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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 10, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta _ THE LETHDRIDOE HERAIU Wednesday, Juno 10, 1970 Bnica Hutchison Vain Appeal The federal government's latest appeal to organized labor to co-oper- ate in the fight against inflation ap- pears to be in vain. Spokesman for labor have interpreted the proposal of a six per cent limit on wage in- creases as an open declaration of war rather than as an appeal. In support of this contention, labor leaders point out that there has been no comparable limit proposed to man- ufacturers on prices. They think it is unfair to make labor alone shoulder the responsibility lor curbing infla- tion. Businessmen have been quick to condemn organized labor for its re- fusal to co-operate in the fight against inflation by voluntarily accepting re- straint. Yet. to be fair, it should be remembered that while there was no open defiance of the government's earlier appeal, very few businesses announced a freeze on prices! It is very difficult for industrial leaders to convincingly carry off a posture of innocence in the face of the inflation spiral. Unions have bad qualified researchers in their employ for many years who have been able to demonstrate that when wages went up so did prices and profits. In mosl instances, wage increases have re- sulted in excuses to raise prices not merely to offset the expense but to realize additional gain. The argu- ment made by labor leaders that in- dustry got its gravy before restraint was suggested could very well be true. Psychologically, the government would likely have made a better pitch for restraint if guidelines had been suggested for prices as well as wages. But it might not have been an effective appeal because, in fact, the unions have rejected the idea of re- straint from the beginning. They are not convinced this is necessary. Since the appeal for voluntary ac- ceptance of wage increase guidelines has been rejected it would appear that the government is now faced with the decision of whether to im- pose controls. The obvious reluctance to do so to date is understandable. Outside of war time when patriotic sentiment provides a major assist in making them work, controls are high- ly undesirable. They freeze injustices and they tend to bring out the worst in people. The government faces an unenviable decision. Cayenne In The Pasta1 Most Italians breathed a little more easily with the announcement of re- gional election results this week. Premier Mariano Rumo's coalition party is in firm control in 12 out of 15 regions and the over-all Commun- ist vote declined slightly although it is still the strongest European Com- munist party outside of the East bloc. All this by no means indicates that social unrest in Italy will decline in the coming months. Even if Mr. Rumo's government is in a better po- sition to bargain with the unions who have been disrupting industry with strikes demanding social re- forms, health, housing and tax benefits, it is uualiie to put down the rising discontent of the underprivil- eged non-unionists, who are causing much of the trouble in Northern Italy. These immigrant workers from the South have flooded Northern Italy in search of better jobs with higher pay, but have found themselves un- able to find homes, or even beds. The London Economist reports that some of these laborers are sleeping in box cars, while others have to pay a quarter of their wages for half a share of a bunk. The unions have done little to help them and they have become anti-government, anti- union, anti-establishment, and mili- tant. Industry generally would wel- come a union build-up in their firms. At least they would have someone to bargain with. Now they have chaos and confusion. Production in the motor car industry for instance is way down, and expansion plans are jeopardized. All that having been said, domestic peace could probably be established in time, if one strong political party could establish an over-all majority. But this is a chimera in modern Italy, still governed by a centre-left coalition, a tenuous partnership which threatens to break up any day. Throw into the whole sorry mess the burning issue of legalization of di- vorce which the Roman Catholic Church bitterly opposes and you have a platter of tangled spaghetti with an overdose of cayenne in the sauce. Art Buchwa d WASHINGTON You don't see as many fathers and sons dining out as you used to. The problem seems to be that not many restaurants are set to handle some of the clothes their clients' sons are wearing. The other night my friend McGrory sug- gested to his son, Marshall, thay they go to a first-class restaurant to celebrate his graduation from high school. said Marshall, "let's go." "I think you'd better put on a McGrory suggested. "I have a sweat shirt on. What's wrong with "I thought you might put on a shirt and a McGrory said. "What are we going to, a Mar- shall demanded. "Most good restaurants prefer you to wear a McGrory said. "What Marshall demanded. "So you can get soup on McGrory shouted. "Now put on a shirt and tie and don't give me any lip." McGrory's wife came rushing in. "What's all the shouting McGrory said, "I'm taking him to Paul Young's restaurant for graduation and he won't even put on a "f don't want to go if I have to wear a Marshall yelled. "Put on a Mrs. McGrory said. "And a coal, too. Your father wants to be proud of you." "What (ices putting on a shirt and tie have to do with him being proud of McGrory shouted, "It isn't that I want to be proud of you. It's just that J don't want to be ashamed of Marshall came down