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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 9, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI 16THBRIDGI HERA1D Saturday, 9, 1973 Principles sacred; permanence unsure By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator Eisenhower was right Before leaving office in 1961, Presi- dent Eisehower warned his fellow countrymen, and the world, against what he termed the "military in- dustrial complex By this he meant the growing collaboration between military men wanting continually re- newed and up-dated weapons sys- tems, and the industries that would supply the needed hardware. It was Eisenhower's view that neither the military men nor the industrialists would be wholly objective when multi- billion dollar appropriations were being sought, that would create the arms coveted by the soldiers and the profits sought by industry. He saw the entire democratic process in jeopardy as a result. The warning has been generally disregarded, which perhaps is not too surprising; it gives nse to most uncomfortable thoughts, the kind most people shun whenever possible. No one likes to think that the heroes that lead his nation's armed forces and the heads of its mightiest cor- porations would subvert its govern- ment to gam their ends. And high level military men and top industrial- ists always enjoy tremendous pres- tige, as both command the resources platoons of public relations men, virtually unlimited budgets, etc. to ensure that the public always gets the "right" view of their attainments and activities. Two events have occurred lately to make people wonder if it isn't time they took Eisenhower's warning much more seriously. Recently the U.S. Congress voted to deny a Pentagon request for a fiscal transfer to finance continued bombing in Indochina, and, in a separate vote, to ban any funds from a supplementary appropriation being used "to support directly or indirectly any combat activities in, over or from off the shores of Cam- bodia by U.S. forces." One would have thought this a rea- sonably clear statement by the elected representatives of the U.S. people that they wanted no more bombing of Cambodia. The response from the Pentagon was to inform Congress that the bombing of Cambodia will continue, and that if necessary the military will halt all enlistments and promotions, and reduce the forces in Europe, in order to find the funds needed for the continued bombing. The second item is a recent dis- closure that the U.S. army has or- dered new nuclear ammunition for its heavy artillery in Europe. The quantity ordered is an official sec- ret, but the Senate foreign relations committee has been told that "sev- eral thousand" shells and hundreds of millions of dollars are involved. The bizarre twist is that Defence Secretary Eliott L. Richardson knew nothing about this "nuclear ammu- nition modernization as it is called, as it "had not come within my purview" when he review- ed the defence budget. This could be so, because of the peculiar way in which the provision of nuclear" armament is handled. While conventional weapons are in- cluded in the regular defence bud- get, nuclear arms are funded through the atomic energy commission, which evidently does not have to tell any- one what it wants money for. If General Eisenhower were still alive, it would be very easy to vis- ualize him nodding his head, ever so sadly. Clean-up needed A clean-up would make a tremen- dous difference to Hardieville. Only a handful of freshly painted homes with attractive gardens enhance this residential hamlet on Lethbridge's northern outskirts. On the whole the community presents a neglected, run- down look badly in need of a face- lifting. Junked cars (as many as 18 on a single lot) are jammed into yards, bumper to bumper. Wheels, car parts stoves, washing machines and a va- riety of furniture are strewn across lots 25 to 50 feet in width, while weathered out-houses, chicken houses and auxiliary buildings (the majonty of which have never seen a coat of paint) litter the rear yards. The bare dirt covering many of the lots gives the appearance of neglect, de- void of civic pride. Even a handful of spirited resi- dents can instigate a change for the better. This was evidenced when in- terested Hardieville people petitioned the County of Lethbridge for sewer installation resulting in a fed- eral loan with sewers completed late last fall. Today Hardieville, with a Weekend Meditation 75 per cent users' hook-up, is the only one of the ten hamlets in the acre county surrounding Lethbridge enjoying sewer facilities Fairview, Coalhurst, Diamond City, Monarch, Shaughnessy, Iron Springs, Turin, Chin and Rollag have none. Hardieville occupies a prime lo- cation on the brow of the coulee with an unobstructed view of the farm lands to the west. Similar property further south is considered prime residential land. Small homes on small lots can be neat and attractive. Anyone can grow a garden and paint can hide innum- erable eye-sores, but only property- proud residents can change the an- aemic deteriorating condition pre- vailing in Hardieville. Hardieville could take on a new, neat, well-kept look, devoid of litter if every resident began to care enough. With weekly garbage pick- up in operation much of the debris could be removed easily and the 400 local residents could share with pride the satisfaction of a well-kept community. The Holy Spirit The most promising feature of modem life is the increasing awareness of the Holy Spirit. The Spirit is not an impersonal force, but a dynamic, living personality. In the Book of the Acts the apostles are rep- resented as having conversations with the Holy Spirit. One must beware of thinking of the