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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 9, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, June 1973 THE IITHMIDCE HERALD 31 Recruits come from farm, factory or army The view is unlimited This "pagoda" actually is on the fashionable Avenue las Americas in Madrid, the capital of Spain. It is five high, has six sides, and lets you see every which way in the city. Nixon cautioned parts of plan were illegal By JOHN M. CREWDSON New York Times Service WASHINGTON President Nixon approved a plan for ex- panded domestic intelligence gathering in July, 1970, after being cautioned that parts of it were "clearly illegal" and in- volved "serious risbs" to his ad- ministration if the operations were ever discovered, ac- cording to White House docu- ments. The program, which Nixon described in part last month, was approved by him in July, 1970, through H. R. Haldeman, then his chief-of-staff. Earlier an aide told Haldeiaan, "We don't want the president linked to this thing with his signature on paper (because) all hell would break loose if this thing leaks out." In a statement Issued May 22, Nixon said that he had res- cinded his approval of the "1970 intelligence plan" five days af- ter he ordered it put into oper- ation. He attributed the switch to "reconsideration prompt- ed by the opposition of (F.B.I.) Director (J. Edgar) Hoover." The president acknowledged that the "extremely sensitive" documents detailing the plan, some of which have been ob- tained by the New York Times, contained a provision for "sur- reptitious entry" by federal agents in the course of cer- tain types of national security investigations. But Nixon gave no hint that the interagency committee on Intelligence, which recommend- ed in a 43-page report that the existing restrictions against breaking and entering by in- telligence agents be removed, had warned that the "use of this technique is clearly ille- Such burglaries, the memor- andum continued, "would be particularly helpful if used against the Weathermen and Black and against unspecified "diplomatic estab- lishments." But, it noted, "the deployment of the executive protector force ,has increased the risk of sur- reptitious entry" in diplomatic case. The executive protective ser- vice, a uniformed branch of the secret service, was created by President Nixon in March, 1970, to guard foreign embassies in the Washington area. TJie intelligence committee, of which Hoover was the chair- man, also proposed, according to the Huston memorandum, that restrictions against both legal, and illegal "mail cover- age" be removed. A "legal" mail cover involves the examination, before deliv- ery, of letters and packages ad- dressed to suspect individuals, and the recording of the name of the sender, the date and place of posting, and other in- formation that can be obtain- ed without opening the .seal. "There is no valid argument against use of legal mail cov- Huston wrote, "except Mr. Hoover's concern that the civil liberties people may become upset." But he added that the risk of such protests was "hardly ser- ious enough to justify denying ourselves a valuable and legal intelligence tool." TOP SECRET The committee's recommen- dations the lifting of certain restrictions on intelligence ga- thering were summarized in a top secret memorandum, by Tom Charles Huston, a former staff assistant to Nixon who served as the committee's White House liaison. The memorandum, sent to Haldeman for the president's approval in early July of 1970, notes that surreptitious entry, even by federal agents, "amounts to burglary. It is also highly risky and could result in great embarrassment if ex- posed." The Times obtained three memorandums written by Hus- ton one summarizing the committee's report to the presi- dent, another informing the heads of federal intelligence agencies that the committee's recommendations had been ap- proved and a third providing Haldeman with background on the committee's deliberations and with a strategy for secur- ing Hoover's co-operation. The Times did. not receive copies of tile full report, or of the1 entire letter attached to the summarizing memorandum, also written by Huston, advis- ing Haldeman that the presi- dent should not give the plan his written approval. In recommending that the technique be resurrected, the document noted that the Fed- eral Bureau of Investigation "used to conduct such opera- lions with great and that the information they pro- duced was "invaluable." SERIOUS RISKS The memorandum points out that "illegal" mail covers, or the opening of sealed materials before delivery, presented "ser- ious risks." But Huston said that the committee had recom- mended