in a few minutes with a wrinkled shirt and a torn tie on. His face was red. McGrory was just about to leave the house when he looked down. "You have no shoes McGrory said. "You didn't say anything about shoe.s." Marshall said. "Why do I have to put on "It's a health McGrory screamed. "Xobcdy's going to see my Mar- shall protested. "They'll be under the table." "Someone will see your feet as you're escorted to the table. People get very up- set when they see a customer without shoes wanting in a good restaurant." "But it's summer. No one wears shoes in the summer." Mrs. McGrory said, "Marshall, go up- stairs and put on some sneakers. Your father asks so little of you." Marshall stomped upstairs. "I didn't want to go to a. restaurant in the first place. He came down a few minutes later and got into the car and didn't say anything. McGrory said, "would you take the red band off your head before wa go into the "What kind of place are we going to where they won't let a guy wear a band on his "It's a very good place, Marshall. They have fine food. You're growing up now, and you should be interested in other things besides milk shakes and French fires." "You mean they don't have milk shakes and French fries at this place? I thought you said it was a fjood restaurant." McGrory said quietly, "you see that McDonald's hamburger stand? Well, here's two bucks. You go over there and have anything 'you want for you grad- uation." "You Marshall said. McGrory shook his head sadly. "No, you'd only be ashamed of me." (Toronto Telegram News Service) Federal Citation By Doug Walker ANY day now I should be receiving a citation from the Federal Government for my splendid co-operation in its agriul- tural policy. More than hah" of our culli- veble land has been sown to grass. It was all in crop last year. I was sorely tempted to leave the re- maining hind in a fallow stale but since we don't have a fence I was afraid we might have a .soil drifting problem. Most of Ihe garden is in vegelablcs but I have to confess that there are a few rows of corn a cereal crop. This confession may bring a few frowns frf.m the Department of Agriculture and might even cost me the citation. However, it may not be too serious. The crop could still be reduced. If helpful Hugh were to wander over he might pull a few plants be can't tell corn from quack grass. Canada's Oil: Is Nixon's Gun Loaded? AS- history toadies us, al- ways too late, the last tiling that men will face and understand is the obvious. This profound thought can hardly bo called original but we are re- minded of it anew, in a rather startling fashion, by the sud- den dispute between the Cana- dian and A m e r i c a n govern- ments. As usual, the obvious and permanent [acts are lest among the peripheral and tem- porary. Thus the United States holds down its purchases of Cana- dian oil for what it terms rea- sons of national security. In case vf war it cannot afford to depend on imports from a safe area close at hand and. by a Mad Hatter's logic, prefers to use up its own supplies in ad- vance cf the emergency. No Canadian, of course, be- lieves this explanation for a moment, and President Nixon, unless he thinks we are all idiots, doesn't expect us to be- lieve it. The obvious fact is that he wishes us to sell the United States more oil later on, and many other essential commod- ities as well, in a so called continental "energy policy" that smooth euphemism for n future Canadian nation as the supply dump and back yard of the ravenous American econ- omy. If that were the only obvious fact in the controversy, every- cne could grasp it. Unfortunate- ly it is not. The finally ob- vious fact, we refuse to grasp, is that within a short time there will be no oil in Can- ada, the United States or else- where to quarrel about. Kenneth Watt, the famous California authority on such matters, has used his compu- ters to prove that the world's oil will all be used up at the er.d cf the century. But even if Mr. Watt and his fellow ex- perts are a hundred per cent, or a thousand per cent, out in their figures the obvious fact re- mains: The world will exhaust its oil, its ccal and other energy sources in a very short time, as history is measured. What then'.' By then, says the chill- ingly factual Mr. Wiilt, most of the world's human inhabitants will starve for lack cf energy to produce feed. Assuming that the Ultimate apocalypse is somehow avoid- ed, a few centuries from now, we can sec that long before then the United States will want not merely our oil but just alxnit everything we can provide. With a population of about 300 mil- lion as the next century opens, its need of materials, in all forms, will be desperate. This doesn't necessarily mean that the United States will be poor, since nations like Japan, large raw resources of their own, are rich. It docs mean that the pressure on Ca- nadian resources will be far gresler than we have foreseen. And we may expect that seme millicr.o of Americans will cross the border to escape conditions at home with incalculable hu- man, added to calculable eco- nomic, pressure. Given all these prospects, most of our present assump- tions are out cf date already, the Economic Council's solemn reports obsolete, the politicians' speeches quite irrelevant. When Energy, Mines and He- sources Minister J. J. Greene says that Mr. Nixon is holding a gun to the Canadian head in the case of oil, he may be right or wrong but, either way, he ig- nores the obvious fact that oil, important as it seems now, is a small matter in the long run. A politician Jike Mr, Greene can't afford to think, or at any rate to talk much, about things that concern only philosophers, historians