Holy Spirit as a mere emanation or effluence of God, a power, an attitude, or a morale as if to say, "He kept his spirit up." The Holy Spirit did not come into exis- tence with the Christian church Paul said to the Romans, "How well the Holy Spirit spoke to your fathers through the prophet Isaiah." Isaiah maintained that he proph- esied through the Holy Spirit. "Take not Thy Holy Spirit from me, "implored the psalmist, for the loss of the Holy Spirit was the supreme calamity. In his fa- mous vision of the Valley of Dry Bones, Ezekiel points out the fact of the Nicene Creed, "I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of Life." Without the Holy Spirit all is dead. The creation of the world was by the Holy Spirit. The skill and artistry of Bezaleel was through the Holy Spirit. Only through the Holy Spirit could Gideon become a leader and when the Holy Spirit left King Saul and Samson they became powerless or deranged. Professor G. van der Leeuw In Religion in Essence and Manifestation points out that all people, even the most primitive, have been aware of a mysterious power in the world. The Melanesians called it the Iroquois the Sioux and the Algonquins "manitu." This Spirit was never without intelligent end personal direction. At Pentecost in the Book of the Acts the coming of the Spirit is represented as bringing into existence a new age in ful- fillment of the prophecy of the prophet Josl. For the disciples it meant the ability and courage to witness. It meant an ability to convert unbelievers. Especially did Pente- cost mean the creation ol a new commu- nity which is described by St. Paul as the "koinonia of the Spirit." The best descrip- tion of this koinonia is to be found in the first letter to the church in Corinth, chap- ters 12 to 14. The community is composed of men and women of different abilities and temperaments, but they are all held together by the bond of love. This love is the gift of the Holy Spirit. It is the su- preme gift, being as St. John said the en- trance to and guarantee of eternal life. Miracles were performed by the power of the Spirit, but love was the greatest mir- acle of all, breaking down every barrier of race and class. All harmony and order in the world come through the action of the Holy Spirit. Li His absence all is discord, confusion, and hostility. Nor will the world's wounds be healed by a sentimental romanticism or "a spirituality devoid of God." Only as men and women are willing to make a commit- ment of their lives, to pray and study their Bibles, will they receive this sublime gift. PRAYER: Come Holy Ghost, our hearts inspire, Let us Thine influence prove, Source of the old prophetic fire, Fountain of life and love. P. IS. M, OTTAWA The Trudeau Government's resolution on offi- cial languages in the Public Service has had the effect pre- dicted by some critics; it has revived old passions, especially in the Conservative party. In fact, however, the con- troversy which reached its cli- max in the defiant speech of John DIefenbsker on Monday has very little to do with the nine principles incorporated in the resolution. These have been defended and much extolled in Ministerial speeches but they have not been attacked, even by Mr. Diefenbaker What has been provoked anew is the old debate about legislation, now the law of the land, which the former Prime Minister regarded when it was introduced, and still re- gards, as a wrong and divisive approach to our problems of un- ity. The nine principles are plainly intended to restore the confidence of the civil service which has been seething with unrest since the Government began, not very skilfully, to im- plement its language policies. In Mr. Trudeau's words: "We are not debating the Act; we are debating the Public Service official languages program. It was criticized and it uneasiness on the part of public servants because of the way it was applied or allegedly ap- plied. That is why we want the Public Service to know what the guidelines are and that is why the unions in the Public Service have also been consulted on this." The Government had a rude reminder of the extent of the uneasiness in the general elec- tion; it lost three civil service constituencies in the Ottawa area and barely retained an- other long regarded as a safe Liberal seat. But it is far from easy for a Government to limit the scope of debate in the manner sug- gested by the Prune Ministefc What Mr. Diefenbaker attacked was the philosophy of the Act. So in a fashion did the Social Creditors. They have managed to square the circle; denying on Europe needs U.S. nuclear umbrella By Robert Stephens, London Observer commentator LONDON After launching the American rapprochement with Russia and China, and withdrawing from Vietnam, President Nixon is turning his special attention (or what he can spare from Watergate) to Europe. The immediate reasons for this new concern are econ- omic: the dollar is no longer the sheet-anchor of the world's monetary system, America has a balance of payments prob- lem; while welcoming an en- larged and more unified Euro- pean Community, America fears greater trade discrimina- tion as the Community expands its preferential arrangements with countries in the Mediter- ranean and elsewhere Nevertheless, in the back- ground of the talk of trade and money lies an inescapable un- certainty about the future re- lationship of America and Eur- ope over the widest field, in- cluding defence Several recent developments point to the need to reconsider, and if possible coordinate, American and Euro- pean defence policies. The in- creasing East-West detente has led to a series of attempts to stabilize military security. The talks have been given an extra impetus by the pressure in the