful in the middle of my chest. Could this be a hernia? What exactly are heart murmurs? What could my chest pain be caused from? Will I outgrow these pains? Dear Reader - A heart murmur is an audible vibration or sound, caused by the heart. If you squeeze on a garden hose while water is running through it you can feel the vibrations caused by the water in the hose. The same type of vibrations can be caused by blood flow. Now many young people have murmurs that are perfectly normal and result from the tur- Th� Friendly Staff at . . . MARTENS FOODUNER COALDAIE Invites You to Economist en Quality Holiday Foods: NESCAFE on friday bulence of their normally active young circulations. In other instances the murmur turbulence is caused by a defect in the heart from birth or following rheumatic heart disease affecting one of the heart valves. The normal murmurs can be ignored. If there is a change or abnormality in the structure of the heart, then an operation is sometimes indicated. Careful studies have to be made before an operation is advised since not all defects are benefited by surgery. Your letter tells me that you do not know if you have a problem with your heart or not. I think it is important that you do know, and also know if you need to limit your activities, have heart surgery or, in fact, have nothing at ail wrong with your heart. It would be a big mistake to allow yourself to become an invalid if you had nothing wrong with your heart. Why don't you ask your parents to find out from your doctor if be thinks your murmur is just a normal finding or if he thinks you have a problem? I assume that your doctor does not think you have had rheumatic heart disease or he would surely have given you some regular medicine to protect you from a recurrence and further heart damage as recommended by the American Heart Assn. So it is probably something you were born with -or nothing. Lumps have to be examined to determine their significance. Hernias do not usually occur through the chest wall unless there is previous surgery. Chest pain can be caused from a variety of problems including muscle spasms. crepancies are not to be casually disregarded. Gemini (May 21  June 20): Old plans are revived, improved, people and ideas long neglected come back alive and flourishing. Stay busy with changes, exchanges and endless discussions. Cancer (June 21  July 22): Temptation is to overdo, perhaps in response to your friends and their provocative comment. Find your own inner standards and abide by them rather than any guides from outside. Leo (July 23  Aug. 22): Both gold and glory are regained in following friends' advice. Go ahead quiety, begin neither greedy nor grandiose. Virgo (Aug. 23  Sept. 22): Look after your possessions and small belongings, particularly anything which you are holding for anybody else. Libra (Sept. 23 - Oct. 22): Sentiment colors much of your motivation - take care that doing things for oldtime's sake, or passing romantic appeal doesn't lead too far off base. Scorpio (Oct. 23  Nov. 21): What you do shouts louder than anything you say. If you can be consistent and not have to pull any punches, so much the better. Sagittarius (Nov. 22 - Dec. 21): Scrutinize money matters -level up all the accounts, going and coming, wherever possible. There's nothing like a clean slate, and the self-discipline needed to get there. Capricorn (Dec. 22-Jan 19): Your more coherent view of what might be feasible leads you to be critical with others-even less efficiency may then result. Aquarius (Jan. 20  Feb. 18): Circumstances arise which defy ready application of your theory and philosophy - have the courage to accept an exception; reexamine what you think you know. Pisces (Feb. 19 - March 20): Existing connections, relations are subject to revision. Be sure you are hot abandoning a steady, moderate certainty for a wild promise. (1971: By The Chicago Tribune) Publishing Co. 1971) Regional hospital scheme favored OTTAWA (CP) - Bigger hospitals, specializing in various health services for whole regions, probably would be more efficient than a scattering of multi-purpose, local units, says a newly - published economic study. It would be cheaper to subsidize a patient's travel costs to a regional speciality hospital than to attempt to maintain hospitals in each locality, says economist R. D. Fraser in a study for the Economic Council of Canada. The study, Canadian Hospital Costs and Efficiency, formed the basis of a major section of the economic council's annual review published last fall. The federal advisory agency at that time drew attention to health care's increasing demand on national wealth and called for more efficient management. Prof. Fraser, an economist at Queen's University, Kingston, Ont, finds that health care in Canada takes more than $6 out of every $100 of wealth generated annually. BASED ON 1966 STUDY Basing his study mainly on the 1966 experience of 1,266 public hospitals in Canada, Prof. Fraser finds that average costs per patient tend to decline as hospitals grow bigger. The study concludes that using high-cost hospitals for nursing the aged is a costly practice, so establishment of special hospitals for that category of the ill should be considered. "A more general regional network of hospitals is also probably warranted. Such a network would involve hospitals specializing in intensive care and those specializing in nursing care." In addition, Prof. Fraser says, incentives such as travel subsidies to get patients to hospital should be used in preference to building new units - especially when existing hospitals are not being used to capacity. Dismiss charge against driver GRANDE PRAIRIE (CP) -A charge of criminal negligence against Peter Moroz, 32, of Spirit River, Alta., in the death of Hans Risa, 44, of Sex-smith has been dismissed in Alberta Supreme Court. Mr. Justice W. J. C. Kirby of Calgary dismissed the charge Wednesday for lack of evidence following a two - day trial. Mr. Moroz was charged following a two - vehicle collision near Sexsmith May 15, 1970, that claimed the lives of Mr. Risa, his wife Karen, 40, and son, Kenneth. Three other occupants of the Risa vehicle and Mr. Moroz were injured. LOST BUSINESS VANCOUVER (CP) - Postmaster-General Jean-Pierre Cote says the post office lost six per cent of its business to other organizations last year. "However, recent introduction of mm 3 efficient methods of handling mail are paying off. I expect a.reduction in the deficit this year." GOREN ON BRIDGE BY CHARLES H. GOREN ( 1�7ll � Tte CMCM* TritoM] Neither vulnerable. South deals. NORTH *�S2