and generations yet unborn. By the nature of his trade the politician must talk of the immediate and relative- ly minor, not the lasting and rr.'ajor problems. Nevertheless, if Mr. Greene is (he thoughtful man that I take him for, he must think private- ly, on sleepless nights, about Ilia paramount problem of Can- ada its chance of survival, not against American hostility but against the American appe- tite for our materials of almost every sort. If Mr. Greene ami other poli- ticians do think about these things occasionally, they must recall the behavior of the great powers of tlie past in the pres- ent circumstp.r.ces of tile Uni- ted States. Thus placed, they did not held a gun to the head cf some weak nation. They fired the gun when ever necessary and, as Rudyovd Kipling wrote in a memorable line, what they though t they might require "they went and look the same as me." Britain took India and the Janet cf the misnamed North American Indians, along with other territories around the world. Frur.ce carved cut large chunks of Africa. Germany and Japan did likewise in Europe and Asia, with the interesting results cf two world wars. Rus- sia, that progressive, humane power so much admired by many liberals in America, swal- lowed a considerable part of China long ago and recently perfected the old method by en- gorging all neighbors within reach while condemning the crime cf imperialism. Luckily for us, the United States has not followed these examples, r.t least since the Oregon boundary dispute. Oth- erwise there would be no Ca- nadian nation today. Oddly enough, while we enjoy the lux- ury of deploring our neighbors and preaching sublime sermons en their morals, we pay them the highest moral compliment by assuming that they will not behave like all the great pow- ers cf the bad old days. This is to expect a lot from them, but perhaps not too much. Anyhow, if the American peo- ple arc no better than the gib- bering professional anti-Ameri- cans of Canada allege, then our future, cs Thomas Hobbes once remarked cf mankind in gener- al, may be solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short. But knowing the Americans pretty well, I venture to doubt that they are like that, and I doubt, too, that Mr. Nixon's gun is really load- ed. Or if it is, his more sen- sible fellow countrymen will unload it. (Herald Special Sen-Ice) Victor J. Mackie Long-Range Planning On A Crisis Course As crisis follows crisis, the federal govern- ment moves from one to an- other, patching up policies here, making fast tentative repairs there, plugging leaks, covering cracks. The sudden move to turn the Canadian dollar loose smacks of emergency ac t i o n forced on the government with the fingers crossed approach that the reactions will be not too severe for the economy. As recently as May 27 an op- position member, Gordon Rit- chie, the Progressive Conserva- tive MP from Dauphin, put the question bluntly to the minister1. He noted the strong upward pressures on the Canadian dol- lar. He asked if the govern- ment was considering the adop- tion of any further means, such as the institution of a floating exchange rate, to combat the trend. Mr. Benson's reply was curt Letter To The Editor and emphatic: "No, Mf. Speak- er." Four days later he summon- ed an emergency press confer- ence for 5 p.m. Ottawa time to announce the cabinet's decision to unpeg the Canadian dollar, establishing a floating exchange rate. The pressures had been build- ing on the dollar. The over-all official reserve position rose during the past five months by more than million U.S.A., not including the allocation of special drawing rights. The re- serves have been increasing at an accelerating rate. The finance department and cabinet were watching the situ- ation closely while Prime Min- ister Trudeau was out of the country on his Pacific tour. Had the pressures teen allow- ed to continue building, this country's official reserves would have risen rapidly to lev- Cost Of Golfing I find the comments on the subject of golfing in your re- cent editorial "Golf Courses" and also the position taken by some of Lethbridge's aldermen, most interesting. In my experi- ence Hie cost of golfing at tho Henderson Lake Golf Club com- pares very favorably with what I would spend annually hunt- ing upland game birds, ducks and geese, over a three month period I can enjoy golfing for some five to six months. By comparison, then, golfing for myself and my wife is actually less expensive a sport than hunting when com- pared on a monthly basis. However, compared to ''free skating" and "Ire? swimming'1 available to Lclhhridgc taxpay- ers at selected time's; an al- most free library; absolutely free parks; the cost cf {tolling is fantastic. Just why llv Cily of Lcthhridgc doesn't, cnnlribtitc some cf thf> taxpayers' money to the maintenance of the Hen- derson Lake Golf Club, so the fees could be rerlural to say double those charged skat- ing or swimming I don't really know. I understand .some gen- tleman by the name of Hender- son gave this land to the city in the first place, and I am also informed by Cily Hall that the city values Uw IlO or so acres involved at per acre (for a total value of for cal- culating the equalization tax paid to the provincial govern- ment. I'm sure cur city fathers wouldn't undervalue this land, so we must accept this amount a, the "fair value" of the land that the City of Lethbridge allows the Henderson Lake Golf Club to use tax free and try to sec that the club provides golf ;-t a price cf the cost of main- tenance to anyone who wishes lo play. Sounds like a fair deal to me, HARVEY V. DA VIES. Lethbridge. 