United States to reduce the number of American troops m Europe. The dangerous situation in the Middle East, where Europe has its biggest interests out- side its own continent, is a sub- ject of growing, if still only murmured, European dissatis- faction with US. policy. It is also an area where the Euro- peans have yet to show genuine and coherent readiness to ac- cept responsibilities commen- surate with their interests. But perhaps the most im- portant factor of all in the cur- rent malaise between America and Europe is the uncertainty about Western Europe's future identity and status, an uncer- tainty shared by the Europeans themselves. What does the pro- claimed aim of a "European union" by 1980 really mean? Does it mean a loose kind of semi-confederation, capable of the joint management of com- mon economic and monetary policies? Or is the eventual aim a more complete European state with a central govern- ment capable of taking such deadly decisions as whether or not to fire nuclear missiles? Would such a European State maintain the kind of intimate partnership with the United States, especially in nuclear af- fairs, that Britain's Mr. Ed- ward Heath appears to envis- age? Or would it seek the great- er "independence" from Am- erica that President Pompidou is after? At the moment any dis- cussion of new nuclear ar- rangements, such as an French or "European" deter- rent, or some kind of tripar- tite Anglo-U.S.-French nuclear cooperation, is blocked chiefly by France. Gaullist policy was and remains the maintenance of a purely national French nuclear force, with home-made weapons and under the sole control of the French govern- ment. But even if French policy were to change there would stall bs major and probably insupor- table obstacles to an Anglo- French or European deterrent in the sense of a truly joint and truly independent force. The first obstacle is material. Compared with the nuclear forces of America and Russia, those of Britain and France are tiny and obsolescent To try to catch up would mean a gigan- Letter to the editor tic and financially exhausting effort. In fact, Gaullist France, as much as Britain, still relies in the last resort on America's nuclear weapons, or rather on the Soviet-American nuclear balance. Yet the more powerful and more independent a Euro- pean deterrent became the more the United States might feel obliged to withdraw its commitments to protect allies over whose nuclear policies it has no control. The second and chief ob- stacle is political. A truly joint force, whether Anglo-French or could be credible only if it were to be under the ultimate control of one politi- cal authority. In Western Eur- ope such a political authority, a European government, is no- where in sight. If it is intend- Corrects misconception This letter is in reference to a news item which appeared on the Business and finance page of the Herald (June The story was headlined, Taxpayer carries irrigation costs. The first paragraph states: "Water. users pay less than a third of the costs of operating the St. Mary irrigation project, the Canadian, taxpayers the bal- ance." Source of reference for the story was quoted as be- ing the report of the auditor- general. It has not been ascertained whether the fault lies with the auditor-general or those who have interpreted his report but the above is misleading at best and a gross misrepresentation of fact at worst. What is commonly referred to as the St. Mary irrigation pro- ject is divided into five separ- ate jurisdictions for adminis- trative purposes. The govern- ment of Canada, through PFRA, owns and operates the headworks from Waterton dam to Ridge reservoir. Down- stream from Ridge reservoir, the board of directors of the St. Mary River Irrigation Dis- trict operate and maintain the main canals, storage reser- voirs and the major portion of the distribution works as far east as Medicine Hat. Several smaller districts, namely the Taber, Raymond and Magrath irrigation districts also receive their water from the St. Mary River Irrigation District main canal and in turn operate and maintain their own distribution systems. 1972 total expenditures as ob- tained from the audited finan- cial statements of the various irrigation districts are as fol- lows: St. Mary fiver Irrigation District Taber Irrigation District Raymond Irrigation District Magrath Irrigation District Total expenditure by the four local authorities in 1972 was These expendi- tures were covered by the water users of each respective district and not by any grant, loan or arrangement with a senior level of government. The 1972 cost of maintenance, operation and administration of the headworks portion of the St. Mary irrigation project was Of this total, the water users paid through a water delivery charge of 25 cents per acre foot on acre feet. The balance, or a to- tal of was covered by the government of Canada, de- partment of regional economic expansion. To use the terms of the Her- ald story, therefore, it would have been more correct to say that the water users on the St. Mary project paid 92.5 per cent of the 1972 cost of operating the project. The Canadian taxpay- er only contributed 7.5 per cent and not two-thirds of the costs as previously stated. Surely 7.5 per cent of the to- tal cost is not a high price for the taxpayer to pay for direct benefits attributable to the headworks such as flood con- trol, recreation and improved municipal and industrial water supply. This is not to mention the millions of dollars worth of secondary benefits to the Can- adian economy which are gen- erated by this irrigation pro- ject. 3. W. THIESSEN, P. Eng. Manager St. Mary River Irrigation District Letbbridge ed to establish one it will take decades