the implementation of such "covert coverage" on the grounds that "the advantages to be derived from its use out- weigh the risk." In addition to asking the president to approve the use of covert mail covers and illegal entry, the committee's report, as reflected in the Huston mem- orandum, requested the authori- zation of several other mea- sures: for the National Security Agency to monitor "the communications of U.S. citizens using international fa- such as overseas tele- phone and telegraph circuits. intensification of such electronic surveillance against "individuals and groups in the United States who pose a major tiireat to the internal security." An increase in the number of "campus sources" working for federal intelligence agen- cies "in order to forestall wide- spread violence." The docu- ment declares that "the campus is the battleground of the revo- lutionary protest and states the committee's be- lief that "it is impossible to gather effective intelligence about the movement" without such sources. On July 15, 1970, Huston wrote a second memorandum to Hoover and the other three members of the committee Richard Helms, then the direc- tor of the Central Intelligence Agency, Gen. Donald V. Ben- nett, who headed the De- fence Intelligence Agency, and Adm. Noel Gaylor, at the time the N.S.A. director. i China needs many doctors, and quickly Like many countries, China has the problem of turning out enough doctors to handle fee health ctre of a fast-growing population. AP Science Editor Alton Blakeslee recently toured the People's Republic. Here If his account of medical education system. By ALTON BLAKESLEE AP Science Editor CANTON, China (AP) They come to medical school straight from the farm, fac- tory or army. Three years later, they go back home, graduated as full' fledged doctors to bring medi- cal care to their people, in- cluding those in far-out prov- inces. Turning out a doctor in three years, following high school education, is a practi- cal answer to a pressing Chinese problem. The People's Republic of China simply needs many more doctors, and quickly, for a population ranging up to 800 million people, many of whom until recently never had even rudimentary health attention. And China wants doctors es- pecially in rural areas where 80 per cent of her people live. Many Chinese doctors are paid the going rate everyone else receives in his locality or commune. Others in senior positions may receive a good deal more. But the range of earnings seems far narrower than in North America, judg- ing from a few examples of incomes cited to visitors. NO INDIVIDUAL CHOICE An American or Canadian can aim for a medical spe- cialty by choice, and make it if he qualifies. The Chinese who hopes to be for example a surgeon may get his wish. But he goes where the govern- ment judges he is roost needed. "The social conscience of the student is so elevated, he puts pub'ic need ahead of his own said Chiu Cfaia- hsiang, hading member of the Revolutionary Committee or governing body of the Shang- hai Second Medical School. "If there is a locality with an urgent need for a surgeon, then he might go on to be- come one. But he could go on happily to become an internist instead, if he was so needed." Chinese doctors do not keep office hours like North Ameri- cans. There is no private practice. They serve in hospi- tals and clinics, and appear far more likely to make house calls. A North American boy or girl can apply to any medical school and if accepted pays his own way, maybe with scholarship aid, and some scrape their way through. The Chinese student is nominated to go by the people of his commune. If accepted, his ex- penses are paid, including some pocket money. Up to half the students in Chinese medical schools are women. In American schools, it is about 10 per cent. GRADUATES YOUNGER The Chinese student is about 23 years old when ha begins active practice. The North American usually is about 30. In China the "barefoot doc- tors" are the first contact for any medical care for peasants and factory workers. They give first-aid, vaccinations, family planning instruction and are instructed to pass up- ward, through a chain of clin- ic? and hospitals and medical skills, those patients whose problems are beyond their own abilities. Part of the con- cept to be that the full- fledged doctor should not bn spending time Sealing with minor diseases or problems. KERBER FLOORS Wall to wall broadloom linoleum and vinyl sheet goods and 1251 2nd Ave.S. rkbh ESTIMATES PH. 327-0023 RES. 327-7133 NATIONAL COURTESY CARD' LEASING motor venleie aiieriBid en tne of this Identm- cation iMMd Irsm Ford AutnoriiM Leitlnf System of Lessor It jppieclited if cou'teiy Including prompt ind quality ;