'Crazy Capers' What sort of a day you had els far in excess of Canada's needs. Large scale speculative buy- ing of Canadian dollars would have been encouraged with dis- ruptive effects upon the inter- national payments system. Speculators would have had large windfalls. Tlie Canadian government did not want to go to a floating ex- change rale. As Opposition Leader Robert Stanfield has pointed cut, this country has an agreement with the IMF. It wanted to avoid breaking the international agreement if at all possible. Thq floating rale also creates problems in that Cana- dian exports rise in price and make them less competitive on world markets. Canada is a trading nation and depends for her prosperity on world trade. If she is not competitive in world markets Canada is in ser- ious trouble. There arc many other aspects of the floating exchange rale that do not make it attractive io financial authorities. How- ever, looking at the alterna- tive, that of allowing (he Cana- dian dollar to rise slightly in its pegged value in terms of U.S. dollars did not appear lo be a solution. It would only postpone the inevitable period when speculators would move in for the kill. The position was outlined lo Mr. Trudcaii immediately after his rciurn from his tour. The cabinet decision was reached al a special session summoned for Saturday, the day after the prime minister's return. It was agreed to free the dollar and put Iho best face ra it that the government cculd in view of its previous declarations against adopting such a move. Mr. Benson appeared bcforo the hastily summoned press corps of the capital on Sunday. It was a beautiful, langorons sunny aficrncon. The press were called from their gardens, the gclf courses, tennis courts or whatever other pleasant occupation Ilicy bad found (or the weekend. They appeared in assorted colorful shorts, slacks and other holiday altirc. Finance department officials had been working hard through- out the weekend preparing tho necessary background papers. A govcittment aircraft had been finally located after some difficulty lo fly a finance department spokes m a n lo Washington, whcro he inform- ed tlie International Monet a r y p'und people there of the Ca- nadian decision to unpeg the dollar. Mr. Benson telephoned the American government. The reaction? Mr. Ben son shrugged and declined to spell out the reaction. However, he told the press that Canada had reassured the IMF that the ac- tion was only temporary. Can- ada has promised it will re- sume the fulfilment of her ob- ligations under the articles of agreement of the IMF as soon as circumstances permit, he ex- plained. Nobody appears very happy with the decision forced on the government. Even importers who stand to benefit by paying less for goods they bring into this country have reason for some concern. With a floating dollar the value of the Cana- dian dollar can flucluate lo such an extent that they do not know for sure what their costs will be for imported goods, making it hard lo plan ahead. Export- ers arc very disturbed because the prices of Canada's exports will climb and they could lose customers. The Conserv a t i v e s in the House have launched a strong attack on the government. Mr. Stanfield has never been more effective in his criticism of gov- ernment policies. Tlie quiet, un- assuming angular leader with tlie langoreus posture is angry with the government's "mis- management" of the economy. He ripped into the finance minister for taking steps with- out knowing what severe ad- vei'se impacts Ihey would have. Even New Democralic Party Leader T. C. Douglas, whoso party has long advocated a floating dollar, worried about the unemployment in Canada that might result if exporting industries found orders fall- ing off. Tlie oppos i 11 o n parlies de- manded to know what plans the government had to compensate industry that was hard hit by the new policy. Mr. Benson said it was too soon to out such plans until the government knew where Hie dollar would settle, and the consequences. The much publicized long- range planning of the Trudeau administration is taking on more the look of the Pearson government's crisis to crisis course. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) LOOKING BACKWARD THHOUGH THE IIEII.AU) J92J One of the worst wind and sand storms for many years in the Lfithbridge district has seriously damaged the new crops. Bclween Lellibridge and Macleod aboul 10 per cent of the crop either blown out of tho ground or covered by two lo three inches of sand. IO The tax rale for Iho year has been set at mills, a reduction of a mill and one- Ihird from the rale last year. The total levy is as against last year. 1910 Ilaly has declared war on Britain and France. Premier Mussolini made (Ire anounccmcnl in a bombastic speech from the balcony of the Palazzo Venezia before a crowd of Fascists. J950 Fire cf unknown ori- gin tied up the publication of The .Herald en .June 0. With the big press temporarily out of commission a small tabloid was printed. )3sn Saskatchewan has re- turned a CCf government. Premier Douglas said in an in- terview that the people of the province had made it abundant- ly dear tl'oy want a medical care plan. The tetlitnidge Herald 50i 7lli St. S., Lethbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class MaO p'rcfstralion Number 0012 Member of Tho Canadian Tress find the Canadian D.nly Associallon end lha Audit Bureau of W. MOWERS. Ediior nod Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mnnapor JOE BAI.LA ttll.l.iAM RAY Managing Cditnr ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K WAT.KF.l Advertising Manager Editorial t'aao Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;