to do so. Meanwhile the present Euro- pean nuclear powers, Britain and France, face a number of choices. Undoubtedly the best course would be for them, to slide out of their nuclear status and work towards a non- nuclear Europe. At the same time they could build up a con- ventional force capacity for p e a c e-keeping purposes in areas outside Europe, such as the Middle East. But they seem more likely to try to keep up with the nuclear arms race, and French nuclear tests will con- tinue. In that event, the British and French may either seek some technical and operational cooperation between t h e m- selves, possibly with financial help from other European part- ners, or they may ask America for technical help, or even the supply of new weapons. In either case limits would be im- posed by American legislation (under which nuclear expertise and weapons have been sup- plied to Britain) as well as by the terms of the test ban and non-proliferation treaties. To try to go ahead without the United States presents enor- mous risks. It could mean that eventually Europe would lose the U S. nuclear umbrella with- out having produced a credible deterrent of its own. There seems less danger in the alternative. America could offer France enough help to en- able her to complete her pres- ent nuclear program without further atmospheric tests or wastefully duplicated research. In return, France would have to agree to cooperate in joint targeting and strategic control on the same terms as Britain, and would have to sign the test ban and non-proliferation treat- ies. But this solution would also necessarily involve bringing Britain and France into an overall agreement with Ameri- ca and Russia on the limitation of strategic nuclear weapons. For this Moscow would also un- doubtedly demand some cast- iron guarantees about West Germany's continued non-nu- clear status. But at the moment there is every sign that Presi- dent Pompidou still wants to go it alone. the one hand that biBngualinn should be considered an essen- tial factor of competence; in- sisting on the other that every- one has the right to adminis- tration in the official language of his choice. They want paral- lel administrations; one in French, one in English; two men for every important Job. In thus improving on Profes- sor Parkinson (whose law would acquire a double im- M. Caouette and his fol- lowers have even developed an argument of economy. As put by Rene Matte "We will not solve this problem by spending per civil servant trying to teach him a second language, or per civil servant trying to make him understand the other cul- ture. There is a means which is less costiy ton this heavy bilin- gualism which does not satisfy anyone, and this means would enable everyone to participate in it." This scarcely suggests that a House resolution, even although strongly supported, will end the long and sometimes dangerous controversy. The criticism of Robert Stanfield and most of the Con- servatives was directed not to the principles but to the Gov- ernment's refusal to write them into legislation. A resolution does not have legal force. Joe Clark, the member for Rocky Mountain, quoted the case of Roman Corporation versus Hud- son's Bay, where a decision of Ontario courts to this effect was upheld this May in the Supreme Court of Canada. It is also clear that a resolution of one Parlia- ment is not binding on its suc- cessors. Thus the Bennett Gov- ernment reintroduced a system of honors, ignoring a resolution of the previous decade which was supposed to have abolished titles in Canada. If the essential purpose of the resolution is to reassure the Public Service, there is cer- tainly a good argument that the principles should be enshrined in law, secure against the ex- ercise of Ministerial discretion. Various arguments have been advanced against this, including suggestions that the procedure would be tune-consuming. But the main point, made by John Turner, was that the Govern- ment is in continuing negotia- tions with the staff associations. "It is our submission and I believe also the view of the staff associations that it would be unwise to put into law at this time .administrative airrange- ments that have been agreed to through these consultations and which might be subject, after further consultation, to ampli- f icatin by both parties at a later date." And again: "They believe and we believe that legislation at this time would be in- appropriate as the consultation process is working effectively and is responsive to the dy- namic nature of the complex is- sues involved With all this dynamism, can the House be sure that it is giv- ing its solemn approval to prin- ciples which will not shortly be outdated by the realization that new administrative arrange- ments must somehow be ac- commodated? The principles are sacred but the Government seems unsure of their per- manence. It seems odd, in the circumstances, that with so much legislation now on the agenda, the Government at- tached such high priority to a resolution which will neither convey powers not already flow- ing from the Languages Act nor achieve through its passage the force of law in the land. 'Crazy Capers' Why don't you just have a bed-time story like othtr kids? The Lethbridge Herald SOt 7th St. S., Lethbridge, LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and PublitMH Published IMS-1964, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Stand CUM MM Ktotttntkn No, Nil Mimbw Canadian PnM and ttw Canadian OtIJy NavwtMT PvMMMrf AtMclatkm and tha Audit iurwu of ClrcriatlaM CLEO W MOWERS. IdltOf md PuWMMr THOMAS H. ADAMS. Otnarai Managar DON PILLINO Managing Editor ROY f. MILES WILLIAM HAY Editor UOLAi K. WALKIt DOUOLAJ -THE HERAIO 1MV1S IKE SOOTH- ;